Jean Perrot
Jean Perrot is a French
The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...

Archaeology, or archeology , is the study of human society, primarily through the recovery and analysis of the material culture and environmental data that they have left behind, which includes artifacts, architecture, biofacts and cultural landscapes...

 who specialised in the late prehistory
Prehistory is the span of time before recorded history. Prehistory can refer to the period of human existence before the availability of those written records with which recorded history begins. More broadly, it refers to all the time preceding human existence and the invention of writing...

 of the Middle East
Middle East
The Middle East is a region that encompasses Western Asia and Northern Africa. It is often used as a synonym for Near East, in opposition to Far East...

 and Near East
Near East
The Near East is a geographical term that covers different countries for geographers, archeologists, and historians, on the one hand, and for political scientists, economists, and journalists, on the other...



Perrot was a graduate of the Ecole du Louvre
École du Louvre
The École du Louvre is an institution of higher education and French Grande École located in the Aile de Flore of the Musée du Louvre in Paris, France, and is dedicated to the study of archaeology, art history, anthropology and epigraphy....

 where he studied under two experts in Syria
Syria , officially the Syrian Arab Republic , is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the West, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest....

n archaeology; André Parrot
André Parrot
André Parrot was a French archaeologist specializing in the ancient Near East. He led excavations in Lebanon, Iraq and Syria.-Biography:...

 and René Dussaud
René Dussaud
René Dussaud was a French Orientalist, archaeologist, and epigrapher. Among his major works are studies on the religion of the Hittites, the Hurrians, the Phoenicians and the Syriacs...

. He went on to study at the École biblique et archéologique française de Jérusalem
École Biblique
The École Biblique, strictly the École biblique et archéologique française de Jérusalem, is a respected French academic establishment in Jerusalem, founded by Dominicans, and specialising in archaeology and Biblical exegesis.-Foundation:...

 in 1945.

He researched a number of ancient sites in Iran
Iran , officially the Islamic Republic of Iran , is a country in Southern and Western Asia. The name "Iran" has been in use natively since the Sassanian era and came into use internationally in 1935, before which the country was known to the Western world as Persia...

, Israel
The State of Israel is a parliamentary republic located in the Middle East, along the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea...

 and Turkey
Turkey , known officially as the Republic of Turkey , is a Eurasian country located in Western Asia and in East Thrace in Southeastern Europe...

, animating the research at international level. He first went to Iran in 1968, a year after the retirement of Roman Ghirshman
Roman Ghirshman
Roman Ghirshman was a Ukrainian-born French archeologist who specialized in ancient Iran.A native of Kharkiv, Ghirshman moved to Paris in 1917 to study Archeology and Ancient Languages...

, to head the Delegation Archéologique Français (DAFI) and excavations of the country's ancient sites. He headed a multidisciplinary team in conjunction with the Iranian Centre of Archaeological Research, including experts from France, Iran and the United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

 who continued studies until the revolution in 1979. He worked on sites such as Susa
Susa was an ancient city of the Elamite, Persian and Parthian empires of Iran. It is located in the lower Zagros Mountains about east of the Tigris River, between the Karkheh and Dez Rivers....

 and Jafar Abad and took measures to safeguard the vestiges of the Achaemenid period (between the sixth and fourth millennia BC). His notable discoveries included ancient items such as the headless statue of Darius which is now housed in the National Museum of Iran
National Museum of Iran
The National Museum of Iran is a museum in Tehran, Iran. It is the combination of two museums, the old Muze-ye Irân-e Bâstân , and the modernistic white travertine National Arts Museum , inaugurated in 1972...

 in Tehran
Tehran , sometimes spelled Teheran, is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province. With an estimated population of 8,429,807; it is also Iran's largest urban area and city, one of the largest cities in Western Asia, and is the world's 19th largest city.In the 20th century, Tehran was subject to...


In Israel Perrot excavated at Munhata
Munhata is an archaeological site south of Lake Tiberius, Israel on the north bank and near the outlet of Nahal Tavor on a terrace below sea level.-Excavations:...

, Ain Mallaha
Ain Mallaha
Ain Mallaha, also known as Eynan, was a Natufian settlement built and settled circa 10,000–8,000 BCE. The settlement is an example of hunter-gatherer sedentism, a crucial step in the transition from foraging to farming.- The Village :...

 and the chalcolithic sites at Bir Abu Matar and Bir A-Spadi near Beersheba
Beersheba is the largest city in the Negev desert of southern Israel. Often referred to as the "Capital of the Negev", it is the seventh-largest city in Israel with a population of 194,300....


In 1952, Perrot founded the "Mission archéologique française", now called the French Research Center in Jerusalem; a joint research unit of the General Directorate for International Cooperation and Development and the CNRS. It is the CNRS's oldest foreign branch and became a permanent archaeological base in 1974. The current director since 1996 is Dominique Bourel.

In 1973, Perrot founded the notable journal Paléorient
Paleorient is a French journal which is dedicated to the prehistory of Near East and publish in both French and English. This journal has a high rank among those studying Near Eastern prehistory....

 with Bernard Vandermeersch along with the aid of the Wenner-Gren Foundation. In 1975, this became a publication of the CNRS. The journal is now published twice a year and distributed in twenty-two countries, it is recognized for presentations and discussions of research in all aspects of the prehistory
Prehistory is the span of time before recorded history. Prehistory can refer to the period of human existence before the availability of those written records with which recorded history begins. More broadly, it refers to all the time preceding human existence and the invention of writing...

 and protohistory
Protohistory refers to a period between prehistory and history, during which a culture or civilization has not yet developed writing, but other cultures have already noted its existence in their own writings...

 of the near and middle east.

Perrot returned to France to become director of the CNRS, which he joined in 1946 and for which he is now an honorary research director and correspondent. He is a Professor at the University of Paris III: Sorbonne Nouvelle
University of Paris III: Sorbonne Nouvelle
The New Sorbonne University is a public university in Paris, France.The Université de la Sorbonne Nouvelle is a founding member of the Paris Universitas, a union of 6 Parisian universities....

, Director of the Institute of general and applied linguistics and phonetics and Associate of grammar and graduate from the Inter-University Centre of Hungarian studies.

Selected bibliography

  • Perrot, Jean., Et ils sortirent du paradis..., carnets d'un archéologue en Orient, 1945–1995, Editions de Fallois, 334 pages, 1997.
  • Perrot, Jean., Le palais de Darius à Suse: une résidence royale sur la route de Persépolis à Babylone, Presses de l'université Paris-Sorbonne, 520 pages, 2010.
  • Perrot, Jean., Kempinski, Aharon., Avi-Yonah, Michael., Syria-Palestine: Perrot, J. From the origins to the Bronze Age, Nagel, 202 pages, 1979.
  • Perrot, Jean., Les langues dans le monde ancien et moderne, Paris, CNRS, 1981.
  • Perrot, Jean., Manessy, Gabriel and Valdman, Albert., Les langues dans le monde ancien et moderne, Volume 2, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 1981.
  • Perrot, Jean., Cohen, David., Les langues dans le monde ancien et moderne, Volume 3, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 318 pages, 1988.
  • Perrot, Jean., La linguistique, Paris, P.U.F., 1989.
  • Perrot, Jean., Études de linguistique finno-ougrienne, Societie de linguistique de Paris, 2005.
  • Perrot, J. and Y. Madjidzadeh, 2003 Découvertes récentes á Jiroft (sud du plateau Iranien), CRAIBL, pp. 1087–1102.

External links

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