and Tehran Province
. With an estimated population of 8,429,807; (7,711,230, in 2,267,892 families, as of the 2006 census) it is also Iran
's largest urban area and city, one of the largest cities in Western Asia, and is the world's 19th largest city.
In the 20th century, Tehran was subject to mass-migration of people from all around Iran.
1979 The Ayatollah Khomeini is welcomed back to Tehran, Iran after nearly 15 years of exile.
1979 Iran hostage crisis begins: a group of Iranians, mostly students, invades the US embassy in Tehran and takes 90 hostages (53 of whom are American).
1979 Iran hostage crisis: In response to the hostage situation in Tehran, US President Jimmy Carter orders a halt to all petroleum imports into the United States from Iran.
1979 Iran hostage crisis: Iranian leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini orders the release of 13 female and black American hostages being held at the US Embassy in Tehran.
1980 The International Court of Justice calls for the release of United States embassy hostages in Tehran, Iran. The hostages would not be freed until the following January.
1981 Tehran releases American hostages after 444 days.
1981 A powerful bomb explodes in Tehran, killing 73 officials of Islamic Republic Party.