Harlingen, Netherlands
Harlingen is a municipality
A municipality is essentially an urban administrative division having corporate status and usually powers of self-government. It can also be used to mean the governing body of a municipality. A municipality is a general-purpose administrative subdivision, as opposed to a special-purpose district...

 and a city
A city is a relatively large and permanent settlement. Although there is no agreement on how a city is distinguished from a town within general English language meanings, many cities have a particular administrative, legal, or historical status based on local law.For example, in the U.S...

 in the northern Netherlands
The Netherlands is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, located mainly in North-West Europe and with several islands in the Caribbean. Mainland Netherlands borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the east, and shares maritime borders...

, in the province of Friesland
Friesland is a province in the north of the Netherlands and part of the ancient region of Frisia.Until the end of 1996, the province bore Friesland as its official name. In 1997 this Dutch name lost its official status to the Frisian Fryslân...

 at the Wadden Sea
Wadden Sea
The Wadden Sea is an intertidal zone in the southeastern part of the North Sea. It lies between the coast of northwestern continental Europe and the range of Frisian Islands, forming a shallow body of water with tidal flats and wetlands. It is rich in biological diversity...

. Harlingen is an old town with a long history of fishing and shipping.

Harlingen is served by two stations on the railway line from Leeuwarden, operated by Arriva
Arriva plc is a multinational public transport company owned by Deutsche Bahn and headquartered in Sunderland, United Kingdom. It has bus, coach, train, tram and waterbus operations in 12 countries across Europe, employs more than 47,500 people and services over 1.5 billion passenger journeys each...

: Harlingen Haven railway station
Harlingen Haven railway station
Harlingen Haven is a terminus railway station located in Harlingen, the Netherlands. The station was opened on 27 October 1863 and is located on the Harlingen–Nieuweschans railway. The services are operated by Arriva. Ferry services to Vlieland and Terschelling depart from near the station...

 and Harlingen railway station
Harlingen railway station
Harlingen is a railway station located in Harlingen, The Netherlands. The station was opened on 27 October 1863 and is located on the Harlingen–Nieuweschans railway. The services are operated by Arriva...

. From 1904 to 1935 there was a passenger service on the North Friesland Railway, freight being carried until January 1938. Rederij Doeksen
Rederij Doeksen
Rederij Doeksen is a dutch company operating passenger and freight services to the West Frisian Islands.-Routes:Rederij Doeksen operate three routes across the Wadden Sea.* Harlingen - Terschelling* Harlingen - Vlieland* Terschelling - Vlieland-Fleet:...

 operate ferries to the Wadden islands
West Frisian Islands
The West Frisian Islands are a chain of islands in the North Sea off the Dutch coast, along the edge of the Wadden Sea. They continue further east as the German East Frisian Islands and are part of the Frisian Islands....

 of Vlieland
Vlieland is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. The municipality of Vlieland has only one major town: Oost-Vlieland . It is the second-least densely populated municipality in the Netherlands ....

 and Terschelling
Terschelling is a municipality and an island in the northern Netherlands, one of the West Frisian Islands.Waddenislanders are known for their resourcefulness in using anything and everything that washes ashore. With few trees to use for timber, most of the farms and barns are built with masts...

 depart from Harlingen.

The famous Dutch writer Simon Vestdijk
Simon Vestdijk
Simon Vestdijk was a Dutch writer.Born in the small town of Harlingen, Vestdijk studied medicine in Amsterdam, but turned to literature after a few years as a doctor. He became one of the most important 20th-century writers in the Netherlands. His prolificness as a novelist was legendary, but he...

 was born in Harlingen and used to depict his hometown in his writings as Lahringen.

The town of Harlingen, Texas
Harlingen, Texas
Harlingen is a city in Cameron County in the heart of the Rio Grande Valley of south Texas, United States, about from the coast of the Gulf of Mexico. The city covers more than , and is the second largest city in Cameron County and the sixth largest in the Rio Grande Valley...

, in the United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

 is named after this city because many of the original settlers of the Texas
Texas is the second largest U.S. state by both area and population, and the largest state by area in the contiguous United States.The name, based on the Caddo word "Tejas" meaning "friends" or "allies", was applied by the Spanish to the Caddo themselves and to the region of their settlement in...

 town came from Harlingen.

The Admiralty of Friesland
Admiralty of Friesland
The Admiralty of Friesland or Frisian Admiralty was one of the five admiralties of the Dutch Republic...

 was established in Dokkum
Dokkum is a Dutch fortified town in the municipality of Dongeradeel in the province of Friesland. It has 13,145 inhabitants . The fortifications of Dokkum are well preserved and are known as the bolwerken . - History :...

 in 1597 but moved to Harlingen in 1645.

Population centers

  • Harlingen
  • Midlum
    Midlum, Friesland
    Midlum is a small village in Harlingen in the province Friesland of the Netherlands and has around 600 citizens. Midlum-Herbaijum station was on the Harlingen - Stiens line of the North Friesland Railway, which opened on 1 October 1903 to Tzummarum and Harlingen on 2 May 1904. The passenger...

  • Wijnaldum
    Wijnaldum is a village in northwest Friesland, Netherlands. The village lies within the municipality of Harlingen; prior to 1984, it was a part of the municipality of Barradeel...


The city of Harlingen

Harlingen received city rights
City rights in the Netherlands
City rights are a medieval phenomenon in the history of the Low Countries. A liegelord, usually a count, duke or similar member of high nobility, granted a settlement he owned certain town privileges that settlements without city rights did not have....

in 1234.

External links

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