Garching bei München
Garching bei München or Garching is a city
A city is a relatively large and permanent settlement. Although there is no agreement on how a city is distinguished from a town within general English language meanings, many cities have a particular administrative, legal, or historical status based on local law.For example, in the U.S...

 in Bavaria
Bavaria, formally the Free State of Bavaria is a state of Germany, located in the southeast of Germany. With an area of , it is the largest state by area, forming almost 20% of the total land area of Germany...

, Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

 near Munich
Munich The city's motto is "" . Before 2006, it was "Weltstadt mit Herz" . Its native name, , is derived from the Old High German Munichen, meaning "by the monks' place". The city's name derives from the monks of the Benedictine order who founded the city; hence the monk depicted on the city's coat...

. It is the home of several research institutes and university departments. It became a city on 14 September 1990.


The town is at 48°15′N 11°39′E, near the River Isar
The Isar is a river in Tyrol, Austria and Bavaria, Germany. Its source is in the Karwendel range of the Alps in Tyrol; it enters Germany near Mittenwald, and flows through Bad Tölz, Munich, and Landshut before reaching the Danube near Deggendorf. At 295 km in length, it is the fourth largest river...

 and the A9 autobahn. The Munich U-Bahn
Munich U-Bahn
The Munich U-Bahn system is an electric rail rapid transit network in Munich, Germany. "U-Bahn" is the German contraction for Untergrundbahn or "subway." It is operated by the municipally owned Münchner Verkehrsgesellschaft...

 metro line 6 connects the city with the stations Garching-Hochbrück
Garching-Hochbrück (Munich U-Bahn)
Garching-Hochbrück is a Munich U-Bahn station in Hochbrück on the U6. It opened on October 28, 1995.- External links :...

, Garching
Garching (Munich U-Bahn)
Garching is an U-Bahn station in Garching on the U6.-See also:*List of Munich U-Bahn stations...

 and Garching-Forschungszentrum
Garching-Forschungszentrum (Munich U-Bahn)
Garching-Forschungszentrum is a Munich U-Bahn station in Garching. It serves as the northern terminus of the U6 line of the Munich U-Bahn system. The station was opened on 2006-10-14.-External links:*-References:...

Like many places near Munich, Garching bei München is a reasonably safe town. Various restaurants are scattered through town, but mainly in the center. The town is quiet and quaint, and has virtually no nightlife. However, there is a constant flux of scientists visiting the city because of the many scientific research institutes and scientific experiments located there, like the linear accelerator, the research reactor, ESO headquarters. Since parts of the Technische Universität München moved to Garching, many students frequent the city. The first nuclear research reactor of Garching, nicknamed Atomei (nuclear egg) made it into the citys coat of arms, and started the process leading to today's accumulation of research institutes. A number of roads and places are named after scientists, mathematicians and technical innovators, like for example "Carl-Von-Linde-Strasse
Carl von Linde
Professor Doctor Carl Paul Gottfried von Linde was a German engineer who developed refrigeration and gas separation technologies...

", "Dieselstrasse
Rudolf Diesel
Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel was a German inventor and mechanical engineer, famous for the invention of the diesel engine.-Early life:Diesel was born in Paris, France in 1858 the second of three children of Theodor and Elise Diesel. His parents were Bavarian immigrants living in Paris. Theodor...

", "Einsteinstrasse
Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of general relativity, effecting a revolution in physics. For this achievement, Einstein is often regarded as the father of modern physics and one of the most prolific intellects in human history...

", "Eulerweg
Leonhard Euler
Leonhard Euler was a pioneering Swiss mathematician and physicist. He made important discoveries in fields as diverse as infinitesimal calculus and graph theory. He also introduced much of the modern mathematical terminology and notation, particularly for mathematical analysis, such as the notion...

", "Heisenbergstrasse
Werner Heisenberg
Werner Karl Heisenberg was a German theoretical physicist who made foundational contributions to quantum mechanics and is best known for asserting the uncertainty principle of quantum theory...

", "Max-Planck-Strasse
Max Planck
Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck, ForMemRS, was a German physicist who actualized the quantum physics, initiating a revolution in natural science and philosophy. He is regarded as the founder of the quantum theory, for which he received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1918.-Life and career:Planck came...

", "Röntgenstrasse", "Schrödingerweg
Erwin Schrödinger
Erwin Rudolf Josef Alexander Schrödinger was an Austrian physicist and theoretical biologist who was one of the fathers of quantum mechanics, and is famed for a number of important contributions to physics, especially the Schrödinger equation, for which he received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1933...



The town has four districts:
  • Garching
  • Dirnismaning
  • Hochbrück
  • Hochschul- und Forschungszentrum (University and Research Centre) - formerly known as Forschungsinstitute (Research Institutes)

Educational and research institutes

Several research and scientific educational institutions are based in Garching, including:
  • Departments of the Technische Universität München (TUM)
  • Max Planck Institutes:
    • Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics
      Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics
      The Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics is a Max Planck Institute, located in Garching, near Munich, Bavaria, Germany. It was founded as Max Planck Institute for Physics and Astrophysics in 1958 and split up into the Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics and the Max Planck Institute for Physics...

    • Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics
      Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics
      The Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics is a Max Planck Institute, located in Garching, near Munich, Germany.In 1991 the Max Planck Institute for Physics and Astrophysics split up into the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, the Max Planck Institute for Physics and the...

    • Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics (IPP)
    • Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics (MPQ)
  • Part of the physics department of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität
  • Headquarters of the European Southern Observatory
    European Southern Observatory
    The European Southern Observatory is an intergovernmental research organisation for astronomy, supported by fifteen countries...

  • Federal Research Institute for Food Chemistry (DFA)
  • Walter Meißner Institute (WMI) of the BAdW
    Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities
    The Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities is an independent public institution, located in Munich. It appoints scholars whose research has contributed considerably to the increase of knowledge within their subject...

     (low-temperature physics)
  • Bavarian Center of Applied Energy Research (ZAE)
  • Reactor safety research
  • General Electric
    General Electric
    General Electric Company , or GE, is an American multinational conglomerate corporation incorporated in Schenectady, New York and headquartered in Fairfield, Connecticut, United States...

     Global Research Center
  • Leibniz-Rechenzentrum of the BAdW (central computing facilities for the Munich universities and other research institutes)
  • BMW Motorsport research center and factory

International relations

Garching bei München is twinned
Town twinning
Twin towns and sister cities are two of many terms used to describe the cooperative agreements between towns, cities, and even counties in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.- Terminology :...

  • Lørenskog
    is a municipality in Akershus county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Romerike. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Lørenskog. Lørenskog was separated from the municipality of Skedsmo on 1 January 1908.-Name:...

    Norway , officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic unitary constitutional monarchy whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula, Jan Mayen, and the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard and Bouvet Island. Norway has a total area of and a population of about 4.9 million...

  • Radeberg
    Radeberg is a small town located approximately 20 kilometres north-east of Dresden in Saxony, Germany. The company Elektronik Radeberg GmbH, formerly well known in East Germany for the production of portable television sets, is located there....

     (near Dresden
    Dresden is the capital city of the Free State of Saxony in Germany. It is situated in a valley on the River Elbe, near the Czech border. The Dresden conurbation is part of the Saxon Triangle metropolitan area....


External links

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