Foster and Partners
Foster + Partners is an architectural firm
Architectural firm
An architectural firm is a company which employs one or more licensed architects and practices the profession of architecture.- History :Architects have existed since early in recorded history. The earliest recorded architects include Imhotep and Senemut . No writings exist to describe how these...

 based in London
London is the capital city of :England and the :United Kingdom, the largest metropolitan area in the United Kingdom, and the largest urban zone in the European Union by most measures. Located on the River Thames, London has been a major settlement for two millennia, its history going back to its...

. The practice is led by its founder and Chairman, Norman Foster
Norman Foster, Baron Foster of Thames Bank
Norman Robert Foster, Baron Foster of Thames Bank, OM is a British architect whose company maintains an international design practice, Foster + Partners....

, and has constructed many high-profile glass
Glass is an amorphous solid material. Glasses are typically brittle and optically transparent.The most familiar type of glass, used for centuries in windows and drinking vessels, is soda-lime glass, composed of about 75% silica plus Na2O, CaO, and several minor additives...

Steel is an alloy that consists mostly of iron and has a carbon content between 0.2% and 2.1% by weight, depending on the grade. Carbon is the most common alloying material for iron, but various other alloying elements are used, such as manganese, chromium, vanadium, and tungsten...


Established by Norman Foster as Foster Associates in 1967 shortly after leaving Team 4
Team 4
Team 4 was a British architectural firm, established in 1963 by architects Su Brumwell, Wendy Cheeseman, Norman Foster and Richard Rogers. At the time Rogers and Brumwell were both married, as were Foster and Cheeseman...

, the firm was renamed in the 1990s to more accurately reflect the influence of the other lead architects.


  • Millau Viaduct
    Millau Viaduct
    The Millau Viaduct is a cable-stayed road-bridge that spans the valley of the river Tarn near Millau in southern France. Designed by the British architect Norman Foster and French structural engineer Michel Virlogeux, it is the tallest bridge in the world, with one mast's summit at . It is the...

    , the highest road bridge in the world (2004)
  • Millennium Bridge
    Millennium Bridge (London)
    The Millennium Bridge, officially known as the London Millennium Footbridge, is a steel suspension bridge for pedestrians crossing the River Thames in London, England, linking Bankside with the City. It is located between Southwark Bridge and Blackfriars Railway Bridge...

     in London (1999/2002)


  • Reichstag building redevelopment in Berlin (1999)
  • London City Hall
    City Hall (London)
    City Hall is the headquarters of the Greater London Authority which comprises the Mayor of London and London Assembly. It is located in Southwark, on the south bank of the River Thames near Tower Bridge...

  • New Supreme Court Building, Singapore
    Singapore , officially the Republic of Singapore, is a Southeast Asian city-state off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, north of the equator. An island country made up of 63 islands, it is separated from Malaysia by the Straits of Johor to its north and from Indonesia's Riau Islands by the...

  • Palace of Peace and Reconciliation
    Palace of Peace and Reconciliation
    The Palace of Peace and Reconciliation is a 77 m high building in Astana, the capital of Kazakhstan. The structure was built...

     in Astana
    Astana , formerly known as Akmola , Tselinograd and Akmolinsk , is the capital and second largest city of Kazakhstan, with an officially estimated population of 708,794 as of 1 August 2010...

    , Kazakhstan
    Kazakhstan , officially the Republic of Kazakhstan, is a transcontinental country in Central Asia and Eastern Europe. Ranked as the ninth largest country in the world, it is also the world's largest landlocked country; its territory of is greater than Western Europe...

     — (September 2006)


  • Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts
    Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts
    The Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts is an art gallery and museum located on the campus of the University of East Anglia, Norwich in the United Kingdom...

     at University of East Anglia
    University of East Anglia
    The University of East Anglia is a public research university based in Norwich, United Kingdom. It was established in 1963, and is a founder-member of the 1994 Group of research-intensive universities.-History:...

     in Norwich
    Norwich is a city in England. It is the regional administrative centre and county town of Norfolk. During the 11th century, Norwich was the largest city in England after London, and one of the most important places in the kingdom...

    , UK (1978)
  • Clyde Auditorium
    Clyde Auditorium
    The Clyde Auditorium, familiarly known as "The Armadillo", is an iconic concert venue in Glasgow, Scotland. The building sits on the site of the now infilled Queen's Dock on the River Clyde, adjacent to the Scottish Exhibition and Conference Centre....

    , part of the Scottish Exhibition and Conference Centre
    Scottish Exhibition and Conference Centre
    The Scottish Exhibition and Conference Centre , located on the north bank of the River Clyde, in Glasgow, is Scotland's largest exhibition centre....

     complex, Glasgow
    Glasgow is the largest city in Scotland and third most populous in the United Kingdom. The city is situated on the River Clyde in the country's west central lowlands...

  • American Air Museum, Imperial War Museum Duxford
    Imperial War Museum Duxford
    Imperial War Museum Duxford is a branch of the Imperial War Museum near the village of Duxford in Cambridgeshire, England. Britain's largest aviation museum, Duxford houses the museum's large exhibits, including nearly 200 aircraft, military vehicles, artillery and minor naval vessels in seven...

    , UK (1997) — Stirling Prize
    Stirling Prize
    The Royal Institute of British Architects Stirling Prize is a British prize for excellence in architecture. It is named after the architect James Stirling, organised and awarded annually by the Royal Institute of British Architects...

  • Kogod Courtyard, Center for American Art and Portraiture at the National Portrait Gallery
    National Portrait Gallery (United States)
    The National Portrait Gallery is an art gallery in Washington, D.C., administered by the Smithsonian Institution. Its collections focus on images of famous individual Americans.-Building:...

    , Washington, DC (2004-2007)
  • Redevelopment of the Great Court
    Queen Elizabeth II Great Court
    The central quadrangle of the British Museum in London was redeveloped to a design by Foster and Partners, from a 1970s design by Colin St John Wilson, to become the Queen Elizabeth II Great Court, commonly referred to simply as the Great Court, during the late 1990s...

     of the British Museum
    British Museum
    The British Museum is a museum of human history and culture in London. Its collections, which number more than seven million objects, are amongst the largest and most comprehensive in the world and originate from all continents, illustrating and documenting the story of human culture from its...

  • Curved glass canopy over the central courtyard of the Smithsonian American Art Museum
    Smithsonian American Art Museum
    The Smithsonian American Art Museum is a museum in Washington, D.C. with an extensive collection of American art.Part of the Smithsonian Institution, the museum has a broad variety of American art that covers all regions and art movements found in the United States...

  • West Kowloon Cultural District
    West Kowloon Cultural District
    The West Kowloon Cultural District is a proposed and developing project to boost cultural and entertainment establishments at Hong Kong, SAR...

    , Hong Kong (2009)
  • Winspear Opera House, Dallas

Higher Learning

  • Faculty of Law, Cambridge
    Faculty of Law, Cambridge
    The Faculty of Law at the University of Cambridge is one of the faculties at the Sidgwick Site. The building opened in 1996 and was designed by Norman Foster, who also designed the terminal building at Stansted Airport and 30 St Mary Axe...

  • Universiti Teknologi Petronas
    Universiti Teknologi Petronas
    Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS was established on 10 January 1997 when PETRONAS was invited by the Government of Malaysia to set up a university.-History:...

    , Tronoh, Perak
    Perak , one of the 13 states of Malaysia, is the second largest state in the Peninsular Malaysia bordering Kedah and Yala Province of Thailand to the north, Penang to the northwest, Kelantan and Pahang to the east, Selangor the Strait of Malacca to the south and west.Perak means silver in Malay...

    , Malaysia (2004)
  • Tanaka Business School
    Tanaka Business School
    Imperial College Business School is a constituent faculty of Imperial College London located on its South Kensington campus in West London.Its high-tech building was designed by Foster and Partners and Buro Happold...

    , as of 2008 renamed the Imperial College Business School
  • Yale School of Management
    Yale School of Management
    The Yale School of Management is the graduate business school of Yale University and is located on Hillhouse Avenue in New Haven, Connecticut, United States. The School offers Master of Business Administration and Ph.D. degree programs. As of January 2011, 454 students were enrolled in its MBA...

    , new campus, New Haven, CT (projected 2011)
  • West London Academy Northolt, London (2006)


  • Wembley Stadium
    Wembley Stadium
    The original Wembley Stadium, officially known as the Empire Stadium, was a football stadium in Wembley, a suburb of north-west London, standing on the site now occupied by the new Wembley Stadium that opened in 2007...

     reconstruction (2007)
  • Lusail Iconic Stadium
    Lusail Iconic Stadium
    Lusail Iconic Stadium is a proposed football stadium which will be built in Lusail, Qatar in time for the final of the 2022 FIFA World Cup.The stadium will be used for the opening and final games of the 2022 FIFA World Cup....

    , Qatar
    Qatar , also known as the State of Qatar or locally Dawlat Qaṭar, is a sovereign Arab state, located in the Middle East, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeasterly coast of the much larger Arabian Peninsula. Its sole land border is with Saudi Arabia to the south, with the rest of its...



  • Terminal building at Stansted Airport
    London Stansted Airport
    -Cargo:-Statistics:-Infrastructure:-Terminal and satellite buildings:Stansted is the newest passenger airport of all the main London airports. The terminal is an oblong glass building, and is separated in to three areas: Check-in concourse, arrivals and departures...

    , UK (1991)
  • Metro Bilbao
    Metro Bilbao
    Metro Bilbao is a rapid transit system serving the city of Bilbao and the region of Greater Bilbao. Its lines have a "Y" shape, with two lines that transit both banks of the Nervión river and then combine to form one line that ends in the south of Bilbao...

    , Spain (1995) — Line 2 (2004)
  • Hong Kong International Airport
    Hong Kong International Airport
    Hong Kong International Airport is the main airport in Hong Kong. It is colloquially known as Chek Lap Kok Airport , being built on the island of Chek Lap Kok by land reclamation, and also to distinguish it from its predecessor, the closed Kai Tak Airport.The airport opened for commercial...

    , Chek Lap Kok in Hong Kong
    Hong Kong
    Hong Kong is one of two Special Administrative Regions of the People's Republic of China , the other being Macau. A city-state situated on China's south coast and enclosed by the Pearl River Delta and South China Sea, it is renowned for its expansive skyline and deep natural harbour...

  • Canary Wharf Underground Station
    Canary Wharf tube station
    Canary Wharf tube station is a London Underground station on the Jubilee Line, between and . It is in Travelcard Zone 2 and was opened by Ken Livingstone setting an escalator in motion on 17 September 1999 as part of the Jubilee Line Extension. It is maintained by Tube Lines...

    , London, UK (1999)
  • Expo MRT Station
    Expo MRT Station
    The Expo MRT Station ' was opened on 10 January 2001, and is part of the Singapore MRT Changi Airport Extension to the existing East West Line. It sports a space age architecture designed by world renowned architect Sir Norman Foster...

    , Singapore (2001)
  • Beijing Capital International Airport
    Beijing Capital International Airport
    Beijing Capital International Airport, is the main international airport serving Beijing, China. It is located northeast of Beijing's city center in an enclave of Chaoyang District that is surrounded by rural Shunyi District. The airport is owned and operated by the Beijing Capital...

  • London Heathrow Airport
    London Heathrow Airport
    London Heathrow Airport or Heathrow , in the London Borough of Hillingdon, is the busiest airport in the United Kingdom and the third busiest airport in the world in terms of total passenger traffic, handling more international passengers than any other airport around the globe...

      East Terminal
    Heathrow East Terminal
    Terminal 2 is a new airport terminal under construction at London Heathrow Airport, the main airport serving London, England. The airport's previous Terminal 2, which was the oldest terminal at the airport and dated from 1955, closed in 2009...

     - projected 2012
  • Spaceport America
    Spaceport America
    Spaceport America is a spaceport located in the Jornada del Muerto desert basin in New Mexico, United States. It lies north of El Paso, north of Las Cruces, east of Truth or Consequences...

    , New Mexico
    New Mexico
    New Mexico is a state located in the southwest and western regions of the United States. New Mexico is also usually considered one of the Mountain States. With a population density of 16 per square mile, New Mexico is the sixth-most sparsely inhabited U.S...

     - (projected 2010)
  • Four railway stations for the Haramain High Speed Rail Project
    Haramain High Speed Rail Project
    The Haramain High Speed Rail project also known as the "Western Railway", is a high speed inter-city Rail transport system under construction in Saudi Arabia. It will link the Muslim holy cities of Medina and Mecca via King Abdullah Economic City, Rabigh, Jeddah and King Abdulaziz International...

    , Saudi Arabia
    Saudi Arabia
    The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia , commonly known in British English as Saudi Arabia and in Arabic as as-Sa‘ūdiyyah , is the largest state in Western Asia by land area, constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula, and the second-largest in the Arab World...

     - projected 2012
  • Kai Tak Cruise Terminal
    Kai Tak Cruise Terminal
    Kai Tak cruise terminal, is a cruise ship terminal currently under construction at the site of the former Kai Tak Airport. Its completion date has been delayed to 2013 due to re-tendering. Following an international competition, Foster + Partners was invited to design the cruise terminal...

     - projected 2013


  • HSBC Tower (1986)
  • Collserola Tower, Barcelona
    Barcelona is the second largest city in Spain after Madrid, and the capital of Catalonia, with a population of 1,621,537 within its administrative limits on a land area of...

    Spain , officially the Kingdom of Spain languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Spain's official name is as follows:;;;;;;), is a country and member state of the European Union located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula...

    ) (1992)
  • Commerzbank Tower
    Commerzbank Tower
    Commerzbank Tower, located in the city centre of Frankfurt, Germany, is the tallest completed skyscraper in the European Union. After it was completed in 1997 it ranked as the tallest skyscraper in Europe until 2005 when it was surpassed by the Triumph-Palace in Moscow...

     in Frankfurt
    Frankfurt am Main , commonly known simply as Frankfurt, is the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth-largest city in Germany, with a 2010 population of 688,249. The urban area had an estimated population of 2,300,000 in 2010...

    , Germany (1997)
  • Arag-Tower
    The Arag-Tower or ARAG-Tower is a skyscraper office tower, which houses the headquarters of the European insurance group Arag. It is located in Mörsenbroich, the northern district of Düsseldorf....

    , Düsseldorf, Germany (2001)
  • Gerkin/30 St Mary Axe
    30 St Mary Axe
    30 St Mary Axe, the Swiss Re Building , is a skyscraper in London's main financial district, the City of London, completed in December 2003 and opened at the end of May 2004...

    , London — Swiss Re
    Swiss Re
    Swiss Reinsurance Company Ltd , generally known as Swiss Re, is a Swiss reinsurance company. It is the world’s second-largest reinsurer, after having acquired GE Insurance Solutions. The company has its headquarters in Zurich...

     headquarters (2004) — Stirling Prize
    Stirling Prize
    The Royal Institute of British Architects Stirling Prize is a British prize for excellence in architecture. It is named after the architect James Stirling, organised and awarded annually by the Royal Institute of British Architects...

  • McLaren Technology Centre
    McLaren Technology Centre
    The McLaren Technology Centre is the headquarters of the McLaren Group, located on a 500,000 m² site in Woking, Surrey, England. It is a large, roughly semi-circular, glass-walled building, designed by the architect Norman Foster and his company, Foster and Partners. The building was short-listed...

    , base for the McLaren Formula One team and McLaren Group (2004)
  • Hearst Tower
    Hearst Tower (New York City)
    The Brilliant Hearst Tower is located at 300 West 57th Street, 959 8th Avenue, near Columbus Circle in Midtown Manhattan, New York City, New York...

    , New York City (June 2006)
  • Russia Tower
    Russia Tower
    The Russia Tower is a partially built skyscraper in the Moscow International Business Centre of Moscow, Russia. Construction began in September 2007, and was planned to be completed in 2012. The total area of the structure would cover , of which 38% would be located underground...


Mixed use

  • The Sage Gateshead, UK (2004)
  • Moor House, 120 London Wall, London (2005)
  • Jameson House in Vancouver
    Vancouver is a coastal seaport city on the mainland of British Columbia, Canada. It is the hub of Greater Vancouver, which, with over 2.3 million residents, is the third most populous metropolitan area in the country,...

     — (not yet on site)
  • U2 Tower
    U2 Tower
    The U2 Tower was a proposed landmark skyscraper to be constructed in Dublin. The site was in the South Docklands campshires, at the corner of Sir John Rogerson's Quay and Britain Quay, by the confluence of the River Liffey, the River Dodder, and the Grand Canal. The design announced on 12 October...

    , Ireland
    Republic of Ireland
    Ireland , described as the Republic of Ireland , is a sovereign state in Europe occupying approximately five-sixths of the island of the same name. Its capital is Dublin. Ireland, which had a population of 4.58 million in 2011, is a constitutional republic governed as a parliamentary democracy,...

  • The Bow, Calgary
    Calgary is a city in the Province of Alberta, Canada. It is located in the south of the province, in an area of foothills and prairie, approximately east of the front ranges of the Canadian Rockies...

     - (projected 2010)
  • Hermitage Plaza, La Défense
    La Défense
    La Défense is a major business district of the Paris aire urbaine. With a population of 20,000, it is centered in an orbital motorway straddling the Hauts-de-Seine département municipalities of Nanterre, Courbevoie and Puteaux...

    , Paris
    Paris is the capital and largest city in France, situated on the river Seine, in northern France, at the heart of the Île-de-France region...

     (projected 2010)
  • 200 Greenwich Street, New York
    New York City
    New York is the most populous city in the United States and the center of the New York Metropolitan Area, one of the most populous metropolitan areas in the world. New York exerts a significant impact upon global commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and...

     - (projected 2014)
  • Seattle Civic Square
    Seattle Civic Square
    The Seattle Civic Square is a proposed tall skyscraper in Seattle, Washington. It is proposed to be completed in 2011 and have 40 floors. The top 17 floors will consist mainly of condominiums, with the lower 23 floors being used as office space. It has been designed to meet LEED Platinum standards...

    , Seattle - (projected 2011)
  • Ruskin Square, Croydon
    Croydon is a town in South London, England, located within the London Borough of Croydon to which it gives its name. It is situated south of Charing Cross...

    , London — (projected 2012)
  • Masdar City
    Masdar City
    Masdar is a project in Abu Dhabi, in the United Arab Emirates. Its core is a planned city, which is being built by the Abu Dhabi Future Energy Company, a subsidiary of Mubadala Development Company, with the majority of seed capital provided by the government of Abu Dhabi...

     (projected end of 2010s)
  • CityCenterDC
    CityCenterDC is a real estate development consisting of two condominium buildings, two rental apartment buildings, two office buildings, a luxury hotel, and public park in downtown Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States. It encompasses and covers more than five city blocks...

    , Washington, D.C. - (first portion projected 2012; second portion projected 2015)
  • Crystal Island
    Crystal Island
    Crystal Island is a proposed building project in Moscow, Russia that is currently planned to have around 2,500,000 square metres of floor space and a height of 450 metres designed by Norman Foster. At these dimensions upon completion it would be the largest structure on earth...

     (completion date not set yet)
  • India Tower
    India Tower
    India Tower is a 126-storey, tall skyscraper that was under construction in the city of Mumbai, India. Construction was halted in 2011....

  • The Blue City, Sultanate of Oman (ongoing)
  • Baku White City Waterfront, Baku, Azerbaijan (completion date not set yet)


  • 1998 RIBA Stirling Prize for Imperial War Museum
  • 2003 MIPIM AR Future Projects Award, Grand Prix for Swiss Re
  • 2004 RIBA Stirling Prize for Swiss Re
  • 2007 RIBA European Award for Dresden Station Redevelopment
  • 2007 RIBA International Award for Hearst Tower
  • 2007 Aga Khan Award for Architecture
    Aga Khan Award for Architecture
    The Aga Khan Award for Architecture is an architectural prize established by Aga Khan IV in 1977. It aims to identify and reward architectural concepts that successfully address the needs and aspirations of Islamic societies in the fields of contemporary design, social housing, community...

     for University of Technology Petronas
  • 2008 LEAF Award for Beijing Airport Terminal 3
  • 2009 RIBA European Award for Zenith
  • 2009 RIBA International Award for Beijing Airport Terminal 3


In June 2008, The Guardian
The Guardian
The Guardian, formerly known as The Manchester Guardian , is a British national daily newspaper in the Berliner format...

published an article highly critical of planned real estate development in a pristine seacoast area in Bulgaria
Bulgaria , officially the Republic of Bulgaria , is a parliamentary democracy within a unitary constitutional republic in Southeast Europe. The country borders Romania to the north, Serbia and Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, as well as the Black Sea to the east...

 which is currently under EU environmental protection
Natura 2000
Natura 2000 is an ecological network of protected areas in the territory of the European Union.-Origins:In May 1992, the governments of the European Communities adopted legislation designed to protect the most seriously threatened habitats and species across Europe. This legislation is called the...

. The paper cited environmentalists' concerns over the impact of the planned 15,000 inhabitant resort facilities. The Bulgarian partner, Georgi Stanishev, is the brother of Sergei Stanishev, Leader of Bulgarian Socialist Party, Prime Minister of Bulgaria between 17 August 2005 and 27 July 2009 Sergei Stanishev.

See also

  • Norman Foster
    Norman Foster, Baron Foster of Thames Bank
    Norman Robert Foster, Baron Foster of Thames Bank, OM is a British architect whose company maintains an international design practice, Foster + Partners....

  • Ken Shuttleworth and MAKE
    In software development, Make is a utility that automatically builds executable programs and libraries from source code by reading files called makefiles which specify how to derive the target program. Make can decide where to start through topological sorting...

  • Richard Rogers
    Richard Rogers
    Richard George Rogers, Baron Rogers of Riverside CH Kt FRIBA FCSD is a British architect noted for his modernist and functionalist designs....

  • Christopher Breed
  • List of architecture firms
  • List of architects

External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.