Coenraad Jacob Temminck
Coenraad Jacob Temminck was a Dutch
Dutch people
The Dutch people are an ethnic group native to the Netherlands. They share a common culture and speak the Dutch language. Dutch people and their descendants are found in migrant communities worldwide, notably in Suriname, Chile, Brazil, Canada, Australia, South Africa, New Zealand, and the United...

 aristocrat and zoologist.

Temminck was the first director of the National Natural History Museum at Leiden
Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie
The Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie was a museum in Leiden, The Netherlands. It was founded in 1820 by Royal Decree, formed from a merger of several existing collections. This happened at the instigation of Coenraad Jacob Temminck, who saw the museum primarily as a research institute...

 from 1820 until his death. His Manuel d'ornithologie, ou Tableau systematique des oiseaux qui se trouvent en Europe (1815) was the standard work on Europe
Europe is, by convention, one of the world's seven continents. Comprising the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, Europe is generally 'divided' from Asia to its east by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas, and the waterways connecting...

an bird
Birds are feathered, winged, bipedal, endothermic , egg-laying, vertebrate animals. Around 10,000 living species and 188 families makes them the most speciose class of tetrapod vertebrates. They inhabit ecosystems across the globe, from the Arctic to the Antarctic. Extant birds range in size from...

s for many years. He inherited a large collection of bird specimens from his father, who was treasurer
A treasurer is the person responsible for running the treasury of an organization. The adjective for a treasurer is normally "tresorial". The adjective "treasurial" normally means pertaining to a treasury, rather than the treasurer.-Government:...

 of the Dutch East India Company
Dutch East India Company
The Dutch East India Company was a chartered company established in 1602, when the States-General of the Netherlands granted it a 21-year monopoly to carry out colonial activities in Asia...

. In 1831, he was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences or Kungliga Vetenskapsakademien is one of the Royal Academies of Sweden. The Academy is an independent, non-governmental scientific organization which acts to promote the sciences, primarily the natural sciences and mathematics.The Academy was founded on 2...


Temminck was also the author of Histoire naturelle générale des Pigeons et des Gallinacées (1813–1817), Nouveau Recueil de Planches coloriées d'Oiseaux (1820–1839), and contributed to the mammalian sections of Philipp Franz von Siebold
Philipp Franz von Siebold
Philipp Franz Balthasar von Siebold was a German physician and traveller. He was the first European to teach Western medicine in Japan...

's Fauna japonica (1844–1850).

Animal species named after Temminck

A large number of animals were named for Temminck in the 19th century. Among those still in use are:
  • Sharks and fishes:
    • Broadfin shark
      Broadfin shark
      The broadfin shark is a species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae, found in the tropical waters of the Indo-Pacific oceans between latitudes 24° N and 4° S, from the surface to 50 m. Its length is up to about 1.7 m. It is viviparous, and not known to be dangerous to people....

       Lamiopsis temminckii
    • Kissing gourami
      Kissing gourami
      Kissing gouramis, also known as kissing fish or kissers , are large tropical freshwater fish comprising the monotypic labyrinth fish family Helostomatidae . These fish originate from Thailand to Indonesia. They can befood fish which are farmed in their native Southeast Asia...

       Helostoma temminckii
    • Goldribbon soapfish
      Goldribbon soapfish
      The goldribbon soapfish or goldstripe groper, Aulacocephalus temminckii, is a large marine fish of the grouper family, found in the Indo-Pacific oceans.-External links:...

       Aulacocephalus temminckii
    • Ancistrus temminckii (a catfish)
    • Ditrema temminckii (a surfperch)
    • Samoan silverside Hypoatherina temminckii
    • Dark chub Zacco temminckii (a carp)
    • Threadfin wrasse Cirrhilabrus temminckii

  • Reptiles:
    • Alligator snapping turtle
      Alligator Snapping Turtle
      The alligator snapping turtle is one of the largest freshwater turtles in the world. It is not closely related to, but is often associated with the common snapping turtle. They are the sole living member of the genus Macrochelys--while common snappers are in the genus Chelydra...

       Macrochelys temminckii
    • Sphenomorphus temminckii (a skink)

  • Birds:
    • Temminck's Cormorant Phalacrocorax capillatus
    • Temminck's Tragopan
      Temminck's Tragopan
      The Temminck's Tragopan, Tragopan temminckii is a medium-sized, approximately 64cm long, pheasant in the genus Tragopan. The male is a stocky red-and-orange bird with white-spotted plumage, black bill and pink legs. It has a bare blue facial skin, inflatable dark-blue lappet and horns...

       Tragopan temminckii
    • Temminck's Courser
      Temminck's Courser
      Temminck's Courser, Cursorius temminckii, is a bird in the pratincole and courser family, Glareolidae. It is a wader which lives in sub-Saharan Africa....

       Cursorius temminckii
    • Temminck's Stint
      Temminck's Stint
      Temminck's Stint, Calidris or Erolia temminckii, is a small wader.This stint's breeding habitat is bogs and marshes in the taiga of Arctic northern Europe and Asia. It will breed in southern Scandinavia and occasionally Scotland. It has a distinctive hovering display flight. It nests in a scrape...

       Calidris temminckii
    • Malaysian Eared Nightjar Eurostopodus temminckii
    • Purple-winged Roller
      Purple-winged Roller
      The Purple-winged Roller is a species of bird in the Coraciidae family.It is endemic to Celebes Island in Indonesia.Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.-References:...

       Coracias temminckii
    • Temminck's Hornbill Penelopides exarhatus
    • Ochre-collared Piculet
      Ochre-collared Piculet
      The Ochre-collared Piculet is a species of bird in the Picidae family. It is found in Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay....

       Picumnus temminckii
    • Sulawesi Woodpecker
      Sulawesi Woodpecker
      The Sulawesi Pygmy Woodpecker , also known as the Sulawesi Woodpecker, is a species of bird in the Picidae family. It is endemic to Indonesia. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist mountains.-References:* BirdLife International...

       Dendrocopos temminckii
    • Temminck's Fruit-dove Ptilinopus porphyreus
    • Cerulean Cuckoo-shrike
      Cerulean Cuckoo-shrike
      The Cerulean Cuckooshrike is a species of bird in the Campephagidae family.It is endemic to Indonesia.Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montanes....

       Coracina temminckii
    • Australian Logrunner
      Australian Logrunner
      The Australian Logrunner is a species of bird in the Orthonychidae family. It is endemic to eastern Australia...

       Orthonyx temminckii
    • Temminck's Sunbird
      Temminck's Sunbird
      The Temminck's Sunbird is a species of sunbird.It is found in up to 1800 m altitude in Borneo, Sumatra, Malaysia, and south west Thailand in tropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montanes....

       Aethopyga temminckii
    • Temminck's Lark
      Temminck's Lark
      The Temminck’s Lark or Temminck’s Horned Lark , breeds across much of north Africa, through northern Saudi Arabia to western Iraq. It is mainly resident, but some populations of this passerine bird are partially migratory, moving further south in winter.This lark is a bird of open stony...

       Eremophila bilopha
    • Temminck's Babbler
      Temminck's Babbler
      The Temminck's Babbler is a species of bird in the Timaliidae family. It is found in Indonesia and Malaysia. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.-References:...

       Pellorneum pyrrhogenys
    • Temminck's Seedeater
      Temminck's Seedeater
      Temminck's Seedeater is a species of bird in the Thraupidae family.It is found in Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.-References:* BirdLife...

       Sporophila falcirostris

  • Mammals:
    • Temminck's Pangolin
      Temminck's Pangolin
      The Ground Pangolin , also known as Temminck's Pangolin or the Cape Pangolin, is one of four species of pangolin which can be found in Africa and the only one in southern and eastern Africa. Although it is present over quite a large area, it is rare throughout it and notoriously difficult to spot...

       Manis temminckii
    • Temminck's Mole Mogera wogura
    • Temminck's Golden Cat Catopuma temminckii
    • Dwarf Dog-faced Bat
      Dwarf Dog-faced Bat
      The Dwarf Dog-faced Bat , is a bat species from South America. It is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, Paraguay and Uruguay....

       Molossops temminckii
    • Temminck's flying fox
      Temminck's Flying Fox
      The Temminck's Flying Fox is a species of megabat in the Pteropodidae family. It is found in Indonesia and Papua New Guinea.-Source:* Chiroptera Specialist Group 1996. . Downloaded on 30 July 2007....

       Pteropus temminckii
    • Temminck's tailless fruit bat Megaerops ecaudatus
    • Temminck's red colobus
      Red colobus
      Red colobuses are Old World monkeys of the subgenus Piliocolobus in genus Procolobus. Some authors elevate Piliocolobus to a full genus, limiting Procolobus to the olive colobus. They are closely related to the black-and-white colobus monkeys and some species are often found in groups with the...

       Pilocolobus badius temminckii (subspecies)
    • Temminck's Giant Squirrel Epixerus ebii
    • Temminck's Flying Squirrel
      Temminck's Flying Squirrel
      The Temminck's Flying Squirrel is a species of rodent in the Sciuridae family. It is found in Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, and Thailand.-References:...

       Petinomys setosus

External links

  • Fauna Japonica Online – Kyoto University Collection
  • Erwin Stresemann
    Erwin Stresemann
    Erwin Stresemann was a German naturalist and ornithologist.Stresemann was one of the outstanding ornithologists of the 20th century...

    , Analyse von C. J. Temmincks "Catalogue systématique" (1807), Zoologische Mededelingen
    Zoologische Mededelingen
    Zoologische Mededelingen publishes papers and monographs on vertebrate and invertebrate systematics. The publisher is the National Museum of Natural History Naturalis in The Netherlands. The first issue of Zoologische Mededeelingen appeared in 1915, as the official journal of Naturalis' predecessor...

     Vol. 31, 1953, p. 319–331 PDF
  • A.J.P. Raat, Alexander von Humboldt
    Alexander von Humboldt
    Friedrich Wilhelm Heinrich Alexander Freiherr von Humboldt was a German naturalist and explorer, and the younger brother of the Prussian minister, philosopher and linguist Wilhelm von Humboldt...

     and Coenraad Jacob Temminck, Zoologische Bijdragen, Vol. 21, 1976, p. 19–38
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