Chernogolovka is a town in Moscow Oblast
Moscow Oblast
Moscow Oblast , or Podmoskovye , is a federal subject of Russia . Its area, at , is relatively small compared to other federal subjects, but it is one of the most densely populated regions in the country and, with the 2010 population of 7,092,941, is the second most populous federal subject...

, Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

, located 43 kilometres (26.7 mi) northeast from Moscow
Moscow is the capital, the most populous city, and the most populous federal subject of Russia. The city is a major political, economic, cultural, scientific, religious, financial, educational, and transportation centre of Russia and the continent...

 border. Population:

Chernogolovka does not have a rail link but long distance buses link the town to Moscow, Noginsk
Noginsk is a town and the administrative center of Noginsky District of Moscow Oblast, Russia, located east of the MKAD ring road on the Klyazma River. Population:...

 and Fryanovo.

Research facilities

Chernogolovka is a major Russian center of scientific research. It is home to a number of research institutions of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Academy of Sciences
The Russian Academy of Sciences consists of the national academy of Russia and a network of scientific research institutes from across the Russian Federation as well as auxiliary scientific and social units like libraries, publishers and hospitals....

  • Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics
    Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics
    The Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences is the largest Institute of the research center in Chernogolovka. The Institute consists of 10 scientific departments, about 100 laboratories and independent research groups. The staff of the Institute counts ca...
  • Institute of Solid State Physics
    Institute of Solid State Physics
    Institute of Solid State Physics is one of the physical institutes at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Created by Decree No 362 in October 16, 1972 by the Ministry Council of Bulgaria it is successor of the Institute of Physics with Atomic Scientific Experimental Center at the Bulgarian Academy...
  • Institute of Physiologically Active Compounds
  • Institute of Microelectronics Technology and High Purity Materials
  • Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics
    Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics
    The L. D. Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences is a research institution, located in the small town of Chernogolovka near Moscow...

  • Institute of Energy Problems for Chemical Physics
  • Institute of Experimental Mineralogy
  • Institute of Structural Macrokinetics and Materials Science

It is also the home of Ost-Company, which produces a broad range of alcoholic and non-alcoholic drinks which are exported worldwide. Napitki iz Chernogolovki, Shustov vodka
Vodka , is a distilled beverage. It is composed primarily of water and ethanol with traces of impurities and flavorings. Vodka is made by the distillation of fermented substances such as grains, potatoes, or sometimes fruits....

, and others.


A settlement of Chernogolovl was known since the 14th century. Chernogolovka for the first time has been officially mentioned in 1710

In 1956, Chernogolovka grew into a scientific center with the help of Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
The Nobel Prizes are annual international awards bestowed by Scandinavian committees in recognition of cultural and scientific advances. The will of the Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite, established the prizes in 1895...

 winner Nikolay Semyonov
Nikolay Semyonov
Nikolay Nikolayevich Semyonov was a Russian/Soviet physicist and chemist. Semyonov was awarded the 1956 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on the mechanism of chemical transformation.-Life:...

. Semyonov started the experimental branch of Moscow Institute of Chemical Physics, which in the 1960s–1970s grew into a scientific center. In 2001, Chernogolovka was granted town status and given the further status as a naukograd
A naukograd , meaning "science city", is a formal term for towns with high concentration of research and development facilities in Russia and the Soviet Union, some specifically built by the Soviet Union for these purposes. Some of the towns were secret, and were part of a larger system of closed...

or science city in 2008.

External links

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