Bukidnon
Overview
 
Bukidnon is a landlocked province
Provinces of the Philippines
The Provinces of the Philippines are the primary political and administrative divisions of the Philippines. There are 80 provinces at present, further subdivided into component cities and municipalities. The National Capital Region, as well as independent cities, are autonomous from any provincial...

 of the Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

 located in the Northern Mindanao
Northern Mindanao
Designated as Region X of the Philippines, Northern Mindanao is composed of five provinces and two cities classified as highly-urbanized, all occupying the north-central part of Mindanao island, and the island-province of Camiguin...

 region
Regions of the Philippines
In the Philippines, regions are administrative divisions that serve primarily to organize the provinces of the country for administrative convenience. Currently, the archipelagic republic of the Philippines is divided into 17 regions...

. Its capital is Malaybalay City
Malaybalay City
The City of Malaybalay , dubbed as the "South Summer Capital of the Philippines", is a first class component city and the capital and administrative center of the province of Bukidnon, Philippines...

. The province borders, clockwise starting from the north, Misamis Oriental
Misamis Oriental
Misamis Oriental is a province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. Its capital and provincial center is Cagayan de Oro City...

, Agusan del Sur
Agusan del Sur
Agusan del Sur is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the Caraga region in Mindanao. Its capital is Prosperidad and borders, from the north clockwise, Agusan del Norte, Surigao del Sur, Davao Oriental, Compostela Valley, Davao del Norte, Bukidnon, and Misamis...

, Davao del Norte
Davao del Norte
Davao del Norte , and once known simply as Davao, is a province of the Philippines located in the Davao Region in Mindanao. Its capital is Tagum City. It borders the province of Agusan del Sur to the north, Bukidnon to the west, Compostela Valley to the east, and the city of Davao to the south...

, Cotabato, Lanao del Sur
Lanao del Sur
Lanao del Sur is a province of the Philippines located in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao . Its capital is Marawi City and borders Lanao del Norte to the north, Bukidnon to the east, and Maguindanao and Cotabato to the south. To the southwest lies Illana Bay, an arm of the Moro Gulf...

, and Lanao del Norte
Lanao del Norte
Lanao del Norte is a province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. Its capital is Tubod. The province borders Lanao del Sur to the southeast, Zamboanga del Sur to the west, Illana Bay to the southwest, Iligan Bay to the north, Iligan City to the northeast, and is separated...

.

Bukidnon is considered by Filipinos to be the food basket of Mindanao
Mindanao
Mindanao is the second largest and easternmost island in the Philippines. It is also the name of one of the three island groups in the country, which consists of the island of Mindanao and smaller surrounding islands. The other two are Luzon and the Visayas. The island of Mindanao is called The...

. It is the major producer of rice
Rice
Rice is the seed of the monocot plants Oryza sativa or Oryza glaberrima . As a cereal grain, it is the most important staple food for a large part of the world's human population, especially in East Asia, Southeast Asia, South Asia, the Middle East, and the West Indies...

 and corn
Maize
Maize known in many English-speaking countries as corn or mielie/mealie, is a grain domesticated by indigenous peoples in Mesoamerica in prehistoric times. The leafy stalk produces ears which contain seeds called kernels. Though technically a grain, maize kernels are used in cooking as a vegetable...

 in the region. Plantations in the province also produce pineapple
Pineapple
Pineapple is the common name for a tropical plant and its edible fruit, which is actually a multiple fruit consisting of coalesced berries. It was given the name pineapple due to its resemblance to a pine cone. The pineapple is by far the most economically important plant in the Bromeliaceae...

s, banana
Banana
Banana is the common name for herbaceous plants of the genus Musa and for the fruit they produce. Bananas come in a variety of sizes and colors when ripe, including yellow, purple, and red....

s and sugarcane
Sugarcane
Sugarcane refers to any of six to 37 species of tall perennial grasses of the genus Saccharum . Native to the warm temperate to tropical regions of South Asia, they have stout, jointed, fibrous stalks that are rich in sugar, and measure two to six metres tall...

.

There are no seaports in the province, although there is an airport in Malaybalay City.
Unanswered Questions
Encyclopedia
Bukidnon is a landlocked province
Provinces of the Philippines
The Provinces of the Philippines are the primary political and administrative divisions of the Philippines. There are 80 provinces at present, further subdivided into component cities and municipalities. The National Capital Region, as well as independent cities, are autonomous from any provincial...

 of the Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

 located in the Northern Mindanao
Northern Mindanao
Designated as Region X of the Philippines, Northern Mindanao is composed of five provinces and two cities classified as highly-urbanized, all occupying the north-central part of Mindanao island, and the island-province of Camiguin...

 region
Regions of the Philippines
In the Philippines, regions are administrative divisions that serve primarily to organize the provinces of the country for administrative convenience. Currently, the archipelagic republic of the Philippines is divided into 17 regions...

. Its capital is Malaybalay City
Malaybalay City
The City of Malaybalay , dubbed as the "South Summer Capital of the Philippines", is a first class component city and the capital and administrative center of the province of Bukidnon, Philippines...

. The province borders, clockwise starting from the north, Misamis Oriental
Misamis Oriental
Misamis Oriental is a province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. Its capital and provincial center is Cagayan de Oro City...

, Agusan del Sur
Agusan del Sur
Agusan del Sur is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the Caraga region in Mindanao. Its capital is Prosperidad and borders, from the north clockwise, Agusan del Norte, Surigao del Sur, Davao Oriental, Compostela Valley, Davao del Norte, Bukidnon, and Misamis...

, Davao del Norte
Davao del Norte
Davao del Norte , and once known simply as Davao, is a province of the Philippines located in the Davao Region in Mindanao. Its capital is Tagum City. It borders the province of Agusan del Sur to the north, Bukidnon to the west, Compostela Valley to the east, and the city of Davao to the south...

, Cotabato, Lanao del Sur
Lanao del Sur
Lanao del Sur is a province of the Philippines located in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao . Its capital is Marawi City and borders Lanao del Norte to the north, Bukidnon to the east, and Maguindanao and Cotabato to the south. To the southwest lies Illana Bay, an arm of the Moro Gulf...

, and Lanao del Norte
Lanao del Norte
Lanao del Norte is a province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. Its capital is Tubod. The province borders Lanao del Sur to the southeast, Zamboanga del Sur to the west, Illana Bay to the southwest, Iligan Bay to the north, Iligan City to the northeast, and is separated...

.

Bukidnon is considered by Filipinos to be the food basket of Mindanao
Mindanao
Mindanao is the second largest and easternmost island in the Philippines. It is also the name of one of the three island groups in the country, which consists of the island of Mindanao and smaller surrounding islands. The other two are Luzon and the Visayas. The island of Mindanao is called The...

. It is the major producer of rice
Rice
Rice is the seed of the monocot plants Oryza sativa or Oryza glaberrima . As a cereal grain, it is the most important staple food for a large part of the world's human population, especially in East Asia, Southeast Asia, South Asia, the Middle East, and the West Indies...

 and corn
Maize
Maize known in many English-speaking countries as corn or mielie/mealie, is a grain domesticated by indigenous peoples in Mesoamerica in prehistoric times. The leafy stalk produces ears which contain seeds called kernels. Though technically a grain, maize kernels are used in cooking as a vegetable...

 in the region. Plantations in the province also produce pineapple
Pineapple
Pineapple is the common name for a tropical plant and its edible fruit, which is actually a multiple fruit consisting of coalesced berries. It was given the name pineapple due to its resemblance to a pine cone. The pineapple is by far the most economically important plant in the Bromeliaceae...

s, banana
Banana
Banana is the common name for herbaceous plants of the genus Musa and for the fruit they produce. Bananas come in a variety of sizes and colors when ripe, including yellow, purple, and red....

s and sugarcane
Sugarcane
Sugarcane refers to any of six to 37 species of tall perennial grasses of the genus Saccharum . Native to the warm temperate to tropical regions of South Asia, they have stout, jointed, fibrous stalks that are rich in sugar, and measure two to six metres tall...

.

There are no seaports in the province, although there is an airport in Malaybalay City. The airport is currently closed. To get to Bukidnon, one must travel by land from Cagayan de Oro City
Cagayan de Oro City
Cagayan de Oro; , officially the City of Cagayan de Oro, is the provincial capital city of the province of Misamis Oriental in the Philippines...

 in Misamis Oriental
Misamis Oriental
Misamis Oriental is a province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. Its capital and provincial center is Cagayan de Oro City...

 Province.

Political History

Bukidnon became a part of Misamis in the latter part of 1850. The whole area was then called Malaybalay (few houses) and the people were known as Bukidnons (mountain people). The Philippine Commission, then headed by Commissioner Dean C. Worcester
Dean Conant Worcester
Dean Conant Worcester, D.Sc., F.R.G.S. was an American zoologist, public official, and authority on the Philippines, born at Thetford, Vermont, and educated at the University of Michigan ....

, Secretary of Interior, proposed the separation of Bukidnon from Misamis Province. On August 20, 1907, the Philippine Commission Act No. 1693 was enacted the Province of Agusan and sub- province of Bukidnon. Bukidnon became a regular province on March 10, 1917 by virtue of the creation of the Department of Mindanao and Sulu
Department of Mindanao and Sulu
The Department of Mindanao and Sulu was an agency of the United States colonial administration in the Philippine Islands tasked to administer all Muslim-dominated areas in the territory. It was established on July 23, 1914, pursuant to Act No. 2408, replacing the Moro Province after the latter was...

 under Act 2711.

In 1942, invading Japanese troops entered Bukidnon. In 1945, the province was liberated from Japanese occupation by Filipino and American troops with the aid of Bukidnon-based Filipino guerrillas during the Second World War.

Cultural history

According to oral history of the indigenous people of Bukidnon, there were four main tribes in Central Mindanao: the Maranao who dwell in Lanao del Sur, and the Maguindanao, Manobo and Talaandig who respectively inhabit the eastern, southern, and north-central portions of the original province of Cotabato. When the civil government divided central Mindanao into provinces at the turn of the 20th century, the groups included in the province of Bukidnon are the Talaandig and the Manobo. The Bisayans, Cebuano
Cebuano people
The Cebuano people , are a Visayan ethnic group in Cebu and form the second largest cultural-linguistic group in the Philippines.-History:...

, Boholanos
Boholano people
The Boholano people, also called Bol-anon, refers to the people who live in the island province of Bohol. They are part of the wider Visayans ethnolinguistic group, who constitute the largest Filipino ethnolinguistic group.-Language:...

 and Ilonggos migrated into the province followed by various groups from Luzon
Luzon
Luzon is the largest island in the Philippines. It is located in the northernmost region of the archipelago, and is also the name for one of the three primary island groups in the country centered on the Island of Luzon...

, namely, the Ilocano
Ilocano people
The Ilocano or Ilokano people are the third largest Filipino ethnolinguistic group. Aside from being referred to as Ilocanos, from "i"-from, and "looc"-bay, they also refer to themselves as Samtoy, from the Ilocano phrase "sao mi ditoy", meaning 'our language here.' The word "Ilocano" came from...

s, Batangueño
Tagalog people
The Tagalog people are an ethnic group in the Philippines. The name Tagalog comes from either the native term tagá-ilog, meaning 'people living along the river', or another native term, tagá-alog, meaning 'people living along the ford', a ford being a shallow part of a river or stream where people,...

s, the Igorot
Igorot
Cordillerans are the people of the Cordillera region, in the Philippines island of Luzon. The word, Igorot is a misnomer term invented by the Spaniards in mockery against the Nortnern Luzon tribes. The word ‘Igorot’ also as coined and applied by the Spaniards means a savage, head-hunting and...

s and the Ivatan
Ivatan people
The Ivatans are a Filipino ethnolinguistic group predominant in the Batanes Islands of the Philippines. The origins of the Ivatans remained untraced among scholars, although evidences suggest that they are Christians who lived in the islands between northern Luzon and Taiwan...

s. All contributed massive acculturation among the indigenous tribes. Most of those who moved to the mountains and forest continued to hold on their ancestors’ cultural heritage. The wide variety of Filipino groups now thrives in the province and contributed immensely in the socio-economic development.

Location

Bukidnon is a landlocked plateau in North Central Mindanao. It is bounded on the north by Misamis Oriental
Misamis Oriental
Misamis Oriental is a province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. Its capital and provincial center is Cagayan de Oro City...

 and Cagayan de Oro City
Cagayan de Oro City
Cagayan de Oro; , officially the City of Cagayan de Oro, is the provincial capital city of the province of Misamis Oriental in the Philippines...

; on the south by North Cotabato, Davao del Sur
Davao del Sur
Davao del Sur is a province of the Philippines located in the Davao Region in Mindanao. Its capital is Digos City. The province is bordered by Davao City to the north, and Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, South Cotabato, and Sarangani to the west. To the east lies the Davao Gulf...

 and Davao City
Davao City
The City of Davao is the largest city in the island of Mindanao in the Philippines. Its international airport and seaports are among the busiest cargo hubs in the Philippines....

; on the east by Agusan del Sur
Agusan del Sur
Agusan del Sur is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the Caraga region in Mindanao. Its capital is Prosperidad and borders, from the north clockwise, Agusan del Norte, Surigao del Sur, Davao Oriental, Compostela Valley, Davao del Norte, Bukidnon, and Misamis...

 and Davao del Norte
Davao del Norte
Davao del Norte , and once known simply as Davao, is a province of the Philippines located in the Davao Region in Mindanao. Its capital is Tagum City. It borders the province of Agusan del Sur to the north, Bukidnon to the west, Compostela Valley to the east, and the city of Davao to the south...

; and west by Lanao del Sur
Lanao del Sur
Lanao del Sur is a province of the Philippines located in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao . Its capital is Marawi City and borders Lanao del Norte to the north, Bukidnon to the east, and Maguindanao and Cotabato to the south. To the southwest lies Illana Bay, an arm of the Moro Gulf...

. It lies between parallels 7°25' and 8°38' North latitude and meridians 124°03' and 125°16' East longitude. Malaybalay City
Malaybalay City
The City of Malaybalay , dubbed as the "South Summer Capital of the Philippines", is a first class component city and the capital and administrative center of the province of Bukidnon, Philippines...

, the capital town, is about 850 kilometers by air from Manila
Manila
Manila is the capital of the Philippines. It is one of the sixteen cities forming Metro Manila.Manila is located on the eastern shores of Manila Bay and is bordered by Navotas and Caloocan to the north, Quezon City to the northeast, San Juan and Mandaluyong to the east, Makati on the southeast,...

 and 91 kilometers by road from Cagayan de Oro City
Cagayan de Oro City
Cagayan de Oro; , officially the City of Cagayan de Oro, is the provincial capital city of the province of Misamis Oriental in the Philippines...

.

It has two important landmarks, Mt. Kitanglad
Mount Kitanglad
Mount Kitanglad is an inactive volcanic volcano located in the Kitanglad Mountain Range in Bukidnon province on Mindanao island. It is officially declared as the fourth highest mountain in the Philippines and has an approximate height of 2,899 meters...

 and Pulangi River
Pulangi River
The Pulangi River , also spelled Pulangui, is the longest river in Bukidnon. It is one of the major tributaries of the Rio Grande de Mindanao, an extensive river system in Mindanao, Philippines...

. Mt. Kitanglad
Mount Kitanglad
Mount Kitanglad is an inactive volcanic volcano located in the Kitanglad Mountain Range in Bukidnon province on Mindanao island. It is officially declared as the fourth highest mountain in the Philippines and has an approximate height of 2,899 meters...

 is 2,955 meters above sea level. Pulangi River, on the other hand, traverses through the northeastern and southern part of the province towards the Rio Grande of Mindanao.

Land Area

The province's total land area is 829,378 hectares (8, 293.78 square kilometers). It accounts for 59 percent (59%) of Northern Mindanao
Northern Mindanao
Designated as Region X of the Philippines, Northern Mindanao is composed of five provinces and two cities classified as highly-urbanized, all occupying the north-central part of Mindanao island, and the island-province of Camiguin...

. Thirty-eight percent (38%) is alienable and disposable. The rest is classified timberland.

It also accounts for 80 percent (80%) or 34 million metric tons of the region’s nonmetallic mineral deposits which include high grade white and red clay, gold, chromite, copper, serpentine, manganese, quartz and limestone deposits can also be found in the province.

Topography

Bukidnon is generally characterized as an extensive plateau but the southern and eastern boundaries are mountainous area. The province's average elevation is 915 meters above sea level. The slope gradient peaks at 2, 938 meters with Mt. Kitanglad
Mount Kitanglad
Mount Kitanglad is an inactive volcanic volcano located in the Kitanglad Mountain Range in Bukidnon province on Mindanao island. It is officially declared as the fourth highest mountain in the Philippines and has an approximate height of 2,899 meters...

, an extinct volcano occupying the central portion. Two other mountain bodies are found in its southern portion, Mt. Kalatungan and Mt. Tangkulan, which rise to 2, 287 meters and 1, 678 meters, respectively. Gently rolling grassland plateau cut deep and wide canyons of the Cagayan, Pulangi, and Tagoloan Rivers and their tributaries which cover a greater part of the province. The whole eastern and southern border adjoining the provinces of Agusan
Agusan
-In geograph:* Agusan in the Philipines** Agusan del Norte in the Philipines** Agusan del Sur in the Philipines*Agusan River, a river in Mindanao* Legislative district of Agusan in the Philipines...

, Davao
Davao
Davao refers to several closely related places in Mindanao in the Philippines. The term is used most often to refer to the city.*Davao Region, an administrative region*Davao del Norte province*Davao del Sur province*Davao Oriental province...

, and Cotabato
Cotabato
Cotabato , is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the SOCCSKSARGEN region in Mindanao...

 are covered by lofty and densely forested mountains of the Pantaron Mountain Range (Central Cordillera).

The Bukidnon plateau is mainly of volcanic zone consisting of pyroclastic, basaltic and andesitic cones.

The Central Cordillera is a mountain range of sedimentary, metamorphic and igneous rocks. About 49% of the land resource of the province is of rugged hills and mountains and 33% of undulating to rolling terrain. The rest of the province is composed of nearly level terraces, alluvial lowland, canyons and gorges. The volcanic terraces and volcanic foot slopes that are ≥500 meters above sea level are estimated to be about 221, 600 hectares.

At Mailag, 23 kilometers south of Malaybalay City
Malaybalay City
The City of Malaybalay , dubbed as the "South Summer Capital of the Philippines", is a first class component city and the capital and administrative center of the province of Bukidnon, Philippines...

, the plateau begins to descend and gradually merges into the lowlands of Cotabato
Cotabato
Cotabato , is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the SOCCSKSARGEN region in Mindanao...

 province.

Climate

Two types of climate prevail between the northern and southern sections of Bukidnon, The northern part is classified as belonging to Type III, that is, there is no pronounced rain period but relatively dry during the months of November to May. In the southern portion of the province, the climate is classified as Type IV with no dry season. The driest area is Baungon, while the wettest is the Calabugao plain. The climate is relatively cool and humid throughout the year.

The average annual rainfall is 2, 800 millimeters (112.5 inches). Just like in other parts of the country, rainfall is more pronounced from June to October compared to other months of the year. February to April are the drier months.

Temperature ranges vary with elevation. In areas lower than 500 meters above sea level (m.a.s.l.), the recorded temperature range is between 20°C to 34°C. Areas with elevations greater than 500 m.a.s.l. would have temperatures ranging from 18°C to 28°C.

Relative humidity also varies with elevation, with those above 500 meters having relative humidity of about 80%, while areas lying below 500 meters, 65-7 percent. Thus, the Malaybalay-Impasug-ong area and those around the volcanic cones approximate semi-temperate conditions and can support the cultivation of highland tropical crops.

Based on the records of climatological stations within and near the province, lithology and land form, three (3) agro-ecological zones are identified. One covers the mountainous eastern side (Central Cordillera) which is generally wet, with rainfall of about 2, 340 mm to 4, 000 mm per annum. Another covers the high altitude volcanic plains, the Malaybalay-Impasug-ong area and the footslopes of Mt. Kitanglad and Mt. Kalatungan. These areas have an annual rainfall in the range of 2, 490 mm to 3, 680 mm. The third zone covers the south-central and the north-western parts of the province, with elevations of less than 500 meters, relatively dry with mean annual rainfall in the range of 1, 700 mm to 2, 600 mm.

Bodies of Water

Bukidnon is known as the watershed of Mindanao. It is endowed with six major river systems namely: Pulangi, Tagoloan, Cagayan, Manupali, Muleta, and Bobonawan Rivers. These rivers carved the landscape of the province creating numerous canyons.

The Pulangi River, considered the longest river in the province, is a tributary of the Rio Grande of Mindanao. Its headwaters are found in the mountains of Kalabugao, Impasug-ong, Bukidnon
Impasug-Ong, Bukidnon
Impasug-ong is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 31,173 people in 5,718 households.-Location and General Physical Characteristics:...

. It is the largest as well as the longest river found in the province. It covers the following cities and municipalities of the province: Impasug-ong
Impasug-Ong, Bukidnon
Impasug-ong is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 31,173 people in 5,718 households.-Location and General Physical Characteristics:...

, Malaybalay City
Malaybalay City
The City of Malaybalay , dubbed as the "South Summer Capital of the Philippines", is a first class component city and the capital and administrative center of the province of Bukidnon, Philippines...

, Cabanglasan
Cabanglasan, Bukidnon
Cabanglasan is a 4th class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 32,305 people in 5,994 households.-History of Cabanglasan:The town was once a Barangay of the capital town, Malaybalay...

, San Fernando
San Fernando, Bukidnon
San Fernando is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 44,959 people.-History:...

, Valencia City
Valencia City, Bukidnon
The City of Valencia is a 2nd class city in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 162,745 people in 28,425 households.-History:...

, Maramag
Maramag, Bukidnon
Maramag is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2009 census, it has a population of 86,647 people in 19,267 households based on 2000 census.Maramag local government unit launched its official website on July 9, 2008.-History:Political and Cultural...

, Quezon
Quezon, Bukidnon
Quezon is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 91,119 people and 15,882 households during 2000 census.-Creation of the Municipality:...

, Don Carlos
Don Carlos, Bukidnon
Don Carlos is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 55,495 people in 10,713 households.-History:...

, Kitaotao
Kitaotao, Bukidnon
Kitaotao is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 26,073 people in 5,194 households.-Cultural History:...

, Dangcagan
Dangcagan, Bukidnon
Dangcagan is a 5th class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 18,857 people in 3,555 households.-History:...

, Kibawe
Kibawe, Bukidnon
Kibawe is a 4th class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 32,955 people in 6,413 households.-History:...

 and Damulog
Damulog, Bukidnon
Damulog is a 4th class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 20,332 people in 4,073 households.-Barangays:Damulog is politically subdivided into 17 barangays.* Aludas* Angga-an...

.

The Tagoloan River has its headwaters in the mountains of Can-ayan, Malaybalay City
Malaybalay City
The City of Malaybalay , dubbed as the "South Summer Capital of the Philippines", is a first class component city and the capital and administrative center of the province of Bukidnon, Philippines...

. It traverses the province northwestward passing through Malaybalay City
Malaybalay City
The City of Malaybalay , dubbed as the "South Summer Capital of the Philippines", is a first class component city and the capital and administrative center of the province of Bukidnon, Philippines...

, Impasug-ong
Impasug-Ong, Bukidnon
Impasug-ong is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 31,173 people in 5,718 households.-Location and General Physical Characteristics:...

, Sumilao
Sumilao, Bukidnon
Sumilao is a 4th class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 21,720 people based on 2000 census 3,268 households.-Origin of name:...

, Manolo Fortich
Manolo Fortich, Bukidnon
Manolo Fortich is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 82,051 people...

, Malitbog
Malitbog, Bukidnon
Malitbog is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 21,948 people in 3,808 households.-History:...

 and finally empties into the sea at Tagoloan, Misamis Oriental
Tagoloan, Misamis Oriental
Tagoloan is a 1st class according in income class municipality in the province of Misamis Oriental Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 56,499 people in 11,773 households....

.

The Cagayan River watershed is found mostly in the municipality of Talakag. Its headwaters are found in the Kitanglad Mountain Range in central Bukidnon. The river flows northward through the municipalities of Talakag
Talakag, Bukidnon
Talakag is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 53,316 people and 8,342 households based on 2000 census.-Origin of Name:...

 and Baungon
Baungon, Bukidnon
Baungon is a 2nd class municipality in the northern part of the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. It is about 132 kilometers north of Malaybalay City passing through Cagayan de Oro, which is about 30 kilometers from Imbatug, the towns poblacion. It is bounded on the northeast by the Libona, at the...

. Its mouth lies at Cagayan de Oro City
Cagayan de Oro City
Cagayan de Oro; , officially the City of Cagayan de Oro, is the provincial capital city of the province of Misamis Oriental in the Philippines...

 in Misamis Oriental
Misamis Oriental
Misamis Oriental is a province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. Its capital and provincial center is Cagayan de Oro City...

, where it is the main source of potable water.

The Manupali River, a major tributary of the Pulangi River, start in the mountains of Lantapan, Bukidnon
Lantapan, Bukidnon
-Profile of Lantapan:Lantapan is a first class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. It used to be a barrio of Malaybalay City until its creation, by virtue of Republic Act No. 4787 enacted on 18 June 1968, as a separate municipality...

, picking up tributaries along the way from the Kalatungan and Kitanglad Mountain Ranges. It forms part of the natural boundary of the Valencia City
Valencia City, Bukidnon
The City of Valencia is a 2nd class city in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 162,745 people in 28,425 households.-History:...

 and Lantapan
Lantapan, Bukidnon
-Profile of Lantapan:Lantapan is a first class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. It used to be a barrio of Malaybalay City until its creation, by virtue of Republic Act No. 4787 enacted on 18 June 1968, as a separate municipality...

. It flows eastward towards Malaybalay City
Malaybalay City
The City of Malaybalay , dubbed as the "South Summer Capital of the Philippines", is a first class component city and the capital and administrative center of the province of Bukidnon, Philippines...

, eventually joining the Pulangi River in Valencia City
Valencia City, Bukidnon
The City of Valencia is a 2nd class city in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 162,745 people in 28,425 households.-History:...

.

The Muleta River is found in the southern portion of the province covering the municipalities of Pangantucan
Pangantucan, Bukidnon
Pangantucan is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 46,689 people and 8,168 households. on 2000 census-History:...

, Don Carlos
Don Carlos, Bukidnon
Don Carlos is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 55,495 people in 10,713 households.-History:...

, Kitaotao
Kitaotao, Bukidnon
Kitaotao is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 26,073 people in 5,194 households.-Cultural History:...

, Dangcagan
Dangcagan, Bukidnon
Dangcagan is a 5th class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 18,857 people in 3,555 households.-History:...

, Kibawe
Kibawe, Bukidnon
Kibawe is a 4th class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 32,955 people in 6,413 households.-History:...

, Kadingilan
Kadingilan, Bukidnon
Kadingilan is a 4th class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 25,858 people in 5,050 households.-Cultural History:...

 and Damulog
Damulog, Bukidnon
Damulog is a 4th class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 20,332 people in 4,073 households.-Barangays:Damulog is politically subdivided into 17 barangays.* Aludas* Angga-an...

. It is another important tributary of the Pulangi River and flows southward. It will join the Pulangi River in the boundary of Bukidnon and Cotabato
Cotabato
Cotabato , is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the SOCCSKSARGEN region in Mindanao...

 province.

The Bobonawan River, found in the municipality of Cabanglasan
Cabanglasan, Bukidnon
Cabanglasan is a 4th class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 32,305 people in 5,994 households.-History of Cabanglasan:The town was once a Barangay of the capital town, Malaybalay...

, is another tributary of the Pulangi River. It covers most of the parts of the municipality, flowing southward towards Pulangi River.

Aside from the relatively important river systems, various lakes also dot the landscape of the province. Pinamaloy Lake, in Don Carlos, Bukidnon
Don Carlos, Bukidnon
Don Carlos is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 55,495 people in 10,713 households.-History:...

, is the biggest in the province covering about 50 hectares. It was named after Barangay Pinamaloy, the place where the lake is located. Another lake is found in Pigtauranan, Pangantucan
Pangantucan, Bukidnon
Pangantucan is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 46,689 people and 8,168 households. on 2000 census-History:...

 called the Napalit Lake. The lake covers an area of 36 hectares and is one of the tourist spots in Pangantucan, Bukidnon. There are 24 floating islets in the lake. The third significant inland body of water in the province is Apo Lake at Guinoyoran, Valencia City
Valencia City, Bukidnon
The City of Valencia is a 2nd class city in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 162,745 people in 28,425 households.-History:...

. It occupies an approximate area of 25 hectares. A man-made lake called Maramag Basin is found in Maramag, Bukidnon, which was the result of the construction of the Pulangi IV Hydroelectric Dam of the National Power Corporation (NPC) in the course of the Pulangi River.

Demographics

Based on the National Statistics Office (NSO) Census last 2000, Bukidnon has a total population of 1,060,415. Males slightly edge the females with 546,234, accounting for about 52% of the province’s total population while females, with 514,181, account about 48%. It is expected that by 2010, the province of Bukidnon will have a total population of 1,344,301.

Based on age distribution, Bukidnon has a fairly young population, with ages 14 and below accounting 42.15% or 446, 952. The 15-34 age bracket account for 33.68% of the province’s population or 357,112. Ages 55 and above barely accounts 6.5% of the total.

The average population growth rate of the province is 2.41% from 1995–2000. Male-to-female ratio in the province stood at 1.06.

Population Density

The average population density for the province is 128 persons per square kilometer. The cities/municipalities with the highest population densities are the following: Don Carlos
Don Carlos, Bukidnon
Don Carlos is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 55,495 people in 10,713 households.-History:...

 (353/km²), Kitaotao
Kitaotao, Bukidnon
Kitaotao is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 26,073 people in 5,194 households.-Cultural History:...

 (250/km²), Valencia City
Valencia City, Bukidnon
The City of Valencia is a 2nd class city in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 162,745 people in 28,425 households.-History:...

 (244/km²), Maramag
Maramag, Bukidnon
Maramag is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2009 census, it has a population of 86,647 people in 19,267 households based on 2000 census.Maramag local government unit launched its official website on July 9, 2008.-History:Political and Cultural...

 (213/km²) and Quezon
Quezon, Bukidnon
Quezon is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 91,119 people and 15,882 households during 2000 census.-Creation of the Municipality:...

 (202/km²). The cities/municipalities with the lowest densities, on the other hand are: Impasug-ong
Impasug-Ong, Bukidnon
Impasug-ong is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 31,173 people in 5,718 households.-Location and General Physical Characteristics:...

 (29/km²), Talakag
Talakag, Bukidnon
Talakag is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 53,316 people and 8,342 households based on 2000 census.-Origin of Name:...

 (58/km²), San Fernando
San Fernando, Bukidnon
San Fernando is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 44,959 people.-History:...

 (63/km²), Malitbog
Malitbog, Bukidnon
Malitbog is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 21,948 people in 3,808 households.-History:...

 (75/km²) and Damulog
Damulog, Bukidnon
Damulog is a 4th class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 20,332 people in 4,073 households.-Barangays:Damulog is politically subdivided into 17 barangays.* Aludas* Angga-an...

 (83/km²).

Population by Congressional Districts

By Congressional Districts, District II
Congressional districts of Bukidnon
The Legislative districts of Bukidnon, namely the first, second and third districts are the representations of the Province of Bukidnon in the Philippine House of Representatives. Bukidnon was part of the representation of Department of Mindanao and Sulu from 1916 to 1935, it was organized as a...

 has the highest population among the three capturing almost 40% of the total population of the province. District II
Congressional districts of Bukidnon
The Legislative districts of Bukidnon, namely the first, second and third districts are the representations of the Province of Bukidnon in the Philippine House of Representatives. Bukidnon was part of the representation of Department of Mindanao and Sulu from 1916 to 1935, it was organized as a...

 includes the cities of Malaybalay
Malaybalay City
The City of Malaybalay , dubbed as the "South Summer Capital of the Philippines", is a first class component city and the capital and administrative center of the province of Bukidnon, Philippines...

 and Valencia
Valencia City, Bukidnon
The City of Valencia is a 2nd class city in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 162,745 people in 28,425 households.-History:...

. It is closely followed by District III
Congressional districts of Bukidnon
The Legislative districts of Bukidnon, namely the first, second and third districts are the representations of the Province of Bukidnon in the Philippine House of Representatives. Bukidnon was part of the representation of Department of Mindanao and Sulu from 1916 to 1935, it was organized as a...

 with almost 33% of the total population. District I
Congressional districts of Bukidnon
The Legislative districts of Bukidnon, namely the first, second and third districts are the representations of the Province of Bukidnon in the Philippine House of Representatives. Bukidnon was part of the representation of Department of Mindanao and Sulu from 1916 to 1935, it was organized as a...

, although closer to the regional urban center of Cagayan de Oro City
Cagayan de Oro City
Cagayan de Oro; , officially the City of Cagayan de Oro, is the provincial capital city of the province of Misamis Oriental in the Philippines...

, has the least population with 28%.

Valencia City
Valencia City, Bukidnon
The City of Valencia is a 2nd class city in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 162,745 people in 28,425 households.-History:...

 has the highest population among the cities/municipalities of the province with 147, 924 inhabitants, accounting 13.96% of the province’s total. It is closely followed by Malaybalay City
Malaybalay City
The City of Malaybalay , dubbed as the "South Summer Capital of the Philippines", is a first class component city and the capital and administrative center of the province of Bukidnon, Philippines...

 with 123, 672 inhabitants or 11.67% of the total. Quezon
Quezon, Bukidnon
Quezon is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 91,119 people and 15,882 households during 2000 census.-Creation of the Municipality:...

 is at third with 82, 567 inhabitants or 7.79% of the total. Maramag
Maramag, Bukidnon
Maramag is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2009 census, it has a population of 86,647 people in 19,267 households based on 2000 census.Maramag local government unit launched its official website on July 9, 2008.-History:Political and Cultural...

 and Manolo Fortich
Manolo Fortich, Bukidnon
Manolo Fortich is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 82,051 people...

 are 4th and 5th with 74, 757 and 74, 252 inhabitants, respectively.

Ethnicity

According to ethnicity, majority of the people in Bukidnon are Cebuano accounting approximately 58% of the total population. The Bukidnon lumads (Bukidnon, Higaonon, Manobo, Talaandig, etc.) account about 14% of the total population of the province. The Hiligaynon/Ilonggo and Boholano groups follow with 8.83% and 7.37%, respectively, of the province’s total population.

Languages Spoken

The lingua franca of the region is Cebuano
Cebuano language
Cebuano, referred to by most of its speakers as Bisaya , is an Austronesian language spoken in the Philippines by about 20 million people mostly in the Central Visayas. It is the most widely spoken of the languages within the so-named Bisayan subgroup and is closely related to other Filipino...

, Hiligaynon
Hiligaynon language
Hiligaynon, often referred to as Ilonggo, is an Austronesian language spoken in the Western Visayas region of the Philippines.Hiligaynon is concentrated in the provinces of Iloilo, Negros Occidental and Capiz but is also spoken in the other provinces of the Panay Island group, including Antique,...

/Ilonggo, Ilocano, Tagalog
Tagalog language
Tagalog is an Austronesian language spoken as a first language by a third of the population of the Philippines and as a second language by most of the rest. It is the first language of the Philippine region IV and of Metro Manila...

, Maranao
Maranao
Maranao is the term used for the people of Lanao, a predominantly Muslim region in the Philippines island of Mindanao. They are famous for their artwork, sophisticated weaving, wood and metal craft, and their epic literature...

, Waray-Waray
Waray-Waray language
Wáray-Wáray or Samarnon is a language spoken in the provinces of Samar, Northern Samar, Eastern Samar, and in some parts of the Leyte and Biliran in the Philippines...

, Ivatan
Ivatan language
The Ivatan language, also known as Ibatan or Chirin nu Ibatan , is an Austronesian language spoken exclusively in the Batanes Islands...

, Tausug
Tausug language
Tausūg is a language spoken in the province of Sulu in the Philippines, in Malaysia, and in Indonesia by the Tausūg people....

 and Pampango are also spoken but at low percentage.

Education

Universities and Colleges of Bukidnon

The following Universities and Colleges of Bukidnon are the tertiary schools.
School Location
Bukidnon State University  Malaybalay City
Malaybalay City
The City of Malaybalay , dubbed as the "South Summer Capital of the Philippines", is a first class component city and the capital and administrative center of the province of Bukidnon, Philippines...

Central Mindanao University
Central Mindanao University
Central Mindanao University is one of the two universities in the province of Bukidnon, Mindanao Island in the Philippines.-History:Central Mindanao University was transformed from a settlement of farm schools organized by the Americans. It started as the Mailag Industrial School in 1910 and...

Musuan, Maramag, Bukidnon
Maramag, Bukidnon
Maramag is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2009 census, it has a population of 86,647 people in 19,267 households based on 2000 census.Maramag local government unit launched its official website on July 9, 2008.-History:Political and Cultural...

San Isidro College  Impalambong, Malaybalay City
Malaybalay City
The City of Malaybalay , dubbed as the "South Summer Capital of the Philippines", is a first class component city and the capital and administrative center of the province of Bukidnon, Philippines...

Mountain View College  MVC Complex, Mt. Nebo, Valencia City
Valencia City, Bukidnon
The City of Valencia is a 2nd class city in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 162,745 people in 28,425 households.-History:...

Valencia Colleges (Bukidnon), Inc.
Valencia Colleges (Bukidnon), Inc.
Valencia Colleges , Incorporated, is a private non-sectarian institution of higher learning located at Hagkol, Valencia City, Bukidnon, Philippines. Established in 1989, it is a non-stock corporation.-History:...

Valencia City
Valencia City, Bukidnon
The City of Valencia is a 2nd class city in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 162,745 people in 28,425 households.-History:...

San Agustin Institute of Technology
San Agustin Institute of Technology
San Agustin Institute of Technology commonly known as SAIT, located in Valencia City, Bukidnon, Philippines. the school offers Pre-school education up to College education...

 
Valencia City
Mindanao Arts and Technological Institute  Malaybalay City
Malaybalay City
The City of Malaybalay , dubbed as the "South Summer Capital of the Philippines", is a first class component city and the capital and administrative center of the province of Bukidnon, Philippines...

Philippine Computer College Maramag, Bukidnon
Maramag, Bukidnon
Maramag is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2009 census, it has a population of 86,647 people in 19,267 households based on 2000 census.Maramag local government unit launched its official website on July 9, 2008.-History:Political and Cultural...

Philippine College Foundation Valencia City, Bukidnon
Valencia City, Bukidnon
The City of Valencia is a 2nd class city in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 162,745 people in 28,425 households.-History:...

STI Learning Center Malaybalay City
Malaybalay City
The City of Malaybalay , dubbed as the "South Summer Capital of the Philippines", is a first class component city and the capital and administrative center of the province of Bukidnon, Philippines...

 and Valencia City
Valencia City, Bukidnon
The City of Valencia is a 2nd class city in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 162,745 people in 28,425 households.-History:...

AMA Computer Learning Center Hagkol, Valencia City
Valencia City, Bukidnon
The City of Valencia is a 2nd class city in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 162,745 people in 28,425 households.-History:...

Don Carlos Polytechnic College Poblacion, Don Carlos, Bukidnon
Don Carlos, Bukidnon
Don Carlos is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 55,495 people in 10,713 households.-History:...

Maramag Polytechnic College North Poblacion, Maramag, Bukidnon
Maramag, Bukidnon
Maramag is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2009 census, it has a population of 86,647 people in 19,267 households based on 2000 census.Maramag local government unit launched its official website on July 9, 2008.-History:Political and Cultural...

St. James School of Science and Technology Malaybalay City

People and Culture

Indigenous inhabitants of Bukidnon are the Lumad
Lumad
The Lumad is a term being used to denote a group of indigenous peoples of the southern Philippines. It is a Cebuano term meaning "native" or "indigenous"...

, including the Bukidnon, Higaonon, Manobo, Talaandig. Their cultures and traditions are embodied in oral folk literature
Oral literature
Oral literature corresponds in the sphere of the spoken word to literature as literature operates in the domain of the written word. It thus forms a generally more fundamental component of culture, but operates in many ways as one might expect literature to do...

 of the province which are classified into; “Antoka” (riddles), “Basahan” (proverbs or wise sayings), “Kaliga” (ceremonial songs), “Limbay” (lyric poem), “Sala” (love song), “Idangdang” (ballad), “Ulaging” (epic) and “Nanangon” (folktales). Religion is monotheistic. They believe in one God
God
God is the English name given to a singular being in theistic and deistic religions who is either the sole deity in monotheism, or a single deity in polytheism....

. “Magbabaya” (the ruler of all) has minor gods and goddesses under his command (Example: “Bulalakaw” watches rivers and lakes, “Tumpas Nanapiyaw” or “Itumbangol” watches the bases of the earth night and day lost in crumbles).

Most of the population, however, are recent Christian immigrants from Cebu
Cebu
Cebu is a province in the Philippines, consisting of Cebu Island and 167 surrounding islands. It is located to the east of Negros, to the west of Leyte and Bohol islands...

 or elsewhere in the Philippine archipelago.

Festivals

The province celebrated the Kaamulan Festival, an ethnic cultural festival held annually in Malaybalay City, Bukidnon from the mid-February up to March 10, the founding date of the Bukidnon as a province in 1917. It is held to celebrate the culture and tradition of the seven ethnic tribal groups—Bukidnon, Higaonon, Talaandig, Manobo, Matigsalug, Tigwahanon and Umayamnon—that originally inhabit the province. Kaamulan comes from the Binukid word “amul” meaning to gather. Kaamulan is gathering for a purpose—a datuship ritual, a wedding ceremony, a thanksgiving festival during harvest time, a peace pact, or all of these together. The festival started in 1974 and is celebrated until now.

Notable People from Bukidnon

  • Elenito delos Reyes Galido
    Elenito Galido
    Elenito delos Reyes Galido is a Filipino bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Iligan, an ecclesiastical jurisdiction covering the whole province of Lanao del Norte and the city of Iligan in the Philippines....

     - Bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Iligan
    Roman Catholic Diocese of Iligan
    The Roman Catholic Diocese of Iligan is a diocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church in the Philippines comprising 25 parishes in Iligan City and twelve municipalities located at the northern half of the Province of Lanao del Norte.Erected on February 17, 1971 as a territorial...

  • Juan Miguel Zubiri
    Juan Miguel Zubiri
    Juan Miguel "Migz" Zubiri is a Filipino politician who served as a Congressman representing the third district of Bukidnon for three consecutive terms, and was the Senate of the Philippines Majority Leader, replacing Senator Francis Pangilinan on November 17, 2008...

     - Senator of the Philippines.
  • Jose Ma. R. Zubiri, Jr - Former Governor and currently Vice Governor of Province of Bukidnon and father of Juan Miguel Zubiri
    Juan Miguel Zubiri
    Juan Miguel "Migz" Zubiri is a Filipino politician who served as a Congressman representing the third district of Bukidnon for three consecutive terms, and was the Senate of the Philippines Majority Leader, replacing Senator Francis Pangilinan on November 17, 2008...

    .
  • Teofisto Guingona III
    Teofisto Guingona III
    Teofisto de Lara Guingona III or TG, is a Filipino politician.-Representative of 2nd District, Bukidnon:In 2004, he has been elected to two terms in the House of Representatives of the Philippines, as the Representative from the Second District of Bukidnon...

     - Senator of the Philippines.
  • Clare Cabiguin - housemate of Pinoy Big Brother: Teen Edition 1
    Pinoy Big Brother: Teen Edition
    Pinoy Big Brother: Teen Edition began airing on April 23, 2006, three weeks after the end of the first Celebrity Edition. It ran for six weeks and closely resembled the original show, unlike the relatively short Teen Big Brother, its British counterpart...

    .
  • Cherry Hazel Agustin - member of Viva Hot babes, known as Sheree.
  • Oona Barretto
    Pinoy Dream Academy (season 1)
    The pilot season of Pinoy Dream Academy formally began on August 27, 2006 and ended on December 16 of the same year. Nikki Gil was the main host of this season, while joining her in the Saturday Gala Nights were Bianca Gonzalez, Roxanne Barcelo, and Toni Gonzaga. Sam Milby was also part of the...

     - Star Dreamer of Pinoy Dream Academy (season 1)
    Pinoy Dream Academy (season 1)
    The pilot season of Pinoy Dream Academy formally began on August 27, 2006 and ended on December 16 of the same year. Nikki Gil was the main host of this season, while joining her in the Saturday Gala Nights were Bianca Gonzalez, Roxanne Barcelo, and Toni Gonzaga. Sam Milby was also part of the...

    .
  • Manny Pacquiao - was born in Kibawe, Bukidnon.
  • Menille Josem "Winwin" Cabinta
    The Biggest Loser: Pinoy Edition (season 1)
    The first season of The Biggest Loser Pinoy Edition was aired on ABS-CBN. It is based on The Biggest Loser franchise that first became popular in the United States. The show is presented by Sharon Cuneta and game master Derek Ramsay. Chinggay Andrada and Jim Saret are the trainers for the contestants...

     - a contestant of The Biggest Loser: Pinoy Edition (season 1)
    The Biggest Loser: Pinoy Edition (season 1)
    The first season of The Biggest Loser Pinoy Edition was aired on ABS-CBN. It is based on The Biggest Loser franchise that first became popular in the United States. The show is presented by Sharon Cuneta and game master Derek Ramsay. Chinggay Andrada and Jim Saret are the trainers for the contestants...

    .
  • Virgilio Garcillano
    Virgilio Garcillano
    Virgilio Olivar Garcillano also known as Garci, is a former official of the Philippine Commission on Elections who allegedly was involved in Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo's alleged electoral fraud in the Hello Garci scandal....

     - is a former official of the Philippine Commission on Elections who allegedly was involved in Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
    Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
    Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo is a Filipino politician who served as the 14th President of the Philippines from 2001 to 2010, as the 12th Vice President of the Philippines from 1998 to 2001, and is currently a member of the House of Representatives representing the 2nd District of Pampanga...

    's alleged electoral fraud in the Hello Garci scandal
    Hello Garci scandal
    The Hello Garci scandal was a political scandal and electoral crisis in the Philippines.The scandal involved former president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, who allegedly rigged the 2004 national election in her favor. The official results of that election gave Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo and Noli de Castro...

    .

Economy

Bukidnon is an agricultural
Agriculture
Agriculture is the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi and other life forms for food, fiber, and other products used to sustain life. Agriculture was the key implement in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that nurtured the...

 economy. it is a major producer of rice
Rice
Rice is the seed of the monocot plants Oryza sativa or Oryza glaberrima . As a cereal grain, it is the most important staple food for a large part of the world's human population, especially in East Asia, Southeast Asia, South Asia, the Middle East, and the West Indies...

, maize
Maize
Maize known in many English-speaking countries as corn or mielie/mealie, is a grain domesticated by indigenous peoples in Mesoamerica in prehistoric times. The leafy stalk produces ears which contain seeds called kernels. Though technically a grain, maize kernels are used in cooking as a vegetable...

, sugar
Sugar
Sugar is a class of edible crystalline carbohydrates, mainly sucrose, lactose, and fructose, characterized by a sweet flavor.Sucrose in its refined form primarily comes from sugar cane and sugar beet...

, coffee
Coffee
Coffee is a brewed beverage with a dark,init brooo acidic flavor prepared from the roasted seeds of the coffee plant, colloquially called coffee beans. The beans are found in coffee cherries, which grow on trees cultivated in over 70 countries, primarily in equatorial Latin America, Southeast Asia,...

, rubber
Rubber
Natural rubber, also called India rubber or caoutchouc, is an elastomer that was originally derived from latex, a milky colloid produced by some plants. The plants would be ‘tapped’, that is, an incision made into the bark of the tree and the sticky, milk colored latex sap collected and refined...

, pineapple
Pineapple
Pineapple is the common name for a tropical plant and its edible fruit, which is actually a multiple fruit consisting of coalesced berries. It was given the name pineapple due to its resemblance to a pine cone. The pineapple is by far the most economically important plant in the Bromeliaceae...

, banana
Banana
Banana is the common name for herbaceous plants of the genus Musa and for the fruit they produce. Bananas come in a variety of sizes and colors when ripe, including yellow, purple, and red....

, tomato
Tomato
The word "tomato" may refer to the plant or the edible, typically red, fruit which it bears. Originating in South America, the tomato was spread around the world following the Spanish colonization of the Americas, and its many varieties are now widely grown, often in greenhouses in cooler...

, flower
Flower
A flower, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants . The biological function of a flower is to effect reproduction, usually by providing a mechanism for the union of sperm with eggs...

s, cassava
Cassava
Cassava , also called yuca or manioc, a woody shrub of the Euphorbiaceae native to South America, is extensively cultivated as an annual crop in tropical and subtropical regions for its edible starchy tuberous root, a major source of carbohydrates...

, and other fruits and vegetables. It is also a major producer of chicken
Chicken
The chicken is a domesticated fowl, a subspecies of the Red Junglefowl. As one of the most common and widespread domestic animals, and with a population of more than 24 billion in 2003, there are more chickens in the world than any other species of bird...

s, hogs and cattle
Cattle
Cattle are the most common type of large domesticated ungulates. They are a prominent modern member of the subfamily Bovinae, are the most widespread species of the genus Bos, and are most commonly classified collectively as Bos primigenius...

. Almost all large firms operating in the province are into production or processing of these agricultural products.

Del Monte Philippines, Inc. (DMPI), Lapanday Diversified Products Corp. and Mt. Kitanglad Agri-Development Corporation are engaged in pineapple production. Dole Philippines (Skyland) and Mt. Kitanglad Agri-Ventures, Inc. are into banana production. DMPI is also engaged in cattle fattening. Bukidnon Sugar Milling Corporation (BUSCO) and Crystal Sugar Milling are into sugar milling and refining.

Phil-Agro Industrial Corporation is in starch production. Menzi Agricultural Development is in cacao production. Agaropyta Phils. Inc., Bukidnon Greens Inc., FP Obrero Farms and ARDEM, Inc. are in cutflower production.

Food manufacturing giants, San Miguel Foods Corp. (SMFI_PFC), Monterey Farms Corp., Swift Foods, Inc. have intensified their contract breeding and growing operations in the province.
Valencia Rubbertex, Inc., an 80-20 Japanese-Filipino joint venture produces rubber boots and rubber shoes for Japan
Japan
Japan is an island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south...

.

As one of the major anchors in crop production, Bukidnon is moving forward towards establishing its position as a principal trader of rice, corn, sugar, potato, tomato and many other commercial and industrial crops. As the second largest producer of corn in the country, it reached a total production of 481,370 Mt. In year 2000, vast tracks of cornfields, rice paddles and sugar plantations are distributed all over the province.

Bukidnon has already assumed its role as producer and supplier of fresh fruits and vegetables. These produce are either sold in domestic markets or exported to Japan and other neighboring countries. Fresh pineapples, banana, sugarcane and cutflower grown over the years are among its exports. New agri-business industries are still growing. Even export of rubber boots and shoes, an infant industry in the province is increasing tremendously.

A wide variety of resource-based handicrafts is extensively produced from rattan
Rattan
Rattan is the name for the roughly 600 species of palms in the tribe Calameae, native to tropical regions of Africa, Asia and Australasia.- Structure :...

, bamboo
Bamboo
Bamboo is a group of perennial evergreens in the true grass family Poaceae, subfamily Bambusoideae, tribe Bambuseae. Giant bamboos are the largest members of the grass family....

 and wood
Wood
Wood is a hard, fibrous tissue found in many trees. It has been used for hundreds of thousands of years for both fuel and as a construction material. It is an organic material, a natural composite of cellulose fibers embedded in a matrix of lignin which resists compression...

. San Fernando is known for its rattan furniture. Bamboo baskets, wood wares and carvings, mats and other handmade products are ideal souvenir items.

Bukidnon Investment Grid (BIG)

During the mid-90's, the provincial government of Bukidnon, after careful studies and consultation, has adopted a strategic program called the Bukidnon Investment Grid or BIG. This program is aimed to confine all its investment promotion activities and projects to the strip of land three kilometers from both sides of the Sayre Highway from Damulog
Damulog, Bukidnon
Damulog is a 4th class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 20,332 people in 4,073 households.-Barangays:Damulog is politically subdivided into 17 barangays.* Aludas* Angga-an...

 to Manolo Fortich
Manolo Fortich, Bukidnon
Manolo Fortich is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 82,051 people...

, and along the national/provincial road from Kibawe
Kibawe, Bukidnon
Kibawe is a 4th class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 32,955 people in 6,413 households.-History:...

 to Kadingilan
Kadingilan, Bukidnon
Kadingilan is a 4th class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 25,858 people in 5,050 households.-Cultural History:...

; Don Carlos
Don Carlos, Bukidnon
Don Carlos is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 55,495 people in 10,713 households.-History:...

 to Kadingilan; Maramag
Maramag, Bukidnon
Maramag is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2009 census, it has a population of 86,647 people in 19,267 households based on 2000 census.Maramag local government unit launched its official website on July 9, 2008.-History:Political and Cultural...

 to Quezon
Quezon, Bukidnon
Quezon is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 91,119 people and 15,882 households during 2000 census.-Creation of the Municipality:...

; Maramag to Kadingilan; Kadingilan to Pangantucan
Pangantucan, Bukidnon
Pangantucan is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 46,689 people and 8,168 households. on 2000 census-History:...

; Valencia City
Valencia City, Bukidnon
The City of Valencia is a 2nd class city in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 162,745 people in 28,425 households.-History:...

 to San Fernando
San Fernando, Bukidnon
San Fernando is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 44,959 people.-History:...

; Malaybalay City
Malaybalay City
The City of Malaybalay , dubbed as the "South Summer Capital of the Philippines", is a first class component city and the capital and administrative center of the province of Bukidnon, Philippines...

 to Cabanglasan
Cabanglasan, Bukidnon
Cabanglasan is a 4th class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 32,305 people in 5,994 households.-History of Cabanglasan:The town was once a Barangay of the capital town, Malaybalay...

; Malaybalay to Lantapan
Lantapan, Bukidnon
-Profile of Lantapan:Lantapan is a first class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. It used to be a barrio of Malaybalay City until its creation, by virtue of Republic Act No. 4787 enacted on 18 June 1968, as a separate municipality...

; Manolo Fortich
Manolo Fortich, Bukidnon
Manolo Fortich is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 82,051 people...

 to Libona
Libona, Bukidnon
Libona is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 35,670 people in 6,459 households.-History of Libona:...

; Libona to Cagayan de Oro
Cagayan de Oro City
Cagayan de Oro; , officially the City of Cagayan de Oro, is the provincial capital city of the province of Misamis Oriental in the Philippines...

; Talakag
Talakag, Bukidnon
Talakag is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 53,316 people and 8,342 households based on 2000 census.-Origin of Name:...

 to Pangantucan
Pangantucan, Bukidnon
Pangantucan is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 46,689 people and 8,168 households. on 2000 census-History:...

; and Malitbog
Malitbog, Bukidnon
Malitbog is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 21,948 people in 3,808 households.-History:...

 to Tagoloan
Tagoloan, Misamis Oriental
Tagoloan is a 1st class according in income class municipality in the province of Misamis Oriental Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 56,499 people in 11,773 households....

 in Misamis Oriental
Misamis Oriental
Misamis Oriental is a province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. Its capital and provincial center is Cagayan de Oro City...

.

Politics and Administration

The province of Bukidnon is subdivided into 20 municipalities and 2 cities
Cities of the Philippines
A city is a tier of local government in the Philippines. All Philippine cities are chartered cities, whose existence as corporate and administrative entities is governed by their own specific charters in addition to the Local Government Code of 1991, which specifies the administrative structure...

.

City
Cities of the Philippines
A city is a tier of local government in the Philippines. All Philippine cities are chartered cities, whose existence as corporate and administrative entities is governed by their own specific charters in addition to the Local Government Code of 1991, which specifies the administrative structure...

/Municipality
Municipalities of the Philippines
A municipality is a local government unit in the Philippines. Municipalities are also called towns . They are distinct from cities, which are a different category of local government unit...

 
Date of Creation Area (km²) Population (2007) Pop. Density (per km²) Income Classification (DOF
Department of Finance (Philippines)
The Philippines' Department of Finance is the executive department of the Philippine government responsible for the formulation, institutionalization and administration of fiscal policies, management of the financial resources of the government, supervision of the revenue operations of all local...

)
Baungon
Baungon, Bukidnon
Baungon is a 2nd class municipality in the northern part of the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. It is about 132 kilometers north of Malaybalay City passing through Cagayan de Oro, which is about 30 kilometers from Imbatug, the towns poblacion. It is bounded on the northeast by the Libona, at the...

 
July 1, 1956
175.86
29,757
152
2nd Class Municipality
Cabanglasan
Cabanglasan, Bukidnon
Cabanglasan is a 4th class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 32,305 people in 5,994 households.-History of Cabanglasan:The town was once a Barangay of the capital town, Malaybalay...

 
August 13, 1979
209.00
32,817
154
4th Class Municipality
Damulog
Damulog, Bukidnon
Damulog is a 4th class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 20,332 people in 4,073 households.-Barangays:Damulog is politically subdivided into 17 barangays.* Aludas* Angga-an...

 
August 16, 1971
245.66
21,183
83
4th Class Municipality
Dangcagan
Dangcagan, Bukidnon
Dangcagan is a 5th class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 18,857 people in 3,555 households.-History:...

 
August 29, 1961
115.15
21,254
164
5th Class Municipality
Don Carlos
Don Carlos, Bukidnon
Don Carlos is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 55,495 people in 10,713 households.-History:...

 
June 18, 1966
157.02
60,870
353
1st Class Municipality
Impasug-ong
Impasug-Ong, Bukidnon
Impasug-ong is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 31,173 people in 5,718 households.-Location and General Physical Characteristics:...

 
Sept. 1, 1914
1,071.67
39,315
29
1st Class Municipality
Kadingilan
Kadingilan, Bukidnon
Kadingilan is a 4th class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 25,858 people in 5,050 households.-Cultural History:...

 
August 16, 1971
172.06
30,135
150
4th Class Municipality
Kalilangan
Kalilangan, Bukidnon
Kalilangan is a 4th class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 36,557 people in 5,873 households.-Origin of Name:...

 
June 18, 1966
153.59
36,557
199
4th Class Municipality
Kibawe
Kibawe, Bukidnon
Kibawe is a 4th class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 32,955 people in 6,413 households.-History:...

 
July 1, 1956
214.35
35,213
154
4th Class Municipality
Kitaotao
Kitaotao, Bukidnon
Kitaotao is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 26,073 people in 5,194 households.-Cultural History:...

 
June 18, 1966
150.74
42,212
250
2nd Class Municipality
Lantapan
Lantapan, Bukidnon
-Profile of Lantapan:Lantapan is a first class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. It used to be a barrio of Malaybalay City until its creation, by virtue of Republic Act No. 4787 enacted on 18 June 1968, as a separate municipality...

 
June 18, 1966
240.76
51,406
176
1st Class Municipality
Libona
Libona, Bukidnon
Libona is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 35,670 people in 6,459 households.-History of Libona:...

 
July 1, 1956
244.95
35,670
136
3rd Class Municipality
Malaybalay City 
March 23, 1998
984.38
144,065
126
2nd Class Component City
Malitbog
Malitbog, Bukidnon
Malitbog is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 21,948 people in 3,808 households.-History:...

 
June 25, 1963
260.53
21,948
74
2nd Class Municipality
Manolo Fortich
Manolo Fortich, Bukidnon
Manolo Fortich is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 82,051 people...

 
June 21, 1957
506.64
82,051
146
1st Class Municipality
Maramag
Maramag, Bukidnon
Maramag is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2009 census, it has a population of 86,647 people in 19,267 households based on 2000 census.Maramag local government unit launched its official website on July 9, 2008.-History:Political and Cultural...

 
July 1, 1956
351.72
85,647
214
1st Class Municipality
Pangantucan
Pangantucan, Bukidnon
Pangantucan is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 46,689 people and 8,168 households. on 2000 census-History:...

 
June 25, 1963
343.34
46,689
126
1st Class Municipality
Quezon
Quezon, Bukidnon
Quezon is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 91,119 people and 15,882 households during 2000 census.-Creation of the Municipality:...

 
June 18, 1966
409.41
91,119
202
1st Class Municipality
San Fernando
San Fernando, Bukidnon
San Fernando is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 44,959 people.-History:...

 
June 18, 1966
638.63
44,595
63
2nd Class Municipality
Sumilao
Sumilao, Bukidnon
Sumilao is a 4th class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 21,720 people based on 2000 census 3,268 households.-Origin of name:...

 
July 1, 1956
207.49
21,720
86
4th Class Municipality
Talakag
Talakag, Bukidnon
Talakag is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 53,316 people and 8,342 households based on 2000 census.-Origin of Name:...

 
1917
833.70
53,316
58
1st Class Municipality
Valencia City
Valencia City, Bukidnon
The City of Valencia is a 2nd class city in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 162,745 people in 28,425 households.-History:...

January 12, 2001
607.13
162,745
244
1st Class Component City


Source: Provincial Planning & Development Office, Province of Bukidnon, National Statistics Office, 2000 Census of Population, Department of Finance (DOF)

Bukidnon My Home, The Provincial Hymn

English Version Binukid (Talaandig Language) Version

Wherever I may roam

The distant land to see

I long to go back soon

To sweet Bukidnon home

Where lovely mountains high

With forest old and grand

Bring memories to me

The home I long to see.

Chorus:

There my heart

Yearns to be

In far away Bukidnon land

Under its blue starry skies

Where love and joy never die

(repeat Chorus)

Bisan pa hindon ah

Lalag ko'g uli ah,

Deni ta Bukidnon

Kanak ha banuwa

Buntod ha matangkaw

Kalasan, makupal

Patag ha maluag

Hatungkay madagway

Tanan:

Buntoron, balalayan, basakan, kapatagan

Pastohan, kapinyahan, ba alan-alan kauyagan

Langit din pig-aldawan

Piglambungan, uranan, ba alan-alan

Kauyagan

(Repeat)

External links

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