Misamis Oriental
Overview
 
Misamis Oriental is a province
Provinces of the Philippines
The Provinces of the Philippines are the primary political and administrative divisions of the Philippines. There are 80 provinces at present, further subdivided into component cities and municipalities. The National Capital Region, as well as independent cities, are autonomous from any provincial...

 of the Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

 located in the Northern Mindanao
Northern Mindanao
Designated as Region X of the Philippines, Northern Mindanao is composed of five provinces and two cities classified as highly-urbanized, all occupying the north-central part of Mindanao island, and the island-province of Camiguin...

 region
Regions of the Philippines
In the Philippines, regions are administrative divisions that serve primarily to organize the provinces of the country for administrative convenience. Currently, the archipelagic republic of the Philippines is divided into 17 regions...

. Its capital and provincial center is Cagayan de Oro City. The province borders Iligan City and Bukidnon
Bukidnon
Bukidnon is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. Its capital is Malaybalay City. The province borders, clockwise starting from the north, Misamis Oriental, Agusan del Sur, Davao del Norte, Cotabato, Lanao del Sur, and Lanao del Norte.Bukidnon is...

 to the south, the Agusan del Norte
Agusan del Norte
Agusan del Norte is a province of the Philippines located in the Caraga, a region in Mindanao. Its capital is Cabadbaran City and it borders Surigao del Norte to the north, Surigao del Sur to the east, Agusan del Sur to the south, and Misamis Oriental to the west...

 to the east, and to the north is Bohol Sea
Bohol Sea
The Bohol Sea, also called the Mindanao Sea, is located between Visayas and Mindanao in the Philippines. It lies south of Bohol and Leyte and north of Mindanao...

 with the island-province of Camiguin
Camiguin
Camiguin is an island province of the Philippines located in the Bohol Sea, about off the northern coast of Misamis Oriental in Mindanao. It is the second-smallest province both in population and land area after Batanes...

 just off its northern shore.
Legislative Act. No. 3537, approved on November 2, 1929, divided the province of Misamis into two provinces due to the lack of geographical contiguity: Misamis Oriental and Misamis Occidental.
Encyclopedia
Misamis Oriental is a province
Provinces of the Philippines
The Provinces of the Philippines are the primary political and administrative divisions of the Philippines. There are 80 provinces at present, further subdivided into component cities and municipalities. The National Capital Region, as well as independent cities, are autonomous from any provincial...

 of the Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

 located in the Northern Mindanao
Northern Mindanao
Designated as Region X of the Philippines, Northern Mindanao is composed of five provinces and two cities classified as highly-urbanized, all occupying the north-central part of Mindanao island, and the island-province of Camiguin...

 region
Regions of the Philippines
In the Philippines, regions are administrative divisions that serve primarily to organize the provinces of the country for administrative convenience. Currently, the archipelagic republic of the Philippines is divided into 17 regions...

. Its capital and provincial center is Cagayan de Oro City. The province borders Iligan City and Bukidnon
Bukidnon
Bukidnon is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. Its capital is Malaybalay City. The province borders, clockwise starting from the north, Misamis Oriental, Agusan del Sur, Davao del Norte, Cotabato, Lanao del Sur, and Lanao del Norte.Bukidnon is...

 to the south, the Agusan del Norte
Agusan del Norte
Agusan del Norte is a province of the Philippines located in the Caraga, a region in Mindanao. Its capital is Cabadbaran City and it borders Surigao del Norte to the north, Surigao del Sur to the east, Agusan del Sur to the south, and Misamis Oriental to the west...

 to the east, and to the north is Bohol Sea
Bohol Sea
The Bohol Sea, also called the Mindanao Sea, is located between Visayas and Mindanao in the Philippines. It lies south of Bohol and Leyte and north of Mindanao...

 with the island-province of Camiguin
Camiguin
Camiguin is an island province of the Philippines located in the Bohol Sea, about off the northern coast of Misamis Oriental in Mindanao. It is the second-smallest province both in population and land area after Batanes...

 just off its northern shore.

History

Legislative Act. No. 3537, approved on November 2, 1929, divided the province of Misamis into two provinces due to the lack of geographical contiguity: Misamis Oriental and Misamis Occidental. However, it was not until ten years later that the division was implemented by an amendment, Act. No. 3777, adopted on November 28, 1939. When Misamis Oriental became a separate province, Don Gregorio Pelaez was its first governor. Since then, there have been fourteen past governors who were elected and appointed by operation of law.

In 1942, the occupation by the Japanese soldiers landed in Misamis Oriental.

In 1945, combined United States and Philippine Commonwealth forces liberated in the province of Misamis Oriental with the recognized guerrilla fighters against the Japanese Imperial forces during the World War II
World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

.

The earliest known settlers of the territory were the Negritos. Centuries later, Austronesian
Austronesian people
The Austronesian-speaking peoples are various populations in Oceania and Southeast Asia that speak languages of the Austronesian family. They include Taiwanese aborigines; the majority ethnic groups of East Timor, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Brunei, Madagascar, Micronesia, and Polynesia,...

 colonists fought the natives for the control of the rich Cagayan River coastal plains. The struggle for possession has finally won the native Visayans over the Bukidnon
Bukidnon
Bukidnon is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. Its capital is Malaybalay City. The province borders, clockwise starting from the north, Misamis Oriental, Agusan del Sur, Davao del Norte, Cotabato, Lanao del Sur, and Lanao del Norte.Bukidnon is...

s. In the 16th century most of the Mindanao
Mindanao
Mindanao is the second largest and easternmost island in the Philippines. It is also the name of one of the three island groups in the country, which consists of the island of Mindanao and smaller surrounding islands. The other two are Luzon and the Visayas. The island of Mindanao is called The...

 area came under the control of Muslims and the inhabitants were converted into Islam
Islam
Islam . The most common are and .   : Arabic pronunciation varies regionally. The first vowel ranges from ~~. The second vowel ranges from ~~~...

. As part of Mindanao
Mindanao
Mindanao is the second largest and easternmost island in the Philippines. It is also the name of one of the three island groups in the country, which consists of the island of Mindanao and smaller surrounding islands. The other two are Luzon and the Visayas. The island of Mindanao is called The...

, the people of the territory were obliged to pay tribute to the Muslim rulers.

Geography

Located in Northern Mindanao
Northern Mindanao
Designated as Region X of the Philippines, Northern Mindanao is composed of five provinces and two cities classified as highly-urbanized, all occupying the north-central part of Mindanao island, and the island-province of Camiguin...

, it is bordered by the provinces of Bukidnon
Bukidnon
Bukidnon is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. Its capital is Malaybalay City. The province borders, clockwise starting from the north, Misamis Oriental, Agusan del Sur, Davao del Norte, Cotabato, Lanao del Sur, and Lanao del Norte.Bukidnon is...

 to the south, Agusan del Norte
Agusan del Norte
Agusan del Norte is a province of the Philippines located in the Caraga, a region in Mindanao. Its capital is Cabadbaran City and it borders Surigao del Norte to the north, Surigao del Sur to the east, Agusan del Sur to the south, and Misamis Oriental to the west...

 to the east and Lanao del Norte
Lanao del Norte
Lanao del Norte is a province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. Its capital is Tubod. The province borders Lanao del Sur to the southeast, Zamboanga del Sur to the west, Illana Bay to the southwest, Iligan Bay to the north, Iligan City to the northeast, and is separated...

 to the west. On the north lies Camiguin
Camiguin
Camiguin is an island province of the Philippines located in the Bohol Sea, about off the northern coast of Misamis Oriental in Mindanao. It is the second-smallest province both in population and land area after Batanes...

 Island in the Bohol Sea
Bohol Sea
The Bohol Sea, also called the Mindanao Sea, is located between Visayas and Mindanao in the Philippines. It lies south of Bohol and Leyte and north of Mindanao...

.

Economy

The province is host to industries such as agricultural, forest, steel, metal, chemical, mineral, rubber and food processing. It is home to the 30 square kilometre PHIVIDEC Industrial Estate and the Mindanao International Container Port, all in Tagoloan
Tagoloan, Misamis Oriental
Tagoloan is a 1st class according in income class municipality in the province of Misamis Oriental Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 56,499 people in 11,773 households....

. Del Monte Philippines
Del Monte Foods
Del Monte Foods is an American food production and distribution company headquartered in San Francisco, California. Del Monte Foods is one of the country's largest producers, distributors and marketers of branded food and pet products for the U.S. retail market, generating approximately $3.6...

, which exports pineapples all over the Asia-Pacific region, has a processing plant in Cagayan de Oro.

$2 billion shipyard

On January 10, 2008, Hanjin Heavy Industries and Construction Company of South Korea
South Korea
The Republic of Korea , , is a sovereign state in East Asia, located on the southern portion of the Korean Peninsula. It is neighbored by the People's Republic of China to the west, Japan to the east, North Korea to the north, and the East China Sea and Republic of China to the south...

 inked a contract to build a $2 billion shipyard building complex at Villanueva
Villanueva, Misamis Oriental
Villanueva is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Misamis Oriental, Philippines. It is approximately 30-40 minutes away from the city of Cagayan de Oro. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 24,867 people in 4,779 households....

, Misamis Oriental with the PHIVIDEC Industrial Authority. It is bigger than Hanjin's $1 billion shipyard complex in Subic
Subic
Subic can mean any of the following:*House of Šubić, a noble clan from Dalmatia.*Subic Bay, in the Philippines.*Subic, Zambales, a municipality in the Philippines.*Subic Bay Freeport Zone , an economic free trade area in the Philippines....

, Olongapo City
Olongapo City
The City of Olongapo is a highly urbanized city located in the province of Zambales, Philippines. According to the latest census, it has a population of 227,270 people in 50,300 households.-History:...

 which will hire 20,000 Filipinos to manufacture ship parts. The Philippine government declared the 441.8-hectare project site an economic zone (part of 3,000-hectare industrial estate managed by PHIVIDEC).

Political

Misamis Oriental is subdivided into 22 municipalities and 2 component cities
Cities of the Philippines
A city is a tier of local government in the Philippines. All Philippine cities are chartered cities, whose existence as corporate and administrative entities is governed by their own specific charters in addition to the Local Government Code of 1991, which specifies the administrative structure...

. Cagayan de Oro City, the capital, is a highly-urbanized city that governs itself independently from the province.

Cities

  • Cagayan de Oro City, highly urbanized city and independent from province.
  • El Salvador City
  • Gingoog City
    Gingoog City
    The City of Gingoog is a third class city in the Province of Misamis Oriental. Pronounced as Hingoog due to Spanish accent of G to H...


Municipalities


  • Alubijid
    Alubijid, Misamis Oriental
    Alubijid is a 4th class municipality in the province of Misamis Oriental, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 25,060 people in 4,991 households.-Barangays:Alubijid is politically subdivided into 16 barangays....

  • Balingasag
    Balingasag, Misamis Oriental
    Balingasag is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Misamis Oriental, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 57,765 people in 9,618 households.-Highlights:...

  • Balingoan
    Balingoan, Misamis Oriental
    Balingoan is a 5th class municipality in the province of Misamis Oriental, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 9,021 people in 1,600 households.-Accessibility:...

  • Binuangan
    Binuangan, Misamis Oriental
    Binuangan is a 6th class municipality in the province of Misamis Oriental, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 5,924 people in 1,155 households.-Barangays:Binuangan is politically subdivided into 8 barangays.* Dampias...

  • Claveria
    Claveria, Misamis Oriental
    The Town of Claveria is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Misamis Oriental, Mindanao, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 43,514 people. In 2000 census it has a recorded 7,843 households...

  • Gitagum
    Gitagum, Misamis Oriental
    Gitagum is a fourth-class Philippine municipality in the province of Misamis Oriental, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it had a population of 13,522 people in 2,774 households.Gitagum is politically subdivided into eleven barangays:* Burnay...

  • Initao
    Initao, Misamis Oriental
    Initao is a third-class municipality in the province of Misamis Oriental, Philippines. Initao is seated about 39 km west of province capital Cagayan De Oro City, 29.5 km east of Iligan City and about 767 km south-south-east of Philippine main capital Manila...


  • Jasaan
    Jasaan, Misamis Oriental
    Jasaan is a town in the Province of Misamis Oriental in Northern Mindanao, Philippines. It is approximately 28 kilometers eastward from the capital city of Cagayan de Oro...

  • Kinoguitan
    Kinoguitan, Misamis Oriental
    Kinoguitan is a 5th class municipality in the province of Misamis Oriental, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 10,519 people in 2,043 households....

  • Lagonglong
    Lagonglong, Misamis Oriental
    Lagonglong is a 5th class municipality in the province of Misamis Oriental, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 16,882 people in 3,200 households.-Barangays:Lagonglong is politically subdivided into 10 barangays.* Banglay...

  • Laguindingan
    Laguindingan, Misamis Oriental
    Laguindingan is a 4th class municipality in the Province of Misamis Oriental on the Mindanao island, southern part of the Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of about 19,952 people in 3,968 households. The town will be the site of the Laguindingan International Airport...

  • Libertad
    Libertad, Misamis Oriental
    Libertad is a 5th class municipality in the province of Misamis Oriental, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 10,231 people in 2,081 households.-Barangays:Libertad is politically subdivided into 9 barangays.* Dulong...

  • Lugait
    Lugait, Misamis Oriental
    Lugait is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Misamis Oriental, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 16,863 people.-Geography:...

  • Magsaysay
    Magsaysay, Misamis Oriental
    Magsaysay is a 4th class municipality in the province of Misamis Oriental, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 24,550 people in 4,690 households.Magsaysay was formerly known as Linugas...

  • Manticao
    Manticao, Misamis Oriental
    Manticao is a 4th class municipality in the province of Misamis Oriental, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 24,072 people in 4,746 households.-Barangays:Manticao is politically subdivided into 13 barangays.* Argayoso...


  • Medina
    Medina, Misamis Oriental
    Medina is a 4th class municipality in the province of Misamis Oriental, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 28, 484 people in 4,945 households.-Barangays:Medina is politically subdivided into 20 barangays, namely:* Bangbang...

  • Naawan
    Naawan, Misamis Oriental
    Naawan is a 5th class municipality in the province of Misamis Oriental, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 16,173 people in 3,376 households....

  • Opol
    Opol, Misamis Oriental
    Opol is a 4th class municipality in the province of Misamis Oriental, Philippines. According to the 2007 Philippine census, it has a population of 47,187 people, as of 1 August 2007....

  • Salay
    Salay, Misamis Oriental
    Salay is a 4th class municipality in the province of Misamis Oriental, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 19,664 people in 3,992 households....

  • Sugbongcogon
    Sugbongcogon, Misamis Oriental
    Sugbongcogon is a 5th class municipality in the province of Misamis Oriental, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 7,362 people in 1,321 households.-Barangays:Sugbongcogon is politically subdivided into 10 barangays....

  • Tagoloan
    Tagoloan, Misamis Oriental
    Tagoloan is a 1st class according in income class municipality in the province of Misamis Oriental Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 56,499 people in 11,773 households....

  • Talisayan
    Talisayan, Misamis Oriental
    Talisayan is a 4th class municipality in the province of Misamis Oriental, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 20,842 people in 4,050 households.-Barangays:Talisayan is politically subdivided into 18 barangays.* Bugdang...

  • Villanueva
    Villanueva, Misamis Oriental
    Villanueva is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Misamis Oriental, Philippines. It is approximately 30-40 minutes away from the city of Cagayan de Oro. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 24,867 people in 4,779 households....



See also

  • Misamis Occidental
    Misamis Occidental
    Misamis Occidental is a province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. Its capital is Oroquieta City...

  • Cagayan de Oro
  • Mindanao
    Mindanao
    Mindanao is the second largest and easternmost island in the Philippines. It is also the name of one of the three island groups in the country, which consists of the island of Mindanao and smaller surrounding islands. The other two are Luzon and the Visayas. The island of Mindanao is called The...

  • Laguindingan International Airport
    Laguindingan International Airport
    Laguindingan International Airport It is designed to serve the general areas of Cagayan de Oro City of Misamis Oriental and Iligan City of Lanao del Norte in the Philippines.The airport will replace Lumbia Airport in Cagayan de Oro City...


External links

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