Ashland, Ohio
Ashland is a city in the U.S. state
U.S. state
A U.S. state is any one of the 50 federated states of the United States of America that share sovereignty with the federal government. Because of this shared sovereignty, an American is a citizen both of the federal entity and of his or her state of domicile. Four states use the official title of...

 of Ohio
Ohio is a Midwestern state in the United States. The 34th largest state by area in the U.S.,it is the 7th‑most populous with over 11.5 million residents, containing several major American cities and seven metropolitan areas with populations of 500,000 or more.The state's capital is Columbus...

 and the county seat
County seat
A county seat is an administrative center, or seat of government, for a county or civil parish. The term is primarily used in the United States....

 of Ashland County
Ashland County, Ohio
Ashland County is a county located in the state of Ohio, United States, and was formed in 1846 from parts of Huron, Lorain, Richland and Wayne Counties. As of the 2010 census, the population was 53,139. Its county seat is Ashland...

. The population was 21,249 at the 2000 census
United States Census, 2000
The Twenty-second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13.2% over the 248,709,873 persons enumerated during the 1990 Census...

. It is the center of the Ashland Micropolitan Statistical Area
United States micropolitan area
United States Micropolitan Statistical Areas , as defined by the United States Office of Management and Budget, are urban areas in the United States based around a core city or town with a population of 10,000 to 49,999. The micropolitan area designation was created in 2003...

 (as defined by the United States Census Bureau
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census. It also gathers other national demographic and economic data...

 in 2003). It was incorporated in 1916.

Ashland is well known in the state for its "welcome sign" that proclaims the city to be "The World Headquarters of Nice People."

Ashland was designated a Tree City USA
Tree City USA
Tree City USA is a tree planting and tree care program sponsored by the National Arbor Day Foundation for cities and towns in the United States.- Requirements :...

 by the National Arbor Day Foundation
Arbor Day
Arbor Day is a holiday in which individuals and groups are encouraged to plant and care for trees. It originated in Nebraska City, Nebraska, United States during 1872 by J. Sterling Morton. The first Arbor Day was held on April 10, 1872, and an estimated 1 million trees were planted that day.Many...



It was formerly known as Uniontown, but because of another city named Uniontown
Uniontown, Ohio
Uniontown is a census-designated place in Stark County, Ohio, United States. The population was 2,802 at the 2000 census. Uniontown was named #69 on CNN Money's list.Uniontown is part of the Canton–Massillon Metropolitan Statistical Area....

 in Ohio, the city was compelled to adopt a new name. Ashland was recommended as a name by congressman Henry Clay
Henry Clay
Henry Clay, Sr. , was a lawyer, politician and skilled orator who represented Kentucky separately in both the Senate and in the House of Representatives...

, after the name of his ranch in Kentucky. Later, "Henry Clay High School" was considered as a name for what is now known as Ashland High School
Ashland High School (Ohio)
Ashland High School is the only high school of the Ashland City School District of Ashland, Ohio.Ashland High School is a school of around 1,200 students. Class offerings include 3 foreign languages , a post secondary program and several Advanced Placement courses Ashland High School (AHS) is...


In the mid-1800s, Ashland pioneers traveled to Oregon
Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. It is located on the Pacific coast, with Washington to the north, California to the south, Nevada on the southeast and Idaho to the east. The Columbia and Snake rivers delineate much of Oregon's northern and eastern...

, naming a settlement after the town
Ashland, Oregon
Ashland is a city in Jackson County, Oregon, United States, near Interstate 5 and the California border, and located in the south end of the Rogue Valley. It was named after Ashland County, Ohio, point of origin of Abel Helman and other founders, and secondarily for Ashland, Kentucky, where other...



Ashland is located at 40°52′1"N 82°18′55"W (40.867016, -82.315146).

According to the United States Census Bureau
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census. It also gathers other national demographic and economic data...

, the city has a total area of 10.4 square miles (26.9 km²), of which 10.4 square miles (26.9 km²) is land and 0.04 square mile (0.1035995244 km²) (0.38%) is water.

The city contains 85.6 miles (137.8 km) of streets, one hospital, one fire station, one police station, and five parks.


As of the census
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. It is a regularly occurring and official count of a particular population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common...

of 2000, there were 21,249 people, 8,327 households, and 5,262 families residing in the city. The population density
Population density
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and particularly to humans...

 was 2,051.5 people per square mile (791.9/km²). There were 8,870 housing units at an average density of 856.4/sq mi (330.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.35% White, 1.19% African American, 0.13% Native American, 1.05% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races
Race (United States Census)
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...

, and 0.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.85% of the population.

There were 8,327 households out of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.3% were married couples
Marriage is a social union or legal contract between people that creates kinship. It is an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually intimate and sexual, are acknowledged in a variety of ways, depending on the culture or subculture in which it is found...

 living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.8% were non-families. 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.6% under the age of 18, 15.4% from 18 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 87.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,250, and the median income for a family was $42,755. Males had a median income of $33,634 versus $21,781 for females. The per capita income
Per capita income
Per capita income or income per person is a measure of mean income within an economic aggregate, such as a country or city. It is calculated by taking a measure of all sources of income in the aggregate and dividing it by the total population...

 for the city was $16,760. About 7.9% of families and 10.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.7% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.


The city is governed by a mayor
In many countries, a Mayor is the highest ranking officer in the municipal government of a town or a large urban city....

, Glen P. Stewart, and a five-person city council
City council
A city council or town council is the legislative body that governs a city, town, municipality or local government area.-Australia & NZ:Because of the differences in legislation between the States, the exact definition of a City Council varies...



The Ashland County Airport
Ashland County Airport
Ashland County Airport is a public-use airport in Ashland County, Ohio, United States. It is located three nautical miles northeast of the central business district of the City of Ashland...

 is located three nautical miles (3.5 mi, 5.6 km) northeast of Ashland's central business district
Central business district
A central business district is the commercial and often geographic heart of a city. In North America this part of a city is commonly referred to as "downtown" or "city center"...



Ashland Public Schools enroll 3,775 students in public primary
Primary education
A primary school is an institution in which children receive the first stage of compulsory education known as primary or elementary education. Primary school is the preferred term in the United Kingdom and many Commonwealth Nations, and in most publications of the United Nations Educational,...

 and secondary
Secondary education
Secondary education is the stage of education following primary education. Secondary education includes the final stage of compulsory education and in many countries it is entirely compulsory. The next stage of education is usually college or university...

 schools. The district operates eight public schools, including five elementary schools, one middle school, one high school, and one alternative school. Other than public schools, the city is home to Ashland Christian School, St. Edward's Catholic School, and Ashland Montessori School.

The city is also home to Ashland University
Ashland University
Ashland University is a mid-sized, private, non-profit university that is located in Ashland, Ohio.The University offers 73 undergraduate majors and nine pre-professional programs. The majors include toxicology/environmental science and entrepreneurship, which are unusual for an institution of its...

, which is historically related to the Brethren Church
The Brethren Church
The Brethren Church is one of several groups that traces its origins back to the Schwarzenau Brethren of Germany. In the mid-19th century, the church began to struggle over modernization. Progressives stressed evangelism, objected to distinctive dress, and objected to the supremacy of the annual...

. AU is a private secondary educational institution started under the Brethren Church, also serving as the headquarters for the Brethren Church.

Amish Country

Ashland is on the fringe of Ohio's Amish
The Amish , sometimes referred to as Amish Mennonites, are a group of Christian church fellowships that form a subgroup of the Mennonite churches...

 Country. A fairly high concentration of Old Order Amish live in Ashland County; they can be seen shopping in the local stores. They have set up several Amish stores in the city.

Notable natives and residents

  • Bayard Elfvin
    Bayard Elfvin
    Bayard Elfvin is a U.S. soccer goalkeeper who currently plays for the Chicago Storm of the Xtreme Soccer League. Elfvin has also played in the outdoor USL First Division, and was a member of the United States national beach soccer team which competed at both the 2006 and 2007 FIFA Beach Soccer...

    , soccer player
  • Eric Musselman
    Eric Musselman
    Eric P. Musselman is an American basketball coach and the former head coach of the NBA's Sacramento Kings and Golden State Warriors...

    , NBA
    National Basketball Association
    The National Basketball Association is the pre-eminent men's professional basketball league in North America. It consists of thirty franchised member clubs, of which twenty-nine are located in the United States and one in Canada...

    Coach (sport)
    In sports, a coach is an individual involved in the direction, instruction and training of the operations of a sports team or of individual sportspeople.-Staff:...

  • Ernest Cline
    Ernest Cline
    -Spoken word:From 1997-2001, Cline performed his original work at the Austin Poetry Slam venues. He was the Austin Poetry Slam Champ in 1998 and 2001, and competed on the Austin Poetry Slam Teams at the 1998 Austin National Poetry Slam and the 2001 Seattle National Poetry Slam...

    , American Screenwriter
    Screenwriters or scriptwriters or scenario writers are people who write/create the short or feature-length screenplays from which mass media such as films, television programs, Comics or video games are based.-Profession:...

  • Fred Martinelli, Hall of Fame College Football Coach
  • James P. Latta
    James P. Latta
    James Polk Latta was a Nebraska Democratic politician.Born near Ashland, Ohio, he moved with his parents to Jackson County, Iowa in 1846. He attended school and worked on a farm. In 1863 he moved to the Nebraska Territory to teach school in Tekamah, Nebraska...

    , politician
  • Jessica Canseco
    Jessica Canseco
    Jessica Canseco is a model, best known as the ex-wife of former baseball player José Canseco.They met while she was working as a Hooters waitress. They married on August 27, 1996, and divorced in 1999...

    , ex-wife of former baseball player José Canseco
    José Canseco
    José Canseco Capas, Jr. is a Cuban-American professional baseball manager, outfielder, and designated hitter for the Yuma Scorpions of the North American League and former Major League Baseball player. He is the identical twin brother of former major league player and current teammate Ozzie Canseco...

  • John Roseboro, Major League Baseball
    Major League Baseball
    Major League Baseball is the highest level of professional baseball in the United States and Canada, consisting of teams that play in the National League and the American League...

    Catcher is a position for a baseball or softball player. When a batter takes his turn to hit, the catcher crouches behind home plate, in front of the umpire, and receives the ball from the pitcher. This is a catcher's primary duty, but he is also called upon to master many other skills in order to...

     and coach
    Coach (baseball)
    In baseball, a number of coaches assist in the smooth functioning of a team. They are assistants to the manager, or head coach, who determines the lineup and decides how to substitute players during the game...

  • Matt Underwood
    Matt Underwood
    For the actor, see Matthew UnderwoodMatt Underwood is the play-by-play announcer for the Cleveland Indians telecasts on SportsTime Ohio and WKYC Channel 3...

    , Cleveland Indians
    Cleveland Indians
    The Cleveland Indians are a professional baseball team based in Cleveland, Ohio. They are in the Central Division of Major League Baseball's American League. Since , they have played in Progressive Field. The team's spring training facility is in Goodyear, Arizona...

  • Tim Richmond
    Tim Richmond
    Tim Richmond was an American race car driver from Ashland, Ohio. He competed in IndyCar racing before transferring to NASCAR's Winston Cup Series . Richmond was one of the first drivers to change from open wheel racing to NASCAR stock cars full-time, which has since become an industry trend...

    , NASCAR
    The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing is a family-owned and -operated business venture that sanctions and governs multiple auto racing sports events. It was founded by Bill France Sr. in 1947–48. As of 2009, the CEO for the company is Brian France, grandson of the late Bill France Sr...

     driver, Indianapolis 500
    Indianapolis 500
    The Indianapolis 500-Mile Race, also known as the Indianapolis 500, the 500 Miles at Indianapolis, the Indy 500 or The 500, is an American automobile race, held annually, typically on the last weekend in May at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway in Speedway, Indiana...

     Rookie of the year
  • Tim Seder
    Tim Seder
    Timothy R. Seder is a former American football placekicker in the National Football League for the Dallas Cowboys, Minnesota Vikings, Jacksonville Jaguars, and the Kansas City Chiefs. He played college football at Ashland University. He now teaches and coaches at Wills Point Highschool...

    , Arena Football League kicker

External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.