1859 Spain declares war on Morocco.
1906 The Algeciras Conference gives France and Spain control over Morocco.
1912 Sultan Abdelhafid signs the Treaty of Fez, making Morocco a French protectorate.
1912 Spain declares a protectorate over the north shore of Morocco.
1943 World War II: Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes the first President of the United States to travel via airplane while in office when he travels from Miami, Florida to Morocco to meet with Winston Churchill.
1955 In Morocco, a force of Berbers from the Atlas Mountains region of Algeria raid two rural settlements and kill 77 French nationals.
1956 Morocco declares its independence from France.
1956 Spain relinquishes its protectorate in Morocco.
1956 Tangier Protocol is signed: The international city Tangier is reintegrated into Morocco.
1956 Morocco, Sudan and Tunisia join the United Nations.
1960 An earthquake in Morocco kills over 3,000 people and nearly destroys Agadir in the southern part of the country.
1970 Thor Heyerdahl sets sail from Morocco on the papyrus boat ''Ra II'' to sail the Atlantic Ocean.
1975 A privately chartered Boeing 707 crashes into the mountainside near Agadir, Morocco, killing 188.
1975 Green March begins: 300,000 unarmed Moroccans converge on the southern city of Tarfaya and wait for a signal from King Hassan II of Morocco to cross into Western Sahara.
1999 Crown Prince Mohammed Ben Al-Hassan is crowned King Mohammed VI of Morocco on the death of his father.
1999 Beni Ounif massacre in Algeria; some 29 people are killed at a false roadblock near the Moroccan border, leading to temporary tensions with Morocco.
2003 In Casablanca, Morocco, 33 civilians are killed and more than 100 people are injured in the Casablanca terrorist attacks.