Tunisia officially the Tunisian RepublicThe long name of Tunisia in other languages
Languages of Tunisia
Tunisia is, in terms of language, the most homogeneous of the Maghreb states. This is because almost the entire population speaks Tunisian Arabic natively. Most are also literate in Literary Arabic, which is the country's official language, and French...

 used in the country is:
( 2), is the northernmost
North Africa
North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of the African continent, linked by the Sahara to Sub-Saharan Africa. Geopolitically, the United Nations definition of Northern Africa includes eight countries or territories; Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, South Sudan, Sudan, Tunisia, and...

 country in Africa
Africa is the world's second largest and second most populous continent, after Asia. At about 30.2 million km² including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of the Earth's total surface area and 20.4% of the total land area...

. It is a Maghreb
The Maghreb is the region of Northwest Africa, west of Egypt. It includes five countries: Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Mauritania and the disputed territory of Western Sahara...

 country and is bordered by Algeria
Algeria , officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria , also formally referred to as the Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria, is a country in the Maghreb region of Northwest Africa with Algiers as its capital.In terms of land area, it is the largest country in Africa and the Arab...

 to the west, Libya
Libya is an African country in the Maghreb region of North Africa bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south, and Algeria and Tunisia to the west....

 to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean surrounded by the Mediterranean region and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Anatolia and Europe, on the south by North Africa, and on the east by the Levant...

 to the north and east. Its area is almost 165000 square kilometres (63,706.9 sq mi), with an estimated population of just over 10.4 million.

1881    In North Africa, Tunisia becomes a French protectorate.

1941    World War II: The Italian convoy ''Duisburg'', directed to Tunisia, is attacked and destroyed by British ships.

1943    World War II: Battle of the Kasserine Pass in Tunisia begins.

1956    Tunisia gains independence from France.

1956    Morocco, Sudan and Tunisia join the United Nations.

1957    The Republic of Tunisia is proclaimed.

1961    French military forces break the Tunisian siege of Bizerte.

1963    France cedes control of the Bizerte naval base to Tunisia.

1987    In Tunisia, president Habib Bourguiba is overthrown and replaced by Prime Minister Zine El Abidine Ben Ali.

2002    The Ghriba synagogue bombing by Al Qaeda kills 21 in Tunisia.