Zardozi or Zar-douzi work is a type of embroidery
Embroidery is the art or handicraft of decorating fabric or other materials with needle and thread or yarn. Embroidery may also incorporate other materials such as metal strips, pearls, beads, quills, and sequins....

 in Iran
Iran , officially the Islamic Republic of Iran , is a country in Southern and Western Asia. The name "Iran" has been in use natively since the Sassanian era and came into use internationally in 1935, before which the country was known to the Western world as Persia...

, India
India , officially the Republic of India , is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world...

 and Pakistan
Pakistan , officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is a sovereign state in South Asia. It has a coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, India in the east and China in the far northeast. In the north, Tajikistan...



Zardozi is on of the most important elements of Persian cultural signs and Handicrafts. It is named around the country by names such Zar-douzi , Kam-douzi , Gol-douzi and Kaman-douzi . Today it is more popular in Hormozgan, especially in Bandar-e Lenge and Bandar-e Abbas and Minab
Minab is a city in and the capital of Minab County, Hormozgan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 76,776.Minab is not far from Bandar Abbas. It is famous for fishing and for agriculture . It lies on the main official road connecting Bandar Abbas, the Makran and the Baluchistan...

 that known as the center of that.
Persian Zardozi's are three kinds:
  • Some are completely sewing the basic fabric with Bakhie in order to made made a new sight of pattern and colors, such as Baloch
    Baloch people
    The Baloch or Baluch are an ethnic group that belong to the larger Iranian peoples. Baluch people mainly inhabit the Balochistan region and Sistan and Baluchestan Province in the southeast corner of the Iranian plateau in Western Asia....

    's Souzan-douzi , Rasht
    Rasht is a city in and the capital of Gilan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 551,161, in 159,983 families.Rasht is the largest city on Iran's Caspian Sea coast. It is a major trade center between Caucasia, Russia and Iran using the port of Bandar-e Anzali...

    's Qollab-douzi and Kerman
    - Geological characteristics :For the Iranian paleontologists, Kerman has always been considered a fossil paradise. Finding new dinosaur footprints in 2005 has now revealed new hopes for paleontologists to better understand the history of this area.- Economy :...

    's Pate-douzi .
  • Some are in different way sewing with less density of work on original fabric. In this way they cross the strings throughout the woof of the original fabric and sews this string to each other to made a lattice and colorful pattern. Such as Sekke-douzi and Qollab-douzi in Isfahan.
  • Another way is sewing a variety of patterns on original fabric with golden and silver strings. Such as Dah-Yek-Douzi (1 of 10 sewing which today is demode), Naqade-douzi , Tafte-douzi , Kous-douzi Zari-douzi or Golabatoun-douzi .


This style of embroidery has been in existence in India from the time of the Rig Veda. It prospered during the Mugal Emperor, Akbar, but later a loss of royal patronage and industrialization led to its decline. Today, it is popular in the Indian cities of Lucknow
Lucknow is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh in India. Lucknow is the administrative headquarters of Lucknow District and Lucknow Division....

, Bhopal, and Chennai
Chennai , formerly known as Madras or Madarasapatinam , is the capital city of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, located on the Coromandel Coast off the Bay of Bengal. Chennai is the fourth most populous metropolitan area and the sixth most populous city in India...

. The name zardozi is from Persian
Persian language
Persian is an Iranian language within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European languages. It is primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and countries which historically came under Persian influence...

and means "sewing with gold".

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