Umm Salal
Umm Salal is a municipality
Municipalities of Qatar
||Before 2004, Qatar was divided into 10 municipalities :#Doha الدوحة#Al Ghuwariyah الغويرية#Al Jumaliyah الجميلية#Al Khawr الخور#Al Wakrah الوكرة#Ar Rayyan الريان#Jariyan al Batnah جريان الباطنة#Madinat ash Shamal الشمال...

 in the The State of Qatar
Qatar , also known as the State of Qatar or locally Dawlat Qaṭar, is a sovereign Arab state, located in the Middle East, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeasterly coast of the much larger Arabian Peninsula. Its sole land border is with Saudi Arabia to the south, with the rest of its...


It contains several historic places, such as Barzan Tower. It also contains the new town of Lusail
Lusail is the newest planned city in Qatar, located on the coast, in the northern part of the municipality ofAl Kheisa. Lusail is located about 15 km north of the city centre of Doha, just north of the West Bay Lagoon, on over 35 km² and eventually provide accommodation for up to 250,000...

, which is located on the coast in the northern part of the municipality and a part of the district called New Doha. The municipal headquarters Umm Salal is located inland, about 10 km from the coast and 15 km north of Doha
Doha is the capital city of the state of Qatar. Located on the Persian Gulf, it had a population of 998,651 in 2008, and is also one of the municipalities of Qatar...

, the Qatari capital.

Umm Salal's eastern edge is the shores of the Persian Gulf
Persian Gulf
The Persian Gulf, in Southwest Asia, is an extension of the Indian Ocean located between Iran and the Arabian Peninsula.The Persian Gulf was the focus of the 1980–1988 Iran-Iraq War, in which each side attacked the other's oil tankers...

. On land, it borders the following municipalities:
  • Doha
    Doha is the capital city of the state of Qatar. Located on the Persian Gulf, it had a population of 998,651 in 2008, and is also one of the municipalities of Qatar...

     - southeast
  • Al Rayyan
    Al Rayyan
    Al-Rayyan is a municipality in the state of Qatar. Al Rayyan means 'the source of irrigation' and as per Islam it also means 'a door in heaven' or 'one of the Gates of Paradise' . Al-Rayyan is the only landlocked municipality of Qatar...

     - southwest
  • Al Jumaliyah
    Al Jumaliyah
    Al Jumaliyah is a municipality in the state Qatar.Al Jumaliyah's western edge is the shores of the Persian Gulf. On land, it borders the following municipalities:*Al Ghuwariyah - north*Al Khawr - northeast*Umm Salal - east*Ar Rayyan - southeast...

     - northwest
  • Al Khawr
    Al Khawr
    Al Khawr, also spelled Al Khor, may refer to:*Al Khor, a town located in northern Qatar.*Al Khor Municipality, the municipality in which Al Khor town is located in.*Al Khawr, Yemen...

    - north


Umm Salal Municipality was established by Law No. 19/1972 AD on the creation of municipalities in Qatar. The Umm Salal Municipality building was inaugurated on 29 of Nov 1974 in the city of Umm Salal, under the High Patronage of the late Sheikh Mohammad bin Jaber Al-Thani, former minister of Municipality and Urban Planning, and with the presence of the late Mr. Abdul Aziz al-Ghanem, head of Shura Council, dignitaries and inhabitants of the region.

Since its creation, the Municipality has been headed by Sheikh Abdullah bin Ahmed Al-Thani. On its creation in 1974 AD, the municipal council of Umm Salal was constituted of:
1- Sheikh Abdullah bin Ahmed Al-Thani, president of the Council.
2- Abdul Aziz bin Nasser al-Atiya, Khraytat region, member.
3- Khamis bin Naser al-Kawari, Umm Salal Mohammad region, member.
4- Saad bin Mansour al-Kaabi, Umm al-Aamad region, member.
5- Mutraf bin Issa al-Hamidi, Umm Qarn region, member.
6- Hamid bin Rashed al-Mohandi, Umm Salal Ali region, member.
7- Majed Jamaan Walid, Municipality secretary and member.

The first departments were Agriculture and Cleanness Departments for three years. Then the Municipality's departments and services were expanded, and were created the Commercial Licenses Department and Food, Health, and building Control Department. The first health inspector was Mr. Nasser Mohammad al-Hajri, in late 1976 AD; he became general secretary in 1978.

Employees at the inauguration were the mayor, a secretary, and four employees for buildings and cleanness.

Area and location

Umm Salal Municipality covers 340 Km2 approximately. It comprises many historical areas, pastures, farms, and cool water wells.

Umm Salal Municipality and its regions are approximately in center-eastern Qatar.
Its limits are as follows:
  • East by longitude of 230000 approximately.
  • West by longitude of 213000 approximately.
  • North by latitude of 424000 approximately.
  • South by latitude of 404000 approximately.

Regions of the Municipality

The Umm Salal Municipality covers the following cities, villages and residence compounds:
Umm Salal Ali, al-Mazrouaa, Umm Salal Mohammad, al-Khoraitat, Izghwa between al-Khoraitat and al-Gharafa, Umm al-Amad, Umm Abiriya, and al-Sanii.

Historical regions

  • Barzan castle in Umm Sala Mohammad.
  • Castle of late Sheikh Mohammad bin Jasem Al-Thani.


The following table shows the population of Umm Salal.
Umm Salal Population
March 2004 March 1997 March 1986
31547 18392 11161

The following table shows the registered live births by nationality and sex for this municipality. Place of births is based on home municipality of mother at birth.
Registered live births by nationality and sex
Year Qatari Male Qatari Female Total Qatari Non Qatari Male Non Qatari Female Total Non Qatar Total Male Total Female Grand Total
2001 196 162 358 101 78 179 297 240 537
2002 216 179 395 93 73 166 309 252 561
2003 215 216 431 89 85 174 304 301 605
2004 270 222 492 98 100 198 368 322 690
2005 229 270 499 110 95 205 339 365 704
2006 275 248 523 96 126 222 371 374 745
2007 335 300 635 118 115 233 453 415 868
2008 290 279 569 150 168 318 440 447 887
2009 345 339 684 146 134 280 491 473 964


Umm Salal and other parts of the Municipality have witnessed increased urban development over the last few years. This development was translated in the increase in issued construction licenses. Two gardens were inaugurated, and the municipality is now working on the creation of a stadium in Umm Salal Ali, and four gardens in various regions of the Municipality. The number of cleanness and sewage workers and vehicles has also been increased to cover the growing demands of citizens. In line with this development, the number of Municipality employees increased, a building for technical affairs was erected, and a new building for health affairs and public affairs is under construction.
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