South Cotabato
Overview
 
South Cotabato is a province
Provinces of the Philippines
The Provinces of the Philippines are the primary political and administrative divisions of the Philippines. There are 80 provinces at present, further subdivided into component cities and municipalities. The National Capital Region, as well as independent cities, are autonomous from any provincial...

 of the Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

 located in the SOCCSKSARGEN
SOCCSKSARGEN
SOCCSKSARGEN is a region of the Philippines, located in central Mindanao, and is officially designated as Region XII. The name is an acronym that stands for the region's four provinces and one of its cities: South Cotabato, Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Sarangani and General Santos City...

region
Regions of the Philippines
In the Philippines, regions are administrative divisions that serve primarily to organize the provinces of the country for administrative convenience. Currently, the archipelagic republic of the Philippines is divided into 17 regions...

 in Mindanao
Mindanao
Mindanao is the second largest and easternmost island in the Philippines. It is also the name of one of the three island groups in the country, which consists of the island of Mindanao and smaller surrounding islands. The other two are Luzon and the Visayas. The island of Mindanao is called The...

. Its capital is Koronadal City
Koronadal City
Koronadal, also known as Marbel is a 1st class city in the Philippines. It is the capital of South Cotabato province and regional center of region 12. According to the 2009 census, it had a population of 184,573....

, and it borders Sultan Kudarat to the north and west, Sarangani
Sarangani
In 1945, Filipino troops of the 6th, 10th, 101st and 102nd Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and 10th Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary entered and liberated in Southern Cotabato In 1945, Filipino troops of the 6th, 10th, 101st and 102nd Infantry Division of the...

 to the south and east, and Davao del Sur
Davao del Sur
Davao del Sur is a province of the Philippines located in the Davao Region in Mindanao. Its capital is Digos City. The province is bordered by Davao City to the north, and Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, South Cotabato, and Sarangani to the west. To the east lies the Davao Gulf...

 to the east. To the southeast lies Sarangani Bay
Sarangani Bay
Sarangani Bay is a bay located on the southern tip of Mindanao in the Philippines. It opens up to the Celebes Sea on the Pacific Ocean. General Santos City, one of the Philippines most important cities and ports, is located on the bay, making the bay one of the busiest and often the sight of...

.

General Santos City
General Santos City
The City of General Santos is the southernmost port city of the Philippines. Being a highly urbanized first class city, GenSan is one of the most populous urban centers in the country with a population of 679,588 as per census data of 2010...

, on the shores of Sarangani Bay, is the largest and most important city in the region, and is a major seaport
Port
A port is a location on a coast or shore containing one or more harbors where ships can dock and transfer people or cargo to or from land....

. The province of Sarangani used to be part of South Cotabato until it was made an independent province in 1992.
Centuries ago, the area that would be the South Cotabato was sparsely inhabited by Malay Pioneers which later evolved into various ethnic groupings that still exist in the Province today.
Encyclopedia
South Cotabato is a province
Provinces of the Philippines
The Provinces of the Philippines are the primary political and administrative divisions of the Philippines. There are 80 provinces at present, further subdivided into component cities and municipalities. The National Capital Region, as well as independent cities, are autonomous from any provincial...

 of the Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

 located in the SOCCSKSARGEN
SOCCSKSARGEN
SOCCSKSARGEN is a region of the Philippines, located in central Mindanao, and is officially designated as Region XII. The name is an acronym that stands for the region's four provinces and one of its cities: South Cotabato, Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Sarangani and General Santos City...

region
Regions of the Philippines
In the Philippines, regions are administrative divisions that serve primarily to organize the provinces of the country for administrative convenience. Currently, the archipelagic republic of the Philippines is divided into 17 regions...

 in Mindanao
Mindanao
Mindanao is the second largest and easternmost island in the Philippines. It is also the name of one of the three island groups in the country, which consists of the island of Mindanao and smaller surrounding islands. The other two are Luzon and the Visayas. The island of Mindanao is called The...

. Its capital is Koronadal City
Koronadal City
Koronadal, also known as Marbel is a 1st class city in the Philippines. It is the capital of South Cotabato province and regional center of region 12. According to the 2009 census, it had a population of 184,573....

, and it borders Sultan Kudarat to the north and west, Sarangani
Sarangani
In 1945, Filipino troops of the 6th, 10th, 101st and 102nd Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and 10th Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary entered and liberated in Southern Cotabato In 1945, Filipino troops of the 6th, 10th, 101st and 102nd Infantry Division of the...

 to the south and east, and Davao del Sur
Davao del Sur
Davao del Sur is a province of the Philippines located in the Davao Region in Mindanao. Its capital is Digos City. The province is bordered by Davao City to the north, and Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, South Cotabato, and Sarangani to the west. To the east lies the Davao Gulf...

 to the east. To the southeast lies Sarangani Bay
Sarangani Bay
Sarangani Bay is a bay located on the southern tip of Mindanao in the Philippines. It opens up to the Celebes Sea on the Pacific Ocean. General Santos City, one of the Philippines most important cities and ports, is located on the bay, making the bay one of the busiest and often the sight of...

.

General Santos City
General Santos City
The City of General Santos is the southernmost port city of the Philippines. Being a highly urbanized first class city, GenSan is one of the most populous urban centers in the country with a population of 679,588 as per census data of 2010...

, on the shores of Sarangani Bay, is the largest and most important city in the region, and is a major seaport
Port
A port is a location on a coast or shore containing one or more harbors where ships can dock and transfer people or cargo to or from land....

. The province of Sarangani used to be part of South Cotabato until it was made an independent province in 1992.

History

Centuries ago, the area that would be the South Cotabato was sparsely inhabited by Malay Pioneers which later evolved into various ethnic groupings that still exist in the Province today. Settlers, who would lay the foundation of what would become a progressive province, started trooping down 1914.

The significant thrust occurred during the term of President Quezon in late 1930s. Gen. Paulino Santos, a man whose undaunted pioneering spirit inspired thousand, led the first of wave of settlers that time. After World War II, the final exodus of settler from Luzon and Visayas poured into the virgin land of promise.

In the early 1960s as population, trade and industries grew in southern part of Cotabato, a clamor of local self-governance arose. Thus, on July 18, 1966, South Cotabato was finally formed as an independent province raring to push its own development.

In 1992, South Cotabato gave birth to a new province. Seven towns in southern and coastal section of the province now form part of the Province of Sarangani . This was a new challenge. In addition, South Cotabateños, with their indomitable pioneering spirit have proven once more their ability to face and hurdle diverse challenges ably went through with the demands of time.

South Cotabato sparks new interest having emerged as a favorite venue for conventions and big events of national significance like the National Secondary School Press Conference, Palarong Pambansa and 9 th Mindanao Business Conference to name few.

The new millennium ushers in a new beginning for the province with the coming in of regional offices in the area in consonance with EO 429 dated October 12, 1990 issued by President Corazon C. Aquino and EO No. 36 dated September 19, 2001 issued by President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, provide for the reorganization of the new Administrative Region in Mindanao and having the city of Koronadal as the regional center of Region XII.

In four decades since its provincehood, South Cotabato has already surpassed dozens of provinces establish half a century ahead in almost every aspect of development. In a short span, it becomes one of the leading provinces in Mindanao . What it got to show today are vivid result of human synergy and the richness of its resources.

Language

The people of South Cotabato are multilingual, able to communicate in Hiligaynon
Hiligaynon language
Hiligaynon, often referred to as Ilonggo, is an Austronesian language spoken in the Western Visayas region of the Philippines.Hiligaynon is concentrated in the provinces of Iloilo, Negros Occidental and Capiz but is also spoken in the other provinces of the Panay Island group, including Antique,...

 and/or Cebuano
Cebuano language
Cebuano, referred to by most of its speakers as Bisaya , is an Austronesian language spoken in the Philippines by about 20 million people mostly in the Central Visayas. It is the most widely spoken of the languages within the so-named Bisayan subgroup and is closely related to other Filipino...

, as well as in both Tagalog
Tagalog language
Tagalog is an Austronesian language spoken as a first language by a third of the population of the Philippines and as a second language by most of the rest. It is the first language of the Philippine region IV and of Metro Manila...

 and English
English language
English is a West Germanic language that arose in the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of England and spread into what was to become south-east Scotland under the influence of the Anglian medieval kingdom of Northumbria...

. Other languages spoken are Ilocano and Ilonggo. The indigenous tribes, in addition, use their own tribal dialects. A situation wherein several people, each speaking solely in his own dialect and are still able to communicate with the others, is not unheard of.

People

The people of South Cotabato have diverse heritages. Ilonggos from Panay
Panay Island
Panay is an island in the Philippines located in the western part of the Visayas. Politically, it is divided into five provinces: Aklan, Antique, Capiz, and Iloilo, all in the Western Visayas Region. It is located southeast of the island of Mindoro and northwest of Negros, separated by the...

 and Negros in the Visayas settled the municipalities of Norala, Banga, Surallah, Sto. Niño and the province's capital, Koronadal, The province's major communication media is Filipino, English or Hiligaynon. On the other hand, people from the Ilocano speaking regions of Luzon settled in Tampakan, Tantangan and Tupi, and the Ilocano language may still be heard spoken in these towns. The Visayan language, Cebuano is also the main ethnic ethnolinguistic group of the municipality of Polomolok and is one of the main ethnolinguistic groups of Tupi (along with Ilonggo and Tagalog, which slightly differs from Manila Tagalog). Both towns are near to General Santos City.

The Maguindanao tribe is the major Muslim
Muslim
A Muslim, also spelled Moslem, is an adherent of Islam, a monotheistic, Abrahamic religion based on the Quran, which Muslims consider the verbatim word of God as revealed to prophet Muhammad. "Muslim" is the Arabic term for "submitter" .Muslims believe that God is one and incomparable...

 Filipino tribe in the province. Although many of them still wear their traditional costumes and practice their native customs, others have come to adapt the more liberal practices of their Christian neighbors such as wearing shorts and sleeveless shirts, eschewing the use of the headscarf, and attending dances/mixed gatherings. Other indigenous Filipino tribes are the T'boli and B'laan
B'laan
The Blaan are one of the indigenous peoples of Southern Mindanao in The Philippines. Their name could have derived from "bla" meaning "opponent" and the suffix "an" meaning "people"...

 tribes in Lake Sebu and T'boli municipalities, famous for their brassworks, beadwork and t'nalak weave. The people of these tribes wear colorful embroidered native costumes and beadwork accessories. The women of these tribes, particularly, wear heavy brass belts with brass 'tassels' ending in tiny brass bells that herald their approach even when they are a long way off.

The people of South Cotabato still retain many of the practices and traditions of their particular tribal heritages, although infused with a flavor that is distinctly Mindanaoan and the product of cultural interaction between the immigrants and the indigenous peoples of the area. One vivid example of this is the predominant use of the native 'malong', the colorful, tubelike garment used as a skirt by the indigenous tribes, in place of a blanket or sleeping bag.

Education

South Cotabato houses 3 universities and many college institutions (Koronadal City & General Santos City)
  • Notre Dame of Marbel University
  • Notre Dame of Dadiangas University
  • Mindanao State University - General Santos City
  • Regency Polytechnic College - Koronadal City
  • Green Valley College - Koronadal City
  • Holy Trinity College of General Santos City
  • Goldenstate College - General Santos City
  • Goldenstate College - Koronadal City
  • St. Alexius College - Koronadal City
  • Notre Dame-Sienna School of Marbel
  • Notre Dame of Marbel University-Integrated Basic Education
  • Notre Dame-Siena College of General Santos City
  • Notre Dame-Siena College of Polomolok
  • Notre Dame of Dadiangas University-Integrated Basic Education
  • STI - Koronadal City
  • STI - General Santos City
  • ACLC - Koronadal City
  • ACLC - General Santos City

Government

  • 1st District Representative: Mr. Pedro Acharon Jr.
  • 2nd District Representative: Mrs. Daisy Avance Fuentes
  • Governor: Mr. Arthur Y. Pingoy, M.D.
  • Vice Governor: Mr. Elmo B. Tolosa, M.D.

Boundaries

Bounded by the province of Sultan Kudarat in the north and West, province of Sarangani in the east and south.

Climate

South Cotabato belongs to the fourth type of climate, that is rainfall is more or less evenly distributed throughout the year. The average number of rainy days for the year 2004 is recorded between 122 to 180 days with the months of May, June, July, August and October having the most occurrence.

Air humidity generally follows closely the rainfall pattern. Humidity is highest during the period of June to October with 88% being recorded at the Tupi seed farm. The months of February and April have the lowest air humidity recorded at about 72%.

Maximum daytime temperature throughout the province is in the range of 36-38 degrees Celsius, falling to 23-32 degrees Celsius during the night depending on the elevation. The hottest period is January to April while July to December being the coolest.

Strategic Location

The province is a key player in the merging of South Cotabato, Sarangani
Sarangani
In 1945, Filipino troops of the 6th, 10th, 101st and 102nd Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and 10th Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary entered and liberated in Southern Cotabato In 1945, Filipino troops of the 6th, 10th, 101st and 102nd Infantry Division of the...

 and General Santos City
General Santos City
The City of General Santos is the southernmost port city of the Philippines. Being a highly urbanized first class city, GenSan is one of the most populous urban centers in the country with a population of 679,588 as per census data of 2010...

 into one of the country's fastest growing development clusters known as SOCSARGEN. SOCSARGEN serves as a gateway for the Brunei-Indonesia-Malaysia-Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

 East ASEAN Growth Area (BIMP-EAGA). With its location, it is easily accessible from neighboring ASEAN countries via SOCSARGEN's entryway, General Santos City, with its International Standard Airport that puts key cities in Asia just three to four hours flying time away. There's a Fish Port Complex that serves the region's thriving fishing industry. The Makar Wharf is a major port-of-call in international shipping, and one of the most important ports in Mindanao . All have paved the way to make the constantly evolving SOCSARGEN the venue for a synergetic relationship. SOCSARGEN's gateway, General Santos City, is merely five minutes away from one of South Cotabato 's municipalities, Polomolok.

Land Area

South Cotabato has a total Land area of 370,589 Hectares (3,706 km2).

Provincial Capital

The Local Provincial Government holds its official functions in the City of Koronadal
Koronadal City
Koronadal, also known as Marbel is a 1st class city in the Philippines. It is the capital of South Cotabato province and regional center of region 12. According to the 2009 census, it had a population of 184,573....

. The Provincial Capitol, Provincial Hospital, and all related offices are found in the city.

Territorial Composition

2 Districts

District I
  • Tampakan
  • Tupi
  • Polomolok
  • with General Santos City


District II
  • Banga
  • Koronadal City
  • Lake Sebu
  • Norala
  • Sto.Niño
  • Surallah
  • T'boli
  • Tantangan


Political Subdivisions

Upon its creation as a regular province, South Cotabato consisted of 11 municipalities, namely: Banga, General Santos (now a city), Glan, Kiamba, Koronadal, Maitum, Norala, Polomolok, Surallah, Tantangan and Tupi. These municipalities were established long before the creation of the province. Other component municipalities were constituted after it fully functioned as a province. A total of 18 municipalities have contributed much to the development of South Cotabato being one of the fast growing provinces in the country.

The birth of Sarangani Province, conceived from the municipalities of Malungon, Alabel, Malapatan, Glan, Maasim, Kiamba and Maitum has brought changes in the geography and political subdivisions of the province. That event left South Cotabato with 11 remaining municipalities.

Further, on August 16, 2000, Republic Act No. 8803 was approved. This marks another milestone in the history of South Cotabato . This is an act that converts the municipality of Koronadal into a component city of South Cotabato . Thus, at present the province is left with ten (10) progressing municipalities and the City of Koronadal remains as its Provincial Capital.

Moreover, South Cotabato has a total of 199 barangays and two (2) more are being proposed and still waiting for the approval of the Commission on Elections (COMELEC). These proposed barangays are both under the municipality of T'boli .

The table below shows the total number of barangays in the different municipalities, including their respective land area. The distance of each municipality from the provincial capital, Koronadal is likewise shown on the succeeding table as well as the date of creation of each municipalities comprising the province of South Cotabato .

As the provincial capital and the center of development, Koronadal is situated at a distance of 58 kilometers from the city of General Santos . Banga poblacion which is 13 kilometers away from Koronadal City is the nearest among the 10 municipalities. The second and third nearest municipalities are Tampakan and Tantangan lying 14 and 18 kilometers away from the radius of the provincial center. The farthest municipality is Lake Sebu which is 47 kilometers away.

Political

South Cotabato is subdivided into 10 municipalities, 1 Highly-Urbanized City
Cities of the Philippines
A city is a tier of local government in the Philippines. All Philippine cities are chartered cities, whose existence as corporate and administrative entities is governed by their own specific charters in addition to the Local Government Code of 1991, which specifies the administrative structure...

 and 1 Component City
Cities of the Philippines
A city is a tier of local government in the Philippines. All Philippine cities are chartered cities, whose existence as corporate and administrative entities is governed by their own specific charters in addition to the Local Government Code of 1991, which specifies the administrative structure...

.
City
Cities of the Philippines
A city is a tier of local government in the Philippines. All Philippine cities are chartered cities, whose existence as corporate and administrative entities is governed by their own specific charters in addition to the Local Government Code of 1991, which specifies the administrative structure...

/Municipality
Municipalities of the Philippines
A municipality is a local government unit in the Philippines. Municipalities are also called towns . They are distinct from cities, which are a different category of local government unit...

 
No. of
Barangays 
Area
(km²)
Population
(2010)
Pop. density
(per km²)
District Class Income Classification
Polomolok
Polomolok, South Cotabato
Polomolok is an Agro-Industrial Urban Municipality of South Cotabato, Philippines. Situated between General Santos City and Tupi, it has a population as of 2010 LGPMS census of 137,821 people in 27,564 households. It is the largest Municipality in the SOCCSKSARGEN Region and the second largest...

23
339.97
137,821
405.4
1st
1st Class Municipality
Urban
Tupi
Tupi, South Cotabato
Tupi is a 1st class municipality in the province of South Cotabato. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 57,779 people in 11,049 households. Nestling at the foot of a dormant volcano, Mt...

15
228.0
59,671
261.7
1st
1st Class Municipality
Sub-Urban
Koronadal
27
277.0
169,062
610.3
2nd
3rd Class City
Urban
General Santos
26
492.86
679,588
1,378.9
1st
Highly Urbanized City
Highly Urbanized
Banga
Banga, South Cotabato
Banga is a 1st class municipality in the province of South Cotabato, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 69,131 people in 14,101 households.-General Informations:...

22
240.35
76,170
316.9
2nd
1st Class Municipality
Rural
Lake Sebu
Lake Sebu, South Cotabato
Lake Sebu is a 2nd class municipality in the province of South Cotabato, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 54,142 people in 11,158 households.-Barangays:Lake Sebu is politically subdivided into 19 barangays.* Bacdulong...

19
891.38
68,148
76.5
2nd
2nd Class Municipality
Sub-Urban
Norala
Norala, South Cotabato
Norala is a 3rd class municipality in the province of South Cotabato, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 40,070 people in 8,263 households.-Barangays:Norala is subdivided into 14 barangays.* Dumaguil* Esperanza* Kibid...

14
194.40
44,070
226.7
2nd
3rd Class Municipality
Sub-Urban
Santo Niño
Santo Niño, South Cotabato
Santo Niño is a 4th class municipality in the province of South Cotabato, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 38,400 people in 7,082 households.-Barangays:Sto...

10
109.4
39,659
362.5
2nd
3rd Class Municipality
Rural
Surallah
Surallah, South Cotabato
Surallah is an agro-industrial municipality in the province of South Cotabato, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 71,513 people in 13,634 households, thus making it the 3rd most populous municipality in the province...

17
241.00
75,841
314.7
2nd
1st Class Municipality
Sub-Urban
T'Boli
T'Boli, South Cotabato
T'Boli is a 1st class municipality in the province of South Cotabato, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 60,693 people in 12,679 households.-Barangays:T'boli is politically subdivided into 25 barangays.-External links:*...

25
809.00
70,609
87.3
2nd
1st Class Municipality
Sub-Urban
Tampakan
Tampakan, South Cotabato
Tampakan is a 4th class municipality in the province of South Cotabato, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 33,011 people in 6,754 households.-Barangays:Tampakan is politically subdivided into 14 barangays.*Santa Cruz...

14
242.50
34,245
141.2
1st
2nd Class Municipality
Rural
Tantangan
Tantangan, South Cotabato
Tantangan is a 4th class municipality in the province of South Cotabato, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 32,636 people in 6,583 households.-Barangays:Tantangan is politically subdivided into 13 barangays.* Bukay Pait...

13
126.00
36,798
292.0
2nd
3rd Class Municipality
Rural

Tourism

Tourist attractions in South Cotabato include Lake Sebu, Mt. Matutum, and Koronadal Valley and the beautiful surroundings of pao-pao.

Musical Heritage

The native Maguindanaon of South Cotabato have a fascinating culture that revolves around kulintang
Kulintang
Kulintang is a modern term for an ancient instrumental form of music composed on a row of small, horizontally-laid gongs that function melodically, accompanied by larger, suspended gongs and drums...

music, a specific type of gong music, found among both Muslim and non-Muslim groups of the Southern Philippines.

External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
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