Schortens is a town in the district of Friesland
Friesland (district)
Friesland is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is bounded by the districts of Wesermarsch, Ammerland, Leer and Wittmund, and by the North Sea...

 in Lower Saxony
Lower Saxony
Lower Saxony is a German state situated in north-western Germany and is second in area and fourth in population among the sixteen states of Germany...

, Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...


Division of the town

The town consists of the following parts: Schortens, Heidmühle, Grafschaft, Accum, Sillenstede, Schoost, Roffhausen, Middelsfähr, Addernhausen, Oestringfelde, Ostiem and Upjever.


The first traces of settlement can be traced the 5th century. Schortens was first mentioned in 1158 when the P C Stephanus Church, whose founding can be traced back to the times of the feud between Oestringern and the Wangerern. In the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
The Middle Ages is a periodization of European history from the 5th century to the 15th century. The Middle Ages follows the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 and precedes the Early Modern Era. It is the middle period of a three-period division of Western history: Classic, Medieval and Modern...

, the monastery of Oestringfelde, which was also used as an asylum, was well-known for its horse breeding.

During the second half of the 1900s, the naval base Wilhelmshaven
Wilhelmshaven is a coastal town in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is situated on the western side of the Jade Bight, a bay of the North Sea.-History:...

 contributed greatly to the development of the town. Many workers settled down in what would become central Schortens, a railway connection to Jever
Jever is the capital of the district of Friesland in Lower Saxony, Germany. The name Jever is usually associated with a major brand of beer which is produced here, the city is also a popular holiday resort. Jever was granted city status in 1536. Unofficially Jever is sometimes referred to as...

, established in 1871 also contributed to the development of the town. After the end of World War I
World War I
World War I , which was predominantly called the World War or the Great War from its occurrence until 1939, and the First World War or World War I thereafter, was a major war centred in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918...

, the production of warships ceased and unemployment escalated. From 1946, a steady stream of refugees have moved to Schortens, increasing the population greatly. The deployment of the opympia base in Roffhausen during World War II
World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

 is also seen as an important stage in the development of the town.

In 1933 Schortens united with the towns of Cleverns and Sande
Sande, Frisia
Sande is a municipality in the district of Friesland, Lower Saxony, Germany. It is situated near the Jade Bight, approximately 7 km west of Wilhelmshaven, and 12 km southeast of Jever....

to form the Greater Oestringen, this union was however dissolved during World War II.

In 1936 an air force base in Upjever was opened, which is still in use today.

Schortens received municipal rights on January 21, 2005. Since June 1, 2005, the city of Schortens is an independent municipality.
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