San Mateo, Rizal
Overview
 
San Mateo, Rizal is a first class urban municipality of Rizal Province. Located on the island of Luzon
Luzon
Luzon is the largest island in the Philippines. It is located in the northernmost region of the archipelago, and is also the name for one of the three primary island groups in the country centered on the Island of Luzon...

, San Mateo is one of 13 municipalities and a capital city
Cities of the Philippines
A city is a tier of local government in the Philippines. All Philippine cities are chartered cities, whose existence as corporate and administrative entities is governed by their own specific charters in addition to the Local Government Code of 1991, which specifies the administrative structure...

 that make up the Province of Rizal, Region 4-A (Calabarzon Region)
Southern Tagalog
Southern Tagalog, or Region IV, was a region of the Philippines that is now composed of Region IV-A and Region IV-B . Region IV was split into the two regions on May 17, 2002...

 of the Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

. San Mateo is part of the Metro Luzon Urban Beltway
Luzon
Luzon is the largest island in the Philippines. It is located in the northernmost region of the archipelago, and is also the name for one of the three primary island groups in the country centered on the Island of Luzon...

. Metro Luzon is composed of Region 3
Central Luzon
Central Luzon , also known as Region III , is an administrative division or region of the Republic of the Philippines, primarily serve to organize the 7 provinces of the vast central plain of the island of Luzon , for administrative convenience...

, Region 4-A
Southern Tagalog
Southern Tagalog, or Region IV, was a region of the Philippines that is now composed of Region IV-A and Region IV-B . Region IV was split into the two regions on May 17, 2002...

 (CALABARZON) and the nearby National Capital Region (NCR)
Metro Manila
Metropolitan Manila , the National Capital Region , or simply Metro Manila, is the metropolitan region encompassing the City of Manila and its surrounding areas in the Philippines...

. Metro Luzon is one of four Super Regions in the Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

.

San Mateo is located along the western border of Rizal Province, it is bordered on the west by Quezon City
Quezon City
Quezon City is the former capital and the most populous city in the Philippines. Located on the island of Luzon, Quezon City is one of the cities and municipalities that make up Metro Manila, the National Capital Region. The city was named after Manuel L...

, to the south by Marikina City
Marikina City
Marikina, officially the City of Marikina, known as the Shoe Capital of the Philippines, was former capital of the province of Manila during the declaration of Philippine Independence and one of the sixteen cities within the Manila Metropolitan Area. Marikina is part of Eastern Manila District of...

 and Antipolo City
Antipolo City
Antipolo is a city in the Philippines located in the province of Rizal; about 25 kilometers east of Manila. It is the largest city in the Calabarzon Region in terms of population...

, the capital of Rizal Province, and to the north by Rodriguez (Montalban)
Rodriguez, Rizal
Rodriguez, Rizal is a first-class, urban municipality in the province of Rizal, Philippines. It is the northernmost town in the province and comes after San Mateo, Rizal, and Quezon City coming from Metro Manila...

 also in Rizal
Rizal
Rizal is a province located in the CALABARZON , just 16 kilometers east of Manila. The province was named after the country's national hero, José Rizal. Rizal Governor Casimiro A. Ynares III on June 17, 2008 announced the transfer of the Capitol from Pasig. Its P 270-million capitol building,...

 province.
Encyclopedia
San Mateo, Rizal is a first class urban municipality of Rizal Province. Located on the island of Luzon
Luzon
Luzon is the largest island in the Philippines. It is located in the northernmost region of the archipelago, and is also the name for one of the three primary island groups in the country centered on the Island of Luzon...

, San Mateo is one of 13 municipalities and a capital city
Cities of the Philippines
A city is a tier of local government in the Philippines. All Philippine cities are chartered cities, whose existence as corporate and administrative entities is governed by their own specific charters in addition to the Local Government Code of 1991, which specifies the administrative structure...

 that make up the Province of Rizal, Region 4-A (Calabarzon Region)
Southern Tagalog
Southern Tagalog, or Region IV, was a region of the Philippines that is now composed of Region IV-A and Region IV-B . Region IV was split into the two regions on May 17, 2002...

 of the Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

. San Mateo is part of the Metro Luzon Urban Beltway
Luzon
Luzon is the largest island in the Philippines. It is located in the northernmost region of the archipelago, and is also the name for one of the three primary island groups in the country centered on the Island of Luzon...

. Metro Luzon is composed of Region 3
Central Luzon
Central Luzon , also known as Region III , is an administrative division or region of the Republic of the Philippines, primarily serve to organize the 7 provinces of the vast central plain of the island of Luzon , for administrative convenience...

, Region 4-A
Southern Tagalog
Southern Tagalog, or Region IV, was a region of the Philippines that is now composed of Region IV-A and Region IV-B . Region IV was split into the two regions on May 17, 2002...

 (CALABARZON) and the nearby National Capital Region (NCR)
Metro Manila
Metropolitan Manila , the National Capital Region , or simply Metro Manila, is the metropolitan region encompassing the City of Manila and its surrounding areas in the Philippines...

. Metro Luzon is one of four Super Regions in the Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

.

San Mateo is located along the western border of Rizal Province, it is bordered on the west by Quezon City
Quezon City
Quezon City is the former capital and the most populous city in the Philippines. Located on the island of Luzon, Quezon City is one of the cities and municipalities that make up Metro Manila, the National Capital Region. The city was named after Manuel L...

, to the south by Marikina City
Marikina City
Marikina, officially the City of Marikina, known as the Shoe Capital of the Philippines, was former capital of the province of Manila during the declaration of Philippine Independence and one of the sixteen cities within the Manila Metropolitan Area. Marikina is part of Eastern Manila District of...

 and Antipolo City
Antipolo City
Antipolo is a city in the Philippines located in the province of Rizal; about 25 kilometers east of Manila. It is the largest city in the Calabarzon Region in terms of population...

, the capital of Rizal Province, and to the north by Rodriguez (Montalban)
Rodriguez, Rizal
Rodriguez, Rizal is a first-class, urban municipality in the province of Rizal, Philippines. It is the northernmost town in the province and comes after San Mateo, Rizal, and Quezon City coming from Metro Manila...

 also in Rizal
Rizal
Rizal is a province located in the CALABARZON , just 16 kilometers east of Manila. The province was named after the country's national hero, José Rizal. Rizal Governor Casimiro A. Ynares III on June 17, 2008 announced the transfer of the Capitol from Pasig. Its P 270-million capitol building,...

 province. It is approximately 24 kilometers away from Manila
Manila
Manila is the capital of the Philippines. It is one of the sixteen cities forming Metro Manila.Manila is located on the eastern shores of Manila Bay and is bordered by Navotas and Caloocan to the north, Quezon City to the northeast, San Juan and Mandaluyong to the east, Makati on the southeast,...

 and 11 kilometers north of Pasig City
Pasig City
The City of Pasig is one of the city municipalities of Metro Manila in the Philippines and was the former capital of the province of Rizal prior to the formation of this grouping of cities designated as the National Capital Region...

, the former town capital of Rizal
Rizal
Rizal is a province located in the CALABARZON , just 16 kilometers east of Manila. The province was named after the country's national hero, José Rizal. Rizal Governor Casimiro A. Ynares III on June 17, 2008 announced the transfer of the Capitol from Pasig. Its P 270-million capitol building,...

.

According to the 2007 Philippine census, San Mateo has population of 184,860 inhabitants. This contributes 8.09% of the total population of Rizal
Rizal
Rizal is a province located in the CALABARZON , just 16 kilometers east of Manila. The province was named after the country's national hero, José Rizal. Rizal Governor Casimiro A. Ynares III on June 17, 2008 announced the transfer of the Capitol from Pasig. Its P 270-million capitol building,...

.

Conurbated with NCR
Metro Manila
Metropolitan Manila , the National Capital Region , or simply Metro Manila, is the metropolitan region encompassing the City of Manila and its surrounding areas in the Philippines...

, San Mateo is one of the fast-track municipalities in Rizal Province, according to the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA)
Metropolitan Manila Development Authority
The Metropolitan Manila Development Authority , is an agency of the Republic of the Philippines created embracing the cities of Manila, Quezon City, Caloocan, Pasay, Mandaluyong, Makati, Pasig, Marikina, Muntinlupa, Las Piñas, Parañaque, Valenzuela, Malabon, Taguig, Navotas and San Juan and the...

 and the Provincial Government of Rizal. The municipality features many spacious parks, tree-lined streets and roads, and industrial zones. Most of the municipality is composed of residential areas and the other side is composed of tons of trees, high plateaus and rocky mountains.

Conurbation

With the proximity of San Mateo to Metro Manila
Metro Manila
Metropolitan Manila , the National Capital Region , or simply Metro Manila, is the metropolitan region encompassing the City of Manila and its surrounding areas in the Philippines...

 and the contiguous urbanization surrounding the National Capital Region
Metro Manila
Metropolitan Manila , the National Capital Region , or simply Metro Manila, is the metropolitan region encompassing the City of Manila and its surrounding areas in the Philippines...

, the municipality is conurbated to the urban agglomeration
Agglomeration
In the study of human settlements, an urban agglomeration is an extended city or town area comprising the built-up area of a central place and any suburbs linked by continuous urban area. In France, INSEE the French Statistical Institute, translate it as "Unité urbaine" which means continuous...

 of Greater Manila Area (GMA)
Greater Manila Area
Greater Manila generally refers to the contiguous urbanization surrounding Metro Manila. Greater Manila spills into the neighboring provinces of Laguna, Cavite, Rizal, Bulacan, Pampanga and Batangas. Greater Manila hugs Laguna de Bay, the largest lake in Luzon...

.

History

In his book Conquistas De Las Islas Filipinas, Father Gaspar de San Agustin records the Municipality of San Mateo in 1572 as a town annexed to Pasig. He described the inhabitants as “fierce but friendly and of quiet disposition.” Father Juan de Medina, in his account Relacion de los Con ventos Y Pueblos Fundados por los PP. Agustinos, likewise put 1572 as the year the Parish of San Mateo was established. However according to Miguel Lopez de Legazpi
Miguel López de Legazpi
Miguel López de Legazpi , also known as El Adelantado and El Viejo , was a Spanish conquistador who established one of the first European settlements in the East Indies and the Pacific Islands in 1565. He is the first Governor-General in the Philippines...

, the first Spanish Governor in the Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

 (1571 to 1572), it was Juan de Salcedo, his nephew who discovered the site of present-day San Mateo during one of his expeditions to Manila
Manila
Manila is the capital of the Philippines. It is one of the sixteen cities forming Metro Manila.Manila is located on the eastern shores of Manila Bay and is bordered by Navotas and Caloocan to the north, Quezon City to the northeast, San Juan and Mandaluyong to the east, Makati on the southeast,...

 from Cebu
Cebu
Cebu is a province in the Philippines, consisting of Cebu Island and 167 surrounding islands. It is located to the east of Negros, to the west of Leyte and Bohol islands...

. Accounts say that two years before he came to Manila
Manila
Manila is the capital of the Philippines. It is one of the sixteen cities forming Metro Manila.Manila is located on the eastern shores of Manila Bay and is bordered by Navotas and Caloocan to the north, Quezon City to the northeast, San Juan and Mandaluyong to the east, Makati on the southeast,...

 from Cebu
Cebu
Cebu is a province in the Philippines, consisting of Cebu Island and 167 surrounding islands. It is located to the east of Negros, to the west of Leyte and Bohol islands...

, Legazpi sent Salcedo along with 150 soldiers to prepare the inauguration of the City of Manila. It must have been Salcedo who discovered the town before Legazpi inaugurated Manila
Manila
Manila is the capital of the Philippines. It is one of the sixteen cities forming Metro Manila.Manila is located on the eastern shores of Manila Bay and is bordered by Navotas and Caloocan to the north, Quezon City to the northeast, San Juan and Mandaluyong to the east, Makati on the southeast,...

 on June 24, 1571.

Still, another account was that of Father Cavada, an Augustinian priest, who said that the first chapel in the country, having the Patron Saint Matthew was built by the riverside in 1596 south of the present Poblacion of San Mateo which was then only a Barrio of Tondo
Tondo, Manila
Tondo is a district of Manila, Philippines. The locale has existed prior to the arrival of the Spanish, referred to as "Tundun" in the Laguna Copperplate Inscription. One of the most densely populated areas of land in the world, Tondo is located in the northwest portion of the city and is primarily...

. Saint Matthew thus gave to the town its name when the chapel was set up during his feast day.

What may be gleaned from the above accounts somehow is that San Mateo was discovered sometime in 1571, while it was in 1596 when it acquired its first church. It may be true, too, that the Parish of San Mateo was set up in 1572.

Aside from the controversy over the date of its discovery or creation, there is also uncertainty as to how San Mateo acquired its name. According to one account, when the Spaniards made a reconnaissance of Manila’s environs, they came upon the San Mateo flood plains and became enamored by the natural beauty of the place. They decided to establish a community in the place and one day, a Spanish scribe happened to stand on a mound with a book on one hand and a pen on the other. His statue-like pose prompted a companion to laugh and comment, "Muy" friend, the way you are now makes you look like Saint Matthew, referring of course to the usual way the evangelist saint is depicted in his statues. In the midst of their banter and merriment, they decided to call the place they discovered ‘San Mateo’.

Another account says that the Municipality of San Mateo was so called because of its geographical resemblance to another town in Spain with the same name. As described by Paluzie in a geographical book, this small Spanish town was near a high mountain (and) has a river that flows in its center which often floods but quickly recedes. this town is also a grazing ground for big animals and a fishing village. Indeed, San Mateo is presently traversed by the Maly and Nangka rivers and its flood plains may have been a lush grazing area then.

The Augustinian priests in San Mateo were later formally replaced (in 1689) by the Jesuits who as early as 1637 included San Mateo as one of their missions, with the missions of San Isidro and Paynaan under it. The Jesuit Order brought with them an image of the Virgin Mary which came from the town of Aranzazu, Nueva Vizcaya, Spain
Spain
Spain , officially the Kingdom of Spain languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Spain's official name is as follows:;;;;;;), is a country and member state of the European Union located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula...

. The Jesuits were the ones responsible for building the church presently located in the Poblacion since the original chapel set up by the Augustinians
Augustinians
The term Augustinians, named after Saint Augustine of Hippo , applies to two separate and unrelated types of Catholic religious orders:...

 beside the river was destroyed during a flood. The location of the present church is in Barangay Sta. Ana and its patron saint is the Virgin Mary of Aranzazu. The original images of Saint Matthew which was housed in the old Augustinian chapel has been transferred to Barangay Dulongbayan (formerly llaya) and is now the patron saint of the Barangay and whose feast day is always celebrated on September 21.

Over the centuries, San Mateo has had a colorful and distinguished history. In 1639, a pitched battle ensued between Chinese rebels, on one hand and Spanish and native troops, on the other. The Chinese were defeated and retreated east to the Sierra Madre Mountains
Sierra Madre (Philippines)
The Sierra Madre is a mountain range in The Philippines. It is located along the north-eastern coast of Luzon Island, running north/south. Quezon National Forest Park is situated in the range.-Geography:...

, but not before burning the town and its church.

On May 16, 1687, the territory and convent of San Mateo were added to Pasig by the Augustinians
Augustinians
The term Augustinians, named after Saint Augustine of Hippo , applies to two separate and unrelated types of Catholic religious orders:...

, with the headquarters and residences of the missionary at Mariquina (Marikina). Two years later, the Agustinians handed over the ecclesiastical administration of San Mateo to the Jesuits. In 1699, the convent of St. Augustine
St. Augustine
-People:* Augustine of Hippo or Augustine of Hippo , father of the Latin church* Augustine of Canterbury , first Archbishop of Canterbury* Augustine Webster, an English Catholic martyr.-Places:*St. Augustine, Florida, United States...

 won in a court case against the native inhabitants with regard to a claim over a ranch in the district of San Mateo.

From 1696 to 1746, the town residents rebelled against the Spanish authority in the municipality. They were forced to go to the mountains and abandon the lowland settlement. However, in 1746, the townspeople returned to the lowlands after having been wooed and persuaded by the Jesuit priests.

The independent-mindedness of the San Mateo people showed itself again in the 15-year period from 1751 to 1765 when the natives rebelled against Spanish governance. The residents were ordered to surrender their weapons, but they refused. With this resistance, the Spanish government
Spanish Government
Spain is a constitutional monarchy whose government is defined by the Constitution of Spain. This was approved by a general referendum of the people of Spain in 1978...

 was forced to reduce the town to ruins.

In 1712, the Conde de Lizarriaga, the Governor of the Islands, sent Captain Don Lorenzo de Yturriaga together with 12 soldiers to punish Captain Pambila, a native chieftain who was reportedly inciting the residents to revolt against the Spanish government and the local Spanish priest. Captain Pambila attacked the Spanish officer, but the latter was able to parry the blow and shot the native leader dead.
San Mateo with its large size was dismembered on April 27, 1871 when Captain General Isquierdo issued a decree separating the barrios of Balite, Burgos, Marang and Calipahan from San Mateo and formed them into the new municipality of Montalban (Rodriguez)
Montalbán
Montalbán is a town and municipality in Spain with a population of 1,538, an area of 82 km² and a density of 18.75, located in Teruel province, in the autonomous community of Aragón. It is the historical and cultural capital of the Cuencas Mineras Aragonese comarca.The Sierra de San Just rises...

.

During the Spanish Period, there was only one public school in San Mateo and the educational advancement of the youth was very slow. There were very few feathers and the books used were limited to the religious tracts called Eaton, Camia, Castiana and Doctrina Christiana After knowing how to read, most students quit school while a few who were wealthy enrolled in the friar schools in Manila
Manila
Manila is the capital of the Philippines. It is one of the sixteen cities forming Metro Manila.Manila is located on the eastern shores of Manila Bay and is bordered by Navotas and Caloocan to the north, Quezon City to the northeast, San Juan and Mandaluyong to the east, Makati on the southeast,...

.
In November 1896, during the revolution against Spain
Spain
Spain , officially the Kingdom of Spain languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Spain's official name is as follows:;;;;;;), is a country and member state of the European Union located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula...

, General Llanera of the Filipino forces made San Mateo his headquarters. And on August 6, 1898, San Mateo joined the revolutionary government of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy was a Filipino general, politician, and independence leader. He played an instrumental role during the Philippines' revolution against Spain, and the subsequent Philippine-American War or War of Philippine Independence that resisted American occupation...

. During the Philippine-American War
Philippine-American War
The Philippine–American War, also known as the Philippine War of Independence or the Philippine Insurrection , was an armed conflict between a group of Filipino revolutionaries and the United States which arose from the struggle of the First Philippine Republic to gain independence following...

, Gen. Licerio Geronimo
Licerio Gerónimo
Licerio Gerónimo was a general of the Philippine Revolutionary Forces under Emilio Aguinaldo. He is remembered in Philippine-American War annals as the opposing general to Major General Henry Ware Lawton at the Battle of San Mateo on December 19, 1899, where Lawton lost his life along with 13...

’s guerilla bands from the foothills of San Mateo and Montalban
Montalbán
Montalbán is a town and municipality in Spain with a population of 1,538, an area of 82 km² and a density of 18.75, located in Teruel province, in the autonomous community of Aragón. It is the historical and cultural capital of the Cuencas Mineras Aragonese comarca.The Sierra de San Just rises...

 attacked the American troops in October 1900. However, the Filipinos were defeated. A curious twist of history occurred when during the fighting, Gen. Lawton—the famous general who captured the elusive Indian rebel named Geronimo, among his exploits—was also killed by the forces of a Filipino bearing the same name—Gen. Licerio Geronimo
Licerio Gerónimo
Licerio Gerónimo was a general of the Philippine Revolutionary Forces under Emilio Aguinaldo. He is remembered in Philippine-American War annals as the opposing general to Major General Henry Ware Lawton at the Battle of San Mateo on December 19, 1899, where Lawton lost his life along with 13...

. In the eyes of the Filipino people, Gen. Geronimo became a great man for killing an illustrious American General who distinguished himself during the American Civil War
American Civil War
The American Civil War was a civil war fought in the United States of America. In response to the election of Abraham Lincoln as President of the United States, 11 southern slave states declared their secession from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America ; the other 25...

 and the American military campaign in Cuba
Cuba
The Republic of Cuba is an island nation in the Caribbean. The nation of Cuba consists of the main island of Cuba, the Isla de la Juventud, and several archipelagos. Havana is the largest city in Cuba and the country's capital. Santiago de Cuba is the second largest city...

 as well as In northern, southern and central Luzon
Luzon
Luzon is the largest island in the Philippines. It is located in the northernmost region of the archipelago, and is also the name for one of the three primary island groups in the country centered on the Island of Luzon...

.

During the American Occupation. Act No. 137 of the Philippine Commission
Philippine Commission
The Philippine Commission was a body appointed by the President of the United States to exercise legislative and limited executive powers in the Philippines. It was first appointed by President William McKinley in 1901. Beginning in 1907, it acted as the upper house of a bicameral Philippine...

 incorporated San Mateo into the newly created province of Rizal
Rizal
Rizal is a province located in the CALABARZON , just 16 kilometers east of Manila. The province was named after the country's national hero, José Rizal. Rizal Governor Casimiro A. Ynares III on June 17, 2008 announced the transfer of the Capitol from Pasig. Its P 270-million capitol building,...

 on June 11, 1901. In line with its policy of fiscal economy and centralized governance, the Philippine Commission
Philippine Commission
The Philippine Commission was a body appointed by the President of the United States to exercise legislative and limited executive powers in the Philippines. It was first appointed by President William McKinley in 1901. Beginning in 1907, it acted as the upper house of a bicameral Philippine...

 enacted Act No. 942 in 1903 which consolidated the municipalities of San Mateo and Montalban
Montalbán
Montalbán is a town and municipality in Spain with a population of 1,538, an area of 82 km² and a density of 18.75, located in Teruel province, in the autonomous community of Aragón. It is the historical and cultural capital of the Cuencas Mineras Aragonese comarca.The Sierra de San Just rises...

, with the former serving as seat of government. On February 29, 1908, Executive Order No. 20 separated San Mateo from Montalban, making the former an independent municipality. Its real divisions then included the barrios of Ampid, Sta Ana, Guitnangbayan, Dulongbayan, Malanday, Guinayang and Maly. However, due to constant development of the rural areas and the increase in population, the barrios of Guitnangbayan and Dulongbayan were divided into two sections.

With regard to education, it was in 1909 during the American Period when public schools were opened in the country under the supervision of Dr. David Burrows. San Mateo became one of the recipients of the benefits of the new democratized system of education when Mr. Frank Green was assigned to the town as the first school supervisor who was assisted by two Filipino teachers, namely, Jose Bernabe and Miguel Cristi. The English Language was also taught in the public school. Transportation and other facilities in the municipality were increased and repaired thus resulting to more communication and exchange of goods and services.

During the Japanese Occupation
Japanese occupation of the Philippines
The Japanese occupation of the Philippines was the period in the history of the Philippines between 1942 and 1945, when the Empire of Japan occupied the previously American-controlled Philippines during World War II....

, the Japanese Army
Imperial Japanese Army
-Foundation:During the Meiji Restoration, the military forces loyal to the Emperor were samurai drawn primarily from the loyalist feudal domains of Satsuma and Chōshū...

 occupied San Mateo, but no battle transpired between the Japanese and Filipino forces. There were only minor encounters between the Japanese soldiers and members of the Filipino guerilla forces. Nevertheless, some prominent residents of the town were killed and maltreated by the Japanese military on suspicion that they were either members or supporters of guerillas.

Upon their arrival in the municipality, the Japanese forces recommended the appropriation of school buildings and some big houses and used them as their headquarters. Productive rice lands irrigated by water from the main pipe of the Metropolitan Water District have also been forcibly appropriated and tilled under the direct supervision of the Japanese officials. Livestock and crops were likewise confiscated to supply the food needs of the Japanese military in San Mateo and Montalban
Montalbán
Montalbán is a town and municipality in Spain with a population of 1,538, an area of 82 km² and a density of 18.75, located in Teruel province, in the autonomous community of Aragón. It is the historical and cultural capital of the Cuencas Mineras Aragonese comarca.The Sierra de San Just rises...

 (now Rodriguez
Rodriguez, Rizal
Rodriguez, Rizal is a first-class, urban municipality in the province of Rizal, Philippines. It is the northernmost town in the province and comes after San Mateo, Rizal, and Quezon City coming from Metro Manila...

).

When the American forces landed in North of Manila
Manila
Manila is the capital of the Philippines. It is one of the sixteen cities forming Metro Manila.Manila is located on the eastern shores of Manila Bay and is bordered by Navotas and Caloocan to the north, Quezon City to the northeast, San Juan and Mandaluyong to the east, Makati on the southeast,...

 on February 3, 1945 and started recapturing the surrounding areas, San Mateo came under the line of fire of the U.S. Forces was continued by helped to the Filipino soldiers and guerrilla fighters. Residents were advised by the Air Raid Warden to vacate the Poblacion and seek refuge in Sitio Kalamyong on the west bank of the Marikina River
Marikina River
The San Mateo - Marikina River is a main river system in Eastern Metro Manila, Philippines. A river stretching from Rodriguez, Rizal, to Pasig City that connects to Pasig River as major tributary near Napindan Area in Pasig City.San Mateo - Marikina River used to be an important transport route...

. There they built temporary shelters while the U.S. Army Air Forces bombarded the Japanese Headquarters in Montalban
Montalbán
Montalbán is a town and municipality in Spain with a population of 1,538, an area of 82 km² and a density of 18.75, located in Teruel province, in the autonomous community of Aragón. It is the historical and cultural capital of the Cuencas Mineras Aragonese comarca.The Sierra de San Just rises...

 everyday. However, one afternoon a lamentable thing happened when a bomb carried by one American Air Force plane was accidentally released over the evacuation area at Sitio Kalamyong. About one hundred civilians died from the accidental bomb explosion.

Although in the aftermath of the war the American Government compensated the people of San Mateo for the war damages they sustained, there were cases when the amounts received were not considered commensurate to the sufferings endured. When municipal governance was instituted by the Spaniards in San Mateo in 1799, the town was governed by a Governadorcillo
Gobernadorcillo
The Gobernadorcillo was a municipal judge or governor in the Philippines during the Spanish colonial period, who carried out in a town the combined charge or responsibility of leadership, economic, and judicial administration. The Gobernadorcillo was the leader of a town or pueblo . In a coastal...

 who served for one year and exercised the power to appoint the Cabeza de Barangay
Cabeza de Barangay
The Cabeza de Barangay was the leader or chief of a barangay in the Philippines during the Spanish colonial period. The post was inherited from the first datus who became cabezas de barangay when the many independent barangays fell under the rule of the Spanish Crown...

 for the same term of one year. However, there were instances when the Governadorcillo
Gobernadorcillo
The Gobernadorcillo was a municipal judge or governor in the Philippines during the Spanish colonial period, who carried out in a town the combined charge or responsibility of leadership, economic, and judicial administration. The Gobernadorcillo was the leader of a town or pueblo . In a coastal...

 served for two or three years. The first resident appointed to the post of Governadorcillo
Gobernadorcillo
The Gobernadorcillo was a municipal judge or governor in the Philippines during the Spanish colonial period, who carried out in a town the combined charge or responsibility of leadership, economic, and judicial administration. The Gobernadorcillo was the leader of a town or pueblo . In a coastal...

 in 1799 was Donato Sulit while the last one to hold the post in 1895 was Ismael Amado, Jr. who incidentally continued serving up to 1905 even after the establishment of the Civil Government under the American Regime in 1901 when he was appointed Kapitan Municipal by the Military Governor of the United States Army Department.

How did San Mateo become part of Rizal
Rizal
Rizal is a province located in the CALABARZON , just 16 kilometers east of Manila. The province was named after the country's national hero, José Rizal. Rizal Governor Casimiro A. Ynares III on June 17, 2008 announced the transfer of the Capitol from Pasig. Its P 270-million capitol building,...

? Republic Act No. 137 of the Philippine Commission
Philippine Commission
The Philippine Commission was a body appointed by the President of the United States to exercise legislative and limited executive powers in the Philippines. It was first appointed by President William McKinley in 1901. Beginning in 1907, it acted as the upper house of a bicameral Philippine...

 incorporated this town into the newly created Rizal Province on 11 June 1901. In 1903, the Philippine Commission
Philippine Commission
The Philippine Commission was a body appointed by the President of the United States to exercise legislative and limited executive powers in the Philippines. It was first appointed by President William McKinley in 1901. Beginning in 1907, it acted as the upper house of a bicameral Philippine...

 "in line with the policy of economy and centralization " as opposed to today's policy of decentralization enacted Act No. 942 which consolidated the Municipalities of San Mateo and Montalban
Montalbán
Montalbán is a town and municipality in Spain with a population of 1,538, an area of 82 km² and a density of 18.75, located in Teruel province, in the autonomous community of Aragón. It is the historical and cultural capital of the Cuencas Mineras Aragonese comarca.The Sierra de San Just rises...

, with the seat of government at San Mateo. Executive Order No. 20, dated February 29, 1908 separated Montalban
Montalbán
Montalbán is a town and municipality in Spain with a population of 1,538, an area of 82 km² and a density of 18.75, located in Teruel province, in the autonomous community of Aragón. It is the historical and cultural capital of the Cuencas Mineras Aragonese comarca.The Sierra de San Just rises...

 from San Mateo, thus formalizing the latter's status as an independent municipality.

Timeline

Date/Year Milestone
1571 - 1572
San Mateo is discovered as a town annexed to Pasig.
1639
A pitched battle rages between Chinese rebels on one hand, and between Spanish and native troops on the other. The Chinese are defeated and retreated east to the Sierra Madre Mountains
Sierra Madre (Philippines)
The Sierra Madre is a mountain range in The Philippines. It is located along the north-eastern coast of Luzon Island, running north/south. Quezon National Forest Park is situated in the range.-Geography:...

.
May 16, 1687
The territory and convent of San Mateo are added to Pasig by the Augustinians
Augustinians
The term Augustinians, named after Saint Augustine of Hippo , applies to two separate and unrelated types of Catholic religious orders:...

.
1689
Jesuit priests formally replace the Augustinian priests who have evangelical mission in San Mateo as early as 1637. They have brought the image of the Virgin Mary that comes from the town of Aranzazu, Nueva Vizcaya, Spain
Spain
Spain , officially the Kingdom of Spain languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Spain's official name is as follows:;;;;;;), is a country and member state of the European Union located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula...

.
1705
Fr. Juan Echazabal, a Jesuit priest starts the devotion to our Lady of Aranzazu from Spain
Spain
Spain , officially the Kingdom of Spain languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Spain's official name is as follows:;;;;;;), is a country and member state of the European Union located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula...

 and changes the patron of the town from St. Matthew to Nuestra Señora de Aranzazu.
1799
Donato Sulit is appointed as the first resident Governadorcillo
Gobernadorcillo
The Gobernadorcillo was a municipal judge or governor in the Philippines during the Spanish colonial period, who carried out in a town the combined charge or responsibility of leadership, economic, and judicial administration. The Gobernadorcillo was the leader of a town or pueblo . In a coastal...

 of San Mateo.
April 27, 1871
San Mateo initially with its large size is dismembered when Captain General Isquierdo issued a decree separating the barrios of Balite, Burgos, Marang and Calipahan from San Mateo and these are formed into the new municipality of Montalban (Rodriguez)
Montalbán
Montalbán is a town and municipality in Spain with a population of 1,538, an area of 82 km² and a density of 18.75, located in Teruel province, in the autonomous community of Aragón. It is the historical and cultural capital of the Cuencas Mineras Aragonese comarca.The Sierra de San Just rises...

.
1895
Ismael Amado Jr. presides over San Mateo as its last Governadorcillo
Gobernadorcillo
The Gobernadorcillo was a municipal judge or governor in the Philippines during the Spanish colonial period, who carried out in a town the combined charge or responsibility of leadership, economic, and judicial administration. The Gobernadorcillo was the leader of a town or pueblo . In a coastal...

. He incidentally continues serving up to 1905 even after the establishment of the Civil Government under the American Regime in 1901 when he was appointed Kapitan Municipal by the Military Governor of the United States Army Department.
November 1896
General Llanera of the Filipino forces make San Mateo his headquarters during the revolution against the Spanish oppressors.
August 6, 1898
San Mateo joins the revolutionary government of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy was a Filipino general, politician, and independence leader. He played an instrumental role during the Philippines' revolution against Spain, and the subsequent Philippine-American War or War of Philippine Independence that resisted American occupation...

.
October 1900
Gen. Licerio Geronimo’s
Licerio Gerónimo
Licerio Gerónimo was a general of the Philippine Revolutionary Forces under Emilio Aguinaldo. He is remembered in Philippine-American War annals as the opposing general to Major General Henry Ware Lawton at the Battle of San Mateo on December 19, 1899, where Lawton lost his life along with 13...

 guerilla bands from the foothills of San Mateo and Montalban (Rodriguez)
Montalbán
Montalbán is a town and municipality in Spain with a population of 1,538, an area of 82 km² and a density of 18.75, located in Teruel province, in the autonomous community of Aragón. It is the historical and cultural capital of the Cuencas Mineras Aragonese comarca.The Sierra de San Just rises...

 attack the American troops during the Philippine-American War
Philippine-American War
The Philippine–American War, also known as the Philippine War of Independence or the Philippine Insurrection , was an armed conflict between a group of Filipino revolutionaries and the United States which arose from the struggle of the First Philippine Republic to gain independence following...

.
June 11, 1901
San Mateo is incorporated into the newly created province of Rizal
Rizal
Rizal is a province located in the CALABARZON , just 16 kilometers east of Manila. The province was named after the country's national hero, José Rizal. Rizal Governor Casimiro A. Ynares III on June 17, 2008 announced the transfer of the Capitol from Pasig. Its P 270-million capitol building,...

 through the Philippine Commission Act No. 137 during the American Occupation.
1903
Act No. 942 of the Philippine Commission enacts the consolidation of the municipalities of San Mateo and Montalban (Rodriguez)
Montalbán
Montalbán is a town and municipality in Spain with a population of 1,538, an area of 82 km² and a density of 18.75, located in Teruel province, in the autonomous community of Aragón. It is the historical and cultural capital of the Cuencas Mineras Aragonese comarca.The Sierra de San Just rises...

 with San Mateo serving as the seat of government in line with its policy of fiscal economy and centralized governance.
1906
Lucas Santiago serves San Mateo as its first mayor.
February 29, 1908
San Mateo becomes an independent municipality under Executive Order No. 20 which separates San Mateo and Montalban (Rodriguez)
Montalbán
Montalbán is a town and municipality in Spain with a population of 1,538, an area of 82 km² and a density of 18.75, located in Teruel province, in the autonomous community of Aragón. It is the historical and cultural capital of the Cuencas Mineras Aragonese comarca.The Sierra de San Just rises...

.
June 25, 1983
The Catholic Church of San Mateo began to be comprised by the newly-established Roman Catholic Diocese of Antipolo
Roman Catholic Diocese of Antipolo
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Antipolo is a diocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church in the Philippines....

.
1996
San Mateo soars from being a fourth class municipality
Municipalities of the Philippines
A municipality is a local government unit in the Philippines. Municipalities are also called towns . They are distinct from cities, which are a different category of local government unit...

 in 1993 to a first class municipality
Municipalities of the Philippines
A municipality is a local government unit in the Philippines. Municipalities are also called towns . They are distinct from cities, which are a different category of local government unit...

under the term (1992–2001) of mayor Crispin "AMO" Santos.
1997 - 1999
San Mateo bags the title of "The Cleanest and Greenest Municipality" of Rizal
Rizal
Rizal is a province located in the CALABARZON , just 16 kilometers east of Manila. The province was named after the country's national hero, José Rizal. Rizal Governor Casimiro A. Ynares III on June 17, 2008 announced the transfer of the Capitol from Pasig. Its P 270-million capitol building,...

.
October 2003
Filinvest Land Incorporated (FLI) initiates shaping of the high life at Timberland Heights with the formal launching of this premier mountain resort town, initially offering Mandala Residential Farm Estates 1. It is nestled above the mountains of San Mateo.
February 2004
The Parish of Nuestra Señora de Aranzazu is proclaimed as a Diocesan Shrine of Our Lady of Aranzazu by the Vatican
Holy See
The Holy See is the episcopal jurisdiction of the Catholic Church in Rome, in which its Bishop is commonly known as the Pope. It is the preeminent episcopal see of the Catholic Church, forming the central government of the Church. As such, diplomatically, and in other spheres the Holy See acts and...

, being the only church in the Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

 under the title of Nuestra Señora de Aranzazu and only sister-parish of the Basilica of Aranzazu in Spain
Spain
Spain , officially the Kingdom of Spain languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Spain's official name is as follows:;;;;;;), is a country and member state of the European Union located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula...

.
June 2004
The Diocesan Shrine of Our Lady of Aranzazu is canonically erected.
2007
San Mateo reaches population of over 150,000.
August 11, 2007
Budgetlane Sulitmarket, a member of Philippine Amalgamated Supermarkets Association Incorporated (PAGASA Inc.), opens to the public. It is located along Gen. Luna Avenue in Barangay Ampid 1.
September 2008
San Mateo achieves the record of "longest parade of kakanin" in its history.
December 19, 2008
Puregold San Mateo opens with the inauguration of Rizal
Rizal
Rizal is a province located in the CALABARZON , just 16 kilometers east of Manila. The province was named after the country's national hero, José Rizal. Rizal Governor Casimiro A. Ynares III on June 17, 2008 announced the transfer of the Capitol from Pasig. Its P 270-million capitol building,...

 governor Dr. Casimiro 'Jun' Ynares III, San Mateo's government officials led by mayor Jose 'Paeng' Diaz, the officials of Puregold, and its main celebrity endorser Boy Abunda
Boy Abunda
Eugenio "Boy" R. Abunda, Jr. is a Filipino television host, publicist, talent manager and celebrity endorser. He is dubbed as the "King of Talk" in local show business.-Early life:Boy Abunda was born in Borongan City, Eastern Samar...

. Other TV personalities and rock band also performed in the late afternoon for the grand opening and celebration. It is strategically located along the intersection of Gen. Luna Avenue and Batasan-San Mateo Road
Batasan-San Mateo Road
The Batasan-San Mateo Road formerly named Constitutional Road is a 4-lane highway located in the cities of Quezon City and San Mateo, Rizal in the Philippines. The road begins at the intersection with the Batasan Road in Batasan Hills, Quezon City adjacent to the Batasang Pambansa complex...

 in Barangay Banaba.
September 26, 2009
San Mateo devastated by Typhoon Ketsana. 80% of San Mateo, Rizal was submerged in muddy water.
June 24, 2011
Typhoon Meari
2011 Pacific typhoon season
The 2011 Pacific typhoon season was the time of the year in which tropical cyclones form in the Western Pacific Ocean. The season ran throughout 2011 with most tropical cyclones forming between May and November. The scope of this article is limited to the Pacific Ocean to the north of the equator...

 San Mateo River once again turn into its limelight. Heavy rains not as much as Ondoy dumped over Luzon including Metro Manila and nearby areas. The water level in Marikina river reached its critical level, flooded beside its riverbanks, just near along the river. Fortunately, the river was not reached into its higher banks, into the streets and communities. The river gradually subsided after the rains, and the people residing the river was very cooperate to local government. As a result, zero casualties was reported but the mud and debris from the river was left by overflowed riverbanks.
September 27, 2011
Typhoon Nesat
Typhoon Nesat (2011)
Typhoon Nesat was the most powerful tropical cyclone to directly impact China since 2005. It also struck the Philippines during the 2011 Pacific typhoon season, killing 83 people...

 On 27 September 2011, San Mateo River also once again turn into its limelight. Heavy rains like Ondoy Dumped over Luzon including Metro Manila and nearby provinces. The water level reach the higher level than 24 June 2011. In San Mateo Rizal, Barangay Ampid 2, the water in the creek that flows to Marikina River, reaches the basketball ground below the bridge and only the basketball ring can be seen. In Barangay Banaba, Many people living beside the river is evacuated in the San Mateo Bridge. One of the house submerged and only the anthena of the TV can be seen. In Barangay Ampid 1, Many people also evacuated. One of the creek there that flows to Marikina River, overflows and residents suffered in waist deep flood. Deaths recorded in San Mateo, there is one. The day after, San Mateo River until in critical level. Many people return to their homes and clean their house. But in the banks of the river flood doesn't subside. On 29 September 2011, 5am,finally water subside in the banks of the river and the residents started to clean. 6 am, water reaches the 15.2 meters. And so on, the water level return to normal level.

The Town

The town lies on a valley called the Marikina Valley. The Marikina River
Marikina River
The San Mateo - Marikina River is a main river system in Eastern Metro Manila, Philippines. A river stretching from Rodriguez, Rizal, to Pasig City that connects to Pasig River as major tributary near Napindan Area in Pasig City.San Mateo - Marikina River used to be an important transport route...

 runs through the western portion of the municipality, while Nangka River runs through the south, bounded by Marikina City
Marikina City
Marikina, officially the City of Marikina, known as the Shoe Capital of the Philippines, was former capital of the province of Manila during the declaration of Philippine Independence and one of the sixteen cities within the Manila Metropolitan Area. Marikina is part of Eastern Manila District of...

. San Mateo has lush trees in other high areas. Also in this town, you can also locate the famous structure of the Batasang Pambansa Building
House of Representatives of the Philippines
The House of Representatives of the Philippines is the lower chamber of the...

 neighboring Metro Manila
Metro Manila
Metropolitan Manila , the National Capital Region , or simply Metro Manila, is the metropolitan region encompassing the City of Manila and its surrounding areas in the Philippines...

.

Barangays

There are 15 barangays in San Mateo.
Barangay District of Rizal Zip Code Area (km²) Population (2007 Census) 2007 Population Density (/km²)
Ampid 1
2nd
1850
1.316
26,720
20,303.95
Ampid 2
2nd
1850
0.245
3,163
12,910.20
Banaba
2nd
1850
1.382
20,861
15,094.79
Dulong Bayan 1
2nd
1850
0.5879
4,295
7,305.66
Dulong Bayan 2
2nd
1850
4.3
6,242
1,451.63
Guinayang
2nd
1850
2.73
6,055
2,217.95
Guitnang Bayan 1
2nd
1850
4.12
22,726
5,516.02
Guitnang Bayan 2
2nd
1850
6.14
12,246
1,994.46
Gulod Malaya
2nd
1850
1.394
7,105
5,096.84
Malanday
2nd
1850
3.53
12,573
3,561.76
Maly
2nd
1850
5.65
13,922
2,464.07
Pintong Bukawe
2nd
1850
7.53
3,494
464.01
Sta. Ana
2nd
1850
0.8
9,107
11,383.75
Sto. Niño
2nd
1850
0.8711
10,847
12,452.07
Silangan
2nd
1850
7.655
25,504
3,331.68
San Mateo
48.251
184,860
3,831.22

The Town Seal

The seal of the town of San Mateo shows “Bayan ng San Mateo” written on a white ribbon at the upper portion of the seal. The white ribbon symbolizes cleanliness and pure intention of the local government for its constituents.

The 15 small stars in the upper border represent the 15 barangays that comprise the town of San Mateo. The Sun's rays represent liberty and freedom and the eight (8) provinces where San Mateo came from.

The three 3 big stars are for Luzon
Luzon
Luzon is the largest island in the Philippines. It is located in the northernmost region of the archipelago, and is also the name for one of the three primary island groups in the country centered on the Island of Luzon...

, Visayas
Visayas
The Visayas or Visayan Islands and locally known as Kabisay-an gid, is one of the three principal geographical divisions of the Philippines, along with Mindanao and Luzon. It consists of several islands, primarily surrounding the Visayan Sea, although the Visayas are considered the northeast...

, and Mindanao
Mindanao
Mindanao is the second largest and easternmost island in the Philippines. It is also the name of one of the three island groups in the country, which consists of the island of Mindanao and smaller surrounding islands. The other two are Luzon and the Visayas. The island of Mindanao is called The...

. The colors red, white and blue represent the three colors of the National flag.

The field of the seal is the blue color, which is attributed to royalty, the ruling hierarchy, and is the official color of the municipality.

At the center of the seal are four important symbols, which manifest the primary aims of the local government (i.e. health, justice, education, and livelihood).

Festivals

These are some of the notable events in San Mateo:
Events Date Place of Event
Malanday Feast
February 13–14
Patiis and Malanday
Ampid Fiesta: Sombrero and Walis Festival
May 1
Ampid
Kawan Holiday (Kab Scout of the Phil.)
July 21 and 22
All of public schools in San Mateo
San Mateo Festival: Parada ng Kakanin
September 9
San Mateo Plaza and San Mateo Municipal Hall Stage
Guitnang Bayan: Parada ng kakanin
September 9
Nuestra Señora De Aranzazu Church
Dulong Bayan Feast
September 21
Dulong Bayan Chapel
Sta. Barbara Villas 2 (SBV2) Fiesta
October 5
Sta. Barbara Villas 2
St. Anthony Maria Zaccaria Parish Fiesta
July 5
Silangan

Landmarks

  • Diocesan Shrine of Our Lady of Aranzazu (Nuestra Señora de Aranzazu)


Industries

The industrial establishments found in San Mateo are classified as light to medium industries. Welding
Welding
Welding is a fabrication or sculptural process that joins materials, usually metals or thermoplastics, by causing coalescence. This is often done by melting the workpieces and adding a filler material to form a pool of molten material that cools to become a strong joint, with pressure sometimes...

 shops and motor pool are among the predominant industries found within the municipality. Other industrial establishments are relatively small scale, like leather craft and kiskisan. Moreover, agri-business establishments which include poultry
Poultry
Poultry are domesticated birds kept by humans for the purpose of producing eggs, meat, and/or feathers. These most typically are members of the superorder Galloanserae , especially the order Galliformes and the family Anatidae , commonly known as "waterfowl"...

 and piggery do exist within the municipality.

Manufactures

Various products are being manufactured in San Mateo. In fact, a group of different factories is found along Kambal Road, Barangay Guitnang Bayan 2. This includes San Mateo Rubber Corp. (Nikon and Durawalk Slippers), Jolly Food Corp., First Win Corp. (Slippers), and Golden Union Footwear Inc. (Evans Shoes). A Coca-Cola
Coca-Cola
Coca-Cola is a carbonated soft drink sold in stores, restaurants, and vending machines in more than 200 countries. It is produced by The Coca-Cola Company of Atlanta, Georgia, and is often referred to simply as Coke...

 warehouse is also situated at Patiis Road corner GSIS Street (Daang Tubo) in Barangay Dulong Bayan 2. San Mateo also primarily manufactures gravel
Gravel
Gravel is composed of unconsolidated rock fragments that have a general particle size range and include size classes from granule- to boulder-sized fragments. Gravel can be sub-categorized into granule and cobble...

 and sand
Sand
Sand is a naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles.The composition of sand is highly variable, depending on the local rock sources and conditions, but the most common constituent of sand in inland continental settings and non-tropical coastal...

 aggregates together with other construction supplies that are found in hardwares distributed all over the municipality.

Commerce and Trade

The Central Business District is strategically located amidst the concentration of settlements. A major commercial area starts from the vicinity of the public market, bounded by the national road going to Rodriguez (Montalban)
Rodriguez, Rizal
Rodriguez, Rizal is a first-class, urban municipality in the province of Rizal, Philippines. It is the northernmost town in the province and comes after San Mateo, Rizal, and Quezon City coming from Metro Manila...

 and Street of Daang Bakal in Barangay Guitnang Bayan 2. This commercial zone is a conglomeration of financial institutions, a public market, restaurants/small eateries, retail stores and the like.

Another area, which may be considered as major commercial area, is within the vicinity of De los Santos Street corner Gen. Luna Avenue, in Barangay Ampid 1. Other commercial areas extending to St. Mattheus Medical Hospital near the boundary of San Mateo and Marikina City
Marikina City
Marikina, officially the City of Marikina, known as the Shoe Capital of the Philippines, was former capital of the province of Manila during the declaration of Philippine Independence and one of the sixteen cities within the Manila Metropolitan Area. Marikina is part of Eastern Manila District of...

 are located near Puregold San Mateo (formerly the Producer’s Market) at Barangay Banaba and another at the corner of Patiis Road and Gen. Luna Avenue, in Barangay Malanday.

Banking

San Mateo has many bank branches like Metrobank
Metropolitan Bank and Trust Company
The Metropolitan Bank and Trust Company , commonly known as Metrobank. It has a diverse offering of financial services, from regular banking to insurance. Metrobank is the second largest bank in the Philippines.-History:...

, Premiere Bank
Premiere Development Bank
Premiere Development Bank, also known as Premiere Bank, is a private development bank in the Philippines that was established in 1960 by Dr. Procopio C. Reyes. It is one of the largest private development banks in the Philippines...

, Mechants Bank, Banco San Juan
Banco San Juan
Banco San Juan, formally known as the Rural Bank of San Juan, is one of the largest rural banks in the Philippines, ranking second in terms of resources. The bank is headquartered in San Juan City, Metro Manila...

, Marikina Valley-San Mateo (MVSM) Bank, Bank of the Philippine Islands
Bank of the Philippine Islands
Bank of the Philippine Islands is the oldest bank in the Philippines still in operation and is the country's third largest bank in terms of assets, the country's largest bank in terms of market capitalization, and the country's most profitable bank...

, RCBC Savings Bank
Rizal Commercial Banking Corporation
The Rizal Commercial Banking Corporation was established in 1960 as a development bank and is licensed by the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas for both commercial and investment banking...

, Banco Rodriguez and the Real Bank (a thrift bank). Many automated teller machine
Automated teller machine
An automated teller machine or automatic teller machine, also known as a Cashpoint , cash machine or sometimes a hole in the wall in British English, is a computerised telecommunications device that provides the clients of a financial institution with access to financial transactions in a public...

s in San Mateo are provided with security system such as anti-crime alarms. Security guards are also monitoring the premises of the banks in San Mateo for the safety of the customers.

Power Infrastructure

Power services in the town are provided by the Manila Electric Company, Inc. (MERALCO)
Meralco
The Manila Electric Company , also known as MERALCO or Meralco, is the Philippines' largest distributor of electrical power.The word MERALCO, is an acronym for Manila Electric Railroad And Light COmpany, which was the company's original name from 1903 to 1919.MERALCO is the Metro Manila's only...

, except in the mountain barangay of Pintong Bukawe. There were 23,189 customers in San Mateo as of March 1999. Of these, 27,115 or 95.37 percent residential customers while commercial, industrial and streetlights number 971 (4.19 percent), 36 (0.15 percent), and 67 (0.29 percent), respectively. The municipality of San Mateo had a total demand of 55,355 megawatt-hours in 1998.

Water Infrastructure

The main source of the municipality’s water supply are deep wells, pump wells (operated by Manila Water
Manila Water
The Manila Water Company, Inc. is a public utility company in the Philippines. Manila Water, as it is more commonly known, is the East Concessionaire of MWSS during its privatization on August 1, 1997, with its counterpart Maynilad Water Services, Inc. as the West Concessionaire...

), open wells, springs and other ground water resources. Some of the elevated parts of the municipality are under watershed
Drainage basin
A drainage basin is an extent or an area of land where surface water from rain and melting snow or ice converges to a single point, usually the exit of the basin, where the waters join another waterbody, such as a river, lake, reservoir, estuary, wetland, sea, or ocean...

 protected areas since the topography is characterized by rolling to mountainous terrain.

From 0.65%, San Mateo's water sanitation
Sanitation
Sanitation is the hygienic means of promoting health through prevention of human contact with the hazards of wastes. Hazards can be either physical, microbiological, biological or chemical agents of disease. Wastes that can cause health problems are human and animal feces, solid wastes, domestic...

 reached 100% on 2006 through the operation of Manila Water
Manila Water
The Manila Water Company, Inc. is a public utility company in the Philippines. Manila Water, as it is more commonly known, is the East Concessionaire of MWSS during its privatization on August 1, 1997, with its counterpart Maynilad Water Services, Inc. as the West Concessionaire...

.
North Manila Septage Treatment Plant

Completed and started operating on May 2007, the Manila Water
Manila Water
The Manila Water Company, Inc. is a public utility company in the Philippines. Manila Water, as it is more commonly known, is the East Concessionaire of MWSS during its privatization on August 1, 1997, with its counterpart Maynilad Water Services, Inc. as the West Concessionaire...

 North Septage Treatment Plant is located in Barangay Guitnang Bayan 2. This treats 586 cubic meters of septage a day.

Sto. Niño-Silangan Water Supply Project

About 42,000 residents are expected to benefit from continuous water supply once Manila Water’s
Manila Water
The Manila Water Company, Inc. is a public utility company in the Philippines. Manila Water, as it is more commonly known, is the East Concessionaire of MWSS during its privatization on August 1, 1997, with its counterpart Maynilad Water Services, Inc. as the West Concessionaire...

 P320-M water supply project in San Mateo, Rizal gets completed.

The project, dubbed as Sto. Niño-Silangan Water Supply Project, is divided into two phases: Phase 1, which will serve barangays Gulod Malaya, Sto. Niño and portion of Silangan, and Phase 2, which will serve the whole of Silangan and the elevated areas of Parang in Marikina.

The project involves the construction of pumping station and reservoirs and the laying of 25 kilometers of water lines including mainlines and will benefit twelve existing subdivisions occupying a total land area of 27 hectares.

Started in October 2007, the water project is expected to provide ample water supply to meet the 15 to 20 million liters per day (MLD) demand of the more than 13,000 households in the area.

Communication Infrastructure

Telecommunications serve as a major link, within the sub-sectors and among other sectors of the economy, in the population centers and hinterlands. It also serves as a catalyst for growth and development. Telephone (Fixed landline & Wireless), & DSL Broadband Internet services are being provided by the Philippines Long Distance Telephone Company (PLDT), PT&T and Digital Telecommunications Philippines
Digital Telecommunications Philippines
Digital Telecommunications Phils., Inc. , commonly known as Digitel, is the second-largest fixed-line and the third-largest mobile telecommunications company in the Philippines...

. While cellular phone services are provide by Globe Telecom
Globe Telecom
Globe Telecom , commonly known as Globe, is a telecommunications company in the Philippines. Globe provides mobile, fixed line, and broadband Internet services.- History :In 1928, Congress passed Act No...

, Smart Communications
Smart Communications
Smart Communications is a wholly owned mobile phone and Internet service subsidiary of the Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company .On June 30, 2010 the company reported that it had over 45 million cellular subscribers.-Brands:...

, and Sun Cellular
Sun Cellular
Digitel Mobile Philippines, Inc., is a mobile telecommunication service provider in the Philippines doing business as Sun Cellular. The company is a wholly owned subsidiary of Digital Telecommunications Philippines, or Digitel. Digitel is in turn owned by the JG Summit Group with a minority stake...

.

San Mateo Sanitary Landfill

In 2008, a proposal to build a 200-hectare sanitary landfill
Landfill
A landfill site , is a site for the disposal of waste materials by burial and is the oldest form of waste treatment...

 within the jurisdiction of two barangays was met with resistance by several environmental groups. The proposed landfill
Landfill
A landfill site , is a site for the disposal of waste materials by burial and is the oldest form of waste treatment...

 was to be constructed on ground area within a protected forest.

Bucking opposition by environment activists, the operator of the San Mateo waste dump is ready to give it a go. Andy Santiago, president of the San Mateo Sanitary Landfill and Development Corp., said it has given the green light for the 19-hectare facility in Rizal province to do business.

Elementary

  • Ampid 1 Elementary School
  • Banaba Elementary School
  • Christ the Lord of Harvest Academy
  • Christian Care Academy
  • Doña Pepeng Elementary School
  • Dulong Bayan Elementary School
  • Eastern Star Academy, Inc.
  • Guitnang Bayan Elementary School
  • Gulod Malaya Elementary School
  • Joan of Arc Noble Academy
  • Justice Vicente Santiago Elementary School
  • Kid's World Christian Academy
  • Our Lady of Light School
  • Our Lady of Purificacion Integrated School
  • Maarat Elementary School
  • Malanday Elementary School
  • Maly Elementary School
  • Moses Cradle Academy
  • NSDA Parochial School
  • Pintong Bukawe Elementary School
  • San Mateo Elementary School
  • Silangan Elementary School
  • St. Matthew College
  • Sto Niño Elementary School

High School

  • Center for Positive Future
  • Christian Care Academy
  • Christ the Lord of Harvest Academy
    Christ the Lord of Harvest Academy
    The Christ the Lord of Harvest Academy, Inc. or "CLHA, Inc." is a private Christian institution of learning in San Mateo, Rizal, Philippines particularly in Silangan. CLHA is a non-stock, non-profit and non-sectarian educational institution. It was established by Mrs. Eden D...

  • Eastern Star Academy, Inc.
  • Guardian Angel Academy
  • Holy Name of Mary School
  • Jose F. Diaz Memorial National High School
  • Kids' World Christian Academy High School (Annex) http://kwca.multiply.com/
  • Moses Cradle Academy
  • NSDA Parochial School
  • San Mateo National High School
  • Silangan National High School
  • St. Joseph Banaba
  • St. Joseph Montessori - Main
  • St. Joseph Montessori - Branch
  • St. Matthew College
  • Sta. Cecilia Parochial School
  • Sto Niño National High School
  • Pintong Bukawe National High School
  • Roosevelt College San Mateo Roosevelt College

Colleges and Universities

  • Eastern Star Institute of Science & Technology [ESIST] (TESDA accredited)
  • ICCT Colleges
    ICCT Colleges
    -The beginning:The Institute of Creative Computer Technology was originally established in Rizal by Dr. William S. Co on 15 December 1992 because Dr. Co wanted to help the people of Rizal acquire skills in computer technology...

  • Pamantasan ng San Mateo
  • Roosevelt College San Mateo
  • St. Mathew College

Special Education

  • Manila Christian Computer Institute for the Deaf
    Manila Christian Computer Institute for the Deaf
    Manila Christian Computer Institute for the Deaf is a non-sectarian, post-secondary, Christian foundation school for the deaf in the Philippines authorized by the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority to offer non-degree computer and other technical training programs.It is also...

     (MCCID College of Technology)

Residential Areas

San Mateo is also known to be home of several residential areas including middle to high end real estate
Real estate
In general use, esp. North American, 'real estate' is taken to mean "Property consisting of land and the buildings on it, along with its natural resources such as crops, minerals, or water; immovable property of this nature; an interest vested in this; an item of real property; buildings or...

 villages and subdivisions.
San Mateo has a variety of conveyances that provide the residents with ready means of transportation. These are public utility jeepneys, buses, tricycles, pedicabs and GT/UV Express Service FX are operating in the town. These facilitate the movement of people and goods to Metro Manila
Metro Manila
Metropolitan Manila , the National Capital Region , or simply Metro Manila, is the metropolitan region encompassing the City of Manila and its surrounding areas in the Philippines...

 and nearby towns of Rizal
Rizal
Rizal is a province located in the CALABARZON , just 16 kilometers east of Manila. The province was named after the country's national hero, José Rizal. Rizal Governor Casimiro A. Ynares III on June 17, 2008 announced the transfer of the Capitol from Pasig. Its P 270-million capitol building,...

.

There are three jeepney terminals in San Mateo, one at San Mateo-Rodriguez
Rodriguez, Rizal
Rodriguez, Rizal is a first-class, urban municipality in the province of Rizal, Philippines. It is the northernmost town in the province and comes after San Mateo, Rizal, and Quezon City coming from Metro Manila...

 Boundary, Maly, one at Modesta Village, Barangay Sto Niño, and another at Tierra Monte, Barangay Silangan, respectively.

Transportation routes passing San Mateo, are Montalban-Cubao (jeepneys), Montalban-San Mateo (jeepneys), and Commonwealth, Philcoa-San Mateo (jeepneys) thru the San Mateo-Batasan Bridge . These routes traverses Quezon City
Quezon City
Quezon City is the former capital and the most populous city in the Philippines. Located on the island of Luzon, Quezon City is one of the cities and municipalities that make up Metro Manila, the National Capital Region. The city was named after Manuel L...

, Marikina City
Marikina City
Marikina, officially the City of Marikina, known as the Shoe Capital of the Philippines, was former capital of the province of Manila during the declaration of Philippine Independence and one of the sixteen cities within the Manila Metropolitan Area. Marikina is part of Eastern Manila District of...

, San Mateo and Rodriguez
Rodriguez, Rizal
Rodriguez, Rizal is a first-class, urban municipality in the province of Rizal, Philippines. It is the northernmost town in the province and comes after San Mateo, Rizal, and Quezon City coming from Metro Manila...

 (Montalban).

Jeepneys are the most common form of transportation within the municipality because of its convenience and low fare as compared to other forms of transportation. Other modes are tricycles and pedicabs which are used mainly to transport people and goods where regular jeepney routes are not available.

Bus

The Marikina Auto Line Transport Corporation (MALTC) buses are the public utility buses that mainly operate in San Mateo. They operate ordinary-type buses, and recently, airconditioned buses which provide safe travel to passengers. There are some private buses that transport people who work at the Fortune Tobacco Plant and other nearby factories in Marikina City
Marikina City
Marikina, officially the City of Marikina, known as the Shoe Capital of the Philippines, was former capital of the province of Manila during the declaration of Philippine Independence and one of the sixteen cities within the Manila Metropolitan Area. Marikina is part of Eastern Manila District of...

.

Notable Personalities

  • Makisig Morales
    Makisig Morales
    Makisig Morales appeared on the TV reality-show Little Big Star and is the lead singer of the boy band Mak and the Dudes. As a child actor, he played the lead role in Super Inggo'....

     - child actor of ABS-CBN
    ABS-CBN
    ABS–CBN Corporation is a Philippine-based media conglomerate. It is the Philippines' largest media and entertainment conglomerate. The corporation was the merger of Alto Broadcasting System which at that time owned by James Lindenberg and Antonio Quirino, and the Chronicle Broadcasting Network ...

     and 2005 Little Big Star
    Little Big Star
    Little Big Star is a singing contest aired every Saturday afternoon on ABS-CBN in the Philippines and internationally on The Filipino Channel. The show was hosted by a Filipina singer and actress Sarah Geronimo. The series premiered on Saturday, September 24, 2005...

     Little Division 2nd Honor
  • Jonalyn Viray
    Jonalyn Viray
    Jonalyn Roxas Viray is a Filipina singer and an occasional actress. She was the first ever Pinoy Pop Superstar Grand Champion...

     - versatile singer/artist GMA 7 and 1st Pinoy Pop Superstar
    Pinoy Pop Superstar
    Pinoy Pop Superstar was a Philippine television show featuring a year-long talent search for the best Filipino amateur singers. It was broadcast every Saturday evening on GMA. The format is loosely patterned on the original Tawag ng Tanghalan....

     grand champion
  • Jennifer Barrientos
    Jennifer Barrientos
    Jennifer Tarol Barrientos was born in San Mateo, Rizal. She was the Binibining Pilipinas-Universe titleholder for 2008. She was the official representative of the Philippines to the Miss Universe pageant which took place in Nha Trang, Vietnam on July 14, 2008. She did not place in the top fifteen...

     - official representative of the Philippines
    Philippines
    The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

     in Miss Universe 2008
    Miss Universe 2008
    Miss Universe 2008, the 57th Miss Universe pageant, was held at the Crown Convention Center in the Diamond Bay Resort, Nha Trang, Vietnam on July 14, 2008...

  • Rhea Santos
    Rhea Santos
    Rhea Santos is an award-winning broadcast journalist, Host and newscaster in the Philippines. She currently co-anchors GMA Network's Unang Hirit and hosts several news and public affairs programs on GMA Network.-Profile:...

     - TV host, Newscaster of GMA 7
  • Cesar Apolinario - TV host, Reporter of GMA 7

Sister Cities/Municipalities

These are San Mateo's sister cities or municipalities with strong relationship and partnership. Antipolo City
Antipolo City
Antipolo is a city in the Philippines located in the province of Rizal; about 25 kilometers east of Manila. It is the largest city in the Calabarzon Region in terms of population...

, Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

 Marikina City
Marikina City
Marikina, officially the City of Marikina, known as the Shoe Capital of the Philippines, was former capital of the province of Manila during the declaration of Philippine Independence and one of the sixteen cities within the Manila Metropolitan Area. Marikina is part of Eastern Manila District of...

, Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

 Quezon City
Quezon City
Quezon City is the former capital and the most populous city in the Philippines. Located on the island of Luzon, Quezon City is one of the cities and municipalities that make up Metro Manila, the National Capital Region. The city was named after Manuel L...

, Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

 Rodriguez, Rizal
Rodriguez, Rizal
Rodriguez, Rizal is a first-class, urban municipality in the province of Rizal, Philippines. It is the northernmost town in the province and comes after San Mateo, Rizal, and Quezon City coming from Metro Manila...

, Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...


See also

  • Rizal Province
  • Legislative districts of Rizal

External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
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