Naples Eastern University
Overview
 
The Naples Eastern University (Italian
Italian language
Italian is a Romance language spoken mainly in Europe: Italy, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican City, by minorities in Malta, Monaco, Croatia, Slovenia, France, Libya, Eritrea, and Somalia, and by immigrant communities in the Americas and Australia...

: Università degli Studi di Napoli "L'Orientale", better translated as Oriental Studies University of Naples) is a university located in Naples
Naples
Naples is a city in Southern Italy, situated on the country's west coast by the Gulf of Naples. Lying between two notable volcanic regions, Mount Vesuvius and the Phlegraean Fields, it is the capital of the region of Campania and of the province of Naples...

, Italy
Italy
Italy , officially the Italian Republic languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Italy's official name is as follows:;;;;;;;;), is a unitary parliamentary republic in South-Central Europe. To the north it borders France, Switzerland, Austria and...

. It was founded in 1732 and is organized in 4 Faculties. It is the oldest school of Sinology
Sinology
Sinology in general use is the study of China and things related to China, but, especially in the American academic context, refers more strictly to the study of classical language and literature, and the philological approach...

 and Oriental Studies
Oriental studies
Oriental studies is the academic field of study that embraces Near Eastern and Far Eastern societies and cultures, languages, peoples, history and archaeology; in recent years the subject has often been turned into the newer terms of Asian studies and Middle Eastern studies...

 of the Europe
Europe
Europe is, by convention, one of the world's seven continents. Comprising the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, Europe is generally 'divided' from Asia to its east by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas, and the waterways connecting...

an continent and the main university in Italy specialized in the study of non-European languages and cultures, with research and studies agreements with universities from all over the world.
The "Naples Eastern University" (Università degli studi di Napoli L'Orientale) is the oldest school of Sinology and Oriental Studies of the European continent.
The name "Orientale" is a clue to the origins of the institution.
Encyclopedia
The Naples Eastern University (Italian
Italian language
Italian is a Romance language spoken mainly in Europe: Italy, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican City, by minorities in Malta, Monaco, Croatia, Slovenia, France, Libya, Eritrea, and Somalia, and by immigrant communities in the Americas and Australia...

: Università degli Studi di Napoli "L'Orientale", better translated as Oriental Studies University of Naples) is a university located in Naples
Naples
Naples is a city in Southern Italy, situated on the country's west coast by the Gulf of Naples. Lying between two notable volcanic regions, Mount Vesuvius and the Phlegraean Fields, it is the capital of the region of Campania and of the province of Naples...

, Italy
Italy
Italy , officially the Italian Republic languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Italy's official name is as follows:;;;;;;;;), is a unitary parliamentary republic in South-Central Europe. To the north it borders France, Switzerland, Austria and...

. It was founded in 1732 and is organized in 4 Faculties. It is the oldest school of Sinology
Sinology
Sinology in general use is the study of China and things related to China, but, especially in the American academic context, refers more strictly to the study of classical language and literature, and the philological approach...

 and Oriental Studies
Oriental studies
Oriental studies is the academic field of study that embraces Near Eastern and Far Eastern societies and cultures, languages, peoples, history and archaeology; in recent years the subject has often been turned into the newer terms of Asian studies and Middle Eastern studies...

 of the Europe
Europe
Europe is, by convention, one of the world's seven continents. Comprising the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, Europe is generally 'divided' from Asia to its east by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas, and the waterways connecting...

an continent and the main university in Italy specialized in the study of non-European languages and cultures, with research and studies agreements with universities from all over the world.

History

The "Naples Eastern University" (Università degli studi di Napoli L'Orientale) is the oldest school of Sinology and Oriental Studies of the European continent.
The name "Orientale" is a clue to the origins of the institution. In the mid-17th century, the Manchus took over China
China
Chinese civilization may refer to:* China for more general discussion of the country.* Chinese culture* Greater China, the transnational community of ethnic Chinese.* History of China* Sinosphere, the area historically affected by Chinese culture...

 and started a remarkable period of openness towards the west. This included welcoming Christian missionaries. One such person was the missionary, Matteo Ripa
Matteo Ripa
Matteo Ripa was an Italian priest who was sent as a missionary to China by Propaganda Fide, and between 1711 to 1723 worked as a painter and copper-engraver at the Manchu court of the well-known Kangxi Emperor....

, of the Propaganda Fide, from the kingdom of Naples
Kingdom of Naples
The Kingdom of Naples, comprising the southern part of the Italian peninsula, was the remainder of the old Kingdom of Sicily after secession of the island of Sicily as a result of the Sicilian Vespers rebellion of 1282. Known to contemporaries as the Kingdom of Sicily, it is dubbed Kingdom of...

, who worked as a painter and copper-engraver at the Manchu court of the emperor Kangxi between 1711 and 1723. He returned to Naples from China with four young Chinese Christians, all teachers of their native language; they formed the nucleus of what would become the "Chinese Institute" of Naples, sanctioned by Pope Clement XII
Pope Clement XII
Pope Clement XII , born Lorenzo Corsini, was Pope from 12 July 1730 to 6 February 1740.Born in Florence, the son of Bartolomeo Corsini, Marquis of Casigliano and his wife Isabella Strozzi, sister of the Duke of Bagnuolo, Corsini had been an aristocratic lawyer and financial manager under preceding...

 in 1732 to teach Chinese to missionaries and thus advance the propagation of Christianity in China. Originally it was also created to educate Indian and Chinese languages experts for the Ostend Company
Ostend Company
The Imperial Ostend Company was an Austrian private trading company established in 1717 to trade with the East and West Indies. For a few years it provided strong competition to the traditional colonial trading companies...

.

After the unification of Italy in 1861, the institution was transformed into the "Royal Asian College" and other languages such as Russian, Hindustani, and Persian were added to the curriculum. The institution then became a secular school for the study of eastern languages in general, and then, over the course of decades, African languages and, indeed, all modern European languages. Today more than 50 languages are taught.

Institutions

The Orientale moved into its current headquarters, Palazzo Giusso, in 1932. However, like most universities in Italy, the IUO has no single main "campus," but is spread around the city at a number of different sites. There are several buildings that make up the teaching facilities of the Orientale. These include Palazzo Giusso in the historic center of Naples; the large converted monastery of Santa Maria Porta Coeli near the Naples cathedral; and the new Palazzo Mediterraneo on via Marina. Palazzo Mediterraneo now houses CILA, an acronym for Centro Interdipartimentale dei servizi Linguistici ed Audiovisivi— the "language lab," an award-winning facility that has satellite TV for international programming, an impressive recording studio, and computers for instant access to the Internet.

Four faculties:
  • Foreign Language
    Foreign language
    A foreign language is a language indigenous to another country. It is also a language not spoken in the native country of the person referred to, i.e. an English speaker living in Japan can say that Japanese is a foreign language to him or her...

    s and Literature
    Literature
    Literature is the art of written works, and is not bound to published sources...

  • Arabic-Islamic and Mediterranean Studies
  • Letters and Philosophy
    Philosophy
    Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. Philosophy is distinguished from other ways of addressing such problems by its critical, generally systematic approach and its reliance on rational...

  • Political Sciences


These are further sub-divided into nine areas:
  • Asian Studies
  • Classic world and Ancient Mediterranean
  • African and Arabic countries
  • Oriental Europe
  • Social Sciences
  • Philosophy and Politics
  • Comparative Studies
  • American cultural and linguistic studies
  • European literature and linguistic studies


Main Library:
  • Maurizio Taddei, Palazzo Corigliano (over 60.000 ancient volumes)

Notable alumni and professors

  • Pio Filippani Ronconi
    Pio Filippani Ronconi
    Pio Alessandro Carlo Fulvio Filippani Ronconi was an Italian orientalist. He was born in Barcelona, Spain....

    , Orientalist.
  • Lionelli Lanciotti, Orientalist.
  • Edoarda Masi, Orientalist, translator of Dream of the Red Chamber
    Dream of the Red Chamber
    Dream of the Red Chamber , composed by Cao Xueqin, is one of China's Four Great Classical Novels. It was composed in the middle of the 18th century during the Qing Dynasty. It is considered to be a masterpiece of Chinese vernacular literature and is generally acknowledged to be a pinnacle of...

    .
  • Franco Mazzei, expert in Asian International Relations.
  • Paolo Santangelo, Orientalist, China.
  • Giorgio Amitrano, Orientalist, first translator of Banana Yoshimoto
    Banana Yoshimoto
    is the pen name of Mahoko Yoshimoto , a Japanese contemporary writer. She writes her name in hiragana.-Biography:Yoshimoto, daughter of Takaaki Yoshimoto, was born in Tokyo on July 24, 1964...

    .
  • Francesca Maria Corrao, Orientalist, Middle East.
  • Biancamaria Scarcia Amoretti, Orientalist.
  • Massimo Campanini, Orientalist, Middle East.
  • Paola Paderni, Orientalist, China.
  • Giorgio Casacchia, Orientalist, China, author of "The Great Dictionary Chinese-Italian".
  • Flora Sapio, Orientalist, expert in Chinese criminal law.
  • Guido Vitale, Diplomat.
  • Fabio Petito, expert in International Relations, author of "Religion in International Relations: The Return from Exile", co-edited with Pavlos Hatzopoulos.
  • Torquato Cardilli
    Torquato Cardilli
    Torquato Cardilli, in L'Aquila province of Italy. Cardilli graduated with a degree in oriental culture and languages and in political sciences from the Istituto Universitario Orientale of Naples. He was first appointed at the Italian Foreign Ministry’s political office in 1967...

    , Diplomat.
  • Francesco Maria Greco, Diplomat.
  • Barbara Contini, Italian Politician and Official expert in International Relations.
  • Gaetano Di Massa
  • Roberto Esposito
    Roberto Esposito
    Roberto Esposito is an Italian philosopher, who is important for his work in biopolitics and his book Communitas. He was featured in the Summer 2006 issue of the journal Diacritics.-Bibliography:...

  • Giacomo Marramao
    Giacomo Marramao
    Giacomo Marramao is an Italian philosopher.-Education:Marramao studied at the University of Florence where he graduated in philosophy under Eugenio Garin's guidance in 1969, and he was Fellow Scholar on behalf of the Italian CNR and the Humboldt Foundation at the Goethe University Frankfurt...

  • Marino Niola
  • Carlo Coccioli
  • Luigi Necco

See also


External links

Naples Eastern University Website Università di Napoli "L'Orientale" Official website
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