Russian Aircraft Corporation MiG (Российская самолетостроительная корпорация «МиГ»), or RSK MiG, is a Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

n joint stock company
Joint stock company
A joint-stock company is a type of corporation or partnership involving two or more individuals that own shares of stock in the company...

. Formerly Mikoyan-and-Gurevich Design Bureau , then simply Mikoyan, it is a military aircraft
An aircraft is a vehicle that is able to fly by gaining support from the air, or, in general, the atmosphere of a planet. An aircraft counters the force of gravity by using either static lift or by using the dynamic lift of an airfoil, or in a few cases the downward thrust from jet engines.Although...

 design bureau, primarily designing fighter aircraft
Fighter aircraft
A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat with other aircraft, as opposed to a bomber, which is designed primarily to attack ground targets...

. Its head office is in Begovoy District
Begovoy District
Begovoy District is an administrative district of Northern Administrative Okrug, and one of the 125 raions of Moscow, Russia.-Economy:The aviation companies Mikoyan and Sukhoi have their head offices in the district....

, Northern Administrative Okrug
Northern Administrative Okrug
Northern Administrative Okrug, or Severny Administrative Okrug , is one of the ten administrative okrugs of Moscow, Russia. It was founded in 1991 and has an area of...

, Moscow
Moscow is the capital, the most populous city, and the most populous federal subject of Russia. The city is a major political, economic, cultural, scientific, religious, financial, educational, and transportation centre of Russia and the continent...


It was formerly a Soviet
Soviet Union
The Soviet Union , officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics , was a constitutionally socialist state that existed in Eurasia between 1922 and 1991....

 design bureau
OKB is a transliteration of the Russian acronym for "Опытное конструкторское бюро" - Opytnoe Konstructorskoe Byuro, meaning Experimental Design Bureau...

, and was founded by Artem Mikoyan and Mikhail Gurevich as "Mikoyan and Gurevich", with the bureau prefix "MiG." Upon Mikoyan's death in 1970, Gurevich's name was dropped from the name of the bureau, although the bureau prefix remained "MiG". The firm also operates several machine-building and design bureaus, including the Kamov
Kamov is a Russian rotor-winged aircraft manufacturing company that was founded by Nikolai Il'yich Kamov, who started building his first rotor-winged aircraft in 1929, together with N. K. Skrzhinskii...

 helicopter plant.

MiG aircraft were also used by the Chinese, North Korean, and North Vietnamese in aerial confrontations with American and allied forces. The Soviet Union sold many of these planes within its sphere of influence
Sphere of influence
In the field of international relations, a sphere of influence is a spatial region or conceptual division over which a state or organization has significant cultural, economic, military or political influence....


In 2006, the Russian government merged 100% of Mikoyan shares with Ilyushin
Open Joint Stock Company «Ilyushin Aviation Complex» , operating as Ilyushin or Ilyushin Design Bureau, is a Russian design bureau and aircraft manufacturer, founded by Sergey Vladimirovich Ilyushin. Ilyushin was established under the Soviet Union. Its operations began on January 13, 1933, by...

, Irkut, Sukhoi
Sukhoi Company is a major Russian aircraft manufacturer, headquartered in Begovoy District, Northern Administrative Okrug, Moscow, famous for its fighters...

, Tupolev
Tupolev is a Russian aerospace and defence company, headquartered in Basmanny District, Central Administrative Okrug, Moscow. Known officially as Public Stock Company Tupolev, it is the successor of the Tupolev OKB or Tupolev Design Bureau headed by the Soviet aerospace engineer A.N. Tupolev...

, and Yakovlev
The Yak Aircraft Corporation is a Russian aircraft designer and manufacturer...

 as a new company named United Aircraft Corporation
United Aircraft Corporation
United Aircraft Corporation may refer to one of the following:* United Aircraft Corporation, formerly United Aircraft and Transport Corporation; now known as United Technologies Corporation....

. Specifically, Mikoyan and Sukhoi were placed within the same operating unit.

List of MiG aircraft


  • MiG-1
    Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-1
    The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-1 was a Soviet fighter aircraft of World War II that was designed to meet a requirement for a high-altitude fighter issued in 1939. To minimize demand on strategic materials such as aluminum, the aircraft was mostly constructed from steel tubing and wood...

    , 1940
  • MiG-3
    Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-3
    The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-3 was a Soviet fighter aircraft used during World War II. It was a development of the MiG-1 by the OKO of Zavod No. 1 to remedy problems that had been found during the MiG-1's development and operations. It replaced the MiG-1 on the production line at Factory No...

    , 1941
  • MiG-7, 1944
  • MiG-9/I-300 "Fargo"
    Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-9
    The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-9 was the first Soviet turbojet fighter developed by Mikoyan-Gurevich in the years immediately after World War II. It used reverse-engineered German BMW 003 engines...

    , 1946
  • MiG-15 "Fagot" and "Midget"
    Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15
    The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 was a jet fighter developed for the USSR by Artem Mikoyan and Mikhail Gurevich. The MiG-15 was one of the first successful swept-wing jet fighters, and it achieved fame in the skies over Korea, where early in the war, it outclassed all straight-winged enemy fighters in...

    , 1948
  • MiG-17 "Fresco"
    Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17
    The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17 is a high-subsonic fighter aircraft produced in the USSR from 1952 and operated by numerous air forces in many variants. Most MiG-17 variants cannot carry air-to-air missiles, but shot down many aircraft with its cannons...

    , 1953
  • MiG-19 "Farmer"
    Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19
    The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19 is a Soviet second-generation, single-seat, twin jet-engined fighter aircraft. It was the first Soviet production aircraft capable of supersonic speeds in level flight. A comparable U.S...

    , 1954, MiG's first supersonic fighter
  • MiG-21 "Fishbed" and "Mongol"
    Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21
    The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 is a supersonic jet fighter aircraft, designed by the Mikoyan-Gurevich Design Bureau in the Soviet Union. It was popularly nicknamed "balalaika", from the aircraft's planform-view resemblance to the Russian stringed musical instrument or ołówek by Polish pilots due to...

    , 1956, fighter aircraft
    • MiG-21 Variants – Development and Preproduction
    • MiG-21 Variants – Initial Mass Production
    • MiG-21 Variants – Interceptors
    • MiG-21 Variants – Modernisation
    • MiG-21 Variants – Trainers
  • MiG-23 "Flogger"
    Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23
    The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 is a variable-geometry fighter aircraft, designed by the Mikoyan-Gurevich design bureau in the Soviet Union. It is considered to belong to the Soviet third generation jet fighter category, along with similarly aged Soviet fighters such as the MiG-25 "Foxbat"...

    , 1967 (third use of MiG-23 designation)
  • MiG-25 "Foxbat"
    Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25
    The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25 is a supersonic interceptor and reconnaissance aircraft that was among the fastest military aircraft to enter service. Designed by the Soviet Union's Mikoyan-Gurevich bureau the first prototype flew in 1964 with entry into service in 1970...

    , 1965, interceptor fighter and recce/strike aircraft
  • MiG-27 "Flogger D / J"
    Mikoyan MiG-27
    The Mikoyan MiG-27 is a variable-geometry ground-attack aircraft, originally built by the Mikoyan design bureau in the Soviet Union and later license-produced in India by Hindustan Aeronautics as the Bahadur . It is based on the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 fighter aircraft, but optimized for...

    , 1970, a ground-attack aircraft derived from the MiG-23
  • MiG-29 "Fulcrum"
    Mikoyan MiG-29
    The Mikoyan MiG-29 is a fourth-generation jet fighter aircraft designed in the Soviet Union for an air superiority role. Developed in the 1970s by the Mikoyan design bureau, it entered service with the Soviet Air Force in 1983, and remains in use by the Russian Air Force as well as in many other...

    , 1977, comparable to the US F-16 Fighting Falcon
    F-16 Fighting Falcon
    The General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon is a multirole jet fighter aircraft originally developed by General Dynamics for the United States Air Force . Designed as an air superiority day fighter, it evolved into a successful all-weather multirole aircraft. Over 4,400 aircraft have been built since...

     and F/A-18 Hornet
    F/A-18 Hornet
    The McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet is a supersonic, all-weather carrier-capable multirole fighter jet, designed to dogfight and attack ground targets . Designed by McDonnell Douglas and Northrop, the F/A-18 was derived from the latter's YF-17 in the 1970s for use by the United States Navy and...

    • MiG-29K "Fulcrum-D"
      Mikoyan MiG-29K
      The Mikoyan MiG-29K is an all-weather carrier-based multirole fighter aircraft developed by the Mikoyan design bureau. The MiG-29K was developed in the late 1980s from MiG-29M....

    • MiG-29M "Fulcrum-E"
      Mikoyan MiG-29M
      The Mikoyan MiG-29M is a mature development of the MiG-29M/M2 and MiG-29K/KUB technology. Formerly known as the "MiG-33", it was developed from the Mikoyan MiG-29 fighter jet during mid-1980s...

  • MiG-31 "Foxhound"
    Mikoyan MiG-31
    The Mikoyan MiG-31 is a supersonic interceptor aircraft developed to replace the MiG-25 "Foxbat". The MiG-31 was designed by the Mikoyan design bureau based on the MiG-25.-Development:...

    , 1975, interceptor fighter aircraft
  • MiG-35 "Fulcrum-F"
    Mikoyan MiG-35
    The Mikoyan MiG-35 is a further development of the MiG-29M/M2 and MiG-29K/KUB technology. It is classified as a 4++ generation jet fighter by Mikoyan. The first prototype was a modification of the aircraft that previously served as MiG-29M2 model demonstrator. 10 prototypes have been built so far...

    , 2007, multi-role 4.5th generation jet fighter
  • Mikoyan LMFS
    Mikoyan LMFS
    The Mikoyan LMFS is a proposed Russian single-engine stealth fighter aircraft, loosely based on the canceled Mikoyan Project 1.44. Recent images reveal a fighter design with substantially larger internal weapons bays-Design:...


  • DIS/MiG-5
    Mikoyan-Gurevich DIS
    -Comparable aircraft:*de Havilland Mosquito*Focke-Wulf Fw 187*Lockheed P-38 Lightning*Messerschmitt Bf 110*Westland Whirlwind-References:NotesBibliography...

    , 1941 (escort fighter)
  • MiG-6
    Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-6
    The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-6 was a Soviet ground-attack aircraft design of World War II.When founding the OKB MiG, Mikoyan-Gurevich used two basic designs from their former employer Polikarpov. One finally developed to the MiG-1. The other was the project 65. They worked on this project to get a...

    , 1940 (reconnaissance/ground attack aircraft)
  • MiG-8
    Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-8
    |-See also:-References:Bibliography* Gordon, Yefim and Komissarov, Dmitry. OKB Mikoyan: A History of the Design Bureau and its Aircraft. Hinckley, England: Midland Publishing, 2009 ISBN 1-85780-307-5...

     Utka, 1945
  • MiG I-210, 1941
  • MiG I-211
    Mikoyan-Gurevich I-211
    -Bibliography:* Gordon, Yefim. Soviet Airpower in World War 2. Hinckley, England: Midland Publishing, 2008 ISBN 978-1-85780-304-4-Further reading:...

    , 1942
  • MiG I-220, 1943
  • MiG I-222, 1944
  • MiG I-224, 1944
  • MiG I-225, 1944
  • MiG I-230/MiG-3U, 1942
  • MiG I-231, 1943
  • MiG I-250 (N)
    Mikoyan-Gurevich I-250 (N)
    The Mikoyan-Gurevich I-250 was a Soviet fighter aircraft developed as part of a crash program in 1944 to develop a high-performance fighter to counter German turbojet-powered aircraft such as the Messerschmitt Me-262...

    , 1945 (aka "MiG-13")
  • MiG I-270
    Mikoyan-Gurevich I-270
    |-See also:-References:* Belyakov, R. A. and J. Marmain. MiG: Fifty Years of Secret Aircraft Design. Shrewsbury, UK:Airlife Publishing, 1994. ISBN 1 85310 488 4....

    , 1947
  • MiG I-320
    Mikoyan-Gurevich I-320
    -References:* Belyakov, R.A. and J. Marmain. MiG: Fifty Years of Secret Aircraft Design. Shrewsbury, UK: Airlife, 1994. ISBN 1 85310 488 4.* Green, William and Gordon Swanborough. The Complete Book of Fighters. New York: Smithmark, 1994. ISBN 0-8317-3939-8....

    , 1949
  • MiG I-350, 1951
  • MiG I-360, 1952
  • MiG I-370, 1955
  • MiG I-7U, 1957
  • MiG I-75
    Mikoyan-Gurevich I-75
    |-Notes and references:* Gunston, Bill, The Osprey Encyclopedia of Russian Aircraft 1875–1995. London: Osprey, 1995. ISBN 1 85532 405 9.* Belyakov, R.A and J. Marmain. MiG:Fifty Years of Secret Aircraft Design. Shrewsbury, UK: Airlife, 1994. ISBN 1 85310 488 4.* Gordon, Yefim. Sukhoi Interceptor....

    , 1958
  • MiG SM-12, 1957
  • MiG SN, 1953
  • Ye-2, 1955
  • Ye-4/Ye-5, 1955
  • Ye-8, 1962, experimental fighter aircraft
  • Ye-50, 1956
  • Ye-150, 1958
  • Ye-152 "Flipper", 1959, fighter, NATO code name "Flipper"
  • MiG-23 – (first use of designation) production designation of Mikoyan-Gurevich Ye-2A, 1956
  • MiG-23 – (second use of designation) early name of Mikoyan-Gurevich Ye-8 (E-8/1 and E-8/2), 1960
  • MiG-AT
    Mikoyan MiG-AT
    |-See also:-References:* Jackson, Paul. Jane's All The World's Aircraft 2003–2004. Coulsdon, UK: Jane's Information Group, 2003. ISBN 0-7106-2537-5.-External links:* http://www.aviation.ru/MiG/#AT*...

    , 1996
  • MiG-110
    Mikoyan MiG-110
    The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-110 is a Russian passenger/cargo aircraft that began development in 1995 but has not flown. It is of pod-and-boom configuration, to be powered by twin turboprop engines.-Proposed Variants:...

    , 1995
  • MiG MFI objekt 1.44/1.42 "Flatpack"
    Mikoyan Project 1.44
    The Mikoyan Project 1.44/1.42 was a technology demonstrator developed by Mikoyan. It was the Soviet Union's answer to the Advanced Tactical Fighter of the US, incorporating numerous fifth-generation fighter aspects such as advanced avionics, stealth, supermaneuoverability and supercruise...

    , 1986-2000
  • MiG LFI project
  • MiG-105 Spiral
    Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-105
    The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-105 was a manned test vehicle to explore low-speed handling and landing.It was a visible result of a Soviet project to create an orbital spaceplane...

    , 1965
  • MiG-33 "Fulcrum-E"
    Mikoyan MiG-33
    The designation MiG-33 has been associated with two different Mikoyan fighter designs. It was first employed for a single-engined, lightweight strike fighter similar in capabilities to the then-General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon...

  • Mikoyan LMFS
    Mikoyan LMFS
    The Mikoyan LMFS is a proposed Russian single-engine stealth fighter aircraft, loosely based on the canceled Mikoyan Project 1.44. Recent images reveal a fighter design with substantially larger internal weapons bays-Design:...

Naming conventions

MiGs follow the convention of using odd numbers for fighter aircraft. However, this naming convention is maintained not directly by MiG, but by ordering institutions, such as Ministry of Defence or Council of Ministers' Military-Industrial Commission (while in Soviet Union). The original designations for MiG aircraft are 2- or 3-digit numbers, separated by a dot. 1.44 or 1.42 is an example of original naming. Although the MiG-8 and MiG-110 exist, they are not fighters. The MiG-105 "Spiral" was designed as an orbital interceptor, contemporaneous with the U.S. Air Force's cancelled X-20 Dyna-Soar
X-20 Dyna-Soar
The X-20 Dyna-Soar was a United States Air Force program to develop a spaceplane that could be used for a variety of military missions, including reconnaissance, bombing, space rescue, satellite maintenance, and sabotage of enemy satellites...


The NATO reporting name
NATO reporting name
NATO reporting names are classified code names for military equipment of the Eastern Bloc...

 convention uses nicknames starting with the letter "F" for fighters, one-syllable for piston engines, two for jets.

See also

External links

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