Open Joint Stock Company «Ilyushin Aviation Complex» , operating as Ilyushin (Ilyushin) or Ilyushin Design Bureau, is a Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

n design bureau and aircraft
An aircraft is a vehicle that is able to fly by gaining support from the air, or, in general, the atmosphere of a planet. An aircraft counters the force of gravity by using either static lift or by using the dynamic lift of an airfoil, or in a few cases the downward thrust from jet engines.Although...

 manufacturer, founded by Sergey Vladimirovich Ilyushin. Ilyushin was established under the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
The Soviet Union , officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics , was a constitutionally socialist state that existed in Eurasia between 1922 and 1991....

. Its operations began on January 13, 1933, by order of P. I. Baranov, People's Commissar of the Heavy Industry and the Head of the Main Department of Aviation Industry. In Soviet/Russian nomenclature, aircraft from Ilyushin are prefixed Il. The head office of Ilyushin is located in Aeroport District
Aeroport District
Aeroport District is an administrative district of Northern Administrative Okrug, and one of the 125 raions of Moscow, Russia.-Economy:The aviation companies Irkut, Ilyushin, and Yakovlev have their head offices in the district....

, Northern Administrative Okrug
Northern Administrative Okrug
Northern Administrative Okrug, or Severny Administrative Okrug , is one of the ten administrative okrugs of Moscow, Russia. It was founded in 1991 and has an area of...

, Moscow
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Aviation Industries Ilyushin is a subsidiary established in 1992 to act as Ilyushin's marketing and customer service
Customer service
Customer service is the provision of service to customers before, during and after a purchase.According to Turban et al. , “Customer service is a series of activities designed to enhance the level of customer satisfaction – that is, the feeling that a product or service has met the customer...


Ilyushin has developed aircraft for widely varying roles over the years. The Russian government has merged Ilyushin with Mikoyan
Russian Aircraft Corporation MiG , or RSK MiG, is a Russian joint stock company. Formerly Mikoyan-and-Gurevich Design Bureau , then simply Mikoyan, it is a military aircraft design bureau, primarily designing fighter aircraft...

, Irkut, Sukhoi
Sukhoi Company is a major Russian aircraft manufacturer, headquartered in Begovoy District, Northern Administrative Okrug, Moscow, famous for its fighters...

, Tupolev
Tupolev is a Russian aerospace and defence company, headquartered in Basmanny District, Central Administrative Okrug, Moscow. Known officially as Public Stock Company Tupolev, it is the successor of the Tupolev OKB or Tupolev Design Bureau headed by the Soviet aerospace engineer A.N. Tupolev...

, and Yakovlev
The Yak Aircraft Corporation is a Russian aircraft designer and manufacturer...

 under a new company named United Aircraft Corporation
United Aircraft Corporation
United Aircraft Corporation may refer to one of the following:* United Aircraft Corporation, formerly United Aircraft and Transport Corporation; now known as United Technologies Corporation....


Notable aircraft

Notable Ilyushin aircraft include:
  • I-21
    Ilyushin I-21
    |-See also:...

     fighter, 1936.
  • Il-1
    Ilyushin Il-1
    |-See also:...

     fighter prototype, 1944.
  • Il-2 Shturmovik
    Ilyushin Il-2
    The Ilyushin Il-2 was a ground-attack aircraft in the Second World War, produced by the Soviet Union in very large numbers...

     ground-attack aircraft, NATO codename "Bark", 1939.
  • DB-3
    Ilyushin DB-3
    The Ilyushin DB-3 was a Soviet bomber aircraft of World War II. It was a twin-engined, low-wing monoplane that first flew in 1935. It was the precursor of the Ilyushin Il-4...

     long-range bomber, 1935.
  • Il-4 "Bob"
    Ilyushin Il-4
    |-See also:-Bibliography:* Gordon, Yefim and Khazanov, Dmitri. Soviet Combat Aircraft of the Second World War, Volume 2: Twin-Engined Fighters, Attack Aircraft and Bombers. Earl Shilton, UK: Midland Publishing Ltd., 2006. ISBN 1-85780-084-2...

     bomber/torpedo bomber developed from the DB-3, 1938.
  • Il-6
    Ilyushin Il-6
    |-See also:...

     long-range bomber prototype developed from the Il-4, 1942.
  • Il-8
    Ilyushin Il-8
    -See also:...

    , ground-attack prototype, 1943.
  • Il-10 Shturmovik
    Ilyushin Il-10
    Ilyushin Il-10 was a Soviet ground attack aircraft developed at the end of World War II by the Ilyushin construction bureau...

    , ground-attack aircraft, NATO codename "Beast", 1944.
  • Il-12 "Coach"
    Ilyushin Il-12
    The Ilyushin Il-12 was a Soviet twin-engine cargo aircraft, developed in the mid-1940s for small and medium-haul airline routes and as a military transport.-Design and development:...

     twin-engined cargo/transport aircraft, 1946.
  • Il-14 "Crate"
    Ilyushin Il-14
    The Ilyushin Il-14 was a Soviet twin-engine commercial and military personnel and cargo transport aircraft that first flew in 1950, and entered service in 1954. Il-14 was also manufactured in East Germany by VVB Flugzeugbau, in Czechoslovakia as the Avia 14, and in China under the Chinese...

     twin-engined airliner developed from the Il-12, 1950.
  • Il-16
    Ilyushin Il-16
    -See also:...

     ground attack prototype, 1945.
  • Il-18 "Clam" (1946) four-engined airliner prototype, 1946.
  • Il-18 "Coot"
    Ilyushin Il-18
    The Ilyushin Il-18 is a large turboprop airliner that became one of the best known Soviet aircraft of its era as well as one of the most popular and durable, having first flown in 1957 and still in use over 50 years later. The Il-18 was one of the world's principal airliners for several decades...

     turboprop airliner, 1958.
  • Il-20M "Coot-A" ELINT/radar reconnaissance version of the Il-18
  • Il-20 (1948)
    Ilyushin Il-20 (1948)
    -External links:**

     ground attack prototype, 1948.
  • Il-22 (1947)
    Ilyushin Il-22
    For the 1970s Airborne Command Post aircraft of the same designation, see Ilyushin Il-18For the 1970s Airborne Command Post aircraft of the same designation, see Ilyushin Il-18...

     jet-powered bomber prototype, 1947.
  • Il-22 "Coot-B" airborne command post version of the Il-18
  • Il-28 "Beagle" and "Mascot"
    Ilyushin Il-28
    The Ilyushin Il-28 is a jet bomber aircraft of the immediate postwar period that was originally manufactured for the Soviet Air Force. It was the USSR's first such aircraft to enter large-scale production. It was also licence-built in China as the Harbin H-5. Total production in the USSR was 6,316...

     medium bomber/trainer, 1949.
  • Il-30
    Ilyushin Il-30
    -See also:-External links:*...

     tactical swept-wing bomber prototype developed from the Il-28, 1951.
  • Il-32
    Ilyushin Il-32
    -See also:-References:NotesBibliography** - Total pages: 339...

     cargo glider prototype, 1948.
  • Il-36 Prototype
  • Il-38 "May"
    Ilyushin Il-38
    |-See also:-References:*Lake, Jon. "Russia's Submarine Killer: Ilyushin IL-38 May". Air International, February 2005, Vol 68 No.2. Stamford, UK:Key Publishing. pp. 30–36....

     maritime patrol/anti-submarine warfare aircraft developed from the Il-18, 1971.
  • Il-40 "Brawny"
    Ilyushin Il-40
    The Ilyushin Il-40 was a two-seat Soviet jet-engined armored ground-attack aircraft. The first prototype flew in 1953 and was very successful except when it fired its guns, as their combustion gasses would disturb the airflow into the engines and cause them to flameout or hiccup...

     jet-powered ground-attack prototype, 1953.
  • Il-46
    Ilyushin Il-46
    |-See also:...

     jet-powered bomber prototype developed from the Il-30, 1952.
  • Il-54 "Blowlamp"
    Ilyushin Il-54
    |-See also:...

     supersonic bomber prototype, 1955.
  • Il-62 "Classic"
    Ilyushin Il-62
    The Ilyushin Il-62 is a Soviet long-range jet airliner conceived in 1960 by Ilyushin. As successor to the popular turbo-prop Il-18 and with capacity for almost 200 passengers, the Il-62 was the largest jet airliner when it first flew in 1963. It entered Aeroflot service on 15 September 1967 with...

     long range jet airliner, 1962.
  • Il-76 "Candid"
    Ilyushin Il-76
    The Ilyushin Il-76 is a multi-purpose four-engined strategic airlifter designed by Ilyushin design bureau. It was first planned as a commercial freighter in 1967. Intended as a replacement for the Antonov An-12, the Il-76 was designed for delivering heavy machinery to remote, poorly-serviced areas...

    , strategic airlifter, 1973.
    • A-50 Shmel
      Beriev A-50
      |-See also:Related development:Ilyushin Il-76, KJ-2000Comparable aircraft:E-3 Sentry-External links:* * * * * *...

       (from Beriev), an AWACS variant of the Il-76, NATO codename "Mainstay", 1978.
    • A-60
      Beriev A-60
      The Beriev A-60 is a Soviet/Russian airborne laser laboratory aircraft based on the Ilyushin Il-76MD transport.In the 1970s a special aviation complex was established by the Soviets at Taganrog machine-building factory to develop airborne laser technology for the Soviet military.In 1977 Beriev OKB...

       airborne laser laboratory developed from the Il-76MD, 1981.
  • Il-78 "Midas"
    Ilyushin Il-78
    The Ilyushin Il-78 is a four-engined aerial refueling tanker based on the Il-76.-Design and development:...

    , an aerial refuelling variant of the Il-76, 1982.
  • Il-80 "Maxdome"
    Ilyushin Il-80
    The Ilyushin Il-80 is a Russian airborne command and control aircraft.-Development:The Ilyushin Il-80 has the NATO reporting name Maxdome . The Russian reporting name for the aircraft is Aimak, or Eimak...

     airborne command post developed from the Il-86, 1985.
  • Il-86 "Camber"
    Ilyushin Il-86
    The Ilyushin Il-86 is a medium-range wide-body jet airliner. It was the USSR's first wide-body and the world's second four-engined wide-body...

     medium-range wide-body jet airliner, 1977.
  • Il-96
    Ilyushin Il-96
    The Ilyushin Il-96 is a four-engined long-haul widebody airliner designed by Ilyushin in the Soviet Union and manufactured by the Voronezh Aircraft Production Association in Voronezh, Russia...

     long-haul widebody airliner developed from the Il-86, 1988.
  • Il-102
    Ilyushin Il-102
    |-See also:-References:NotesBibliography*"Ilyushin Il-102: Aborted jet shturmovik". World Air Power Journal, Volume 17 Summer 1994. London:Aerospace Publishing, 1994. ISBN 1 874023 43 3. pp. 24—29....

     experimental jet-powered ground-attack aircraft, 1982.
  • Il-103
    Ilyushin Il-103
    |-See also:-References:NotesBibliography* -External links:* ....

     light training aircraft, 1994.
  • Il-106 proposed heavy military transport.
  • Il-108
    Ilyushin Il-108

     business jet prototype, project abandoned, 1990.
  • Il-112 light military transport prototype, project cancelled, 2011.
  • Il-114
    Ilyushin Il-114
    -External links:* * * * * * 2 accidents....

     regional aircraft, 1999.
  • UAC/HAL Il-214 experimental medium-lift military transport aircraft.
  • Irkut MS-21 experimental short- to and mid-range jet airliner.


See also

External links

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