Ludwig Ganghofer
Overview
 
Ludwig Ganghofer was a German writer
Writer
A writer is a person who produces literature, such as novels, short stories, plays, screenplays, poetry, or other literary art. Skilled writers are able to use language to portray ideas and images....

 who became famous for his homeland novels.
Born in Kaufbeuren
Kaufbeuren
Kaufbeuren is an independent city in the Regierungsbezirk of Schwaben, southern Bavaria. The city is completely enclaved within the district of Ostallgäu.- Culture and Objects of Interest :* Townhall * Crescentiakloster...

, he graduated from a gymnasium in 1873 and subsequently worked as a fitter in Augsburg
Augsburg
Augsburg is a city in the south-west of Bavaria, Germany. It is a university town and home of the Regierungsbezirk Schwaben and the Bezirk Schwaben. Augsburg is an urban district and home to the institutions of the Landkreis Augsburg. It is, as of 2008, the third-largest city in Bavaria with a...

 engine works. In 1875, he entered Munich Polytechnic
Technical University of Munich
The Technische Universität München is a research university with campuses in Munich, Garching, and Weihenstephan...

 as a student of mechanical engineering, but eventually changed his major to history of literature and philosophy, which subjects he studied in Munich
Munich
Munich The city's motto is "" . Before 2006, it was "Weltstadt mit Herz" . Its native name, , is derived from the Old High German Munichen, meaning "by the monks' place". The city's name derives from the monks of the Benedictine order who founded the city; hence the monk depicted on the city's coat...

, Berlin
Berlin
Berlin is the capital city of Germany and is one of the 16 states of Germany. With a population of 3.45 million people, Berlin is Germany's largest city. It is the second most populous city proper and the seventh most populous urban area in the European Union...

 and Leipzig
Leipzig
Leipzig Leipzig has always been a trade city, situated during the time of the Holy Roman Empire at the intersection of the Via Regia and Via Imperii, two important trade routes. At one time, Leipzig was one of the major European centres of learning and culture in fields such as music and publishing...

. In 1879, he was awarded a doctorate from the University of Leipzig.

Ganghofer wrote his first play „Der Herrgottschnitzer von Ammergau“ (The Crucifix Carver of Ammergau) in 1880 for the Munich Gärtnerplatz Theatre
Staatstheater am Gärtnerplatz
Staatstheater am Gärtnerplatz is an opera house and opera company in Munich. Designed by the architect Michael Reiffenstuel, it opened on 5 November 1865 as the city's second opera house after the National Theatre....

.
Encyclopedia
Ludwig Ganghofer was a German writer
Writer
A writer is a person who produces literature, such as novels, short stories, plays, screenplays, poetry, or other literary art. Skilled writers are able to use language to portray ideas and images....

 who became famous for his homeland novels.

Biography

Born in Kaufbeuren
Kaufbeuren
Kaufbeuren is an independent city in the Regierungsbezirk of Schwaben, southern Bavaria. The city is completely enclaved within the district of Ostallgäu.- Culture and Objects of Interest :* Townhall * Crescentiakloster...

, he graduated from a gymnasium in 1873 and subsequently worked as a fitter in Augsburg
Augsburg
Augsburg is a city in the south-west of Bavaria, Germany. It is a university town and home of the Regierungsbezirk Schwaben and the Bezirk Schwaben. Augsburg is an urban district and home to the institutions of the Landkreis Augsburg. It is, as of 2008, the third-largest city in Bavaria with a...

 engine works. In 1875, he entered Munich Polytechnic
Technical University of Munich
The Technische Universität München is a research university with campuses in Munich, Garching, and Weihenstephan...

 as a student of mechanical engineering, but eventually changed his major to history of literature and philosophy, which subjects he studied in Munich
Munich
Munich The city's motto is "" . Before 2006, it was "Weltstadt mit Herz" . Its native name, , is derived from the Old High German Munichen, meaning "by the monks' place". The city's name derives from the monks of the Benedictine order who founded the city; hence the monk depicted on the city's coat...

, Berlin
Berlin
Berlin is the capital city of Germany and is one of the 16 states of Germany. With a population of 3.45 million people, Berlin is Germany's largest city. It is the second most populous city proper and the seventh most populous urban area in the European Union...

 and Leipzig
Leipzig
Leipzig Leipzig has always been a trade city, situated during the time of the Holy Roman Empire at the intersection of the Via Regia and Via Imperii, two important trade routes. At one time, Leipzig was one of the major European centres of learning and culture in fields such as music and publishing...

. In 1879, he was awarded a doctorate from the University of Leipzig.

Ganghofer wrote his first play „Der Herrgottschnitzer von Ammergau“ (The Crucifix Carver of Ammergau) in 1880 for the Munich Gärtnerplatz Theatre
Staatstheater am Gärtnerplatz
Staatstheater am Gärtnerplatz is an opera house and opera company in Munich. Designed by the architect Michael Reiffenstuel, it opened on 5 November 1865 as the city's second opera house after the National Theatre....

. It was so successful that it was performed 19 times. But his break-through was a guest performance of this play in Berlin, where it was staged more than 100 times. Subsequently, Ganghofer worked as dramaturge
Dramaturge
A dramaturge or dramaturg is a professional position within a theatre or opera company that deals mainly with research and development of plays or operas...

 at the Vienna Ringtheatre
Ringtheater
The Ringtheater was a popular theater in Vienna, Austria. It was located in the First District , Schottenring 7. It was destroyed in a fire in 1881, and today the site is the federal headquarters of police for Vienna.-Construction:...

 (1881), as a freelance writer for the family paper Die Gartenlaube
Die Gartenlaube
Die Gartenlaube Illustrirtes Familienblatt , was a forerunner of modern magazines, and the first major success of the German weekly. The name means "The Garden Arbor Family Journal" but the magazine is known worldwide as "Die Gartenlaube"...

 and as a feuilleton editor of the Wiener Tagblatt (1886–1891). Since 1891, he was working mainly as a writer of Alpine
Alps
The Alps is one of the great mountain range systems of Europe, stretching from Austria and Slovenia in the east through Italy, Switzerland, Liechtenstein and Germany to France in the west....

 novels, inspired by the sojourns at his hunting lodge near Leutasch
Leutasch
Leutasch is a municipality in the northern part of the district Innsbruck-Land and is located approximately 30 km northwest of Innsbruck. The beautiful valley lies within a 16 km long high-lying valley and possesses 2073 inhabitants and 26 hamlets....

 in Tyrol; but he also produced e.g. Hugo von Hofmannsthal
Hugo von Hofmannsthal
Hugo Laurenz August Hofmann von Hofmannsthal ; , was an Austrian novelist, librettist, poet, dramatist, narrator, and essayist.-Early life:...

's play „Der Tor und der Tod“. He also founded the Munich Literary Society.

His work as a voluntary war correspondent
War correspondent
A war correspondent is a journalist who covers stories firsthand from a war zone. In the 19th century they were also called Special Correspondents.-Methods:...

 from 1915 and 1917 is less known. During those years, he wrote - besides propagandistic and little impartial war reports e.g. wie „Reise zur deutschen Front“ (Travel to the German frontlines) - a large number of War poems, which were published in Anthologies like „Eiserne Zither“ (Iron Zither) und „Neue Kriegslieder“ (New War songs), displaying a nationalist and anti-democratic attitude. Being a personal friend of Emperor Wilhelm II, Ganghofer's war reports were frequently lauding the emperor and his way of conducting the war. Even until shortly before the German capitulation, he published calls not to give up fighting. Heavily criticised by colleagues like Karl Kraus
Karl Kraus
Karl Kraus was an Austrian writer and journalist, known as a satirist, essayist, aphorist, playwright and poet. He is regarded as one of the foremost German-language satirists of the 20th century, especially for his witty criticism of the press, German culture, and German and Austrian...

, lectures of his war-exalting oeuvres provided him an above average income.

After the end of the war, Ganghofer returned to his profession as a writer. He dedicated his last work „Das Land der Bayern in Farbenphotographie“ (The country of Bavaria in coloured photography) to "His Majesty King Ludwig III of Bavaria
Ludwig III of Bavaria
Ludwig III , was the last King of Bavaria, reigning from 1913 to 1918.-Early life:...

 in deepest reverence". Shortly after, Ganghofer died in Tegernsee
Tegernsee
Tegernsee is a town in the Miesbach district of Bavaria, Germany. It is located on the shore of Tegernsee lake, at an elevation of 747 m above sea level....

.

Ganghofer's works, in particular his novels, are still published nowadays. By 2004, an estimated more than 30 million copies of his works were sold. Besides, Ganghofer is one of the German writers whose works were filmed utmost, especially during the Heimatfilm
Heimatfilm
Heimatfilm is the name given to a film genre that was popular in Germany, Switzerland and Austria from the late 40s to the early 70s. They were usually shot in the Alps, the Black Forest or the Lüneburg Heath and always involved the outdoors...

era after World War II. His homeland novels earned Ganghofer the reputation as a "world of good" writer. His works which describe the life of simple, competent, honest people are often seen as Kitsch
Kitsch
Kitsch is a form of art that is considered an inferior, tasteless copy of an extant style of art or a worthless imitation of art of recognized value. The concept is associated with the deliberate use of elements that may be thought of as cultural icons while making cheap mass-produced objects that...

 - not at least because most of them are staged against the background of an idyllic Bavarian Alps scenery.

Ganghofer's brother-in-law was the geologist and geographer Albrecht Penck
Albrecht Penck
Albrecht Penck , was a German geographer and geologist and the father of Walther Penck.Born in Reudnitz near Leipzig, Penck became a university professor in Vienna from 1885 to 1906, and in Berlin from 1906 to 1927. There he was also the director of the Institute and Museum for Oceanography by 1918...

, his nephew the geomorphologist
Geomorphology
Geomorphology is the scientific study of landforms and the processes that shape them...

 Walther Penck
Walther Penck
Walther Penck was an Austrian geographer, born in Vienna as son of geographer Albrecht Penck.Walther Penck worked 1912-1914 in Argentina as a geographer, and is best known for his contributions to the field of geomorphology...

.

Selected works


External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
x
OK