Leningradsky Metallichesky Zavod
Leningradsky Metallichesky Zavod , also known as LMZ, is the largest Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

n manufacturer of power machines and turbines for electric power stations.


The company was founded in 1857, in Saint Petersburg
Saint Petersburg
Saint Petersburg is a city and a federal subject of Russia located on the Neva River at the head of the Gulf of Finland on the Baltic Sea...

, Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

 as a boiler works and small foundry
A foundry is a factory that produces metal castings. Metals are cast into shapes by melting them into a liquid, pouring the metal in a mold, and removing the mold material or casting after the metal has solidified as it cools. The most common metals processed are aluminum and cast iron...

. The industry is still located on the original site, on the right bank of the Neva River
Neva River
The Neva is a river in northwestern Russia flowing from Lake Ladoga through the western part of Leningrad Oblast to the Neva Bay of the Gulf of Finland. Despite its modest length , it is the third largest river in Europe in terms of average discharge .The Neva is the only river flowing from Lake...

, in St. Petersburg. Steam turbine
Steam turbine
A steam turbine is a mechanical device that extracts thermal energy from pressurized steam, and converts it into rotary motion. Its modern manifestation was invented by Sir Charles Parsons in 1884....

s have been produced here since 1907 when the company was licensed to build French Rateau turbines. At the same time it began to build gun turret
Gun turret
A gun turret is a weapon mount that protects the crew or mechanism of a projectile-firing weapon and at the same time lets the weapon be aimed and fired in many directions.The turret is also a rotating weapon platform...

s, gun mountings and torpedo tube
Torpedo tube
A torpedo tube is a device for launching torpedoes. There are two main types of torpedo tube: underwater tubes fitted to submarines and some surface ships, and deck-mounted units installed aboard surface vessels...

s. In 1912 the company received a contract for a number of -class destroyer
In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast and maneuverable yet long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, convoy or battle group and defend them against smaller, powerful, short-range attackers. Destroyers, originally called torpedo-boat destroyers in 1892, evolved from...

s originally designed by AG Vulcan Stettin. It contracted at the same time with Vulcan to build a shipyard as well as for licenses for Curtis_AEG-Vulcan turbines and Vulcan-Yarrow boilers. In 1914 the company was renamed Petrograd Metal Works (Petrogradskiy Metallicheskiy Zavod) when Saint Petersburg was renamed as Petrograd. At the beginning of World War I the company had 4 building slips
A slipway, boat slip or just a slip, is a ramp on the shore by which ships or boats can be moved to and from the water. They are used for building and repairing ships and boats. They are also used for launching and retrieving small boats on trailers and flying boats on their undercarriage. The...

 and employed 5,500 workers.

Water turbine
Water turbine
A water turbine is a rotary engine that takes energy from moving water.Water turbines were developed in the 19th century and were widely used for industrial power prior to electrical grids. Now they are mostly used for electric power generation. They harness a clean and renewable energy...

s for various Hydropower Stations
Hydroelectricity is the term referring to electricity generated by hydropower; the production of electrical power through the use of the gravitational force of falling or flowing water. It is the most widely used form of renewable energy...

, have been produced since 1924. Since 1957, the LMZ has also produced gas turbines. Since 2000, LMZ is a division of the Power Machines
Power Machines
OJSC "Power Machines" is a Russian energy systems machine-building company founded in 2000...

 company, based in Russia.

International business

About 700 turbines made by LMZ are now working at hundreds of electric power plants in more than 80 countries around the world. 2,300 power turbines were produced at the LMZ plant all together, with their total installed capacity of 300,000,000 KW. Most of the turbines are working at electric power stations in Russia, as well as in all other states of the former Soviet Union
Soviet Union
The Soviet Union , officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics , was a constitutionally socialist state that existed in Eurasia between 1922 and 1991....


10% of the world's power turbines are now built at the Leningradsky Metallichesky Zavod. In the steam turbine market Siemens Energy has a installed steam turbine fleet with a capacity of 530 GW, GE as second still has an allover capacity of 445 GW. Followed by Alstom with 385 GW. All these figures are based on the status of 2005. LMZ with its allover capacity of 300 GW is on the fifth place.

External links

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