L-3 Communications
Overview
 
L-3 Communications Holdings, Inc. is a company
Company
A company is a form of business organization. It is an association or collection of individual real persons and/or other companies, who each provide some form of capital. This group has a common purpose or focus and an aim of gaining profits. This collection, group or association of persons can be...

 that supplies command and control, communication
Communication
Communication is the activity of conveying meaningful information. Communication requires a sender, a message, and an intended recipient, although the receiver need not be present or aware of the sender's intent to communicate at the time of communication; thus communication can occur across vast...

s, intelligence
Intelligence (information gathering)
Intelligence assessment is the development of forecasts of behaviour or recommended courses of action to the leadership of an organization, based on a wide range of available information sources both overt and covert. Assessments are developed in response to requirements declared by the leadership...

, surveillance
Surveillance
Surveillance is the monitoring of the behavior, activities, or other changing information, usually of people. It is sometimes done in a surreptitious manner...

 and reconnaissance
Reconnaissance
Reconnaissance is the military term for exploring beyond the area occupied by friendly forces to gain information about enemy forces or features of the environment....

 (C3ISR) systems and products, avionics
Avionics
Avionics are electronic systems used on aircraft, artificial satellites and spacecraft.Avionic systems include communications, navigation, the display and management of multiple systems and the hundreds of systems that are fitted to aircraft to meet individual roles...

, ocean
Ocean
An ocean is a major body of saline water, and a principal component of the hydrosphere. Approximately 71% of the Earth's surface is covered by ocean, a continuous body of water that is customarily divided into several principal oceans and smaller seas.More than half of this area is over 3,000...

 products, training devices and services, instrumentation
Instrumentation
Instrumentation is defined as the art and science of measurement and control of process variables within a production, or manufacturing area....

, space
Space
Space is the boundless, three-dimensional extent in which objects and events occur and have relative position and direction. Physical space is often conceived in three linear dimensions, although modern physicists usually consider it, with time, to be part of a boundless four-dimensional continuum...

, and navigation
Navigation
Navigation is the process of monitoring and controlling the movement of a craft or vehicle from one place to another. It is also the term of art used for the specialized knowledge used by navigators to perform navigation tasks...

 products. Its customers include the Department of Defense
United States Department of Defense
The United States Department of Defense is the U.S...

, Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Government intelligence agencies
United States Intelligence Community
The United States Intelligence Community is a cooperative federation of 16 separate United States government agencies that work separately and together to conduct intelligence activities considered necessary for the conduct of foreign relations and the protection of the national security of the...

, NASA
NASA
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration is the agency of the United States government that is responsible for the nation's civilian space program and for aeronautics and aerospace research...

, aerospace
Aerospace
Aerospace comprises the atmosphere of Earth and surrounding space. Typically the term is used to refer to the industry that researches, designs, manufactures, operates, and maintains vehicles moving through air and space...

 contractors and commercial telecommunications and wireless
Wireless
Wireless telecommunications is the transfer of information between two or more points that are not physically connected. Distances can be short, such as a few meters for television remote control, or as far as thousands or even millions of kilometers for deep-space radio communications...

 customers.

L-3 is headquartered in Murray Hill, Manhattan
Murray Hill, Manhattan
Murray Hill is a Midtown Manhattan neighborhood in New York City, USA. Around 1987 many real estate promoters of the neighborhood and newer residents described the boundaries as within East 34th Street, East 42nd Street, Madison Avenue, and the East River; in 1999, Frank P...

, New York City
New York City
New York is the most populous city in the United States and the center of the New York Metropolitan Area, one of the most populous metropolitan areas in the world. New York exerts a significant impact upon global commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and...

.
L-3 (named for Frank Lanza, Robert LaPenta, and Lehman Brothers
Lehman Brothers
Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. was a global financial services firm. Before declaring bankruptcy in 2008, Lehman was the fourth largest investment bank in the USA , doing business in investment banking, equity and fixed-income sales and trading Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. (former NYSE ticker...

) formed in 1997 from the purchase of ten former Lockheed Corporation
Lockheed Corporation
The Lockheed Corporation was an American aerospace company. Lockheed was founded in 1912 and later merged with Martin Marietta to form Lockheed Martin in 1995.-Origins:...

 business units when Lockheed merged in 1996 with Martin Marietta
Martin Marietta
Martin Marietta Corporation was an American company founded in 1961 through the merger of The Martin Company and American-Marietta Corporation. The combined company became a leader in chemicals, aerospace, and electronics. In 1995, it merged with Lockheed Corporation to form Lockheed Martin. The...

.
Encyclopedia
L-3 Communications Holdings, Inc. is a company
Company
A company is a form of business organization. It is an association or collection of individual real persons and/or other companies, who each provide some form of capital. This group has a common purpose or focus and an aim of gaining profits. This collection, group or association of persons can be...

 that supplies command and control, communication
Communication
Communication is the activity of conveying meaningful information. Communication requires a sender, a message, and an intended recipient, although the receiver need not be present or aware of the sender's intent to communicate at the time of communication; thus communication can occur across vast...

s, intelligence
Intelligence (information gathering)
Intelligence assessment is the development of forecasts of behaviour or recommended courses of action to the leadership of an organization, based on a wide range of available information sources both overt and covert. Assessments are developed in response to requirements declared by the leadership...

, surveillance
Surveillance
Surveillance is the monitoring of the behavior, activities, or other changing information, usually of people. It is sometimes done in a surreptitious manner...

 and reconnaissance
Reconnaissance
Reconnaissance is the military term for exploring beyond the area occupied by friendly forces to gain information about enemy forces or features of the environment....

 (C3ISR) systems and products, avionics
Avionics
Avionics are electronic systems used on aircraft, artificial satellites and spacecraft.Avionic systems include communications, navigation, the display and management of multiple systems and the hundreds of systems that are fitted to aircraft to meet individual roles...

, ocean
Ocean
An ocean is a major body of saline water, and a principal component of the hydrosphere. Approximately 71% of the Earth's surface is covered by ocean, a continuous body of water that is customarily divided into several principal oceans and smaller seas.More than half of this area is over 3,000...

 products, training devices and services, instrumentation
Instrumentation
Instrumentation is defined as the art and science of measurement and control of process variables within a production, or manufacturing area....

, space
Space
Space is the boundless, three-dimensional extent in which objects and events occur and have relative position and direction. Physical space is often conceived in three linear dimensions, although modern physicists usually consider it, with time, to be part of a boundless four-dimensional continuum...

, and navigation
Navigation
Navigation is the process of monitoring and controlling the movement of a craft or vehicle from one place to another. It is also the term of art used for the specialized knowledge used by navigators to perform navigation tasks...

 products. Its customers include the Department of Defense
United States Department of Defense
The United States Department of Defense is the U.S...

, Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Government intelligence agencies
United States Intelligence Community
The United States Intelligence Community is a cooperative federation of 16 separate United States government agencies that work separately and together to conduct intelligence activities considered necessary for the conduct of foreign relations and the protection of the national security of the...

, NASA
NASA
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration is the agency of the United States government that is responsible for the nation's civilian space program and for aeronautics and aerospace research...

, aerospace
Aerospace
Aerospace comprises the atmosphere of Earth and surrounding space. Typically the term is used to refer to the industry that researches, designs, manufactures, operates, and maintains vehicles moving through air and space...

 contractors and commercial telecommunications and wireless
Wireless
Wireless telecommunications is the transfer of information between two or more points that are not physically connected. Distances can be short, such as a few meters for television remote control, or as far as thousands or even millions of kilometers for deep-space radio communications...

 customers.

L-3 is headquartered in Murray Hill, Manhattan
Murray Hill, Manhattan
Murray Hill is a Midtown Manhattan neighborhood in New York City, USA. Around 1987 many real estate promoters of the neighborhood and newer residents described the boundaries as within East 34th Street, East 42nd Street, Madison Avenue, and the East River; in 1999, Frank P...

, New York City
New York City
New York is the most populous city in the United States and the center of the New York Metropolitan Area, one of the most populous metropolitan areas in the world. New York exerts a significant impact upon global commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and...

.

History

L-3 (named for Frank Lanza, Robert LaPenta, and Lehman Brothers
Lehman Brothers
Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. was a global financial services firm. Before declaring bankruptcy in 2008, Lehman was the fourth largest investment bank in the USA , doing business in investment banking, equity and fixed-income sales and trading Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. (former NYSE ticker...

) formed in 1997 from the purchase of ten former Lockheed Corporation
Lockheed Corporation
The Lockheed Corporation was an American aerospace company. Lockheed was founded in 1912 and later merged with Martin Marietta to form Lockheed Martin in 1995.-Origins:...

 business units when Lockheed merged in 1996 with Martin Marietta
Martin Marietta
Martin Marietta Corporation was an American company founded in 1961 through the merger of The Martin Company and American-Marietta Corporation. The combined company became a leader in chemicals, aerospace, and electronics. In 1995, it merged with Lockheed Corporation to form Lockheed Martin. The...

. The new Lockheed Martin
Lockheed Martin
Lockheed Martin is an American global aerospace, defense, security, and advanced technology company with worldwide interests. It was formed by the merger of Lockheed Corporation with Martin Marietta in March 1995. It is headquartered in Bethesda, Maryland, in the Washington Metropolitan Area....

 was uninterested in owning these ten units.

L-3 has continued to grow since then through numerous acquisitions to become one of the top ten U.S. government contractors. Many believe the 3 L were units of Lockheed Martin, Loral and Latitude Communication. Latitude communications did work for the government for GPS and the utilization of GPS through a government contract "think tank."

Business Organization

As of 2008, L-3 is organized under four business segments:
  • Command, Control, Communications, Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (C³ISR)
    • C3ISR Support Services (which includes flight simulation manufacturing, traceable to the original designs and company of Edwin Albert Link
      Edwin Albert Link
      Edwin Albert Link was a pioneer in aviation, underwater archaeology, and ocean engineering. He is most remembered for inventing the flight simulator, commercialized in 1929, called the "Blue Box" or "Link Trainer", which started the now multi-billion dollar flight simulation industry...

      )
    • ISR Systems
    • Secure Communications
  • Government Services
    • Aviation, Maritime, and Human Intelligence
    • IT and Other Solutions
    • Training and Staff Augmentation Services
  • Aircraft Modernization and Maintenance (AM&M)
    • Aircraft Modernization and Support Services
    • Aviation Support Operations
  • Specialized Products
    • Avionics, Displays, and Specialty Products
    • Marine and Power Systems
    • Microwave, RF, SATCOM and Antenna Products
    • Security and Detection
    • Sensors, Guidance, Navigation and Simulation

Acquisitions

1997
  • L-3 acquires PARAMAX Systems Corporation
    System Development Corporation
    System Development Corporation , based in Santa Monica, California, was considered the world's first computer software company.SDC started in 1955 as the systems engineering group for the SAGE air defense ground system at the RAND Corporation...

     from Lockheed Martin
    Lockheed Martin
    Lockheed Martin is an American global aerospace, defense, security, and advanced technology company with worldwide interests. It was formed by the merger of Lockheed Corporation with Martin Marietta in March 1995. It is headquartered in Bethesda, Maryland, in the Washington Metropolitan Area....

    .

2000
  • L-3 acquired the Training & Simulation Division of Raytheon Systems Co. based in Arlington, Texas. This company was formerly known as Hughes Training, Inc., and part of the Hughes Aircraft Defense Group purchased by Raytheon from General Motors two years earlier. The division traces its ancestry to the original company formed by Edwin Link, inventor of the airplane simulator.

2002
  • L-3 acquired portions of Raytheon Intelligence and Information Systems
    Raytheon Intelligence and Information Systems
    Raytheon Intelligence and Information Systems is a business of Raytheon Company. It is led by Lynn Dugle and its headquarters is located in Garland, Texas, United States...

     located in Greenville, TX, Waco, TX, and Lexington, KY. These companies were originally part of E-Systems.
  • L-3 acquired SyColeman corporation. SyColeman Corporation came about from the joining of Sy Technologies and Coleman Research Corporation.

2005
  • L-3 acquired Titan Corp.
    Titan Corp.
    Titan Corporation was a United States based company founded in 1981, with its headquartered in San Diego, California. It was acquired by L-3 Communications on June 3, 2005 and is currently operating as the "Titan Group" of L-3 Communications...

    , after a failed buyout attempt by Lockheed Martin
    Lockheed Martin
    Lockheed Martin is an American global aerospace, defense, security, and advanced technology company with worldwide interests. It was formed by the merger of Lockheed Corporation with Martin Marietta in March 1995. It is headquartered in Bethesda, Maryland, in the Washington Metropolitan Area....

    .
  • L-3 purchased L-3 Communication Combat Propulsion Systems
    L-3 Communication Combat Propulsion Systems
    L-3 Combat Propulsion Systems, a division of L-3, was formerly a division of General Dynamics Land Systems until L-3 acquired it in 2005. It is located in Muskegon, Michigan. L-3 - Combat Propulsion Systems employs over 500 people and was the 4th largest employer in Muskegon County as of 2006.The...

    , previously owned by General Dynamics Land Systems
    General Dynamics Land Systems
    In February 1982 Chrysler announced the sale of Chrysler Defense, its profitable defense subsidiary to General Dynamics for US$348.5 million. The sale was completed in March 1982 for the revised figure of US$336.1 million. General Dynamics renamed the division General Dynamics Land Systems. In 2003...

    .
  • L-3 acquired L-3 Communications MAPPS, previously CAE
    CAE
    CAE may refer to:In aviation:* CAE Inc., a Canadian maker of flight simulators* Columbia Metropolitan Airport, in West Columbia, South Carolina, United States...

    's Marine Controls unit
  • L-3 acquired Electron Dynamic Devices from Boeing Satellite Systems
    Boeing Satellite Development Center
    The Boeing Satellite Development Center is a major business unit of Boeing Defense, Space & Security. It brought together Boeing satellite operations with that of GM Hughes Electronics' Space and Communications division.-History:...

    .

2006
  • L-3 acquired Crestview Aerospace, a company based in Northwest Florida. Crestview Aerospace provides aircraft structures, major airframe assemblies and military aircraft modifications for leading Prime contractors and OEMs in the aerospace industry.
  • L-3 acquired the Nautronix and MariPro businesses, based in Fremantle, Western Australia
    Fremantle, Western Australia
    Fremantle is a city in Western Australia, located at the mouth of the Swan River. Fremantle Harbour serves as the port of Perth, the state capital. Fremantle was the first area settled by the Swan River colonists in 1829...

     and Santa Barbara, California
    Santa Barbara, California
    Santa Barbara is the county seat of Santa Barbara County, California, United States. Situated on an east-west trending section of coastline, the longest such section on the West Coast of the United States, the city lies between the steeply-rising Santa Ynez Mountains and the Pacific Ocean...

     respectively, from Nautronix PLC in Aberdeen, Scotland. Nautronix and MariPro provide acoustic ranges and hydrographic solutions to commercial and defense markets.
  • L-3 acquire TRL Technology, a specialist defense electronics company based in Gloucestershire
    Gloucestershire
    Gloucestershire is a county in South West England. The county comprises part of the Cotswold Hills, part of the flat fertile valley of the River Severn, and the entire Forest of Dean....

    , United Kingdom. TRL Technology is internationally known for development and innovation in the fields of interception, surveillance, electronic warfare and communications solutions.

2010
  • L-3 acquired Insight Technologies, a company based in Londonderry, NH. Insight develops and builds optics, from night vision goggles to weapon mounted sights and lasers.

Management

Frank Lanza, CEO and co-founder, died on June 7, 2006. CFO Michael T. Strianese was named as interim CEO, and was appointed President and CEO of the company on October 23, 2006.

Products

  • L-3 SmartDeck
    L-3 SmartDeck
    SmartDeck - is a fully integrated cockpit system developed by L-3 Avionics Systems.SmartDeck is one of the many systems available today known as a “glass cockpit.” Popularized by large transport category aircraft in the 1980s, the glass cockpit is a high technology cockpit configuration in which...

    , a fully integrated cockpit system
  • L-3 ProVision, Millimeter Wave Airport Passenger Screening System
  • L-3 eXaminer SX, 3DX, and XLB, Airport baggage scanning systems
  • L-3 OptEX, Trace level explosive detection system
  • AVCATT
    AVCATT
    AVCATT is a mobile aviation training simulator developed by L-3 Communications, Link Simulation & Training for the United States Army. Unlike many other simulators, AVCATT allows for multiple simultaneous users...

    , a mobile aviation training simulator
  • Orchid http://www.mapps.l-3com.com/orchid_power.html, Total Development & Simulation Environment (Power, Marine)

Detainee abuse

In May 2008, Emad al-Janabi
Emad al-Janabi
Emad Khudhayir Shahuth al-Janabi was an Iraqi blacksmith detained in Abu Ghraib prison where he alleges he was abused by American military personnel and defense contractors.- Imprisonment :...

 sued L-3 and CACI
CACI
CACI International Inc is a professional services and information technology company headquartered in Arlington, Virginia. CACI is a member of the Fortune 1000 Largest Companies and the Russell 2000 index. The company has approximately 13,700 employees in over 120 offices in the U.S. and...

 for physical and mental abuse from employees while he was detained at the Abu Ghraib prison
Abu Ghraib prison
The Baghdad Central Prison, formerly known as Abu Ghraib prison is in Abu Ghraib, an Iraqi city 32 km west of Baghdad. It was built by British contractors in the 1950s....

 in Baghdad
Baghdad
Baghdad is the capital of Iraq, as well as the coterminous Baghdad Governorate. The population of Baghdad in 2011 is approximately 7,216,040...

, Iraq
Iraq
Iraq ; officially the Republic of Iraq is a country in Western Asia spanning most of the northwestern end of the Zagros mountain range, the eastern part of the Syrian Desert and the northern part of the Arabian Desert....

. L-3 was named in the lawsuit because it had acquired Titan, which supplied all translators at the prison, while CACI had provided interrogators.

Federal contract suspension

In 2010 it was announced that L3's Special Support Programs Division had been suspended by the United States Air Force
United States Air Force
The United States Air Force is the aerial warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the American uniformed services. Initially part of the United States Army, the USAF was formed as a separate branch of the military on September 18, 1947 under the National Security Act of...

from doing any contract work for the US federal government. A US Department of Defense investigation had reportedly found that the company had, "used a highly sensitive government computer network to collect competitive business information for its own use." A US federal criminal investigation is ongoing.
The temporary suspension was resolved on July 27, 2010.

External links



Wholly Owned Subsidiaries

Group on LinkedIn
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