Kurgan Oblast
Kurgan Oblast is a federal subject
Federal subjects of Russia
Russia is a federation which, since March 1, 2008, consists of 83 federal subjects . In 1993, when the Constitution was adopted, there were 89 federal subjects listed...

 of Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

 (an oblast
Oblast is a type of administrative division in Slavic countries, including some countries of the former Soviet Union. The word "oblast" is a loanword in English, but it is nevertheless often translated as "area", "zone", "province", or "region"...

). Its administrative center is the city of Kurgan. Population:


The oblast was formed on February 6, 1943, just when the Soviet Army decisively defeated Hitler's forces near Stalingrad. However, the history of Transuralia (Zauralye) began much earlier when the first settlers built their small stockaded towns on the banks of the banks of the Tobol and Iset Rivers. Decembrist and Polish exiles made substantial contributions to the development of culture and education in Zauralye. The cooperative movement was widespread at the beginning of the 20th century, and thanks to Trans-Ural oil manufacturers, Russia became the world's second-largest exporter of butter.


Kurgan Oblast is located in Southern Russia and is part of the Urals Federal District. It shares borders with Chelyabinsk Oblast
Chelyabinsk Oblast
-External links:*...

 to the west, Sverdlovsk Oblast
Sverdlovsk Oblast
Sverdlovsk Oblast is a federal subject of Russia located in the Urals Federal District. Its administrative center is the city of Yekaterinburg formerly known as Sverdlovsk. Population: -Geography:...

 to the north, Tyumen Oblast
Tyumen Oblast
Tyumen Oblast is a federal subject of Russia . Its administrative center is the city of Tyumen. The oblast has administrative jurisdiction over two autonomous okrugs—Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug and Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug. Tyumen is the largest city, with over half a million inhabitants...

 to the east, and Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan , officially the Republic of Kazakhstan, is a transcontinental country in Central Asia and Eastern Europe. Ranked as the ninth largest country in the world, it is also the world's largest landlocked country; its territory of is greater than Western Europe...

 to the south.


Oleg Bogomolov has served as the Governor of Kurgan Oblast since 1996. He is a member of the United Russia
United Russia
United Russia is a centrist political party in Russia and the largest party in the country, currently holding 315 of the 450 seats in the State Duma. The party was founded in December 2001, through a merger of the Unity and Fatherland-All Russia parties...

 Party. The legislative body of the oblast is the 34-member Kurgan Oblast Duma
Kurgan Oblast Duma
The Kurgan Oblast Duma is the legislative body of the Kurgan Oblast of the Russian Federation. The duma consists of 34 deputies. It was created in 1994.The United Russia Party currently holds a 22-seat majority in the duma...

. The United Russia Party currently holds the majority of seats in the Oblast Duma.


Kurgan Oblast borders on the oil- and gas-bearing districts of Tyumen Oblast
Tyumen Oblast
Tyumen Oblast is a federal subject of Russia . Its administrative center is the city of Tyumen. The oblast has administrative jurisdiction over two autonomous okrugs—Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug and Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug. Tyumen is the largest city, with over half a million inhabitants...

 and is also close to similar districts in Tomsk Oblast
Tomsk Oblast
Tomsk Oblast is a federal subject of Russia . It lies in the southeastern West Siberian Plain, in the southwest of the Siberian Federal District. Its administrative center is the city of Tomsk. Population:...

. Large oil
An oil is any substance that is liquid at ambient temperatures and does not mix with water but may mix with other oils and organic solvents. This general definition includes vegetable oils, volatile essential oils, petrochemical oils, and synthetic oils....

 and gas
Gas is one of the three classical states of matter . Near absolute zero, a substance exists as a solid. As heat is added to this substance it melts into a liquid at its melting point , boils into a gas at its boiling point, and if heated high enough would enter a plasma state in which the electrons...

 pipelines pass through its territory, and Ural
Ural (region)
Ural is a geographical region located around the Ural Mountains, between the East European and West Siberian plains. It extends approximately from north to south, from the Arctic Ocean to the bend of Ural River near Orsk city. The boundary between Europe and Asia runs along the eastern side of...

 and Siberian oil refineries are fairly close. The main industrial centers are Kurgansk, and Shadrinsk
Shadrinsk is a town in Kurgan Oblast, Russia, located on the left bank of the Iset River northwest of Kurgan. Population: -Climate:...


The oblast does not have large economic mineral reserves; therefore, it has developed mainly on the basis of subindustries associated with processing of agricultural products and assembly and packaging of finished products. The food industry
Food industry
The food production is a complex, global collective of diverse businesses that together supply much of the food energy consumed by the world population...

 is well developed here, with meat
Meat is animal flesh that is used as food. Most often, this means the skeletal muscle and associated fat and other tissues, but it may also describe other edible tissues such as organs and offal...

-packing plants, mill
Mill may refer to:* Mill , an equipment for the grinding or pulverizing of grain and other raw materials using millstones* Milling machine, metalworking machine that operates by rotating a cutting bit while the workpiece is moved against the cutter on an XY table.* Mill ** Arithmetic logic unit,...

s, creameries, and powdered-milk factories.

Modern large-scale industry began developing during World War II, when sixteen enterprises from western regions of the country were evacuated here in 1941-1942.


Russians (932,613) are the largest ethnic group in the Kurgan Oblast, making up 91.4% of the population. Other prominent ethnic groups in the region include Tatars (20,899) at 2%, Bashkirs (15,343) at 1.5%, Kazakhs (14,804) 1.5%, and Ukrainians (11,243) at 1.1%. The remainder of the population identified with over 140 different ethnic groups each accounting for less than 0.5% of the population. A small number of people (391) declined to state their ethnicity on the survey.
  • Total population: 1,019,532
    • Urban: 574,381 (56.3%)
    • Rural: 445,151 (43.7%)
    • Male: 470,578 (46.2%)
    • Female: 548,954 (53.8%)
  • Females per 1000 males: 1,167
  • Average age: 38.2
    • Urban: 37.5
    • Rural: 39.0
    • Male: 35.2
    • Female: 40.5
  • Number of households: 388,304 (with 1,005,735 people)
    • Urban: 220,813 (with 566,984 people)
    • Rural: 167,491 (with 438,751 people)

  • Births (2008): 11,937 (12.5 per 1000)
  • Deaths (2008): 15,626 (16.3 per 1000)


The oblast has a severe continental climate with long cold winters and warm summers with regular droughts. The average January temperature is -18 °C, and the average temperature in the warmest month (July) is +19 °C. Annual precipitation is about 400 mm.

External links

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