Joseph Maximilian von Maillinger
Joseph Maximilian Fridolin Ritter von Maillinger (October 4, 1820 – October 6, 1901) was a Bavarian
Bavaria, formally the Free State of Bavaria is a state of Germany, located in the southeast of Germany. With an area of , it is the largest state by area, forming almost 20% of the total land area of Germany...

 General der Infanterie
General of the Infantry (Germany)
General of the Infantry is a rank of general in the Imperial Army, Reichswehr or Wehrmacht - the second-highest regular rank. The same rank spread to the Imperial Russian Army and the Defence forces of Finland between the world wars...

 and War Minister under Ludwig II of Bavaria
Ludwig II of Bavaria
Ludwig II was King of Bavaria from 1864 until shortly before his death. He is sometimes called the Swan King and der Märchenkönig, the Fairy tale King...



Von Maillinger was born in Passau
Passau is a town in Lower Bavaria, Germany. It is also known as the Dreiflüssestadt or "City of Three Rivers," because the Danube is joined at Passau by the Inn from the south and the Ilz from the north....

. After passing his company officer career, at last in the Generalquartiermeister staff in Munich
Munich The city's motto is "" . Before 2006, it was "Weltstadt mit Herz" . Its native name, , is derived from the Old High German Munichen, meaning "by the monks' place". The city's name derives from the monks of the Benedictine order who founded the city; hence the monk depicted on the city's coat...

, he was transferred to the General Command
High command
The phrase High command may refer to:* Command * Chain of command* Commander-in-Chief* Defence minister* Oberkommando der Wehrmacht, the WWII command structure popularly known as "German High Command"Compare:* Staff...

 in Munich as Major
Major is a rank of commissioned officer, with corresponding ranks existing in almost every military in the world.When used unhyphenated, in conjunction with no other indicator of rank, the term refers to the rank just senior to that of an Army captain and just below the rank of lieutenant colonel. ...

 of the general staff. The first time, he served for the war ministry, he was ordered by Von Lüder
Ludwig von Lüder
Ludwig von Lüder was a Bavarian Major General. He was War Minister under Maximilian II of Bavaria for two times.- Biography :...

. In 1863 he became head of department at the war ministry. Also he was adjutant
Adjutant is a military rank or appointment. In some armies, including most English-speaking ones, it is an officer who assists a more senior officer, while in other armies, especially Francophone ones, it is an NCO , normally corresponding roughly to a Staff Sergeant or Warrant Officer.An Adjutant...

 of Eduard von Lutz
Eduard von Lutz
Eduard Ritter von Lutz was a Bavarian Major General and War Minister under Maximilian II of Bavaria and under Ludwig II of Bavaria.- Biography :...

, as well as representative of him at the Landtag
A Landtag is a representative assembly or parliament in German-speaking countries with some legislative authority.- Name :...

. In 1865 he was advanced to Oberstleutnant
Oberstleutnant is a German Army and Air Force rank equal to Lieutenant Colonel, above Major, and below Oberst.There are two paygrade associated to the rank of Oberstleutnant...

, in 1866 he Oberst
Oberst is a military rank in several German-speaking and Scandinavian countries, equivalent to Colonel. It is currently used by both the ground and air forces of Austria, Germany, Switzerland, Denmark and Norway. The Swedish rank överste is a direct translation, as are the Finnish rank eversti...

. Thenceforward he was commander of the 7th Royal Bavarian Infantry Regiment and deputy of Von Lutz. In 1869 he became Major General
Major General
Major general or major-general is a military rank used in many countries. It is derived from the older rank of sergeant major general. A major general is a high-ranking officer, normally subordinate to the rank of lieutenant general and senior to the ranks of brigadier and brigadier general...

 and commander of the 8th Royal Bavarian Infantry Brigade. One year after that, he was advanced to Lieutenant General
Lieutenant General
Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. The rank traces its origins to the Middle Ages where the title of Lieutenant General was held by the second in command on the battlefield, who was normally subordinate to a Captain General....

, and led the 2nd Royal Bavarian Division
2nd Royal Bavarian Division
The 2nd Royal Bavarian Division was a unit of the Royal Bavarian Army which served alongside the Prussian Army as part of the Imperial German Army. The division was formed on November 27, 1815 as the Infantry Division of the Munich General Command...

 during the campaigns of the Franco-Prussian War
Franco-Prussian War
The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War, often referred to in France as the 1870 War was a conflict between the Second French Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia. Prussia was aided by the North German Confederation, of which it was a member, and the South German states of Baden, Württemberg and...

, which stood in France as part of the Bavarian occupation army until 1873. After he returned to Bavaria, he became commander of the II Royal Bavarian Corps. During the period, when he served as war minister, he was advandced to General der Infanterie in 1877 and got the main ownership of the 9th Royal Bavarian Infantry Regiment "Wrede" The psychiatrist and neurologist Prof. Dr. Dr. Dres. h.c. Heinz Häfner says, Maillinger's withdrawal from his ministry post was caused by Ludwig II's reputed sexual abuse of young cavalrists (chevau-légers
The Chevau-légers was a generic French name for several units of light cavalry, roughly similar to lancers in the armies of other states during the Napoleonic Wars. Perhaps the most famous of all such units were the Polish 1st Light Cavalry Regiment of the Guards and the French 2nd Light Cavalry...

). Ritter von Maillinger became member of the Reichsrat in 1888. He died in Bad Aibling
Bad Aibling
Bad Aibling is a spa town and former district seat in Bavaria on the river Mangfall, located some 35 miles southeast of Munich. It is a health resort .-History:...

. name="HdBG">Maillinger, Josef Maximilian Fridolin Ritter von, House of the Bavarian history (HdBG). The Maillingerstraße in Munich is named in honor of him.


  • Knight cross
    A knight was a member of a class of lower nobility in the High Middle Ages.By the Late Middle Ages, the rank had become associated with the ideals of chivalry, a code of conduct for the perfect courtly Christian warrior....

     of the Order of Saint Hubertus
  • Knight cross of the Military Order of Max Joseph
    Military Order of Max Joseph
    The Military Order of Max Joseph was the highest purely military order of the Kingdom of Bavaria. It was founded on 1 January 1806 by Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria, the first king of Bavaria...

    , 1870

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