Johann Michael Fischer
Overview
 
Johann Michael Fischer was a German
Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

 architect
Architect
An architect is a person trained in the planning, design and oversight of the construction of buildings. To practice architecture means to offer or render services in connection with the design and construction of a building, or group of buildings and the space within the site surrounding the...

 in the late Baroque
Baroque architecture
Baroque architecture is a term used to describe the building style of the Baroque era, begun in late sixteenth century Italy, that took the Roman vocabulary of Renaissance architecture and used it in a new rhetorical and theatrical fashion, often to express the triumph of the Catholic Church and...

 period.

He is a major representative of south German Baroque architects. He studied in Bohemia
Bohemia
Bohemia is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western two-thirds of the traditional Czech Lands. It is located in the contemporary Czech Republic with its capital in Prague...

 and combined Bohemian elements with Bavarian Baroque
Rococo
Rococo , also referred to as "Late Baroque", is an 18th-century style which developed as Baroque artists gave up their symmetry and became increasingly ornate, florid, and playful...

 traditions. He often co-operated with the most gifted Bavaria
Bavaria
Bavaria, formally the Free State of Bavaria is a state of Germany, located in the southeast of Germany. With an area of , it is the largest state by area, forming almost 20% of the total land area of Germany...

n artists of his time, such as Cosmas Damian Asam
Cosmas Damian Asam
Cosmas Damian Asam was a German painter and architect during the late Baroque period. Born in Benediktbeuern, he moved to Rome in 1711 to study at the Accademia di San Luca with Carlo Maratta. There, he could see the fresco Ascensione di Cristo by Melozzo da Forlì in Santi Apostoli Church...

 and Egid Quirin Asam
Egid Quirin Asam
Egid Quirin Asam was a German plasterer and sculptor active during the period of the Late Baroque....

, Johann Joseph Christian
Johann Joseph Christian
Johann Joseph Christian was a German Baroque sculptor and woodcarver. His masterworks are considered to be the choir stalls in Zwiefalten Abbey and Ottobeuren Abbey....

, Johann Michael Feuchtmayer
Johann Michael Feuchtmayer
Johann Michael Feuchtmayer was a German Baroque stucco sculptor and plasterer of the Wessobrunner School, who worked alongside Johann Michael Fischer, Johann Joseph Christian, and Franz Joseph Spiegler to create some of the most famous churches along the Upper...

, Matthäus Günther
Matthäus Günther
Matthäus Günther was an important German painter and artist of the Baroque and Rococo era....

, Ignaz Günther
Ignaz Günther
Ignaz Günther was a German sculptor and woodcarver working in the Bavarian rococo tradition.He was born in Altmannstein, Germany, where he received his earliest training from his father, then studied in Munich under the court sculptor Johann Baptist Straub from 1743 to 1750 and during his...

, Franz Joseph Spiegler
Franz Joseph Spiegler
Franz Joseph Spiegler was a German Baroque painter. He is best known for his frescoes, which decorate many of the churches and monasteries along the Upper Swabian Baroque Route. The frescoes in the Zwiefalten Abbey are considered his masterpiece.Spiegler was born the Free Imperial City of Wangen...

, Johann Baptist Straub
Johann Baptist Straub
Johann Baptist Straub was a German Rococo sculptor.-Biography:Straub was born in Wiesensteig, into a family of sculptors. His father Johann George Straub and his brothers Philipp Jakob, Joseph, and Johann Georg Straub were also sculptors, as was his nephew Franz Xaver Messerschmidt. J. B...

, and Johann Baptist Zimmermann
Johann Baptist Zimmermann
Johann Baptist Zimmermann was a German painter and a prime stucco plasterer during the Baroque.Zimmermann was born in Gaispoint, Wessobrunn. He and his brother Dominikus Zimmermann were descended from an artist family of the Wessobrunner School...

.

Fischer is buried in the Frauenkirche
Munich Frauenkirche
The Frauenkirche is a church in the Bavarian city of Munich that serves as the cathedral of the Archdiocese of Munich and Freising and seat of its Archbishop. It is a landmark and is considered a symbol of the Bavarian capital city.The church towers are widely visible because of local height...

 in Munich.
Fischer designed 32 churches and 23 monasteries in southern Germany.
Discussions
Encyclopedia
Johann Michael Fischer was a German
Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

 architect
Architect
An architect is a person trained in the planning, design and oversight of the construction of buildings. To practice architecture means to offer or render services in connection with the design and construction of a building, or group of buildings and the space within the site surrounding the...

 in the late Baroque
Baroque architecture
Baroque architecture is a term used to describe the building style of the Baroque era, begun in late sixteenth century Italy, that took the Roman vocabulary of Renaissance architecture and used it in a new rhetorical and theatrical fashion, often to express the triumph of the Catholic Church and...

 period.

He is a major representative of south German Baroque architects. He studied in Bohemia
Bohemia
Bohemia is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western two-thirds of the traditional Czech Lands. It is located in the contemporary Czech Republic with its capital in Prague...

 and combined Bohemian elements with Bavarian Baroque
Rococo
Rococo , also referred to as "Late Baroque", is an 18th-century style which developed as Baroque artists gave up their symmetry and became increasingly ornate, florid, and playful...

 traditions. He often co-operated with the most gifted Bavaria
Bavaria
Bavaria, formally the Free State of Bavaria is a state of Germany, located in the southeast of Germany. With an area of , it is the largest state by area, forming almost 20% of the total land area of Germany...

n artists of his time, such as Cosmas Damian Asam
Cosmas Damian Asam
Cosmas Damian Asam was a German painter and architect during the late Baroque period. Born in Benediktbeuern, he moved to Rome in 1711 to study at the Accademia di San Luca with Carlo Maratta. There, he could see the fresco Ascensione di Cristo by Melozzo da Forlì in Santi Apostoli Church...

 and Egid Quirin Asam
Egid Quirin Asam
Egid Quirin Asam was a German plasterer and sculptor active during the period of the Late Baroque....

, Johann Joseph Christian
Johann Joseph Christian
Johann Joseph Christian was a German Baroque sculptor and woodcarver. His masterworks are considered to be the choir stalls in Zwiefalten Abbey and Ottobeuren Abbey....

, Johann Michael Feuchtmayer
Johann Michael Feuchtmayer
Johann Michael Feuchtmayer was a German Baroque stucco sculptor and plasterer of the Wessobrunner School, who worked alongside Johann Michael Fischer, Johann Joseph Christian, and Franz Joseph Spiegler to create some of the most famous churches along the Upper...

, Matthäus Günther
Matthäus Günther
Matthäus Günther was an important German painter and artist of the Baroque and Rococo era....

, Ignaz Günther
Ignaz Günther
Ignaz Günther was a German sculptor and woodcarver working in the Bavarian rococo tradition.He was born in Altmannstein, Germany, where he received his earliest training from his father, then studied in Munich under the court sculptor Johann Baptist Straub from 1743 to 1750 and during his...

, Franz Joseph Spiegler
Franz Joseph Spiegler
Franz Joseph Spiegler was a German Baroque painter. He is best known for his frescoes, which decorate many of the churches and monasteries along the Upper Swabian Baroque Route. The frescoes in the Zwiefalten Abbey are considered his masterpiece.Spiegler was born the Free Imperial City of Wangen...

, Johann Baptist Straub
Johann Baptist Straub
Johann Baptist Straub was a German Rococo sculptor.-Biography:Straub was born in Wiesensteig, into a family of sculptors. His father Johann George Straub and his brothers Philipp Jakob, Joseph, and Johann Georg Straub were also sculptors, as was his nephew Franz Xaver Messerschmidt. J. B...

, and Johann Baptist Zimmermann
Johann Baptist Zimmermann
Johann Baptist Zimmermann was a German painter and a prime stucco plasterer during the Baroque.Zimmermann was born in Gaispoint, Wessobrunn. He and his brother Dominikus Zimmermann were descended from an artist family of the Wessobrunner School...

.

Fischer is buried in the Frauenkirche
Munich Frauenkirche
The Frauenkirche is a church in the Bavarian city of Munich that serves as the cathedral of the Archdiocese of Munich and Freising and seat of its Archbishop. It is a landmark and is considered a symbol of the Bavarian capital city.The church towers are widely visible because of local height...

 in Munich.

Main Works

Fischer designed 32 churches and 23 monasteries in southern Germany. Among these, the best-known are the following.

Bavaria

  • Aufhausen
    Aufhausen
    Aufhausen is a municipality in the district of Regensburg in Bavaria in Germany....

    Pilgrimage Church of Maria Schnee
    Aufhausen Priory
    Aufhausen Priory , formerly the Aufhausen Oratory, is a Benedictine monastery located at Aufhausen near Regensburg in Bavaria, Germany. The original community, dedicated to Saint Mary of the Snows, was founded in the late 17th century as an Oratorian community by the local priest, J.G. Seidenbusch...

     (1736–1751)
  • Benediktbeuern
    Benediktbeuern
    Benediktbeuern is a municipality in the district of Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen in Bavaria, Germany. The distance between Bichl and Benediktbeuern is only 2 kilometers, or 1.25 miles. The village has about 3,500 residents as of 2004....

    —Anastasia Chapel in the Church of St. Benedikt
    Benediktbeuern Abbey
    Benediktbeuern Abbey is a monastery of the Salesians of Don Bosco, originally a monastery of the Benedictine Order, in Benediktbeuern in Bavaria, near the Kochelsee, 64 km south-south-west of Munich...

     (1750–1758), considered a jewel of Baroque architecture
  • Dießen am Ammersee
    Dießen am Ammersee
    Dießen am Ammersee is a municipality in the district of Landsberg in Bavaria in Germany.-References:...

    —Church of St. Maria (completed 1739)
  • Fürstenzell
    Fürstenzell
    Fürstenzell is a municipality in the district of Passau in Bavaria in Germany. Fürstenzell is the birthplace of former Bayern Munich defender Klaus Augenthaler....

    —Church of the Ascension of the Blessed Virgin (completed 1728)
  • Munich
    Munich
    Munich The city's motto is "" . Before 2006, it was "Weltstadt mit Herz" . Its native name, , is derived from the Old High German Munichen, meaning "by the monks' place". The city's name derives from the monks of the Benedictine order who founded the city; hence the monk depicted on the city's coat...

    Franciscan Monastery Church of St. Anna im Lehel
    Abbey Church of St. Anna (Lehel, Munich)
    St. Anna im Lehel is a Catholic monastery in Munich, southern Germany. It was the first Rococo church of Old Bavaria and shaped the development of religious architecture in Bavaria. It is located in the center of Lehel near the Catholic parish church of St. Anna im Lehel.-References:- External...

     (consecrated 1737)
  • Munich
    Munich
    Munich The city's motto is "" . Before 2006, it was "Weltstadt mit Herz" . Its native name, , is derived from the Old High German Munichen, meaning "by the monks' place". The city's name derives from the monks of the Benedictine order who founded the city; hence the monk depicted on the city's coat...

    Parish Church of St. Michael
    St Michael in Berg am Laim (München)
    St. Michael in Berg am Laim is a church in Munich, southern Germany, built from 1738 to 1751 by Johann Michael Fischer as Court Church for Prince Archbishop Clemens August of Cologne, a son of the Bavarian Elector Maximinial Emmanuel. It was also served by a Brotherhood of St. Michael the Archangel...

     (1737–1752)
  • Niederalteich
    Niederalteich
    Niederalteich is a village on the Danube in Bavaria. Germany. It is best known as the location of Niederaltaich Abbey....

    Benedictine Monastery of St. Mauritius
    Niederaltaich Abbey
    Niederaltaich Abbey or Niederaltaich Monastery is a house of the Benedictine Order founded in 731 , situated in the village of Niederalteich on the Danube in Bavaria....

     (first commission for Fischer) (1724–1726)
  • Osterhofen
    Osterhofen
    Osterhofen is a town in the district of Deggendorf, in Bavaria, Germany. It is situated on the right bank of the Danube, 16 km south of Deggendorf.Osterhofen Basilica:,...

    —Papal Basilica of St. Margaretha (1727–1740)
  • Ottobeuren
    Ottobeuren
    Ottobeuren is a municipality in Bavaria, Germany, located 10 km southeast of Memmingen near the A7. It is famous for Ottobeuren Abbey, situated next to the Basilica....

    Benedictine Monastery Church of the Holy Trinity
    Ottobeuren Abbey
    Ottobeuren is a Benedictine abbey, located in Ottobeuren, near Memmingen in the Bavarian Allgäu, Germany.-First foundation:It was founded in 764 by Blessed Toto, and dedicated to St. Alexander, the martyr. Of its early history little is known beyond the fact that Toto, its first abbot, died about...

     (1737–1766), considered one of the most magnificent churches of the Baroque era
  • Rott am Inn
    Rott am Inn
    Rott am Inn is a municipality in the district of Rosenheim in Bavaria in Germany....

    —Benedictine Abbey Church of St. Marinus and St. Anianus (1759–1767)

Baden-Württemberg

  • Kisslegg—Neues Schloss (New Castle) (1721–1727)
  • Wiblingen Abbey
    Wiblingen Abbey
    Wiblingen Abbey was a former Benedictine abbey which was later used as barracks. Today its buildings house several departments of the medical faculty of the University of Ulm. The former abbey is located south of the confluence of the rivers Danube and Iller, south of the city of Ulm in the German...

    —Benedictine Monastery Church of St. Martin (1714–1783), built by Johann Georg Specht
    Johann Georg Specht
    Johann Georg Specht was born in Lindenberg im Allgäu. He was a civil engineer and architect in the south of Germany.Johann Georg Specht trained as a civil engineer with Peter Thumb in Vorarlberg....

     based on designs by Fischer
  • Zwiefalten
    Zwiefalten
    Zwiefalten is a municipality in the district of Reutlingen, located halfway between Stuttgart and Lake Constance. The former Zwiefalten Abbey dominates the town...

    Zwiefalten Abbey
    Zwiefalten Abbey
    - References :...

     (1741–1747), considered a model of integrated Baroque design

Disputed Works

Several works have been attributed to Fischer that are now disputed, although his style was an obvious influence:
  • Erling-Andechs
    Andechs
    The Benedictine abbey of Andechs is a place of pilgrimage on a hill east of the Ammersee in the Landkreis of Starnberg in Germany, in the municipality Andechs. Andechs Abbey is famed for its flamboyant Baroque church and its brewery...

    Pilgrimage Church Mariae Verkündiging and Monastery
    Andechs
    The Benedictine abbey of Andechs is a place of pilgrimage on a hill east of the Ammersee in the Landkreis of Starnberg in Germany, in the municipality Andechs. Andechs Abbey is famed for its flamboyant Baroque church and its brewery...

  • Haigerloch
    Haigerloch
    -Geography:-Geographical situation:Haigerloch lies at between 430 and 550 metres elevation in the valley of the Eyach, which forms two loops in a steep shelly limestone valley...

    —Pilgrimage Church of St. Anne
  • Murnau
    Murnau am Staffelsee
    Murnau am Staffelsee is a market town in the district of Garmisch-Partenkirchen, in the Oberbayern region of Bavaria, Germany.Murnau is situated on the edge of the Bavarian alps, approx. 70 km south of Munich. Directly to its west is the Staffelsee lake.-History:Murnau was first documented in...

    —Parish Church of St. Nikolaus
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