Izmaylovsky Regiment
Izmaylovsky Regiment was one of the oldest regiment
A regiment is a major tactical military unit, composed of variable numbers of batteries, squadrons or battalions, commanded by a colonel or lieutenant colonel...

s of the Russian army
Imperial Russian Army
The Imperial Russian Army was the land armed force of the Russian Empire, active from around 1721 to the Russian Revolution of 1917. In the early 1850s, the Russian army consisted of around 938,731 regular soldiers and 245,850 irregulars . Until the time of military reform of Dmitry Milyutin in...

, a subdivision of the 1st Guards Infantry Division
1st Guards Infantry Division (Russian Empire)
The 1st Guards Infantry Division of the Russian Imperial Guard comprised two brigades: the first with the Preobrazhensky Regiment and the Semenovsky Regiment , and the second, with the Izmaylovsky Regiment and the Guards Jäger Regiment...

 of the Imperial Russian Guard. It was formed in Moscow
Moscow is the capital, the most populous city, and the most populous federal subject of Russia. The city is a major political, economic, cultural, scientific, religious, financial, educational, and transportation centre of Russia and the continent...

 on 22 September 1730. The first colonel of the regiment was appointed Adjutant general
Adjutant general
An Adjutant General is a military chief administrative officer.-Imperial Russia:In Imperial Russia, the General-Adjutant was a Court officer, who was usually an army general. He served as a personal aide to the Tsar and hence was a member of the H. I. M. Retinue...

 Count Karl Gustav von Löwenwolde
Karl Gustav von Löwenwolde
Count Karl Gustav von Löwenwolde was a Russian diplomat and military commander.Native of German speaking population of Livonia. Son of General Gerhard Johann von Löwenwolde and Magdalene Elisabeth von Löwen and brother to knight of the Order of St...

. After him, only member of the Imperial family were chiefs of the regiment.

On 17 March the regiment was renamed to Lifeguard His Imperial Highness Konstantin Pavlovich regiment and then on 28 May of the same year to Lifeguard His Imperial Highness Nikolai Pavlovich
Nicholas I of Russia
Nicholas I , was the Emperor of Russia from 1825 until 1855, known as one of the most reactionary of the Russian monarchs. On the eve of his death, the Russian Empire reached its historical zenith spanning over 20 million square kilometers...

. The original name was returned in 1801. The regimental church was Trinity Cathedral, Saint Petersburg where its military ensigns were kept.


  • 1737 - First time Izmaylovsky Regiment took part in actions in 1737 when a battalion
    A battalion is a military unit of around 300–1,200 soldiers usually consisting of between two and seven companies and typically commanded by either a Lieutenant Colonel or a Colonel...

     under command of Lieutenant Colonel
    Lieutenant colonel
    Lieutenant colonel is a rank of commissioned officer in the armies and most marine forces and some air forces of the world, typically ranking above a major and below a colonel. The rank of lieutenant colonel is often shortened to simply "colonel" in conversation and in unofficial correspondence...

    -Places:France* Biron, Charente-Maritime, in the Charente-Maritime département* Biron, Dordogne, in the Dordogne département* Biron, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques départementUnited States* Biron, Wisconsin...

     fought in the Russo-Turkish War. With Field Marshal
    Field Marshal
    Field Marshal is a military rank. Traditionally, it is the highest military rank in an army.-Etymology:The origin of the rank of field marshal dates to the early Middle Ages, originally meaning the keeper of the king's horses , from the time of the early Frankish kings.-Usage and hierarchical...

     Burkhard Christoph von Münnich
    Burkhard Christoph von Munnich
    Count Burkhard Christoph von Münnich was a Danish-born German soldier-engineer who became a field marshal and political figure in the Russian Empire. He was the major Russian Army reformer and founder of several elite military formations during the reign of Anna of Russia. As a statesman, he is...

     this battalion first entered the Turkish fortress of Ochakov.
  • 1742 - Russo–Swedish War
  • 1788 - Ochakov, Bendery, Brailov
  • 1790 - Russo-Swedish War
  • 1805 - Austerlitz
    Battle of Austerlitz
    The Battle of Austerlitz, also known as the Battle of the Three Emperors, was one of Napoleon's greatest victories, where the French Empire effectively crushed the Third Coalition...

  • 1807 - Friedland
    Battle of Friedland
    The Battle of Friedland saw Napoleon I's French army decisively defeat Count von Bennigsen's Russian army about twenty-seven miles southeast of Königsberg...

  • 1808 - Finnish War
    Finnish War
    The Finnish War was fought between Sweden and the Russian Empire from February 1808 to September 1809. As a result of the war, the eastern third of Sweden was established as the autonomous Grand Duchy of Finland within the Russian Empire...

  • 1812 - Borodino
    Battle of Borodino
    The Battle of Borodino , fought on September 7, 1812, was the largest and bloodiest single-day action of the French invasion of Russia and all Napoleonic Wars, involving more than 250,000 troops and resulting in at least 70,000 casualties...

  • 1813 - Lützen, Bautzen, Kulm, Leipzig
  • 1828-1829 - Russo-Turkish War
  • 1831 - Polish campaign
    November Uprising
    The November Uprising , Polish–Russian War 1830–31 also known as the Cadet Revolution, was an armed rebellion in the heartland of partitioned Poland against the Russian Empire. The uprising began on 29 November 1830 in Warsaw when the young Polish officers from the local Army of the Congress...

  • 1863-1864 - Polish campaign
    January Uprising
    The January Uprising was an uprising in the former Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth against the Russian Empire...

  • 1878-1879 - Russo-Turkish war
  • 1914 - First world war
    World War I
    World War I , which was predominantly called the World War or the Great War from its occurrence until 1939, and the First World War or World War I thereafter, was a major war centred in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918...

Ceremonial chiefs

  • 22 September 1730 – 30 April 1735 — Count Karl Gustav von Löwenwolde
  • 30 April 1735 – 17 October 1740 — Empress Anna Ivanovna
    Anna of Russia
    Anna of Russia or Anna Ivanovna reigned as Duchess of Courland from 1711 to 1730 and as Empress of Russia from 1730 to 1740.-Accession to the throne:Anna was the daughter of Ivan V of Russia, as well as the niece of Peter the Great...

  • 17 October 1740 – 25 November 1741 — Emperor Ivan VI of Russia
    Ivan VI of Russia
    Ivan VI Antonovich of Russia , was proclaimed Emperor of Russia in 1740, as an infant, although he never actually reigned. Within less than a year, he was overthrown by the Empress Elizabeth of Russia, Peter the Great's daughter...

  • 25 November 1741 – 25 December 1761 — Empress Yelizaveta Petrovna
  • 25 December 1761 – 28 June 1762 — Emperor Pyotr III
  • 28 June 1762 – 6 November 1796 — Empress Ekaterina II
  • 7 November 1796 – 10 November 1796 — Emperor Pavel I
  • 10 November 1796 – 28 May 1800 — Grand Prince
    Grand Prince
    The title grand prince or great prince ranked in honour below emperor and tsar and above a sovereign prince .Grand duke is the usual and established, though not literal, translation of these terms in English and Romance languages, which do not normally use separate words for a "prince" who reigns...

     Konstantin Pavlovich
  • 28 May 1800 – 18 February 1855 — Grand Prince (then Emperor) Nicholas I
    Nicholas I of Russia
    Nicholas I , was the Emperor of Russia from 1825 until 1855, known as one of the most reactionary of the Russian monarchs. On the eve of his death, the Russian Empire reached its historical zenith spanning over 20 million square kilometers...

  • 19 February 1855 – 1 March 1881 - Emperor Alexander II
    Alexander II of Russia
    Alexander II , also known as Alexander the Liberator was the Emperor of the Russian Empire from 3 March 1855 until his assassination in 1881...

  • 2 March 1881 – 21 October 1894 - Emperor Alexander III
    Alexander III of Russia
    Alexander Alexandrovich Romanov , historically remembered as Alexander III or Alexander the Peacemaker reigned as Emperor of Russia from until his death on .-Disposition:...

     (as a 2nd chief from 28 October 1866)
  • 2 November 1894 – 1917 - Emperor Nicholas II
    Nicholas II of Russia
    Nicholas II was the last Emperor of Russia, Grand Prince of Finland, and titular King of Poland. His official short title was Nicholas II, Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias and he is known as Saint Nicholas the Passion-Bearer by the Russian Orthodox Church.Nicholas II ruled from 1894 until...

External links

Timeline of the regiment
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