Istiglaliyyat Street
Istiglaliyyat Street is an arterial road
Arterial road
An arterial road, or arterial thoroughfare, is a high-capacity urban road. The primary function of an arterial road is to deliver traffic from collector roads to freeways, and between urban centres at the highest level of service possible. As such, many arteries are limited-access roads, or feature...

 in central uptown part of Baku
Baku , sometimes spelled as Baki or Bakou, is the capital and largest city of Azerbaijan, as well as the largest city on the Caspian Sea and of the Caucasus region. It is located on the southern shore of the Absheron Peninsula, which projects into the Caspian Sea. The city consists of two principal...

, Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan , officially the Republic of Azerbaijan is the largest country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west, and Iran to...

. It begins at Gulustan Palace
Gulustan Palace
Gulustan Palace , formerly known as Gulustan Wedding Palace Complex during the Soviet era is the main state convention center of the Azerbaijani government...

 located on the southern hillside part of Baku continues north, then northeast, terminating at intersection of Aziz Aliyev and Mammad Amin Rasulzade streets at the edge of the Fountains Square
Fountains Square, Baku
Fountains Square is a public square in downtown Baku, capital of Azerbaijan.The square was previously called Parapet and is often referenced to by the same name now...


Overview of the street

Istiglaliyyat is one of the oldest streets of Baku. The former names of the street were "Nikolayevskaya" (honoring the Russian tsar Nikolay I during the Russian imperial rule, "Parlamentskaya" after the revolution, and "Kommunisticheskaya" during the Soviet rule. After restoration of Azerbaijan's independence in 1991, the street was renamed to "Istiglaliyyat" which translates "Sovereignty
Sovereignty is the quality of having supreme, independent authority over a geographic area, such as a territory. It can be found in a power to rule and make law that rests on a political fact for which no purely legal explanation can be provided...

" in Azerbaijani language
Azerbaijani language
Azerbaijani or Azeri or Torki is a language belonging to the Turkic language family, spoken in southwestern Asia by the Azerbaijani people, primarily in Azerbaijan and northwestern Iran...

. It stretches for 2.2 km. Due to its location in historic district, it is considered one of the most beautiful parts of Baku. There are many government offices, universities, shops, boutiques, restaurants on the street.

Notable buildings and monuments located on Istiglaliyyat Street

  • Gulustan Palace
    Gulustan Palace
    Gulustan Palace , formerly known as Gulustan Wedding Palace Complex during the Soviet era is the main state convention center of the Azerbaijani government...

  • United Nations
    United Nations
    The United Nations is an international organization whose stated aims are facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress, human rights, and achievement of world peace...

     Representative Office in Azerbaijan
  • Presidential Apparatus
    Presidential Apparatus
    The Office of Azerbaijan President is the executive administration of President of Azerbaijan. The office is in charge of realization of constitutional responsibilities of the President...

    , office of the President of Azerbaijan
    President of Azerbaijan
    The country of Azerbaijan is a presidential republic, with the President of Azerbaijan as the head of state, and the Prime Minister of Azerbaijan as head of government...

  • Azerbaijan State Philharmonic Hall
    Azerbaijan State Philharmonic Hall
    The Magomayev Azerbaijan State Philharmonic Hall , located in Baku, is the main concert hall in Azerbaijan built in 1912.-History:...

  • Western University
    Western University
    Western University is a private university located in Baku, Azerbaijan. Founded in 1991 by Husein Baghirov, it has six schools, 25 majors, 180 faculty and approximately 1000 students. The university took its name because it is modeled after Western universities in style of instruction and...

  • Mayoralty of Baku
    Mayoralty of Baku
    The mayoralty of Baku houses the executive authority of Azerbaijan's capital, Baku, being the residence of the mayor. It is a Baroque building, built in the beginning of the 20th century....

  • Azerbaijan State Economic University
  • Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences
    Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences
    Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences , located in Baku, is the main state research organization in Azerbaijan...

  • Icheri Sheher Metro Station
    Baku Metro
    Baku Metro is a rapid transit system serving Baku the capital of Azerbaijan. First opened on November 6, 1967, during the time of the Soviet Union, it has the features found in most other ex-Soviet systems, including very deep central stations, and exquisite decorations that blend traditional...

  • Ichari Shahar northern wall
  • Mirza Alakbar Sabir
    Mirza Alakbar Sabir
    Mirza Alakbar Sabir , born Alakbar Zeynalabdin oglu Tahirzadeh . Sabir was a public figure, philosopher, teacher and a poet-innovator. He set up an inspiring attitude to classical traditions, rejecting well-trodden ways in poetry...

  • Nizami Museum of Azerbaijan Literature
    Nizami Museum of Azerbaijan Literature
    The Nizami Museum of Azerbaijani Literature - was established in 1939, in Baku. It is located in the centre of the capital of Azerbaijan, not far from the fountains square and near the entrance of Icheri Sheher...

External links

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