Gryazovets is a town and the administrative center of Gryazovetsky District
Gryazovetsky District
Gryazovetsky District is an administrative district , one of the twenty-six in Vologda Oblast, Russia. Municipally, it is incorporated as Gryazovetsky Municipal District...

 of Vologda Oblast
Vologda Oblast
Vologda Oblast is a federal subject of Russia . Its administrative center is Vologda. The largest city is Cherepovets.Vologda Oblast is rich in historic monuments, such as the magnificent Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery, Ferapontov Convent , medieval towns of Velikiy Ustyug and Belozersk, baroque...

, Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

. Municipally, it is incorporated as Gryazovetskoe Urban Settlement in Gryazovetsky Municipal District. Population:


In the 15th century, the area was transferred into the Great Duchy of Moscow. The area was attractive for monks, since it was at the time covered by unpopulated forests. A number of influential monasteries were founded within the current limits of the district, including the Pavlo-Obnorsky Monastery
Pavlo-Obnorsky Monastery
Pavlo-Obnorsky Monastery is a Russian Orthodox monastery founded by Pavel of Obnora in 1414. The monastery is located in the selo of Yunosheskoye on the bank of the Nurma River, a tributary of the Obnora River, in Gryazovetsky District in the southern part of Vologda Oblast, Russia. In the 17th...

 in the 15th century and the Kornilievo-Komelsky Monastery. Gryazovets was first mentioned in 1538 as a settlement dependent on the Kornilievo-Komelsky Monastery. It was chartered in 1780, when Gryazovets became the center of Gryazovetsky Uyezd of Vologda Viceroyalty
Vologda Viceroyalty
Vologda Viceroyalty was an administrative division of the Russian Empire, which existed in 1780–1796.The viceroyalty was established by a decree of Catherine II on , 1780...

. The viceroyalty was abolished in 1796, and its part which included Gryazovetsky Uyezd was made Vologda Governorate
Vologda Governorate
The Vologda Governorate or Government of Vologda was a guberniya in the historical northern region of the European part of Russian Empire.In its size it was second right after the neighboring Archangelgorod Governorate...

. In 1924, the uyezd was abolished, and the area was included into Vologodsky Uyezd.

In 19th century, the population of Gryazovets varied between two and three thousands. The majority was employed in agriculture. The most common industry was dyeing
Dyeing is the process of adding color to textile products like fibers, yarns, and fabrics. Dyeing is normally done in a special solution containing dyes and particular chemical material. After dyeing, dye molecules have uncut Chemical bond with fiber molecules. The temperature and time controlling...

. In 1872, the railroad connecting Yaroslavl and Vologda was built, and Gryazovets got a railway station, which facilitated the development of the trade.

On July 15, 1929, several governorates, including Vologda Governorate, were merged into Northern Krai
Northern Krai
Northern Krai was a krai of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic from 1929 to 1936. Its seat was in the city of Arkhangelsk...

, and the uyezds were abolished. Gryazovets became the district center of newly established Gryazovetsky District.


One of the principal highways in Russia, M8
M8 highway (Russia)
The Russian route M8, also known as the Kholmogory Highway or Yaroslavl highway, is a major trunk road that links Moscow to the Russian North in general and the sea harbour of Arkhangelsk in particular...

, which connects Moscow
Moscow is the capital, the most populous city, and the most populous federal subject of Russia. The city is a major political, economic, cultural, scientific, religious, financial, educational, and transportation centre of Russia and the continent...

 and Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk , formerly known as Archangel in English, is a city and the administrative center of Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia. It lies on both banks of the Northern Dvina River near its exit into the White Sea in the north of European Russia. The city spreads for over along the banks of the river...

, passes near Gryazovets. There are also local roads, with the bus traffic originating from Gryazovets.

In Gryazovets, there is a railway station on the railroad connecting Yaroslavl
Yaroslavl is a city and the administrative center of Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia, located northeast of Moscow. The historical part of the city, a World Heritage Site, is located at the confluence of the Volga and the Kotorosl Rivers. It is one of the Golden Ring cities, a group of historic cities...

 and Vologda
Vologda is a city and the administrative, cultural, and scientific center of Vologda Oblast, Russia, located on the Vologda River. The city is a major transport knot of the Northwest of Russia. Vologda is among the Russian cities possessing an especially valuable historical heritage...


Gryazovets has a gas-pumping station. Here, the Gryazovets–Vyborg gas pipeline
Gryazovets–Vyborg gas pipeline
Gryazovets–Vyborg gas pipeline is a branch pipeline of the Northern Lights pipeline from Gryazovets in central part of Russian Federation through Vologda and Leningrad oblasts to Saint Petersburg, Vyborg, and Finland...

 branches off the main Northern Lights pipeline
Northern Lights (pipeline)
Northern Lights is a natural gas pipeline system in Russia and Belarus. It is one of the main pipelines supplying north-western Russia and is an important transit route for Russian gas to Europe.-History:...

in the western direction.

Culture and recreation

Gryazovets contains fifty objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local importance. Additionally, the building of a high school is protected as a historical monument of federal significance. The center of the town of Gryazovets mainly preserved the historical buildings from 19th century. Close to Gryazovets there are ruins of the Kornilievo-Komelsky Monastery which was abolished in 1924.

The only museum in Gryazovets is the Gryazovets District Museum.
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