Good Bye Lenin!
Overview
 
Good Bye, Lenin! is a 2003 German
Cinema of Germany
Cinema in Germany can be traced back to the late 19th century. German cinema has made major technical and artistic contributions to film.Unlike any other national cinemas, which developed in the context of relatively continuous and stable political systems, Germany witnesses major changes to its...

 tragicomedy
Tragicomedy
Tragicomedy is fictional work that blends aspects of the genres of tragedy and comedy. In English literature, from Shakespeare's time to the nineteenth century, tragicomedy referred to a serious play with either a happy ending or enough jokes throughout the play to lighten the mood.-Classical...

 film
Film
A film, also called a movie or motion picture, is a series of still or moving images. It is produced by recording photographic images with cameras, or by creating images using animation techniques or visual effects...

, released internationally in 2003. Directed by Wolfgang Becker
Wolfgang Becker
Wolfgang Becker is a German film director and writer. He is best known to the international audience for his work Good Bye Lenin! .-Biography:...

, the cast includes Daniel Brühl
Daniel Brühl
Daniel César Martín Brühl González Domingo is a Spanish/German actor. He is best known as Daniel Brühl.-Personal life:Brühl was born in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. His father was the late German stage director Hanno Brühl and his mother was a Spanish professor. He also has a brother and a sister...

, Katrin Saß
Katrin Saß
Katrin Saß is a German actress, best known internationally for playing Christiane Kerner in the 2003 tragicomedy film Good Bye, Lenin! Before German reunification, she was well known film and stage actress in the German Democratic Republic She won the Silver Bear for Best Actress at the 32nd Berlin...

, Chulpan Khamatova
Chulpan Khamatova
Chulpan Nailevna Khamatova is a Russian film, theater and TV actress of Tatar origin. Her name, Chulpan, means "morning star" in Tatar.- Background :...

, and Maria Simon
Maria Simon
Maria Simon is a German actress.- Family and background :Simon is the sister of the actress Susanna Simon. She was born and brought up in the former East Germany but moved to New York in 1990 to live with her father, a computer expert with the UN, and sister Dalena Simon...

. Most of the scenes were shot at the Karl-Marx-Allee
Karl-Marx-Allee
The Karl-Marx-Allee is a monumental socialist boulevard built by the GDR between 1952 and 1960 in Berlin Friedrichshain and Mitte. Today the boulevard is named after Karl Marx....

 in Berlin and around Plattenbau
Plattenbau
Plattenbau is the German word for a building whose structure is constructed of large, prefabricated concrete slabs. The word is a compound of Platte and Bau...

ten
near Alexanderplatz
Alexanderplatz
Alexanderplatz is a large public square and transport hub in the central Mitte district of Berlin, near the Fernsehturm. Berliners often call it simply Alex, referring to a larger neighborhood stretching from Mollstraße in the northeast to Spandauer Straße and the City Hall in the southwest.-Early...

.
In a prologue, Alex Kerner (Daniel Brühl
Daniel Brühl
Daniel César Martín Brühl González Domingo is a Spanish/German actor. He is best known as Daniel Brühl.-Personal life:Brühl was born in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. His father was the late German stage director Hanno Brühl and his mother was a Spanish professor. He also has a brother and a sister...

) recalls as a child in 1978 how proud he was along with his countrymen when the first German to enter space, Sigmund Jähn
Sigmund Jähn
Sigmund Werner Paul Jähn is a German pilot who became the first German to fly in space as part of the Soviet Union's Interkosmos program.-Biography:Jähn was born in Morgenröthe-Rautenkranz, in the Vogtland district of Saxony, Germany...

, came from East Germany (the GDR).

The rest of the film is set in East Berlin
East Berlin
East Berlin was the name given to the eastern part of Berlin between 1949 and 1990. It consisted of the Soviet sector of Berlin that was established in 1945. The American, British and French sectors became West Berlin, a part strongly associated with West Germany but a free city...

, spanning from October 1989 to just after German unification a year later.
Encyclopedia
Good Bye, Lenin! is a 2003 German
Cinema of Germany
Cinema in Germany can be traced back to the late 19th century. German cinema has made major technical and artistic contributions to film.Unlike any other national cinemas, which developed in the context of relatively continuous and stable political systems, Germany witnesses major changes to its...

 tragicomedy
Tragicomedy
Tragicomedy is fictional work that blends aspects of the genres of tragedy and comedy. In English literature, from Shakespeare's time to the nineteenth century, tragicomedy referred to a serious play with either a happy ending or enough jokes throughout the play to lighten the mood.-Classical...

 film
Film
A film, also called a movie or motion picture, is a series of still or moving images. It is produced by recording photographic images with cameras, or by creating images using animation techniques or visual effects...

, released internationally in 2003. Directed by Wolfgang Becker
Wolfgang Becker
Wolfgang Becker is a German film director and writer. He is best known to the international audience for his work Good Bye Lenin! .-Biography:...

, the cast includes Daniel Brühl
Daniel Brühl
Daniel César Martín Brühl González Domingo is a Spanish/German actor. He is best known as Daniel Brühl.-Personal life:Brühl was born in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. His father was the late German stage director Hanno Brühl and his mother was a Spanish professor. He also has a brother and a sister...

, Katrin Saß
Katrin Saß
Katrin Saß is a German actress, best known internationally for playing Christiane Kerner in the 2003 tragicomedy film Good Bye, Lenin! Before German reunification, she was well known film and stage actress in the German Democratic Republic She won the Silver Bear for Best Actress at the 32nd Berlin...

, Chulpan Khamatova
Chulpan Khamatova
Chulpan Nailevna Khamatova is a Russian film, theater and TV actress of Tatar origin. Her name, Chulpan, means "morning star" in Tatar.- Background :...

, and Maria Simon
Maria Simon
Maria Simon is a German actress.- Family and background :Simon is the sister of the actress Susanna Simon. She was born and brought up in the former East Germany but moved to New York in 1990 to live with her father, a computer expert with the UN, and sister Dalena Simon...

. Most of the scenes were shot at the Karl-Marx-Allee
Karl-Marx-Allee
The Karl-Marx-Allee is a monumental socialist boulevard built by the GDR between 1952 and 1960 in Berlin Friedrichshain and Mitte. Today the boulevard is named after Karl Marx....

 in Berlin and around Plattenbau
Plattenbau
Plattenbau is the German word for a building whose structure is constructed of large, prefabricated concrete slabs. The word is a compound of Platte and Bau...

ten
near Alexanderplatz
Alexanderplatz
Alexanderplatz is a large public square and transport hub in the central Mitte district of Berlin, near the Fernsehturm. Berliners often call it simply Alex, referring to a larger neighborhood stretching from Mollstraße in the northeast to Spandauer Straße and the City Hall in the southwest.-Early...

.

Plot

In a prologue, Alex Kerner (Daniel Brühl
Daniel Brühl
Daniel César Martín Brühl González Domingo is a Spanish/German actor. He is best known as Daniel Brühl.-Personal life:Brühl was born in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. His father was the late German stage director Hanno Brühl and his mother was a Spanish professor. He also has a brother and a sister...

) recalls as a child in 1978 how proud he was along with his countrymen when the first German to enter space, Sigmund Jähn
Sigmund Jähn
Sigmund Werner Paul Jähn is a German pilot who became the first German to fly in space as part of the Soviet Union's Interkosmos program.-Biography:Jähn was born in Morgenröthe-Rautenkranz, in the Vogtland district of Saxony, Germany...

, came from East Germany (the GDR).

The rest of the film is set in East Berlin
East Berlin
East Berlin was the name given to the eastern part of Berlin between 1949 and 1990. It consisted of the Soviet sector of Berlin that was established in 1945. The American, British and French sectors became West Berlin, a part strongly associated with West Germany but a free city...

, spanning from October 1989 to just after German unification a year later. Alex lives with his sister, Ariane (Maria Simon
Maria Simon
Maria Simon is a German actress.- Family and background :Simon is the sister of the actress Susanna Simon. She was born and brought up in the former East Germany but moved to New York in 1990 to live with her father, a computer expert with the UN, and sister Dalena Simon...

), his mother, Christiane (Katrin Saß
Katrin Saß
Katrin Saß is a German actress, best known internationally for playing Christiane Kerner in the 2003 tragicomedy film Good Bye, Lenin! Before German reunification, she was well known film and stage actress in the German Democratic Republic She won the Silver Bear for Best Actress at the 32nd Berlin...

), and Ariane's infant daughter, Paula. His father fled to the West in 1978, apparently abandoning the family. In his absence, Christiane has become an ardent idealist
Idealism
In philosophy, idealism is the family of views which assert that reality, or reality as we can know it, is fundamentally mental, mentally constructed, or otherwise immaterial. Epistemologically, idealism manifests as a skepticism about the possibility of knowing any mind-independent thing...

 and supporter of the ruling Socialist Unity Party of Germany
Socialist Unity Party of Germany
The Socialist Unity Party of Germany was the governing party of the German Democratic Republic from its formation on 7 October 1949 until the elections of March 1990. The SED was a communist political party with a Marxist-Leninist ideology...

 (the Party). When she sees Alex being arrested in an anti-government demonstration
Monday demonstrations in East Germany
The Monday demonstrations in East Germany in 1989 and 1990 were a series of peaceful political protests against the authoritarian communist government of the German Democratic Republic that took place every Monday evening.- Overview :...

, she suffers a near-fatal heart attack and falls into a coma. The police ignore Alexander's plea to assist his mother, instead releasing him later that evening to go and see her.

While visiting his mother at the hospital, Alex meets Lara (Chulpan Khamatova
Chulpan Khamatova
Chulpan Nailevna Khamatova is a Russian film, theater and TV actress of Tatar origin. Her name, Chulpan, means "morning star" in Tatar.- Background :...

), a young nurse from the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
The Soviet Union , officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics , was a constitutionally socialist state that existed in Eurasia between 1922 and 1991....

 who is taking care of his mother, and becomes smitten with her. He asks her out and the two soon begin dating and develop a close bond.

Shortly afterward, the Berlin Wall
Berlin Wall
The Berlin Wall was a barrier constructed by the German Democratic Republic starting on 13 August 1961, that completely cut off West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin...

 falls. In that time, capitalism comes to East Berlin, and Alex loses his job before "winning" a new position in a lottery to install satellite dishes with West Berlin resident Denis Domaschke (Florian Lukas), an aspiring filmmaker with whom Alex quickly becomes good friends, while Ariane leaves university to work at a Burger King
Burger King
Burger King, often abbreviated as BK, is a global chain of hamburger fast food restaurants headquartered in unincorporated Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States. The company began in 1953 as Insta-Burger King, a Jacksonville, Florida-based restaurant chain...

 drive-thru. After eight months, Christiane awakes, but is severely weakened both physically and mentally. Her doctor asserts that any shock might cause another, possibly fatal, heart attack. Alex realizes that the discovery of recent events would be too much for her to bear, and so sets out to maintain the illusion that things are as before in the German Democratic Republic.

To this end, he, Ariane and Lara revert from the gaudy decor of the west to the drab decor they previously had in the bedroom of their mother (who is now bed-ridden) in the family apartment, dress in their old clothes, and feed Christiane new Western produce from old-labeled jars. Their deception is successful, albeit increasingly complicated and elaborate. Christiane occasionally witnesses strange occurrences, such as a gigantic Coca-Cola
Coca-Cola
Coca-Cola is a carbonated soft drink sold in stores, restaurants, and vending machines in more than 200 countries. It is produced by The Coca-Cola Company of Atlanta, Georgia, and is often referred to simply as Coke...

 advertisement banner unfurling on a building outside the apartment. With Denis' help, Alex edits old tapes of East German news broadcasts
Aktuelle Kamera
Aktuelle Kamera was the state television newscast of the former German Democratic Republic . On air from December 21, 1952 to December 14, 1990, Aktuelle Kamera was one of the main propaganda tools of the East German government.- Editorial line :In the very early days of East German television...

 and creates fake reports on TV (played from a video machine hidden in an adjacent room) to explain these odd events. As the old news shows were fairly predictable, and Christiane's memory is vague, she is initially fooled.

Christiane eventually gains strength and wanders outside one day while Alex is asleep. She sees all her neighbours' old furniture piled up in the street for garbage collection and advertisements for Western corporations. However, Alex and Ariane quickly find her, take her home, and show her a fake special report that East Germany is now accepting refugees from the West following a severe economic crisis there. Christiane, initially skeptical, finally decrees that as good Socialists, they should open their home to these newcomers. The family decides to go to their dacha
Dacha
Dacha is a Russian word for seasonal or year-round second homes often located in the exurbs of Soviet and post-Soviet cities. Cottages or shacks serving as family's main or only home are not considered dachas, although many purpose-built dachas are recently being converted for year-round residence...

 at Christiane's suggestion.

While they are there along with Lara and Ariane's new Western boyfriend, Rainer (Alexander Beyer
Alexander Beyer
Alexander Beyer is a German actor.He was born in Erfurt, East Germany. He has appeared in such films as: Volker Schloendorff's The Legend of Rita , Leander Haussmann's Sun Alley , Johannes Kiefer's Gregor's Greatest Invention , which was nominated for an...

), Christiane reveals her own secret; her husband had fled because the Party had been increasingly oppressing him, and the plan had been for the rest of the family to join him in West Berlin. However, Christiane, fearing the government would take away Alex and Ariane if things went wrong, chose to stay in the East. She has come to regret the decision over time.

Christiane relapses shortly afterward and is taken back to the hospital. After meeting his father, Robert (Burghart Klaußner
Burghart Klaußner
Burghart Klaußner is a German film actor. He has appeared in 50 films since 1983.-Selected filmography:* The Riddle of the Sands * Just a Matter of Duty * Good Bye Lenin! * The Edukators...

), for the first time in years, Alex convinces him to meet Christiane again. Under pressure to reveal the truth about the fall of the East, Alex creates a final fake news segment, convincing a taxi driver whom he believes to be Sigmund Jähn
Sigmund Jähn
Sigmund Werner Paul Jähn is a German pilot who became the first German to fly in space as part of the Soviet Union's Interkosmos program.-Biography:Jähn was born in Morgenröthe-Rautenkranz, in the Vogtland district of Saxony, Germany...

 to act in the false news report as the new leader of East Germany, and gives a speech promising to make a better future including opening the borders to the West. However, Alex is unaware that Christiane had already been informed of the situation the nation was going through by Lara earlier the same day. She reacts fondly to her son's effort, without telling him she had already acknowledged what had happened in the past few months.

Christiane dies peacefully two days later: she outlives the GDR, passing away three days after full official German reunification
German reunification
German reunification was the process in 1990 in which the German Democratic Republic joined the Federal Republic of Germany , and when Berlin reunited into a single city, as provided by its then Grundgesetz constitution Article 23. The start of this process is commonly referred by Germans as die...

. Alex, Ariane, Lara and Denis scatter her ashes in the wind (despite this being illegal in both East and West Germany) using an old toy rocket Alex had made with his father during his childhood.

Cast

  • Daniel Brühl
    Daniel Brühl
    Daniel César Martín Brühl González Domingo is a Spanish/German actor. He is best known as Daniel Brühl.-Personal life:Brühl was born in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. His father was the late German stage director Hanno Brühl and his mother was a Spanish professor. He also has a brother and a sister...

     as Alexander "Alex" Kerner
  • Katrin Saß
    Katrin Saß
    Katrin Saß is a German actress, best known internationally for playing Christiane Kerner in the 2003 tragicomedy film Good Bye, Lenin! Before German reunification, she was well known film and stage actress in the German Democratic Republic She won the Silver Bear for Best Actress at the 32nd Berlin...

     as Christiane Kerner
  • Chulpan Khamatova
    Chulpan Khamatova
    Chulpan Nailevna Khamatova is a Russian film, theater and TV actress of Tatar origin. Her name, Chulpan, means "morning star" in Tatar.- Background :...

     as Lara
  • Maria Simon
    Maria Simon
    Maria Simon is a German actress.- Family and background :Simon is the sister of the actress Susanna Simon. She was born and brought up in the former East Germany but moved to New York in 1990 to live with her father, a computer expert with the UN, and sister Dalena Simon...

     as Ariane Kerner
  • Florian Lukas
    Florian Lukas
    -Selected filmography:-External links:*...

     as Denis Domaschke
  • Alexander Beyer
    Alexander Beyer
    Alexander Beyer is a German actor.He was born in Erfurt, East Germany. He has appeared in such films as: Volker Schloendorff's The Legend of Rita , Leander Haussmann's Sun Alley , Johannes Kiefer's Gregor's Greatest Invention , which was nominated for an...

     as Rainer
  • Burghart Klaußner
    Burghart Klaußner
    Burghart Klaußner is a German film actor. He has appeared in 50 films since 1983.-Selected filmography:* The Riddle of the Sands * Just a Matter of Duty * Good Bye Lenin! * The Edukators...

     as Robert Kerner
  • Michael Gwisdek
    Michael Gwisdek
    Michael Gwisdek is a German actor and film director. He has appeared in over 130 films and television shows since 1968. His debut film as a director, Treffen in Travers, was screened in the Un Certain Regard section at the 1989 Cannes Film Festival.-Selected filmography:* Woman Doctors * Just for...

     as Klapprath
  • Christine Schorn as Frau Schäfer
  • Jürgen Holtz as Herr Ganske
  • Jochen Stern as Herr Mehlert
  • Ernst-Georg Schwill as the taxi-driver
  • Stefan Walz as a taxi-driver who looks very much like, or who may actually be, Sigmund Jähn
    Sigmund Jähn
    Sigmund Werner Paul Jähn is a German pilot who became the first German to fly in space as part of the Soviet Union's Interkosmos program.-Biography:Jähn was born in Morgenröthe-Rautenkranz, in the Vogtland district of Saxony, Germany...

  • Eberhard Kirchberg as Dr. Wagner
  • Hans-Uwe Bauer as Dr. Mewes
  • Nico Ledermüller as 11-year-old Alexander "Alex" Kerner

Soundtrack

The music is composed by Yann Tiersen
Yann Tiersen
Yann Tiersen is a musician from France. His musical career is split between studio albums, collaborations and film soundtracks with a distinctive sound that is always involved...

, except the version of "Summer 78" which is sung by Claire Pichet
Claire Pichet
- Performances :*Summer 78, soundtrack of Good Bye Lenin!*The Dreamlife of Angels, soundtrack.*Rue des Cascades*Le Phare- See also :*Yann Tiersen...

. Stylistically, the music is very similar to Tiersen's prior work on the soundtrack to Amélie
Amélie (soundtrack)
Amélie is the soundtrack to the 2001 French film Amélie.Director Jean-Pierre Jeunet chanced upon the largely accordion and piano driven music of Yann Tiersen while driving with his production assistant who put on a CD he hadn't heard before. Greatly impressed, he immediately bought Tiersen's entire...

 (in fact one piano composition is in both films), but is missing Amélie's trademark accordion waltzes.

Several famous GDR songs are sung and heard. Two children, purportedly members of the Ernst Thälmann Pioneer Organisation
Ernst Thälmann Pioneer Organisation
The Ernst Thälmann Pioneer Organisation, consisting of the Young Pioneers and the Thälmann Pioneers, was a youth organisation of schoolchildren aged 6 to 14, in East Germany...

, sing Unsere Heimat
Unsere Heimat
' was a popular song in the republic of East Germany, where it was sung by the Ernst Thälmann Pioneer Organisation. The lyrics were written by Herbert Keller and the melody by Hans Naumilkat. It is a song that expresses the concept of Heimat, and justifies its relevance within communism and...

(Our Homeland). Friends of Christiane (living in the same building) follow with Bau Auf! Bau Auf!, another anthem, of the Free German Youth
Free German Youth
The Free German Youth, also known as the FDJ , was the official socialist youth movement of the German Democratic Republic and the Socialist Unity Party of Germany....

. The final fake newscast with Sigmund Jähn features a rousing crescendo of the GDR national anthem, Auferstanden aus Ruinen
Auferstanden aus Ruinen
' was the national anthem of East Germany during its existence from 1949 to 1990.-History:...

.

Reception

The film received strong positive reviews. It holds a rating of 90% on Rotten Tomatoes. Empire gave the film four stars out of five with a verdict of, "An ingenious little idea that is funny, moving and- gasp!- even makes you think."

Awards and nominations

BAFTA Awards
British Academy Film Awards
The British Academy Film Awards are presented in an annual award show hosted by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts . It is the British counterpart of the Oscars. As of 2008, it has taken place in the Royal Opera House, having taken over from the flagship Odeon cinema on Leicester Square...

  • Best Film not in the English Language (nominated – lost to In This World
    In This World
    In This World is a 2002 British docudrama directed by Michael Winterbottom. The film follows two young Afghan refugees, Jamal Udin Torabi and Enayatullah, as they leave a refugee camp in Pakistan for a better life in London. Since their journey is illegal, it is fraught with danger, and they must...

    )


César Award
César Award
The César Award is the national film award of France, first given out in 1975. The nominations are selected by the members of the Académie des arts et techniques du cinéma....

  • César Award for Best Film from the European Union
    César Award for Best Film from the European Union
    This is a list of the winners of and nominees for the César Award for Best Film from the European Union . The prize was awarded three times, in 2003, 2004 and 2005, and was subsequently discontinued...

     (won)


European Film Awards
  • Best Actor (Brühl, won)
  • Best Actress (Saß, nominated – lost to Charlotte Rampling
    Charlotte Rampling
    Charlotte Rampling, OBE is an English actress. Her career spans four decades in English-language as well as French and Italian cinema.- Early life :...

    , Swimming Pool
    Swimming Pool (film)
    Swimming Pool is a 2003 thriller film directed by François Ozon and starring Charlotte Rampling and Ludivine Sagnier. The plot focuses on a British crime novelist, Sarah Morton, who travels to her publisher's upscale summer house in Southern France for solitude to work on her next book...

    )
  • Best Director (Becker, nominated – lost to Lars von Trier
    Lars von Trier
    Lars von Trier is a Danish film director and screenwriter. He is closely associated with the Dogme 95 collective, although his own films have taken a variety of different approaches, and have frequently received strongly divided critical opinion....

    , Dogville
    Dogville
    Dogville is a 2003 drama written and directed by Lars von Trier, and starring Nicole Kidman, Lauren Bacall, Chloë Sevigny, Paul Bettany, Stellan Skarsgård, Udo Kier, and James Caan...

    )
  • Best Film (won)
  • Best Screenwriter (Lichtenberg, won)


German Film Awards
Deutscher Filmpreis
The Deutscher Filmpreis is the highest German movie award. From 1951 to 2004 it was awarded by a commission, since 2005 the award has been given by the Deutsche Filmakademie...

  • Outstanding Actor (Brühl, won)
  • Outstanding Actress (Saß, nominated – lost to Hannelore Elsner
    Hannelore Elsner
    Hannelore Elsner is a German actress. After finishing drama school she worked in theatres in Berlin and München. Later she starred in films and TV series such as Die Schwarzwaldklinik...

    , Mein letzter Film)
  • Outstanding Direction (Becker, won)
  • Outstanding Screenwriter (Lichtenberg,"won")
  • Outstanding Editing (Adam, won)
  • Outstanding Film (won)
  • Outstanding Music (Tiersen, won)
  • Outstanding Production Design (Holler, won)
  • Outstanding Supporting Actor (Lukas, won)
  • Outstanding Supporting Actress (Simon, nominated – lost to Corinna Harfouch, Bibi Blocksberg)


Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
The Golden Globe Award is an accolade bestowed by the 93 members of the Hollywood Foreign Press Association recognizing excellence in film and television, both domestic and foreign...

s
  • Best Foreign Language Film (nominated – lost to Osama
    Osama (film)
    Osama is a 2003 film made in Afghanistan by Siddiq Barmak. It is about a girl living in Afghanistan under the Taliban regime who disguises herself as a boy, Osama, to support her family. It was the first film to be shot entirely in Afghanistan since 1996, when the Taliban régime banned the...

    )


Goya Awards
Goya Awards
The Goya Awards, known in Spanish as los Premios Goya, are Spain's main national film awards, considered by many in Spain, and internationally, to be the Spanish equivalent of the American Academy Awards....

  • Best European Film (Becker, won)


London Film Critics' Circle
  • Best Foreign Language Film (won)


Philosophy Talk
Philosophy Talk
Philosophy Talk is a talk radio program co-hosted by John Perry and Ken Taylor, who are professors at Stanford University. The show is also available as a podcast, available for purchase. The program deals both with fundamental problems of philosophy and with the works of famous philosophers,...

  • Dionysius Award


Empire
Empire (magazine)
Empire is a British film magazine published monthly by Bauer Consumer Media. From the first issue in July 1989, the magazine was edited by Barry McIlheney and published by Emap. Bauer purchased Emap Consumer Media in early 2008...

magazine's "The 100 Best Films Of World Cinema" in 2010
  • Ranked #91

External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
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