French order of precedence
The French order of precedence
Order of precedence
An order of precedence is a sequential hierarchy of nominal importance of items. Most often it is used in the context of people by many organizations and governments...

is a symbolic hierarchy of officials in the Government of France
Government of France
The government of the French Republic is a semi-presidential system determined by the French Constitution of the fifth Republic. The nation declares itself to be an "indivisible, secular, democratic, and social Republic"...

 used to direct protocol.

The current order of precedence was established by presidential decree number 89-655 of September 13, 1989.
  1. The President of the Republic (Nicolas Sarkozy
    Nicolas Sarkozy
    Nicolas Sarkozy is the 23rd and current President of the French Republic and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra. He assumed the office on 16 May 2007 after defeating the Socialist Party candidate Ségolène Royal 10 days earlier....

  2. The Prime Minister
    Prime Minister of France
    The Prime Minister of France in the Fifth Republic is the head of government and of the Council of Ministers of France. The head of state is the President of the French Republic...

     (François Fillon
    François Fillon
    François Charles Armand Fillon is the Prime Minister of France. He was appointed to that office by President Nicolas Sarkozy on 17 May 2007. He served initially until 13 November 2010 when he resigned from being prime minister before a planned cabinet reshuffle.On 14 November 2010, Sarkozy...

  3. The President of the Senate
    French Senate
    The Senate is the upper house of the Parliament of France, presided over by a president.The Senate enjoys less prominence than the lower house, the directly elected National Assembly; debates in the Senate tend to be less tense and generally enjoy less media coverage.-History:France's first...

     (Jean-Pierre Bel
    Jean-Pierre Bel
    Jean-Pierre Bel is a French politician who has been President of the Senate of France since 2011. From the Ariège department, Bel is a member of the Socialist Party; he was elected to the Senate in September 1998 and re-elected in September 2008...

  4. The President of the National Assembly
    French National Assembly
    The French National Assembly is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament of France under the Fifth Republic. The upper house is the Senate ....

     (Bernard Accoyer
    Bernard Accoyer
    Bernard Accoyer is a French politician who is currently the President of the National Assembly of France, as well as the Mayor of Annecy-le-Vieux.-Biography:...

  5. Former Presidents of the Republic, in order of term
    1. Valéry Giscard d'Estaing
      Valéry Giscard d'Estaing
      Valéry Marie René Georges Giscard d'Estaing is a French centre-right politician who was President of the French Republic from 1974 until 1981...

    2. Jacques Chirac
      Jacques Chirac
      Jacques René Chirac is a French politician who served as President of France from 1995 to 2007. He previously served as Prime Minister of France from 1974 to 1976 and from 1986 to 1988 , and as Mayor of Paris from 1977 to 1995.After completing his studies of the DEA's degree at the...

  6. The Government (Ministers forming the Government), in the order decided by the President of the Republic
    1. Jean-Louis Borloo
      Jean-Louis Borloo
      Jean-Louis Borloo is a French politician, and was the French Minister for Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and Town and Country Planning between 2007 and 2010.-Professional résumé:Education...

    2. Bernard Kouchner
      Bernard Kouchner
      Bernard Kouchner is a French politician, diplomat, and doctor. He is co-founder of Médecins Sans Frontières and Médecins du Monde...

    3. Brice Hortefeux
      Brice Hortefeux
      Brice Hortefeux is a French politician he was Minister of the Interior, Overseas Territories and Territorial collectivities...

    4. Rachida Dati
      Rachida Dati
      Rachida Dati is a French politician and Member of the European Parliament, representing Île-de-France. Before her election, she held the cabinet post of Keeper of the Seals, Minister of Justice. She was a spokesperson for Nicolas Sarkozy during the French presidential election of 2007...

    5. Michel Barnier
      Michel Barnier
      Michel Barnier is a French politician of the Union for a Popular Movement and Vice President of the European People's Party . He is the current European Commissioner for Internal Market and Services...

    6. Patrick Devedjian
      Patrick Devedjian
      Patrick Devedjian is a French politician of the Union for a Popular Movement party...

    7. Xavier Darcos
      Xavier Darcos
      Xavier Darcos is a French politician, scholar and civil servant currently serving as Minister of Labour.An agrégé professor in literature and general inspector of the National Education system, he has been Mayor of Périgueux, a Senator, and a junior minister in Jean-Pierre Raffarin's...

    8. Valérie Pécresse
      Valérie Pécresse
      Valérie Pécresse is a French politician. She has been deputy of the Yvelines since May 16, 2002, Minister for Higher Education and Research from May 18, 2007 to June 2011 and is currently in charge of the budget as the Minister of the Budget since then...

    9. Hervé Morin
      Hervé Morin
      Hervé Morin is a French politician, leader of the New Center party and a former French Minister of Defence.-Member of National Assembly:...

    10. Roselyne Bachelot-Narquin
      Roselyne Bachelot-Narquin
      Roselyne Bachelot-Narquin, generally known as Roselyne Bachelot , is a French politician, current Minister of Solidarities and Social Cohesion, and a member of the Union for a Popular Movement, which is part of the European People's PartyShe was the French Minister for Health and Sports until 14...

    11. Christine Boutin
      Christine Boutin
      Christine Boutin is a French politician and a major Christian democratic figure in France. She served as a member of the French National Assembly representing Yvelines, from 1986 until 2007, when she was appointed Minister of Housing and Urban Development by President Nicolas Sarkozy...

    12. Christine Albanel
      Christine Albanel
      Christine Albanel is a French civil servant. From May 2007 to June 2009 she was France's Minister for Culture and Communication in François Fillon's government.Albanel is agrégé in classical Letters...

    13. Éric Woerth
      Éric Woerth
      Éric Woerth is a French politician.-Life and career:Woerth was born in Creil, Oise. He studied at HEC School of Management and Institut d'Études Politiques de Paris...

    14. Éric Besson
      Éric Besson
      Éric Besson is a French politician and Minister of Industry, Energy and the Digital economy under the Minister of Economy, Finance and Industry, Christine Lagarde...

    15. Roger Karoutchi
      Roger Karoutchi
      Roger Karoutchi is the French Ambassador to the OECD. He is a former Secretary of State to the French Prime Minister, with responsibility for Relations with Parliament.-Early life:...

    16. Bruno Le Maire
      Bruno Le Maire
      Bruno Le Maire is the French Minister of Food, Agriculture and Fishing.-Biography:Bruno Le Maire was born on 15 April 1969 in Neuilly-sur-Seine. He is a graduate of the Ecole Normale Supérieure and the Ecole Nationale d’Administration....

    17. Laurent Wauquiez
      Laurent Wauquiez
      Laurent Wauquiez is a French politician and the current Secretary of State for European Affairs under the Foreign and European Affairs Minister, Alain Juppé....

    18. Luc Chatel
      Luc Chatel
      Luc Marie Chatel is a French politician born on August 15, 1964 in Bethesda, Maryland, USA. He has been Minister of National Education since June 2009, overseeing a difficult transition in the conditions under which new secondary teachers begin their careers...

    19. Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet
      Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet
      Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet , often referred to by her initials NKM, is the current Minister for Ecology, Sustainable Development, Transport and Housing of France, appointed in November 2010....

    20. Valérie Létard
      Valérie Létard
      Valérie Létard was Secretary of State for Solidarity in the government of François Fillon from June 2007 to 14 November 2010....

    21. Dominique Bussereau
      Dominique Bussereau
      Dominique Bussereau is a French politician, was Secretary of State for Transport within the government of François Fillon...

    22. Chantal Jouanno
      Chantal Jouanno
      Chantal Jouanno is a French politician, Minister of Sport in the third government of François Fillon since 14 November 2010. She has been Secretary of State for Ecology in the French Government of François Fillon from 21 January 2009 to 14 November 2010...

    23. André Santini
      André Santini
      André Santini is a French politician, mayor of Issy-les-Moulineaux, Hauts-de-Seine.A former member of the UDF, he did not support François Bayrou, the candidate of his party for the first round of 2007 French presidential election, choosing instead to support Nicolas Sarkozy.After the election, he...

    24. Jean-Marie Bockel
      Jean-Marie Bockel
      Jean-Marie Bockel has been Secretary of State for Defence and Veterans in the government of Prime Minister François Fillon since 18 March 2008, having previously been Secretary of State for Cooperation and La Francophonie since June 2007...

    25. Hervé Novelli
      Hervé Novelli
      Hervé Novelli is a French politician of Italian origin, and a past member of the UDF group. He was a deputé in the Assemblée Nationale for the Indre-et-Loire département from 2002 to 2007, having previously been a député from 1993-1997...

    26. Fadela Amara
      Fadela Amara
      Fadéla Amara, also known as Fatiha Amara is a French feminist and politician, who began her political life as an advocate for women in the impoverished banlieues. She was the Secretary of State for Urban Policies in the conservative Union for a Popular Movement government of French Prime Minister...

    27. Alain Marleix
      Alain Marleix
      Alain Marleix born on January 2, 1946 in Paris is a French politician. He was the Secretary of State for Veterans in the government of François Fillon from June 2007 to March 2008...

    28. Rama Yade
      Rama Yade
      Rama Yade is a French politician who served in the government of France from 2007 to 2010. She was Secretary of State for Sports and married to Joseph Zimet - son of Yiddish singer Ben Zimet, an adviser to Secretary of State Jean-Marie Bockel.- Early life :Yade was born in Ouakam, Senegal. She...

    29. Bernard Laporte
      Bernard Laporte
      Bernard Laporte is a rugby union coach and former French Secretary of State for Sport. He is currently the head coach at Toulon, having taken over in 2011 from Philippe Saint-André, who had been named the new head coach of the France national team. Laporte himself is a former head coach of France,...

    30. Christian Blanc
      Christian Blanc
      Christian Blanc is a French politician.He was a member of the Saint-Simon Foundation think-tank. Blanc was elected to the National Assembly to represent the third district of Yvelines on 15 December 2002, replacing Anne-Marie Idrac, who had stood down to on nomination to become president of the RATP...

    31. Hubert Falco
      Hubert Falco
      Hubert Falco is a French politician who has been appointed Secretary of State for development of the territory in the government of François Fillon on March 18, 2008. He is the mayor of Toulon.-References:...

    32. Anne-Marie Idrac
      Anne-Marie Idrac
      Anne-Marie Idrac is a French politician, member of the Nouveau Centre political party, was French Minister of State for foreign trade.- Biography :...

    33. Yves Jego
      Yves Jégo
      Yves Jégo is a French politician who was appointed Secretary of State for Overseas in the government of François Fillon on March 18, 2008. He was replaced by Marie-Luce Penchard on June 23, 2009 and was not given another portfolio...

    34. Alain Joyandet
      Alain Joyandet
      Alain Joyandet is a French politician who was appointed Secretary of State for Cooperation and Francophony in the government of François Fillon from March 18, 2008 to July 2010. Prior to that, he was CEO of the Société Nouvelle des Éditions Comtoises , a publisher of weekly newspapers and journals...

    35. Nadine Morano
      Nadine Morano
      Nadine Morano is a French politician of Italian descent and the Minister for Apprenticeship and Professional Formation under the Minister of Labour, Employment and Health, Xavier Bertrand. She was previously Secretary of State for Family in the government of François Fillon on March 18, 2008...

    36. Martin Hirsch
      Martin Hirsch
      Martin Hirsch is the former head of Emmaüs France, the former High Commissioner for Active Solidarity against Poverty, and the High Commissioner for Youth in the government of François Fillon...

  7. Former Prime Ministers, in order of term
    1. Pierre Mauroy
      Pierre Mauroy
      Pierre Mauroy is a French Socialist politician and former Prime Minister under François Mitterrand . Mauroy also served as Mayor of Lille from 1973 to 2001. Mauroy is currently emeritus mayor of Lille.-Biography:...

    2. Laurent Fabius
      Laurent Fabius
      Laurent Fabius is a French Socialist politician. He served as Prime Minister from 17 July 1984 to 20 March 1986. He was 37 years old when he was appointed and is, so far, the youngest Prime Minister of the Fifth Republic.-Early life:...

    3. Michel Rocard
      Michel Rocard
      Michel Rocard is a French politician, member of the Socialist Party . He served as Prime Minister under François Mitterrand from 1988 to 1991, during which he created the Revenu minimum d'insertion , a social minimum welfare program for indigents, and led the Matignon Accords regarding the status...

    4. Édith Cresson
      Édith Cresson
      Édith Cresson is a French politician. She was the first and so far only woman to have held the office of Prime Minister of France.- French Prime Minister :Cresson was appointed to the prime ministerial post by President François Mitterrand on 15 May 1991...

    5. Édouard Balladur
      Édouard Balladur
      Édouard Balladur is a French politician who served as Prime Minister of France from 29 March 1993 to 10 May 1995.-Biography:Balladur was born in İzmir, Turkey, to an Armenian Catholic family with five children and long-standing ties to France...

    6. Alain Juppé
      Alain Juppé
      Alain Marie Juppé is a French politician currently serving as the Minister of Foreign Affairs. He also served as Prime Minister of France from 1995 to 1997 under President Jacques Chirac and the Minister of Defence and Veterans Affairs from 2010 to 2011...

    7. Lionel Jospin
      Lionel Jospin
      Lionel Jospin is a French politician, who served as Prime Minister of France from 1997 to 2002.Jospin was the Socialist Party candidate for President of France in the elections of 1995 and 2002. He was narrowly defeated in the final runoff election by Jacques Chirac in 1995...

    8. Jean-Pierre Raffarin
      Jean-Pierre Raffarin
      Jean-Pierre Raffarin is a French conservative politician and senator for Vienne.Jean-Pierre Raffarin served as the Prime Minister of France from 6 May 2002 to 31 May 2005, resigning after France's rejection of the referendum on the European Union draft constitution. However, after Raffarin...

    9. Dominique de Villepin
      Dominique de Villepin
      Dominique Marie François René Galouzeau de Villepin is a French politician who served as the Prime Minister of France from 31 May 2005 to 17 May 2007....

  8. The President of the Constitutional Council
    Constitutional Council of France
    The Constitutional Council is the highest constitutional authority in France. It was established by the Constitution of the Fifth Republic on 4 October 1958, and its duty is to ensure that the principles and rules of the constitution are upheld.Its main activity is to rule on whether proposed...

     (Jean-Louis Debré
    Jean-Louis Debré
    Jean-Louis Debré is a conservative French political figure. He was President of the National Assembly of France from 2002 to 2007 and has been President of the Constitutional Council since 2007.-Biography:Debré was born in Toulouse...

  9. The Vice President of the Conseil d'État (Jean-Marc Sauvé
    Jean-Marc Sauvé
    Jean-Marc Sauvé is a French civil servant born the 28th of May 1949. He is today vice-president of the Council of State and president of the French Institute of Administrative Sciences .-Biography:...

  10. The President of the Economic, Social and Environmental Council (Jacques Dermagne)
  11. Members of the National Assembly
  12. Senators
  13. The judicial authority represented by the first President of the Court of Cassation
    Court of Cassation (France)
    The French Supreme Court of Judicature is France's court of last resort having jurisdiction over all matters triable in the judicial stream but only scope of review to determine a miscarriage of justice or certify a question of law based solely on points of law...

     (Vincent Lamanda) and the public prosecutor of that court (Jean-Louis Nadal)
  14. The first President of the Revenue Court (Cour des Comptes
    Cour des Comptes
    The Court of Audit is a quasi-judicial body of the French government charged with conducting financial and legislative audits of most public institutions and some private institutions, including the central Government, national public corporations, social security agencies , and public services...

    ) (Didier Migaud
    Didier Migaud
    Didier Migaud is a member of the National Assembly of France. He represents the Isère department, and is a member of the Socialiste, radical, citoyen et divers gauche....

    ) and the public prosecutor of that court
  15. The Great Chancellor of the Légion d'honneur
    Légion d'honneur
    The Legion of Honour, or in full the National Order of the Legion of Honour is a French order established by Napoleon Bonaparte, First Consul of the Consulat which succeeded to the First Republic, on 19 May 1802...

    , chancellor of the National Order of Merit
    Ordre National du Mérite
    The Ordre national du Mérite is an Order of State awarded by the President of the French Republic. It was founded on 3 December 1963 by President Charles de Gaulle...

     (Jean-Pierre Kelche) and the members of the councils of these orders
  16. The Chancellor of the Order of the Libération
    Ordre de la Libération
    The Ordre de la Libération is a French Order awarded to heroes of the Liberation of France during World War II. It is an exceptional honor, the second highest after the Légion d’Honneur and only a small number of people and military units have received it, exclusively for deeds accomplished...

     (François Jacob
    François Jacob
    François Jacob is a French biologist who, together with Jacques Monod, originated the idea that control of enzyme levels in all cells occurs through feedback on transcription. He shared the 1965 Nobel Prize in Medicine with Jacques Monod and André Lwoff.-Childhood and education:François Jacob is...

    ), and the members of the council of this order
  17. The Chief of the Defence Staff
    Chief of the Defence Staff (France)
    The Chief of the Defence Staff is the chief of staff of the Military of France. The position is currently held by Admiral Édouard Guillaud.- Functions :The Chief of the Defence Staff has two roles:...

     (Jean-Louis Georgelin
    Jean-Louis Georgelin
    Jean-Louis Georgelin is an Army General . Great Chancellor of the French national order of the Legion of honnor from the 9 June 2010...

  18. The Ombudsman
    An ombudsman is a person who acts as a trusted intermediary between an organization and some internal or external constituency while representing not only but mostly the broad scope of constituent interests...

     (Médiateur) of the Republic (Jean-Paul Delevoye
    Jean-Paul Delevoye
    Jean-Paul Delevoye is a French politician.-Political career:After having worked in the food industry, he began his political career as a village councilman in 1974...


The following then apply in Paris
Paris is the capital and largest city in France, situated on the river Seine, in northern France, at the heart of the Île-de-France region...

  1. The prefect
    Prefect is a magisterial title of varying definition....

     of the Île-de-France
    Île-de-France (région)
    Île-de-France is the wealthiest and most populated of the twenty-two administrative regions of France, composed mostly of the Paris metropolitan area....

    Region is most commonly found as a term used in terrestrial and astrophysics sciences also an area, notably among the different sub-disciplines of geography, studied by regional geographers. Regions consist of subregions that contain clusters of like areas that are distinctive by their uniformity...

    , prefect of Paris (Daniel Canepa)
  2. The prefect of police
    Prefecture of Police
    The Prefecture of Police , headed by the Prefect of Police , is an agency of the Government of France which provides the police force for the city of Paris and the surrounding three suburban départements of Hauts-de-Seine, Seine-Saint-Denis, and Val-de-Marne...

    , prefect of the Paris defense zone (Michel Gaudin)
  3. The mayor
    In many countries, a Mayor is the highest ranking officer in the municipal government of a town or a large urban city....

     of Paris, president of the Council of Paris (Bertrand Delanoë
    Bertrand Delanoë
    Bertrand Delanoë is a French politician, and has been the mayor of Paris since 2001. He is member of the Socialist Party . Delanoë was born in Tunis, Tunisia to a French-Tunisian father and a French mother...

  4. The representatives to the European Parliament
    European Parliament
    The European Parliament is the directly elected parliamentary institution of the European Union . Together with the Council of the European Union and the Commission, it exercises the legislative function of the EU and it has been described as one of the most powerful legislatures in the world...

  5. The chancellor of the Institute of France, the perpetual secretaries of the French Academy, the Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres, the Academy of Sciences
    French Academy of Sciences
    The French Academy of Sciences is a learned society, founded in 1666 by Louis XIV at the suggestion of Jean-Baptiste Colbert, to encourage and protect the spirit of French scientific research...

    , of the Académie des beaux-arts and of the Academy of moral and political sciences
  6. The general secretary of the government; the general secretary of national defence; the general secretary of the Ministry of foreign affairs
    Minister of Foreign Affairs (France)
    Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs ), is France's foreign affairs ministry, with the headquarters located on the Quai d'Orsay in Paris close to the National Assembly of France. The Minister of Foreign and European Affairs in the government of France is the cabinet minister responsible for...

  7. The president of the administrative court of appeal of Paris; the first president of the Paris court of appeal and the general public prosecutor of that court
  8. The general delegate for weaponry; the general secretary for administration of the Ministry of defence; the chief of staff of the army; the chief of staff of the navy; the chief of staff of the air force; the military governor of Paris, commanding the Île-de-France army region
  9. The president of the high council of broadcasting
  10. The president of the national commission "computing and freedoms" (CNIL)
  11. The president of the concurrence council
  12. The rector of the Paris academy, chancellor of the University of Paris
    Chancellor of the University of Paris
    The Chancellor of the University of Paris was originally the chancellor of the chapter of Notre Dame de Paris. The University of Paris ceased to exist in 1970, though the related position, Chancellor of the Universities of Paris is currently held by Maurice Quénet.-13th century:*Praepositinus...

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