Emil Doepler
Emil Doepler "the Younger" (October 29, 1855 in Munich
Munich The city's motto is "" . Before 2006, it was "Weltstadt mit Herz" . Its native name, , is derived from the Old High German Munichen, meaning "by the monks' place". The city's name derives from the monks of the Benedictine order who founded the city; hence the monk depicted on the city's coat...

 – December 21, 1922 in Berlin
Berlin is the capital city of Germany and is one of the 16 states of Germany. With a population of 3.45 million people, Berlin is Germany's largest city. It is the second most populous city proper and the seventh most populous urban area in the European Union...

) was a German Art Nouveau
Art Nouveau
Art Nouveau is an international philosophy and style of art, architecture and applied art—especially the decorative arts—that were most popular during 1890–1910. The name "Art Nouveau" is French for "new art"...

 illustrator, decorative artist, and art teacher. Emil Doepler was son of Carl Emil Doepler
Carl Emil Doepler
Carl Emil Doepler was a German painter, illustrator and costume designer. He created the costumes for Richard Wagner's opera Der Ring des Nibelungen at the Bayreuth Nibelungenfestspiel in 1878.His son, Emil Doepler, was also an artist....

, painter, artist, and costume designer
Costume Designer
A costume designer or costume mistress/master is a person whose responsibility is to design costumes for a film or stage production. He or she is considered an important part of the "production team", working alongside the director, scenic and lighting designers as well as the sound designer. The...



Reich's President Friedrich Ebert
Friedrich Ebert
Friedrich Ebert was a German politician of the Social Democratic Party of Germany .When Ebert was elected as the leader of the SPD after the death of August Bebel, the party members of the SPD were deeply divided because of the party's support for World War I. Ebert supported the Burgfrieden and...

 declared Doepler's design to be the official German coat of arms to be as of 11 November 1919, following a decision of the Reich's government.

Since 1928 the new Reichswappen (Reich's coat of arms), designed by Tobias Schwab (1887–1967), replaced it. Doepler's design then became the Reichsschild (Reich's escutcheon) with restricted use such as as pennant
Pennant may refer to:* Pennon , a narrow, tapering flag commonly flown by ships at sea:** Pennant , the traditional sign of a warship, flown from its masthead while the ship is in commission...

 for government vehicles. In 1949 the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany)
West Germany
West Germany is the common English, but not official, name for the Federal Republic of Germany or FRG in the period between its creation in May 1949 to German reunification on 3 October 1990....

adopted Doepler's design as Bundesschild for the same purposes.
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