Danish Royal Family
Overview
 
The Danish Royal Family includes the Queen of Denmark
Margrethe II of Denmark
Margrethe II is the Queen regnant of the Kingdom of Denmark. In 1972 she became the first female monarch of Denmark since Margaret I, ruler of the Scandinavian countries in 1375-1412 during the Kalmar Union.-Early life:...

 and her family. All members except the Queen hold the title of Prince/Princess of Denmark with the style of His/Her Royal Highness or His/Her Highness. The Queen is styled Her Majesty. The Queen and her siblings belong to the House of Glücksburg, which is a branch of the Royal House of Oldenburg
House of Oldenburg
The House of Oldenburg is a North German dynasty and one of Europe's most influential Royal Houses with branches that rule or have ruled in Denmark, Russia, Greece, Norway, Schleswig, Holstein, Oldenburg and Sweden...

. The Queen's children and male-line descendants belong agnatically
Patrilineality
Patrilineality is a system in which one belongs to one's father's lineage. It generally involves the inheritance of property, names or titles through the male line as well....

 to the family House of Laborde de Monpezat
House of Laborde de Monpezat
The House of Laborde de Monpezat is a French family, known since the seventeenth century, associated with the Danish Royal Family by marriage. In 1967 Henri de Laborde de Monpezat wed Hereditary Princess Margrethe of Denmark, of the ruling House of Glücksburg...

 and were given the concurrent title Count/Countess of Monpezat by royal decree in April 2008.

The Danish Royal Family enjoys remarkably high approval ratings in Denmark, possibly ranging from somewhere between 80% and 90%.
The Danish Royal Family includes:
  • The Queen
    Margrethe II of Denmark
    Margrethe II is the Queen regnant of the Kingdom of Denmark. In 1972 she became the first female monarch of Denmark since Margaret I, ruler of the Scandinavian countries in 1375-1412 during the Kalmar Union.-Early life:...

  • The Prince Consort
    Henrik, Prince Consort of Denmark
    Henrik, Prince Consort of Denmark , is the husband of the Queen of Denmark, Margrethe II.-Early life:Henrik was born in Talence, Gironde, France...

     (The Queen's husband)
  • The Crown Prince
    Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark
    Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark, Count of Monpezat, is the heir apparent to the throne of Denmark. Frederik is the elder son of Queen Margrethe II and Henrik, the Prince Consort.-Name and christening:...

     and Crown Princess
    Mary, Crown Princess of Denmark
    Mary, Crown Princess of Denmark, Countess of Monpezat, is the wife of Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark...

     (The Queen's son and daughter-in-law)
    • Prince Christian
      Prince Christian of Denmark
      Prince Christian Valdemar Henri John of Denmark, Count of Monpezat , is a member of the Danish Royal Family. He is the elder son of Crown Prince Frederik and his wife, the Australian born Crown Princess Mary. He is a grandson of Queen Margrethe II of Denmark and her husband Prince Henrik...

       (The Crown Prince and Crown Princess's son)
    • Princess Isabella
      Princess Isabella of Denmark
      Princess Isabella Henrietta Ingrid Margrethe of Denmark, Countess of Monpezat , is a member of the Danish Royal Family. She is the daughter of Crown Prince Frederik and his wife, the Australian-born Crown Princess Mary....

       (The Crown Prince and Crown Princess's daughter)
    • Prince Vincent
      Prince Vincent of Denmark
      Prince Vincent Frederik Minik Alexander of Denmark, Count of Monpezat , is a member of the Danish Royal Family. He is the third child and youngest son of Crown Prince Frederik and his wife, the Australian-born Crown Princess Mary. He is also the sixth grandchild and youngest grandson of Queen...

       (The Crown Prince and Crown Princess' second son)
    • Princess Josephine
      Princess Josephine of Denmark
      Princess Josephine Sophia Ivalo Mathilda of Denmark, Countess of Monpezat , is a member of the Danish Royal Family. She is the fourth and youngest child of Crown Prince Frederik and his wife, the Australian-born Crown Princess Mary, and the seventh and youngest grandchild of Queen Margrethe II of...

       (The Crown Prince and Crown Princess' second daughter)
  • Prince Joachim
    Prince Joachim of Denmark
    Prince Joachim of Denmark, Count of Monpezat, , is a member of the Danish Royal Family. He is the younger son of Queen Margrethe II and Henrik, Prince Consort of Denmark....

     and Princess Marie
    Princess Marie of Denmark
    Marie Agathe Odile, Princess of Denmark, Countess of Monpezat, is the second wife of Prince Joachim of Denmark.-Early life:...

     (The Queen's son and daughter-in-law)
    • Prince Nikolai
      Prince Nikolai of Denmark
      Prince Nikolai William Alexander Frederik of Denmark, Count of Monpezat , is a member of the Danish Royal Family. He is the elder son of Prince Joachim and his former wife, Alexandra, Countess of Frederiksborg...

       (Prince Joachim's and Alexandra, Countess of Frederiksborg's first son)
    • Prince Felix
      Prince Felix of Denmark
      Prince Felix Henrik Valdemar Christian of Denmark, Count of Monpezat , is a member of the Danish Royal Family. He is the younger son of Prince Joachim and his former wife, Alexandra Christina, Countess of Frederiksborg...

       (Prince Joachim's and Alexandra, Countess of Frederiksborg's second son)
    • Prince Henrik
      Prince Henrik of Denmark
      Prince Henrik of Denmark, Count of Monpezat is a Danish prince and a member of the Danish Royal Family.-Danish prince:Prince Henrik is the third and youngest son of Prince Joachim. The prince is Joachim's first child with his second wife, Princess Marie of Denmark...

       (Prince Joachim's and Princess Marie's son)
  • Princess Benedikte
    Princess Benedikte of Denmark
    Princess Benedikte of Denmark, Princess of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg, , , is the second daughter of King Frederick IX of Denmark and Ingrid of Sweden...

     (The Queen's sister)
  • Queen Anne-Marie of the Hellenes
    Queen Anne-Marie of Greece
    Queen Anne-Marie of Greece is the wife of former King Constantine II of Greece, who was deposed in referendums in 1973 and in 1974. Her title "Queen of Greece" is not recognized under the terms of the republican Constitution of Greece...

     (The Queen's sister)
  • Princess Elisabeth
    Princess Elisabeth of Denmark
    Princess Elisabeth of Denmark, is the daughter of Hereditary Prince Knud and Hereditary Princess Caroline-Mathilde of Denmark.-Biography:She is a first cousin of Queen Margrethe II, and is last in...

     (The Queen's cousin)


The above are all the living agnatic descendents of King Christian IX
Christian IX of Denmark
Christian IX was King of Denmark from 16 November 1863 to 29 January 1906.Growing up as a prince of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, a junior branch of the House of Oldenburg which had ruled Denmark since 1448, Christian was originally not in the immediate line of succession to the Danish...

, the founder of the current dynasty, and cognatic descendents of King Christian X
Christian X of Denmark
Christian X was King of Denmark from 1912 to 1947 and the only King of Iceland between 1918 and 1944....

, excepting those who have become members of royal families of other realms and those who are Counts of Rosenborg.
  • Alexandra Christina, Countess of Frederiksborg (Prince Joachim's former wife)


The former wife of Queen Margrethe's youngest son Prince Joachim, Princess Alexandra lost the style of Royal Highness
Royal Highness
Royal Highness is a style ; plural Royal Highnesses...

 and was granted the lower style of Highness
Highness
Highness, often used with a possessive adjective , is an attribute referring to the rank of the dynasty in an address...

 upon her divorce in 2005, becoming known as HH Princess Alexandra of Denmark, a style which would cease upon her remarriage.
Encyclopedia
The Danish Royal Family includes the Queen of Denmark
Margrethe II of Denmark
Margrethe II is the Queen regnant of the Kingdom of Denmark. In 1972 she became the first female monarch of Denmark since Margaret I, ruler of the Scandinavian countries in 1375-1412 during the Kalmar Union.-Early life:...

 and her family. All members except the Queen hold the title of Prince/Princess of Denmark with the style of His/Her Royal Highness or His/Her Highness. The Queen is styled Her Majesty. The Queen and her siblings belong to the House of Glücksburg, which is a branch of the Royal House of Oldenburg
House of Oldenburg
The House of Oldenburg is a North German dynasty and one of Europe's most influential Royal Houses with branches that rule or have ruled in Denmark, Russia, Greece, Norway, Schleswig, Holstein, Oldenburg and Sweden...

. The Queen's children and male-line descendants belong agnatically
Patrilineality
Patrilineality is a system in which one belongs to one's father's lineage. It generally involves the inheritance of property, names or titles through the male line as well....

 to the family House of Laborde de Monpezat
House of Laborde de Monpezat
The House of Laborde de Monpezat is a French family, known since the seventeenth century, associated with the Danish Royal Family by marriage. In 1967 Henri de Laborde de Monpezat wed Hereditary Princess Margrethe of Denmark, of the ruling House of Glücksburg...

 and were given the concurrent title Count/Countess of Monpezat by royal decree in April 2008.

The Danish Royal Family enjoys remarkably high approval ratings in Denmark, possibly ranging from somewhere between 80% and 90%.

Main members

The Danish Royal Family includes:
  • The Queen
    Margrethe II of Denmark
    Margrethe II is the Queen regnant of the Kingdom of Denmark. In 1972 she became the first female monarch of Denmark since Margaret I, ruler of the Scandinavian countries in 1375-1412 during the Kalmar Union.-Early life:...

  • The Prince Consort
    Henrik, Prince Consort of Denmark
    Henrik, Prince Consort of Denmark , is the husband of the Queen of Denmark, Margrethe II.-Early life:Henrik was born in Talence, Gironde, France...

     (The Queen's husband)
  • The Crown Prince
    Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark
    Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark, Count of Monpezat, is the heir apparent to the throne of Denmark. Frederik is the elder son of Queen Margrethe II and Henrik, the Prince Consort.-Name and christening:...

     and Crown Princess
    Mary, Crown Princess of Denmark
    Mary, Crown Princess of Denmark, Countess of Monpezat, is the wife of Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark...

     (The Queen's son and daughter-in-law)
    • Prince Christian
      Prince Christian of Denmark
      Prince Christian Valdemar Henri John of Denmark, Count of Monpezat , is a member of the Danish Royal Family. He is the elder son of Crown Prince Frederik and his wife, the Australian born Crown Princess Mary. He is a grandson of Queen Margrethe II of Denmark and her husband Prince Henrik...

       (The Crown Prince and Crown Princess's son)
    • Princess Isabella
      Princess Isabella of Denmark
      Princess Isabella Henrietta Ingrid Margrethe of Denmark, Countess of Monpezat , is a member of the Danish Royal Family. She is the daughter of Crown Prince Frederik and his wife, the Australian-born Crown Princess Mary....

       (The Crown Prince and Crown Princess's daughter)
    • Prince Vincent
      Prince Vincent of Denmark
      Prince Vincent Frederik Minik Alexander of Denmark, Count of Monpezat , is a member of the Danish Royal Family. He is the third child and youngest son of Crown Prince Frederik and his wife, the Australian-born Crown Princess Mary. He is also the sixth grandchild and youngest grandson of Queen...

       (The Crown Prince and Crown Princess' second son)
    • Princess Josephine
      Princess Josephine of Denmark
      Princess Josephine Sophia Ivalo Mathilda of Denmark, Countess of Monpezat , is a member of the Danish Royal Family. She is the fourth and youngest child of Crown Prince Frederik and his wife, the Australian-born Crown Princess Mary, and the seventh and youngest grandchild of Queen Margrethe II of...

       (The Crown Prince and Crown Princess' second daughter)
  • Prince Joachim
    Prince Joachim of Denmark
    Prince Joachim of Denmark, Count of Monpezat, , is a member of the Danish Royal Family. He is the younger son of Queen Margrethe II and Henrik, Prince Consort of Denmark....

     and Princess Marie
    Princess Marie of Denmark
    Marie Agathe Odile, Princess of Denmark, Countess of Monpezat, is the second wife of Prince Joachim of Denmark.-Early life:...

     (The Queen's son and daughter-in-law)
    • Prince Nikolai
      Prince Nikolai of Denmark
      Prince Nikolai William Alexander Frederik of Denmark, Count of Monpezat , is a member of the Danish Royal Family. He is the elder son of Prince Joachim and his former wife, Alexandra, Countess of Frederiksborg...

       (Prince Joachim's and Alexandra, Countess of Frederiksborg's first son)
    • Prince Felix
      Prince Felix of Denmark
      Prince Felix Henrik Valdemar Christian of Denmark, Count of Monpezat , is a member of the Danish Royal Family. He is the younger son of Prince Joachim and his former wife, Alexandra Christina, Countess of Frederiksborg...

       (Prince Joachim's and Alexandra, Countess of Frederiksborg's second son)
    • Prince Henrik
      Prince Henrik of Denmark
      Prince Henrik of Denmark, Count of Monpezat is a Danish prince and a member of the Danish Royal Family.-Danish prince:Prince Henrik is the third and youngest son of Prince Joachim. The prince is Joachim's first child with his second wife, Princess Marie of Denmark...

       (Prince Joachim's and Princess Marie's son)
  • Princess Benedikte
    Princess Benedikte of Denmark
    Princess Benedikte of Denmark, Princess of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg, , , is the second daughter of King Frederick IX of Denmark and Ingrid of Sweden...

     (The Queen's sister)
  • Queen Anne-Marie of the Hellenes
    Queen Anne-Marie of Greece
    Queen Anne-Marie of Greece is the wife of former King Constantine II of Greece, who was deposed in referendums in 1973 and in 1974. Her title "Queen of Greece" is not recognized under the terms of the republican Constitution of Greece...

     (The Queen's sister)
  • Princess Elisabeth
    Princess Elisabeth of Denmark
    Princess Elisabeth of Denmark, is the daughter of Hereditary Prince Knud and Hereditary Princess Caroline-Mathilde of Denmark.-Biography:She is a first cousin of Queen Margrethe II, and is last in...

     (The Queen's cousin)


The above are all the living agnatic descendents of King Christian IX
Christian IX of Denmark
Christian IX was King of Denmark from 16 November 1863 to 29 January 1906.Growing up as a prince of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, a junior branch of the House of Oldenburg which had ruled Denmark since 1448, Christian was originally not in the immediate line of succession to the Danish...

, the founder of the current dynasty, and cognatic descendents of King Christian X
Christian X of Denmark
Christian X was King of Denmark from 1912 to 1947 and the only King of Iceland between 1918 and 1944....

, excepting those who have become members of royal families of other realms and those who are Counts of Rosenborg.

Former member

  • Alexandra Christina, Countess of Frederiksborg (Prince Joachim's former wife)


The former wife of Queen Margrethe's youngest son Prince Joachim, Princess Alexandra lost the style of Royal Highness
Royal Highness
Royal Highness is a style ; plural Royal Highnesses...

 and was granted the lower style of Highness
Highness
Highness, often used with a possessive adjective , is an attribute referring to the rank of the dynasty in an address...

 upon her divorce in 2005, becoming known as HH Princess Alexandra of Denmark, a style which would cease upon her remarriage. During this time she was still a Princess of Denmark and thus a member of the Danish Royal Family. In 2005, her former mother-in-law granted her the additional title of grevinde af Frederiksborg (Countess of Frederiksborg), a personal title which would not be forfeited if Alexandra remarried. When she remarried on 3 March 2007, she lost the style of Highness and titular dignity of Princess
Princess
Princess is the feminine form of prince . Most often, the term has been used for the consort of a prince, or his daughters....

 of Denmark, and was no longer a member of the royal family (although she still receives an allowance
Appanage
An apanage or appanage or is the grant of an estate, titles, offices, or other things of value to the younger male children of a sovereign, who would otherwise have no inheritance under the system of primogeniture...

, and keeps the title of Her Excellency Countess of Frederiksborg
Frederiksborg
Frederiksborg is a Danish placename that can refer to:* Frederiksborg Palace* Frederiksborg County* Frederiksborg horse...

).

Royal Family of Greece

Most of the members of the deposed Royal Family of Greece hold the title of Prince or Princess of Denmark with the qualification of His or Her Highness because their male line ancestor, George I of Greece
George I of Greece
George I was King of Greece from 1863 to 1913. Originally a Danish prince, George was only 17 years old when he was elected king by the Greek National Assembly, which had deposed the former king Otto. His nomination was both suggested and supported by the Great Powers...

, was born a Danish prince and, until 1953, his dynastic
Dynasty
A dynasty is a sequence of rulers considered members of the same family. Historians traditionally consider many sovereign states' history within a framework of successive dynasties, e.g., China, Ancient Egypt and the Persian Empire...

 male-line descendants remained in Denmark's line of hereditary succession
Line of hereditary succession
Successor to hereditary title, office or like, in case of the heritage being indivisible, goes to one person at a time. There are also other sorts of order of succession than hereditary succession .The hereditary line of succession may be limited to heirs of the body, or may pass also to collateral...

. So, they are members of the Danish Royal Family.

There exist only two members of the Greek Royal Family who are not known to bear the title of Prince/ss of Denmark with the qualification of His/Her Highness.
  • Princess Alexandra of Greece
    Princess Alexandra of Greece
    Princess Alexandra of Greece is the elder daughter of Prince Michael of Greece and Denmark and his wife, Marina, consort of Prince Michael...

  • Princess Olga of Greece


The following are consorts of royal monarchs today who were born with the titles of Prince/Princess of Greece and Denmark, although they are not descended from King Constantine and Queen Anne-Marie:
  • Queen Sofia of Spain
    Queen Sofía of Spain
    Queen Sofía of Spain is the wife of King Juan Carlos I of Spain.-Early life and family:Princess Sophia of Greece and Denmark was born in Psychiko, Athens, Greece on 2 November 1938, the eldest child of the King Paul of Greece and his wife, Queen Frederika , a former princess of Hanover...

     (King Constantine's sister and Queen Anne-Marie's sister-in-law.)
  • The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
    Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
    Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh is the husband of Elizabeth II. He is the United Kingdom's longest-serving consort and the oldest serving spouse of a reigning British monarch....

     (son of Prince and Princess Andrew of Greece and Denmark, grandson of King George I of the Hellenes).

Royal Family of the Commonwealth realms

The following relations of The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh may be members of the extended Greek and Danish royal families. However, unlike members of the Greek and Norwegian branches, Prince Philip, as the senior dynast of this branch, allegedly renounced (upon taking British citizenship) not only his right to succeed to the Greek throne, but discontinued use of his title Prince of Denmark (as well as Prince of Greece). Nonetheless, all are members of the House of Oldenburg
House of Oldenburg
The House of Oldenburg is a North German dynasty and one of Europe's most influential Royal Houses with branches that rule or have ruled in Denmark, Russia, Greece, Norway, Schleswig, Holstein, Oldenburg and Sweden...

 by agnatic descent
Patrilineality
Patrilineality is a system in which one belongs to one's father's lineage. It generally involves the inheritance of property, names or titles through the male line as well....

 or marriage:
  • The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
    Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
    Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh is the husband of Elizabeth II. He is the United Kingdom's longest-serving consort and the oldest serving spouse of a reigning British monarch....

     and Elizabeth II
    Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom
    Elizabeth II is the constitutional monarch of 16 sovereign states known as the Commonwealth realms: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica, Barbados, the Bahamas, Grenada, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Belize,...

    • The Prince Charles, Prince of Wales
      Charles, Prince of Wales
      Prince Charles, Prince of Wales is the heir apparent and eldest son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. Since 1958 his major title has been His Royal Highness The Prince of Wales. In Scotland he is additionally known as The Duke of Rothesay...

       (the Duke of Edinburgh's eldest son) and Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall (formerly Parker-Bowles, née Shand)
      • Prince William, Duke of Cambridge (the Prince of Wales' older son) and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge (née Middleton)
      • Prince Harry of Wales
        Prince Harry of Wales
        Prince Henry of Wales , commonly known as Prince Harry, is the younger son of Charles, Prince of Wales and the late Diana, Princess of Wales, and fourth grandchild of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh...

         (the Prince of Wales' younger son)
    • The Princess Anne, Princess Royal
      Anne, Princess Royal
      Princess Anne, Princess Royal , is the only daughter of Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh...

       (the Duke of Edinburgh's only daughter)
      • Peter Phillips
        Peter Phillips
        Peter Phillips is the son of Anne, Princess Royal of the United Kingdom.Peter Phillips or Philips may also refer to:* Peter Philips Peter Phillips (born 1977) is the son of Anne, Princess Royal of the United Kingdom.Peter Phillips or Philips may also refer to:* Peter Philips Peter Phillips (born...

         (The Princess' Son)
        • Savannah Phillips (The Duke of Edinburgh's Great Grand daughter)
      • Zara Phillips
        Zara Phillips
        Zara Anne Elizabeth Phillips, MBE is the second child and only daughter of Princess Anne and her first husband Captain Mark Phillips and is 13th in the line of succession to the throne...

         (The Princess' Daughter)
    • The Prince Andrew, Duke of York
      Prince Andrew, Duke of York
      Prince Andrew, Duke of York KG GCVO , is the second son, and third child of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh...

       (the Duke of Edinburgh's second son)
      • Princess Beatrice of York
        Princess Beatrice of York
        Princess Beatrice of York is the elder daughter of Prince Andrew, Duke of York, and Sarah, Duchess of York...

         (the Duke of York's older daughter)
      • Princess Eugenie of York
        Princess Eugenie of York
        Princess Eugenie of York Eugenie Victoria Helena; born 23 March 1990) is the younger daughter of Prince Andrew, Duke of York, and Sarah, Duchess of York...

         (the Duke of York's younger daughter)
    • The Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex
      Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex
      Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex KG GCVO is the third son and fourth child of Elizabeth II and The Duke of Edinburgh...

       (the Duke of Edinburgh's third and youngest son) and Sophie, Countess of Wessex (née Rhys-Jones)
      • Lady Louise Windsor
        Lady Louise Windsor
        The Lady Louise Windsor is the elder child of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, and Sophie, Countess of Wessex. She is the youngest granddaughter and second-youngest grandchild of Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh...

         (the Earl of Wessex's only daughter)
      • Viscount Severn
        James, Viscount Severn
        James, Viscount Severn is the second child and only son of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, and Sophie, Countess of Wessex, and the youngest grandchild of Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh...

         (the Earl of Wessex's only son)

Royal Family of Norway

The Royal Family of Norway descends in the legitimate male line from Frederick VIII of Denmark
Frederick VIII of Denmark
Frederick VIII was King of Denmark from 1906 to 1912.-Early life:Frederick was born on 3 June 1843 in the Yellow Palace in Copenhagen as Prince Frederick of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, a junior male line of the House of Oldenburg descended from Christian III of Denmark and who had...

, Queen Margrethe II's great-grandfather. Haakon VII of Norway
Haakon VII of Norway
Haakon VII , known as Prince Carl of Denmark until 1905, was the first king of Norway after the 1905 dissolution of the personal union with Sweden. He was a member of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg...

, who was born Prince Carl of Denmark as Frederick VIII's younger son, was invited to reign
Reign
A reign is the term used to describe the period of a person's or dynasty's occupation of the office of monarch of a nation or of a people . In most hereditary monarchies and some elective monarchies A reign is the term used to describe the period of a person's or dynasty's occupation of the office...

 over another nation (like George I of Greece
George I of Greece
George I was King of Greece from 1863 to 1913. Originally a Danish prince, George was only 17 years old when he was elected king by the Greek National Assembly, which had deposed the former king Otto. His nomination was both suggested and supported by the Great Powers...

). As with the Greek branch's descendants, members of the Norwegian line no longer have succession rights to the Danish crown, but unlike the Greek dynasts they discontinued use of Danish royal titles upon mounting their foreign throne in 1905.

Counts and Countesses of Rosenborg

Danish princes who marry without consent of the Danish monarch lose their dynastic rights, including royal title. The ex-dynasts are then usually accorded the hereditary title "Count of Rosenborg". They, their wives, and their legitimate male-line descendants are:
  • Count Ingolf and Countess Sussie of Rosenborg (The Queen's cousin and his wife)
  • Count Christian and Countess Anne-Dorthe of Rosenborg (The Queen's cousin and his wife)
    • Countess Camilla, Countess Josephine, and Countess Feodora of Rosenborg (Count Christian's daughters)
  • Count Ulrik and Countess Tove of Rosenborg (The Queen's second cousin and his wife)
    • Count Philip of Rosenborg (Count Ulrik's son)
    • Countess Katharina of Rosenborg (Count Ulrik's daughter)
  • Countess Charlotte of Rosenborg (The Queen's second cousin)
  • Count Axel and Countess Jutta of Rosenborg (Count Flemming's son and his wife)
    • Count Carl Johan and Count Alexander of Rosenborg (Count Axel's sons)
    • Countess Julie and Countess Désirée of Rosenborg (Count Axel's daughters)
  • Count Birger and Countess Lynne of Rosenborg (Count Flemming's son and his wife)
    • Countess Benedikte of Rosenborg (Count Birger's daughter)
  • Count Carl Johan and Countess Colette of Rosenborg (Count Flemming's son and his wife)
    • Countess Caroline and Countess Josefine of Rosenborg (Count Carl Johan's daughters)
  • Countess Désirée of Rosenborg (Count Flemming's daughter)
  • Countess Karin of Rosenborg (Widow of Count Christian, third cousin of the Queen)
    • Count Valdemar of Rosenborg (Count Christian's son)
      • Count Nicolai of Rosenborg (Count Valdemar's son)
      • Countess Marie of Rosenborg (Count Valdemar's daughter)
    • Countess Marina of Rosenborg (Count Christian's daughter)

Line of succession

The first law governing the Danish monarchy, Kongeloven (Lex Regia) dating from 1665, stated that the line of succession should follow agnatic-cognatic primogeniture, thus allowing female heirs if there was no surviving male heir to the throne. As for the duchies
Duke
A duke or duchess is a member of the nobility, historically of highest rank below the monarch, and historically controlling a duchy...

, Holstein
Holstein
Holstein is the region between the rivers Elbe and Eider. It is part of Schleswig-Holstein, the northernmost state of Germany....

 and Lauenburg
Duchy of Saxe-Lauenburg
The Duchy of Saxe-Lauenburg between the 14th and 17th centuries), later also known as the Duchy of Lauenburg, was a reichsfrei duchy that existed 1296–1803 and 1814–1876 in the extreme southeast region of what is now Schleswig-Holstein...

 where the King ruled as duke, these lands adhered to Salic law
Salic law
Salic law was a body of traditional law codified for governing the Salian Franks in the early Middle Ages during the reign of King Clovis I in the 6th century...

 (meaning that only males could inherit the throne). The duchies of Schleswig
Schleswig
Schleswig or South Jutland is a region covering the area about 60 km north and 70 km south of the border between Germany and Denmark; the territory has been divided between the two countries since 1920, with Northern Schleswig in Denmark and Southern Schleswig in Germany...

 (a Danish fief), and Holstein and Lauenburg (German fiefs) were joined by personal union
Personal union
A personal union is the combination by which two or more different states have the same monarch while their boundaries, their laws and their interests remain distinct. It should not be confused with a federation which is internationally considered a single state...

 with the Kingdom of Denmark.

This difference caused problems when Frederick VII of Denmark
Frederick VII of Denmark
Frederick VII was a King of Denmark. He reigned from 1848 until his death. He was the last Danish monarch of the older Royal branch of the House of Oldenburg and also the last king of Denmark to rule as an absolute monarch...

 was childless, so a change in dynasty was imminent and the lines of succession for the duchies and Denmark conflicted. That meant that the new King of Denmark would not also be the new duke of Holstein and duke of Lauenburg. So for this purpose, the line of succession to the duchies was modified in the London Protocol of 1852, which designated Christian IX, duke of Glücksburg
Christian IX of Denmark
Christian IX was King of Denmark from 16 November 1863 to 29 January 1906.Growing up as a prince of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, a junior branch of the House of Oldenburg which had ruled Denmark since 1448, Christian was originally not in the immediate line of succession to the Danish...

, as the new heir apparent
Heir apparent
An heir apparent or heiress apparent is a person who is first in line of succession and cannot be displaced from inheriting, except by a change in the rules of succession....

. Originally, the Danish prime minister Christian Albrecht Bluhme
Christian Albrecht Bluhme
Christian Albrecht Bluhme was Prime Minister of Denmark 1852–1853 as head of the Cabinet of Bluhme I and again 1864–1865 as head of the Cabinet of Bluhme II....

 wanted to keep the separate principles, but in the end the government decided on a uniform agnatic primogeniture, which was accepted by the parliament.

This lasted a hundred years, then the Salic law was changed to male-preference primogeniture in 1953, meaning that females could inherit, but only if they had no brothers. In 2009, the primogeniture was once more changed, this time into an absolute cognatic primogeniture. It had no immediate altering effect on the line of succession, however. The current line of succession remains:
  1. The Crown Prince Frederik
    Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark
    Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark, Count of Monpezat, is the heir apparent to the throne of Denmark. Frederik is the elder son of Queen Margrethe II and Henrik, the Prince Consort.-Name and christening:...

  2. Prince Christian
    Prince Christian of Denmark
    Prince Christian Valdemar Henri John of Denmark, Count of Monpezat , is a member of the Danish Royal Family. He is the elder son of Crown Prince Frederik and his wife, the Australian born Crown Princess Mary. He is a grandson of Queen Margrethe II of Denmark and her husband Prince Henrik...

  3. Princess Isabella
    Princess Isabella of Denmark
    Princess Isabella Henrietta Ingrid Margrethe of Denmark, Countess of Monpezat , is a member of the Danish Royal Family. She is the daughter of Crown Prince Frederik and his wife, the Australian-born Crown Princess Mary....

  4. Prince Vincent
    Prince Vincent of Denmark
    Prince Vincent Frederik Minik Alexander of Denmark, Count of Monpezat , is a member of the Danish Royal Family. He is the third child and youngest son of Crown Prince Frederik and his wife, the Australian-born Crown Princess Mary. He is also the sixth grandchild and youngest grandson of Queen...

  5. Princess Josephine
    Princess Josephine of Denmark
    Princess Josephine Sophia Ivalo Mathilda of Denmark, Countess of Monpezat , is a member of the Danish Royal Family. She is the fourth and youngest child of Crown Prince Frederik and his wife, the Australian-born Crown Princess Mary, and the seventh and youngest grandchild of Queen Margrethe II of...

  6. Prince Joachim
    Prince Joachim of Denmark
    Prince Joachim of Denmark, Count of Monpezat, , is a member of the Danish Royal Family. He is the younger son of Queen Margrethe II and Henrik, Prince Consort of Denmark....

  7. Prince Nikolai
    Prince Nikolai of Denmark
    Prince Nikolai William Alexander Frederik of Denmark, Count of Monpezat , is a member of the Danish Royal Family. He is the elder son of Prince Joachim and his former wife, Alexandra, Countess of Frederiksborg...

  8. Prince Felix
    Prince Felix of Denmark
    Prince Felix Henrik Valdemar Christian of Denmark, Count of Monpezat , is a member of the Danish Royal Family. He is the younger son of Prince Joachim and his former wife, Alexandra Christina, Countess of Frederiksborg...

  9. Prince Henrik
    Prince Henrik of Denmark
    Prince Henrik of Denmark, Count of Monpezat is a Danish prince and a member of the Danish Royal Family.-Danish prince:Prince Henrik is the third and youngest son of Prince Joachim. The prince is Joachim's first child with his second wife, Princess Marie of Denmark...

  10. Princess Benedikte
    Princess Benedikte of Denmark
    Princess Benedikte of Denmark, Princess of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg, , , is the second daughter of King Frederick IX of Denmark and Ingrid of Sweden...

  11. Princess Elisabeth
    Princess Elisabeth of Denmark
    Princess Elisabeth of Denmark, is the daughter of Hereditary Prince Knud and Hereditary Princess Caroline-Mathilde of Denmark.-Biography:She is a first cousin of Queen Margrethe II, and is last in...


See also

  • House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg line of succession
    House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg line of succession
    The House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg is the senior extant line of the House of Oldenburg. Junior lines of this house include the current royal houses of Denmark, Greece, Norway, and the United Kingdom upon the ascension of Charles, Prince of Wales to the throne. The Law of...

  • Line of succession to the British throne
    Line of succession to the British Throne
    The line of succession to the British throne is the ordered sequence of those people eligible to succeed to the throne of the United Kingdom and the other 15 Commonwealth realms. By the terms of the Act of Settlement 1701, the succession is limited to the descendants of the Electress Sophia of...

  • Line of succession to the Greek throne
    Line of succession to the Greek Throne
    The Greek monarchy was abolished by the then-ruling military regime on 1 June 1973, an act that was confirmed by plebiscite on 8 December 1974 after the regime's fall. The title of king is used by the last reigning monarch, Constantine II...

  • Line of succession to the Norwegian throne
    Line of succession to the Norwegian Throne
    Since 1990, absolute primogeniture has been applied in Norway. Crown Prince Haakon Magnus is currently the heir apparent.-Law of succession:In 1990 the Norwegian constitution was altered, granting absolute primogeniture to the Norwegian throne, meaning that the eldest child, regardless of gender,...


External links

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