BTR-80 is an 8x8 wheeled armoured personnel carrier
Armoured personnel carrier
An armoured personnel carrier is an armoured fighting vehicle designed to transport infantry to the battlefield.APCs are usually armed with only a machine gun although variants carry recoilless rifles, anti-tank guided missiles , or mortars...

 (APC) designed in the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
The Soviet Union , officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics , was a constitutionally socialist state that existed in Eurasia between 1922 and 1991....

. Production started in 1986 and replaced the previous versions, BTR-60
The BTR-60 is the first vehicle in a series of Soviet eight-wheeled armoured personnel carriers. It was developed in the late 1950s as a replacement for the BTR-152 and was seen first time in public in 1961...

 and BTR-70
The BTR-70 is an eight-wheeled armored personnel carrier , originally developed during the late 1960s under the industrial designator GAZ-4905. On August 21, 1972, it was accepted into service and would later be exported to the Warsaw Pact and other allies...

 in the Soviet army
Soviet Army
The Soviet Army is the name given to the main part of the Armed Forces of the Soviet Union between 1946 and 1992. Previously, it had been known as the Red Army. Informally, Армия referred to all the MOD armed forces, except, in some cases, the Soviet Navy.This article covers the Soviet Ground...



The Soviets based the BTR-80 on the BTR-70
The BTR-70 is an eight-wheeled armored personnel carrier , originally developed during the late 1960s under the industrial designator GAZ-4905. On August 21, 1972, it was accepted into service and would later be exported to the Warsaw Pact and other allies...

 APC. It has a single 260-hp, V-8 turbocharged, water-cooled, diesel engine, an improvement over the twin gasoline engines installed in the BTR-60 and BTR-70 vehicles. The reconfigured rear portion of the hull accommodates a new, single engine. The Soviets removed the roof chamfer
A chamfer is a beveled edge connecting two surfaces. If the surfaces are at right angles, the chamfer will typically be symmetrical at 45 degrees. A fillet is the rounding off of an interior corner. A rounding of an exterior corner is called a "round" or a "radius"."Chamfer" is a term commonly...

s of the modified BTR-70, raised the rear, and squared off the rearward-sloping engine compartment. Standard equipment include TNPO vision blocks, optical devices TNP-B and TKN-3 for the driver and commander, an OU-3GA2M infra-red search light, six 81 mm smoke grenade launchers 902V "Tucha", a radioset (R-173 or R-163-50U), an intercom and hydrojets.


The Soviets modified the truncated cone turret used on the BTR-70 for the BTR-80 by redesigning the mantlet. This allows the 14.5mm KPVT and coaxial 7.62mm PKT machine guns to be elevated to a maximum of 60 degrees. This high angle of fire is useful in engaging targets on steep slopes, in urban fighting, and for engaging helicopters. The Soviets have also modified the design and positioning of the firing ports; the ports are now round, rather than tear-shaped, and have ball mounts similar to those used on the BMP-1
The BMP-1 is a Soviet amphibious tracked infantry fighting vehicle. BMP stands for Boyevaya Mashina Pekhoty 1 , meaning "infantry fighting vehicle". The BMP-1 was the world's first mass-produced infantry fighting vehicle...

. The forward firing ports now sit in angled recesses which allow infantry to fire from the front of the vehicle.

The redesigned side doors are split horizontally. The upper portion opens forward; this gives dismounting troops some protection against small arms fire from the front of the vehicle. The lower portion opens down, forming a step. Six smoke grenade projectors are mounted on the rear of the turret.


In 1984, the Soviets began production of a diesel
Diesel engine
A diesel engine is an internal combustion engine that uses the heat of compression to initiate ignition to burn the fuel, which is injected into the combustion chamber...

-engined variant of the BTR-70, which they called the BTR-80. The Soviets have retrofitted some BTR-70s with several of the improvements incorporated into the BTR-80, including the high-angle-of-fire turret.

Russian Federation

  • BTR-80 (GAZ-5903) - armoured personnel carrier.
    • BTR-80M - improved model with DMZ-238M2 engine of 240 hp, a slightly longer hull and new tires. In production since 1993. It is understood that only a small number was produced until the original engine was ready for production again.
    • BTR-82 - latest production version with improved armour, more modern night vision device TKN-4GA, GLONASS navigation system and a more powerful engine of 300 hp. The original armament is retained but is now installed in the BPPU turret of the BTR-80A/BTR-82A. The prototype of the BTR-82 was shown for the first time in November 2009.
  • BTR-80K (GAZ-59031) (komandnyj) - command vehicle APC with telescopic antenna mast, TNA-4 navigation device and R-168 series of radio equipment.
  • BTR-80A (GAZ-59034) - IFV See pictures with 30 mm gun 2A72 and 300 rounds as primary weapon. The turret is called BPPU and is equipped with sights 1PZ-9 (day) and TPN-3 or TPN-3-42 "Kristall" (night).
    • BTR-80S - variant of the BTR-80A with KPVT.
    • BTR-80AK - command variant of the BTR-80A with two whip antennas in the rear corners and with only 1 firing port on the right hull side.
      • BRDM
        BRDM is an initialism for Boyevaya Razvedyvatelnaya Dozornaya Mashina, , literally "Combat Reconnaissance Patrol Vehicle". The BRDM is a four wheeled amphibious vehicle which is very lightly armoured by today's standards. Both versions were produced in the Soviet Union and other Eastern Bloc...

        (bronirovannaya razvedivatel’no-dozornaya mashina) - reconnaissance vehicle, based on the BTR-80AK and with a new day/night vision device in front of the commander's position. The crew consists of 6 men. Note that in some Western sources, the name BRDM-3 is incorrectly used for the 9P148
        The BRDM-2 is an amphibious armoured patrol car used by Russia and the former Soviet Union. It was also known under designations BTR-40PB, BTR-40P-2 and GAZ 41-08...

         ATGM carrier.
    • BTR-82A - latest production version with improved armour, more modern night vision device TKN-4GA-02, 30mm gun 2A72, GLONASS navigation system and a more powerful engine of 300 hp. The prototype of the BTR-82A was shown for the first time in November 2009. About 300 are operated by Russian Army since 2010.

  • 2S23 "Nona-SVK" - fire support vehicle with the same 120 mm 2A60 rifled gun/mortar as the 2S9 Anona
    2S9 Anona
    The 2S9 NONA is a self-propelled 120 mm mortar designed by the Soviet Union and entering service in 1981...

     and a crew of 4.
  • BREM-K (GAZ-59033) (bronirovannaya remontno-evakuatsionnaya mashina) - armoured recovery vehicle with towbars, a winch, welding equipment and a light crane.
  • KM-80 or BTR-80 PBKM - command vehicle.
  • RKhM-4 (razvedivatel’naya khimicheskaya mashina) - NBC reconnaissance vehicle with detection devices including the IMD-21BA and DP-5V, an automatic chemical alarm system GSA-12, a detection set for chemical agents KPKhR-3, an MK-3M meteo set, a KPO-1 sampling device, the automatic detector ASP and a KZO-2 flag dispenser to mark contaminated areas.
    • RKhM-4-01 - improved version with more modern equipment, including the GSA-13, IMD-1R, ASP-12 systems, a semi-automatic detection device PGO-11 and radio sets R-171M and R-173M instead of the older R-123M.
    • RKhM-4-02 - with upgraded detection systems such as the ASP-13, IMD-2NM and IMD-23, GSA-14, and systems for the analysis and transmission of data UIK-RKhB and T-235-1U.
    • RKhM-6 "Povozka" - latest version with state-of-the-art detection systems including the PRKhDD-2B with a detection range of about 3 km. Furthermore the RKhM-6 is equipped with an inertial navigation system SN-RKhM and a satellite navigation system 14Ts834.
    • RPM-2 - mobile radiological reconnaissance station with KRPI system. Entered service in 2000. Might also be known as NKR (nazemnij kompleks radiatsionnoj razvedki).
  • R-149BMRA - command and signals vehicle.
  • R-149MA3 - command and signals vehicle.
  • R-439-BK1 - SatCom station.
  • "Tajfun" - planned version for Strategic Rocket (RVSN) units that will replace the base security vehicles MBP on BTR-60/70 chassis. The BTR-80 version will have a new turret with 7.62 mm machine gun, new observation device TKN-4S and a "Kredo-1" radar.
  • ZS-88 (zvukoveshchatel’naya stantsiya) - PsyOps vehicle with loudspeaker set.
  • ZS-96 (zvukoveshchatel’naya stantsiya) - PsyOps vehicle with loudspeaker set.
  • K1Sh1 (GAZ-59032) - command post vehicle with bigger hull and unarmed turret. Also known as UNSh (unifitsirovannyj shassi). This version serves as the basis for several specialised vehicles, but Estonia uses the type as APC with machine gun turret.
    • BMM-80 "Simfoniya" (GAZ-59039) (bronirovannaya mnogofunktsionalnaya meditsinskaya mashina) - armoured ambulance, comes in three versions: BMM-1 (first aid and evacuation from the battle field), BMM-2 (initial medical treatment at battalion-level) and BMM-3 (mobile field hospital). Each vehicle can transport 9 patients, including two on stretchers on the rear hull. Developed in 1993.
    • E-351BrM - mobile electric power station. The vehicle is equipped with an AD-30T/400 diesel-electric generator that can deliver power to up to 15 signals vehicles. It has a 2-men crew.
    • PU-12M6 (9S482M6) (punkt upravleniya) - battery command vehicle (BKP - batarejnyj kommandnyj punkt) for air defence units equipped with "Strela-1M" (SA-9), "Strela-10M2 (SA-13), "Osa-AK" (SA-8), 2S6 "Tunguska" and ZSU-23-4 "Shilka".
      • PU-12M7 (9S482M7) - improved version.
    • 1V152 - command and forward observer vehicle for field artillery units. The standard equipment consists of range finders, dag/night vision devices, navigation equipment etc. The 1V152 and 1V153 (on Ural-4320 truck) belong to the KSAUO "Kapustnik-B" set.
    • R-149BMR - signals vehicle, equipped with radio sets R-168-100KA “Akveduk-100KA”, R-168-100U, R-163-25U, R-163-10V and R-163-1V “Arbalet”, intercom AVSK, a video system P-338, a generator AD-3,5U-28,5 and telescopic masts ASh-4, AZI and ShDA-50.
    • R-149MA3 - command and signals vehicle.
    • R-165B - short-wave signals vehicle equipped with radio sets “Arbalet-500K”, R-163-10V and -50, R-163-AR, R-016V and a generator AB-4U-P28.5-1V. The radio sets have a range of 20–350 km while on the move and 40–1000 km when stationary.
    • R-439-MD2 - SatCom station.
    • R-439-BK "Legenda 2BK" - SatCom station, operates within 3400-3900 MHz (receiption) and 5725-6225 MHz (transmission) ranges.
    • P-240BTZ - switchboard vehicle with "Zenit" set. Planned as successor for the BTR-60 based P-240BT.

  • BTR-90
    BTR-90 is an 8×8 wheeled armoured personnel carrier developed in Russia, designed in 1993 and first shown publicly in 1994. It is a larger version of the BTR-80 vehicle, fitted with a BMP-2 turret...


  • BTR-80 "Caribe" - version for Colombian marines with .50cal machine gun instead of 14.5 mm KPVT
    KPV heavy machine gun
    The KPV-14.5 heavy machine gun is a Soviet designed 14.5x114mm-caliber heavy machine gun, which first entered service as an infantry weapon in 1949. In the 1960s the infantry version was taken out of production because it was too big and heavy...

    . 100 ordered. Caribe project is assembled in Tecnimar Plant in Cartagena de Indias, Colombia


  • BTR-80UNSh (EST) - Estonia
    Estonia , officially the Republic of Estonia , is a state in the Baltic region of Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland, to the west by the Baltic Sea, to the south by Latvia , and to the east by Lake Peipsi and the Russian Federation . Across the Baltic Sea lies...

    n version of the BTR-80. After Estonia re-gained independence in 1991, about 20 BTR-80s were taken over from Russian contrabandists and used until 2005 as infantry
    Infantrymen are soldiers who are specifically trained for the role of fighting on foot to engage the enemy face to face and have historically borne the brunt of the casualties of combat in wars. As the oldest branch of combat arms, they are the backbone of armies...

    In military terminology, a squad is a small military unit led by a non-commissioned officer that is subordinate to an infantry platoon. In countries following the British Army tradition this organization is referred to as a section...

     carriers. Replaced by Sisu XA-180EST APCs.


  • BTR-80M - Upgraded version with passive day/night sight KM-1M on top of the roof, stowage box for water bottles on the left hull side, improved NBC protection system and Kronsberg radio set.
  • BTR-80 GKKO - Turret-less version with observation equipment. Prototype.
  • BTR-80 MPAEJ (műszaki páncélozott akadály elháritó jármű) - Unarmed combat engineer version without turret. In service.
  • BTR-80 MPFJ (műszaki páncélozott felderitő jármű) - Unarmed obstacle clearing vehicle without turret. In service.
  • BTR-80 MVJ (mentő-vontató jármű) - Repair and recovery vehicle with crane and winch. In service.
  • BTR-80 SKJ (sebesült kihordó jármű) - Much modified ambulance version with bigger troop compartment.
  • BTR-80 VSF (vegyi-sugár felderítő jármű) - NBC reconnaissance vehicle. In service.


  • TAB Zimbru (B33) (transportorul amfibiu blindat) - modified version of the BTR-80 with Model 1240 V8-DTS engine of 268 hp (197 kW), R-1231B radio set and 500 additional rounds 7.62 mm. Made by CN RomArm SA.
    • Zimbru 2000 - improved version with bigger hull, new Deutz BF6M 1013FC 285 hp (212 kW) engine, new transmission Allison-MD 3060 PR etc. Can be fitted with a new turret like the OWS 25R. Prototype.


  • BTR-80UP - improved version, produced in Ukraine in cooperation with Poland for Iraq (98 planned). Fitted with a new 300 hp engine, additional armour and airconditioner.
    • BTR-80UP-KB - battalion level command vehicle.
    • BTR-80UP-KR - company level command vehicle.
    • BTR-80UP-S - staff vehicle.
    • BTR-80UP-M - ambulance.
    • BTR-80UP-BREM - recovery vehicle.
    • BTR-80UP-R - reconnaissance version.
    • BTR-80UP-T - cargo version.
  • BTR-94
    The BTR-94 is a Ukrainian amphibious armoured personnel carrier , a modification of the Soviet eight-wheeled BTR-80. The BTR-94's turret BAU-23x2 is larger than the BTR-80's BPU-1 and is fitted with a twin 23x115mm gun 2A7M with 200 rounds, a coaxial KT-7.62 machinegun with 2,000 rounds, six...

  • BTR-3U "Okhotnik"
  • KShM "Kushetka-B" - command vehicle, based on the K1Sh1 chassis and developed by Radiopribor from Ukraine. The specialised equipment consists of the HF radioset “Berkut-M”, VHF sets R-171M, R-173M “Abzats-M”, R-163-50U, R-163-10V and R-163-1V “Arbalet” (with a range from 5 to 350 km). Other equipment include a navigation apparatus (probably TNA-4-6), a generator AB-1-P28,5-B-V1 and telescopic antenna masts DLYa4.115.002 and DLYa2.091.008.


There are over 5,000 BTR-80s in service in various armies around the world:
- 50 in service of the Armenian Army
Armenian Army
The Armenian Army is the largest branch of the Armed Forces of Armenia and consists of the ground forces responsible for the country's land-based operations. It was established in conjunction with the other components of Armenia's military on January 28, 1992, several months after the republic...

. - 70 in service of the Azerbaijani Army
Army of Azerbaijan
The Azerbaijani Land Forces are the land force component of the Azerbaijani Armed Forces.Since the fall of the Soviet Union, Azerbaijan has been trying to further develop its armed forces into a professional, well trained, and mobile military. Based on 2007 statistics the country has about 56,840...

. - 191 in service of Bangladesh Army
Bangladesh Army
The Bangladesh Army is the land forces branch and the largest of the three uniformed service of the Bangladesh Armed Forces. The primary mission of the Army is to provide necessary forces and capabilities in support of Bangladesh's security and defense strategies including defense of the nation's...

 - 194 - 5 in service, Initially 100 units would be assembled under license in Colombia, the project was canceled. - 2 acquired in July 1990, Ps 690-1 and Ps 690-2 for evaluation (XA-185 was selected) - 513 BTR-80 and 178 BTR-80A - Indonesian Navy Marine Corps (Korps Marinir TNI-AL) use BTR-80 for their 1st Cavalry Regiment (Resimen Kavaleri 1) of the 1st Marine Force. From 2006, 12 BTR-80A serving for Indonesian UNIFIL Mission in Lebanon. - 50 BTR-94, 98 BTR-80UP ordered (first deliveries in 2006). 6 BTR-80 from Belarus - 190 BTR-80, 90 BTR-80A - 8 - 12 - 11 - 450 are in service as of 2011. - 32 BTR-80A (according to SIPRI trade registers) - BTR-70 / BTR-80 - 70 TAB Zimbru
- 3500-4000 BTR-80/80A/82A - 33 BTR-80/80A - 30 BTR-80A (known as Shareef) - 26 - 214 - 40 - 456 - 290 - 20 delivered in 2007 - 270 ordered. 32 BTR-80A, 13 2S23 and 4 1V152 delivered in May 2011. - ?

See also

  • AMX 10 RC
    AMX 10 RC
    The AMX-10RC is a wheeled recon vehicle and tank destroyer built by GIAT. Over 300 are in service in the French Army. 120 additional vehicles were sold to Morocco and Qatar ....

  • Pandur 8X8 APC
    Pandur 8X8 APC
    The Pandur II 8x8 is an improved modular all-wheel-drive version of the Pandur 6x6 APC wheeled armoured vehicle. It was developed as a private venture by the Austrian company Steyr-Daimler-Puch Spezialfahrzeuge and is currently in production for the Portuguese Armed Forces...

  • Pandur 6x6 APC
  • B1 Centauro
    B1 Centauro
    The Centauro is a wheeled tank destroyer designed for light to medium territorial defense and tactical reconnaissance. It was developed by a consortium of manufacturers, the Società Consortile Iveco Fiat - Oto Melara...

  • LAV 600
  • MOWAG Piranha family tree
  • Mowag Piranha
    Mowag Piranha
    The MOWAG Piranha is a family of armoured fighting vehicles designed by the Swiss MOWAG , corporation....

    The LAV III armoured vehicle is the latest in the Generation III Light Armoured Vehicle series built by General Dynamics Land Systems, entering service in 1999. It is based on the Swiss MOWAG Piranha IIIH 8x8....

  • Stryker
    The IAV Stryker is a family of eight-wheeled, 4-wheel-drive , armored fighting vehicles derived from the Canadian LAV III and produced by General Dynamics Land Systems, in use by the United States Army. The vehicle is named for two American servicemen who posthumously received the Medal of Honor:...

    The NZLAV armoured fighting vehicle is a variant of the General Dynamics LAV III which itself is a variant of the MOWAG Piranha IIIH 8x8. The New Zealand army purchased 105 vehicles in 2003. It was developed by Canada and is the primary armoured vehicle of the New Zealand military...

  • Mobile Gun System
    The Australian Service Light Armoured Vehicle , is an Australian version of the Light Armoured Vehicle designed and manufactured by General Dynamics Land Systems Canada for the U.S. Marines. The initial design was the MOWAG Piranha 8x8, however the vehicle was re-designed to meet North American...

  • LAV-25
  • BTR-90
    BTR-90 is an 8×8 wheeled armoured personnel carrier developed in Russia, designed in 1993 and first shown publicly in 1994. It is a larger version of the BTR-80 vehicle, fitted with a BMP-2 turret...

  • Patria Pasi aka Sisu Pasi
  • Patria AMV
  • KTO Rosomak
    KTO Rosomak
    The KTO Rosomak is 8x8 multi-role military vehicle produced by...

  • Pindad Panser
    Pindad Panser
    The Anoa is a 6x6 armoured personnel carrier developed by PT Pindad of Indonesia. The vehicle is named after the Anoa, which is a type of buffalo indigenous to Indonesia...

External links

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