Albin Eines
Albin Konrad Eines was a Norwegian
Norway , officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic unitary constitutional monarchy whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula, Jan Mayen, and the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard and Bouvet Island. Norway has a total area of and a population of about 4.9 million...

 newspaper editor and politician for the Labour
Norwegian Labour Party
The Labour Party is a social-democratic political party in Norway. It is the senior partner in the current Norwegian government as part of the Red-Green Coalition, and its leader, Jens Stoltenberg, is the current Prime Minister of Norway....

 and Communist Labour
Communist Party of Norway
The Communist Party of Norway is a political party in Norway without parliamentary representation. It was formed in 1923, following a split in the Norwegian Labour Party. The party played an important role in the resistance to German occupation during the Second World War, and experienced a brief...

 parties. He later became a Nazi
Nazism, the common short form name of National Socialism was the ideology and practice of the Nazi Party and of Nazi Germany...

, working for Norwegian and German
The Germans are a Germanic ethnic group native to Central Europe. The English term Germans has referred to the German-speaking population of the Holy Roman Empire since the Late Middle Ages....

 Nazis during the Second World War.

Early career

He was born in Trondheim
Trondheim , historically, Nidaros and Trondhjem, is a city and municipality in Sør-Trøndelag county, Norway. With a population of 173,486, it is the third most populous municipality and city in the country, although the fourth largest metropolitan area. It is the administrative centre of...

. He took a typographer
Typography is the art and technique of arranging type in order to make language visible. The arrangement of type involves the selection of typefaces, point size, line length, leading , adjusting the spaces between groups of letters and adjusting the space between pairs of letters...

 and bookbinder
Bookbinding is the process of physically assembling a book from a number of folded or unfolded sheets of paper or other material. It usually involves attaching covers to the resulting text-block.-Origins of the book:...

 education in Sweden
Sweden , officially the Kingdom of Sweden , is a Nordic country on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe. Sweden borders with Norway and Finland and is connected to Denmark by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund....

, where he joined the socialist
Socialism is an economic system characterized by social ownership of the means of production and cooperative management of the economy; or a political philosophy advocating such a system. "Social ownership" may refer to any one of, or a combination of, the following: cooperative enterprises,...

 movement under Zeth Höglund
Zeth Höglund
Carl Zeth "Zäta" Konstantin Höglund was a leading Swedish communist politician, anti-militarist, author, journalist and mayor of Stockholm ....

. He moved back to Norway in 1909, after the Swedish General Strike
Swedish General Strike
The Swedish General Strike of August 4 to September 4, 1909, was a general work stoppage by over 300,000 individuals all over Sweden. It was the first major conflict between the Swedish Trade Union Confederation , and the Swedish Employers Association...

. He was a member of Fagopposisjonen av 1911 and Norges Socialdemokratiske Ungdomsforbund, and was deputy leader for some time, but resigned his NSU membership in 1921 as he felt too old. He was a sub-editor in Klassekampen
Klassekampen (1909–1940)
Klassekampen was a Norwegian newspaper. It was established in 1909 as an organ for the youth movement of the Norwegian Labour Party, Norges socialdemokratiske ungdomsforbund. Its editor-in-chief from 1911 to 1921 was Eugène Olaussen.At the Labour-Communist party split in 1923, the newspaper was...

from 1911, and later worked in Vest-Finmarkens Arbeiderblad, Folkets Dagblad and Østfold Dagblad. He edited Folkets Dagblad (before 1921 named Nybrott
Nybrott (Larvik newspaper)
Nybrott was a Norwegian newspaper, published in Larvik in Vestfold county.Nybrot was started on 9 September 1911, as a Labour Party newspaper. It was first weekly, was then published twice a week, then daily from 1915...

) from 1919 to 1922, when sub-editor Ingjald Nordstad
Ingjald Nordstad
Ingjald Nordstad was a Norwegian newspaper editor and politician for the Labour Party.He joined his first trade union in 1914, and the Labour Party in 1916. In 1918 he was imprisoned for conscientious objection....

 took over.

Communist Party

In 1920 he announced his scepticism towards the Twenty-one Conditions
Twenty-one Conditions
The Twenty-one Conditions, officially the Conditions of Admission to the Communist International, refer to the conditions given by Vladimir Lenin to the adhesion of the socialists to the Third International created in 1919 after the 1917 October Revolution. The conditions were formally adopted by...

. However, he changed heart and joined the Communist Party when it was split from the Labour Party in 1923. He started working in Ny Tid
Ny Tid (Trondheim)
Ny Tid was a Norwegian newspaper established in 1899 by the typographers Joh. Halseth and Alf Scheflo at the same time as they established their own printing office in Trondheim. The publishers meant to create a worker's newspaper, not a socialist paper...

, and edited that newspaper for a short while. He was a delegate at the Fifth Comintern
The Communist International, abbreviated as Comintern, also known as the Third International, was an international communist organization initiated in Moscow during March 1919...

 Congress in 1925. In the spring of 1927 Eines took over as editor of the main newspaper of the Communist Party, Norges Kommunistblad
Norges Kommunistblad
Norges Kommunistblad was a daily newspaper published in Oslo, Norway.It was started on 5 November 1923 as the official party newspaper from the Communist Party, which was established that year after a split from the Labour Party. The first editor was Olav Scheflo...

. He was absent during the summer, as he was imprisoned (five weeks of detention, without conviction) together with Henry W. Kristiansen, Just Lippe
Just Lippe
Just Lippe was a Norwegian journalist and politician for the Communist Party he was also a strong campaigner for the Homosexual Allegiance, a Homosexual activist group, co-founding his own break away often labelled "renegade group" Men in Arms....

 and Otto Luihn
Otto Luihn
Otto Luihn was a Norwegian newspaper editor, magazine editor and poet.He was born as Otto Killingland in Drammen as a son of attorney Samuel Killingland and Johanne Louise Luihn , and a grandson of Hans Jacob Luihn...

, but returned to edit the newspaper in the autumn of 1927 before Christian Hilt
Christian Hilt
Christian Gottlieb Hilt was a Norwegian newspaper editor and politician for the Labour and Communist parties....

 took over later that year.


He left the Communist Party around New Years' 1927–1928. Already in 1928 he started working for the right-wing
Right-wing politics
In politics, Right, right-wing and rightist generally refer to support for a hierarchical society justified on the basis of an appeal to natural law or tradition. To varying degrees, the Right rejects the egalitarian objectives of left-wing politics, claiming that the imposition of equality is...

 newspaper Tidens Tegn
Tidens Tegn
Tidens Tegn is a former Norwegian newspaper, issued in Oslo from 1910 to 1941.-Editors:The founder and first editor-in-chief of Tidens Tegn was Ola Thommessen, who edited the newspaper until 1917. Thommessen had recently left the editor chair of Verdens Gang in protest, bringing much of Verdens...

. In 1940 he moved to the Fascist
Fascism is a radical authoritarian nationalist political ideology. Fascists seek to rejuvenate their nation based on commitment to the national community as an organic entity, in which individuals are bound together in national identity by suprapersonal connections of ancestry, culture, and blood...

 newspaper Fritt Folk
Fritt Folk
Fritt Folk was a Norwegian newspaper, published in Oslo. It was the official organ of the Fascist party Nasjonal Samling, and came to prominence during the Second World War.-History:...

. He also joined the Fascist party Nasjonal Samling (NS). He thus found a position during the occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany
Occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany
The occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany started with the German invasion of Norway on April 9, 1940, and ended on May 8, 1945, after the capitulation of German forces in Europe. Throughout this period, Norway was continuously occupied by the Wehrmacht...

, when NS and the German Nazis took over power. In March 1942 he was hired as sub-editor, Odd Fossum
Odd Fossum
Odd Fossum was a Norwegian shop assistant, and leader of the Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions from 1941 to 1945, under Nazi regime during the occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany. He was also the leader of NS Faggruppeorganisasjon from 12 October 1940 to September 1944, when he was...

's second-in-command, on the newspaper Norsk Arbeidsliv. The newspaper belonged to the Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions
Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions
The Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions is a national trade union center, decidedly the largest and probably the most influential umbrella organization of labour unions in Norway. The 21 national unions affiliated to the LO have more than 850,000 members of a Norwegian population of 4.8 million...

 where the Nazis recently had usurped full power. In December 1943 he was promoted to editor-in-chief, and he remained so until July 1944.

In 1947, during the legal purge in Norway after World War II
Legal purge in Norway after World War II
When the occupation of Norway ended in May 1945, several thousand Norwegians and foreign citizens were tried and convicted for various acts that the occupying powers sanctioned...

, Krogh was convicted of treason and sentenced to four years in prison. He died in prison that same year.
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