: Crna Gora Црна Гора tsr̩̂ːnaː gɔ̝̌ra, meaning "Black Mountain") is a country located in Southeastern Europe
. It has a coast on the Adriatic Sea
to the south-west and is bordered by Croatia
to the west, Bosnia and Herzegovina
to the northwest, Serbia
to the northeast and Albania
to the southeast. Its capital and largest city is Podgorica
, while Cetinje
is designated as the Prijestonica (Пријестоница), meaning the former Royal Capital City.
In the 10th century, modern Montenegro was divided into three Slavic principalities: Duklja
, roughly corresponding to the southern half, Travunia
, the west, and Rascia
, the north.
1878 Treaty of Berlin: the European powers redraw the map of the Balkans. Serbia, Montenegro and Romania become completely independent of the Ottoman empire.
1911 Dedë Gjon Luli Dedvukaj, leader of the Malësori Albanians, raises the Albanian flag in the town of Tuzi, Montenegro, for the first time after Gjergj Kastrioti (Skenderbeg).
1912 First Balkan War begins: Montenegro declares war against Turkey.
1912 Bulgaria, Greece and Serbia declare war on the Ottoman Empire, joining Montenegro in the First Balkan War.
1912 Bulgaria, Greece, Montenegro, and Serbia (the Balkan League) sign an armistice with Turkey, ending the two-month long First Balkan War.
1913 Second Balkan War: delegates from Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, Montenegro, and Greece sign the Treaty of Bucharest, ending the war.
1941 World War II: Montenegrins start a popular uprising against the Axis Powers (''Trinaestojulski ustanak'').
1946 Yugoslavia's new constitution, modeling the Soviet Union, establishes six constituent republics (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia).
1979 A disastrous earthquake (of M 7.1) occurs on Montenegro coast.
1992 The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, comprising Serbia and Montenegro, is proclaimed.