24th Reserve Division (German Empire)
The Royal Saxon 24th Reserve Division (Kgl. Sächsische 24. Reserve-Division) was a unit of the Imperial German
German Empire
The German Empire refers to Germany during the "Second Reich" period from the unification of Germany and proclamation of Wilhelm I as German Emperor on 18 January 1871, to 1918, when it became a federal republic after defeat in World War I and the abdication of the Emperor, Wilhelm II.The German...

German Army (German Empire)
The German Army was the name given the combined land forces of the German Empire, also known as the National Army , Imperial Army or Imperial German Army. The term "Deutsches Heer" is also used for the modern German Army, the land component of the German Bundeswehr...

 in World War I
World War I
World War I , which was predominantly called the World War or the Great War from its occurrence until 1939, and the First World War or World War I thereafter, was a major war centred in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918...

. The division was formed on mobilization of the German Army in August 1914. The division was disbanded in 1919 during the demobilization of the German Army after World War I. The division was raised in the Kingdom of Saxony
Kingdom of Saxony
The Kingdom of Saxony , lasting between 1806 and 1918, was an independent member of a number of historical confederacies in Napoleonic through post-Napoleonic Germany. From 1871 it was part of the German Empire. It became a Free state in the era of Weimar Republic in 1918 after the end of World War...


Combat chronicle

The 24th Reserve Division fought on the Western Front
Western Front (World War I)
Following the outbreak of World War I in 1914, the German Army opened the Western Front by first invading Luxembourg and Belgium, then gaining military control of important industrial regions in France. The tide of the advance was dramatically turned with the Battle of the Marne...

, participating in the opening German offensive which led to the Allied Great Retreat
Great Retreat
The Great Retreat, also known as the Retreat from Mons, is the name given to the long, fighting retreat by Allied forces to the River Marne, on the Western Front early in World War I, after their holding action against the Imperial German Armies at the Battle of Mons on 23 August 1914...

 and ended with the First Battle of the Marne
First Battle of the Marne
The Battle of the Marne was a First World War battle fought between 5 and 12 September 1914. It resulted in an Allied victory against the German Army under Chief of Staff Helmuth von Moltke the Younger. The battle effectively ended the month long German offensive that opened the war and had...

. Thereafter, the division remained in the line in the Champagne region through the end of 1914 and until July 1916, and fought in the Second Battle of Champagne
Second Battle of Champagne
The Second Battle of Champagne was a French offensive against the invading German army beginning on 25 September 1915, part of World War I.-September 25 - October 6:...

 in the autumn of 1915. In late July 1916, the division entered the Battle of the Somme, fighting there with a few respites until November 1916 and then returning to positional warfare in the trenchlines. It was sent to the Eastern Front
Eastern Front (World War I)
The Eastern Front was a theatre of war during World War I in Central and, primarily, Eastern Europe. The term is in contrast to the Western Front. Despite the geographical separation, the events in the two theatres strongly influenced each other...

 at the end of April 1917, and fought against the Kerensky Offensive
Kerensky Offensive
The Kerensky Offensive was the last Russian offensive in World War I. It took place in July 1917.- Background :...

, the last major Russian offensive of the war. The division returned to the Western Front in late October/early November and saw action in the last phases of the Battle of Passchendaele. The division then participated in the 1918 German Spring Offensive
Spring Offensive
The 1918 Spring Offensive or Kaiserschlacht , also known as the Ludendorff Offensive, was a series of German attacks along the Western Front during World War I, beginning on 21 March 1918, which marked the deepest advances by either side since 1914...

 and the subsequent Allied offensives and counteroffensives, including the Hundred Days Offensive
Hundred Days Offensive
The Hundred Days Offensive was the final period of the First World War, during which the Allies launched a series of offensives against the Central Powers on the Western Front from 8 August to 11 November 1918, beginning with the Battle of Amiens. The offensive forced the German armies to retreat...

. Allied intelligence rated the division as third class.

Order of battle on mobilization

The order of battle of the 24th Reserve Division on mobilization was as follows:
  • 47. Reserve-Infanterie-Brigade
    • Kgl. Sächs. Reserve-Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 104
    • Kgl. Sächs. Reserve-Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 106
    • Kgl. Sächs. Reserve-Jäger-Bataillon Nr. 13
  • 48. Reserve-Infanterie-Brigade
    • Kgl. Sächs. Reserve-Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 107
    • Kgl. Sächs. Reserve-Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 133
  • Kgl. Sächs. Reserve-Ulanen-Regiment
  • Kgl. Sächs. Reserve-Feldartillerie-Regiment Nr. 24
  • 1.Kompanie/Kgl. Sächs. Reserve-Pionier-Bataillon Nr. 12
  • 2.Kompanie/Kgl. Sächs. Reserve-Pionier-Bataillon Nr. 12

Order of battle on March 21, 1918

The 24th Reserve Division was triangularized
Triangular division
A triangular division is a designation given to the way divisions are organized. In a triangular organization, the division's main body is composed of three regimental maneuver elements. These regiments may be controlled by a brigade headquarters or directly subordinated to the division commander...

in March 1915. Over the course of the war, other changes took place, including the formation of artillery and signals commands and a pioneer battalion. The order of battle on March 21, 1918 was as follows:
  • 48. Reserve-Infanterie-Brigade
    • Kgl. Sächs. Reserve-Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 104
    • Kgl. Sächs. Reserve-Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 107
    • Kgl. Sächs. Reserve-Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 133
    • Maschinengewehr-Scharfschützen-Abteilung Nr. 50
  • 3.Eskadron/Kgl. Sächs. Reserve-Husaren-Regiment
  • Kgl. Sächs. Artillerie-Kommandeur 120
    • Kgl. Sächs. Reserve-Feldartillerie-Regiment Nr. 68
    • I.Bataillon/Kgl. Bayer. 1. Fußartillerie-Regiment
  • Kgl. Sächs. Stab Pionier-Bataillon Nr. 324
    • 1.Kompanie/Kgl. Sächs. Reserve-Pionier-Bataillon Nr. 12
    • 6.Kompanie/Kgl. Sächs. Reserve-Pionier-Bataillon Nr. 12
    • Kgl. Sächs. Minenwerfer-Kompanie Nr. 224
  • Kgl. Sächs. Divisions-Nachrichten-Kommandeur 424
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