1895 The Treaty of Shimonoseki between China and Japan is signed. This marks the end of the First Sino-Japanese War, and the defeated Qing Empire is forced to renounce its claims on Korea and to concede the southern portion of the Fengtien province, Taiwan and the Pescadores Islands to Japan.
1947 228 Incident: In Taiwan, civil disorder is put down with the loss of 30,000 civilian lives.
1949 Chinese Civil War: The People's Liberation Army begins its siege of Chengdu, the last Kuomintang-held city in mainland China, forcing President of the Republic of China Chiang Kai-shek and his government to retreat to Taiwan.
1998 An Air China jetliner is hijacked by disgruntled pilot Yuan Bin and flown to Taiwan.
1999 Chi-Chi earthquake occurs in central Taiwan, leaving about 2,400 people dead.
2005 The Taiwanese government calls on 1 million Taiwanese to demonstrate in Taipei, in opposition to the Anti-Secession Law of the People's Republic of China. Around 200,000 to 300,000 attend the demonstration.