1275 Traditional founding of the city of Amsterdam.
1614 Adriaen Block and 12 Amsterdam merchants petition the States General for exclusive trading rights in the New Netherland colony.
1687 The city council of Amsterdam votes to support William of Orange's invasion of England, which became the Glorious Revolution.
1810 The French occupy Amsterdam.
1883 The last quagga dies at the Artis Magistra zoo in Amsterdam.
1888 The Concertgebouw in Amsterdam is inaugurated.
1910 In Amsterdam, 25,000 demonstrate for general suffrage.
1942 Anne Frank and her family go into hiding in the "Secret Annexe" above her father's office in an Amsterdam warehouse.
1944 The Holocaust: a tip from a Dutch informer leads the Gestapo to a sealed-off area in an Amsterdam warehouse where they find Jewish diarist Anne Frank and her family.
1945 The General Dutch Youth League (ANJV) is founded in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
1960 The Anne Frank House opens in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
1973 Palestianian terrorists hijack a Japan Airlines jet en route from Amsterdam to Japan and force it down in Dubai.
1992 El Al Flight 1862: an El Al Boeing 747-258F crashes into two apartment buildings in Amsterdam, killing 43 including 39 on the ground.