William Winde
Captain William Winde was an English
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west; the Irish Sea is to the north west, the Celtic Sea to the south west, with the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south separating it from continental...

 gentleman architect
An architect is a person trained in the planning, design and oversight of the construction of buildings. To practice architecture means to offer or render services in connection with the design and construction of a building, or group of buildings and the space within the site surrounding the...

, whose Royalist military career, resulting in fortifications and topographical surveys but lack of preferment, and his later career, following the Glorious Revolution
Glorious Revolution
The Glorious Revolution, also called the Revolution of 1688, is the overthrow of King James II of England by a union of English Parliamentarians with the Dutch stadtholder William III of Orange-Nassau...

, as designer or simply "conductor" of the works of country houses, has been epitomised by Howard Colvin
Howard Colvin
Sir Howard Montagu Colvin, CVO, CBE , was a British architectural historian who produced two of the most outstanding works of scholarship in his field.-Life and works:...

, who said that "Winde ranks with Hooke
Robert Hooke
Robert Hooke FRS was an English natural philosopher, architect and polymath.His adult life comprised three distinct periods: as a scientific inquirer lacking money; achieving great wealth and standing through his reputation for hard work and scrupulous honesty following the great fire of 1666, but...

, May
Hugh May
Hugh May was an English architect in the period after the Restoration of King Charles II. He worked in the era which fell between the first introduction of Palladianism into England by Inigo Jones, and the full flowering of English Baroque under John Vanbrugh and Nicholas Hawksmoor. His own work...

, Pratt and Talman
William Talman (architect)
William Talman was an English architect and landscape designer. A pupil of Sir Christopher Wren, in 1678 he and Thomas Apprice gained the office of King's Waiter in the Port of London...

 as one of the principal English country-house architects of the late seventeenth century" (Colvin 1995, p 1066).

Winde was born in Holland to English parents.

Time has not been kind to his productions. His work included:
  • Hampstead Marshall, (for William Craven, 1st Earl of Craven
    William Craven, 1st Earl of Craven (1608-1697)
    William Craven, 1st Earl of Craven, PC was an English nobleman and soldier.His father William Craven was born in a poor family in Appletreewick in North Yorkshire but moved to London, became wealthy, and was Lord Mayor of London in 1610.Craven fought for Frederick V on the Continent and fell in...

    ), where he completed a house begun by Sir Balthazar Gerbier
    Balthazar Gerbier
    Sir Balthazar Gerbier , was an Anglo-Dutch courtier, diplomat, art advisor, miniaturist and architectural designer, in his own words fluent in "several languages" with "a good hand in writing, skill in sciences as mathematics, architecture, drawing, painting, contriving of scenes, masques, shows...

    , c. 1662-1688, from the dates on many surviving drawings. Thomas Strong, mason; Edward Pierce, carpenter; Edward Goudge, plasterer. Destroyed by fire 1718. Gate piers remain.
  • possibly Cliveden House, Buckinghamshire (for George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham
    George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham
    George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham, 20th Baron de Ros of Helmsley, KG, PC, FRS was an English statesman and poet.- Upbringing and education :...

    ) c.1676-8. Destroyed by fire 1795 and rebuilt.
  • Coombe Abbey
    Coombe Abbey
    Coombe Abbey is a hotel which has been developed from an historic grade I listed building and former country house. It is located roughly midway between Coventry and Brinklow in the countryside of Warwickshire, England...

    , near Coventry
    Coventry is a city and metropolitan borough in the county of West Midlands in England. Coventry is the 9th largest city in England and the 11th largest in the United Kingdom. It is also the second largest city in the English Midlands, after Birmingham, with a population of 300,848, although...

     (for the Earl of Craven). Rebuilt centre block and north wing, c. 1682-88. North wing demolished.
  • Buckingham House (for John Sheffield, 1st Duke of Buckingham
    John Sheffield, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normanby
    John Sheffield, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normanby, KG, PC , was a poet and notable Tory politician of the late Stuart period, who served as Lord Privy Seal and Lord President of the Council.-Career:...

    ), 1702-05. Completely embodied in Buckingham Palace
    Buckingham Palace
    Buckingham Palace, in London, is the principal residence and office of the British monarch. Located in the City of Westminster, the palace is a setting for state occasions and royal hospitality...

  • Powis House, Lincoln's Inn Fields
    Lincoln's Inn Fields
    Lincoln's Inn Fields is the largest public square in London, UK. It was laid out in the 1630s under the initiative of the speculative builder and contractor William Newton, "the first in a long series of entrepreneurs who took a hand in developing London", as Sir Nikolaus Pevsner observes...

    , London
    London is the capital city of :England and the :United Kingdom, the largest metropolitan area in the United Kingdom, and the largest urban zone in the European Union by most measures. Located on the River Thames, London has been a major settlement for two millennia, its history going back to its...

     (for First Marquess of Powis) 1682-89. (later Newcastle House
    Newcastle House
    Newcastle House is a mansion in Lincoln's Inn Fields in central London, England. It was one of the two largest houses built in London's largest square during its development in the 17th century, the other being Lindsey House. It is the northernmost house on the western side of the square.The house...

  • Belton House
    Belton House
    Belton House is a Grade I listed country house in Belton near Grantham, Lincolnshire, England. The mansion is surrounded by formal gardens and a series of avenues leading to follies within a larger wooded park...

     near Grantham, Lincolnshire, is attributed to him.
  • Castle Bromwich Hall, 1686-1703.

Capt. Winde also gave designs for parterre
A parterre is a formal garden construction on a level surface consisting of planting beds, edged in stone or tightly clipped hedging, and gravel paths arranged to form a pleasing, usually symmetrical pattern. Parterres need not have any flowers at all...


He married Magdalene, daughter of Sir James Bridgemen. His correspondence with his cousin Lady Mary Bridgemen of Castle Bromwich Hall, at the Staffordshire Record POffice, .
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