that is part of
the United Kingdom
and the island of Great Britain
to its east and the Atlantic Ocean
and Irish Sea
to its west. It has a population of three million, and a total area of 20,779 km² (8,023 sq mi). Wales has over 1,200 km (746 mi) of coastline, including its offshore islands; the largest, Anglesey
, is also the largest island in the Irish Sea.
1282 Llywelyn the Last, the last native Prince of Wales, is killed at Cilmeri, near Builth Wells, south Wales.
1283 Dafydd ap Gruffydd, prince of Gwynedd in Wales, becomes the first person executed by being hanged, drawn and quartered.
1797 The Last Invasion of Britain begins near Fishguard, Wales.
1804 The first self-propelling steam locomotive makes its outing at the Pen-y-Darren Ironworks in Wales.
1826 The Menai Suspension Bridge, considered the world's first modern suspension bridge, connecting the Isle of Anglesey to the north West coast of Wales, is opened.
1837 A system of the civil registration of births, marriages and deaths is established in England and Wales.
1850 The Britannia Bridge across the Menai Strait between the Isle of Anglesey and the mainland of Wales is opened.
1850 The Roman Catholic hierarchy is re-established in England and Wales by Pope Pius IX.
1859 The Royal Charter is wrecked on the coast of Anglesey, north Wales with 459 dead.
1865 Welsh settlers arrive at Chubut in Argentina.