Valencian cuisine
Overview
 
Valencian cuisine is a Mediterranean cuisine as cooked in the Valencian Community
Valencian Community
The Valencian Community is an autonomous community of Spain located in central and south-eastern Iberian Peninsula. Its capital and largest city is Valencia...

, Spain
Spain
Spain , officially the Kingdom of Spain languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Spain's official name is as follows:;;;;;;), is a country and member state of the European Union located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula...

. Its basic ingredients are vegetables, seafood
Seafood
Seafood is any form of marine life regarded as food by humans. Seafoods include fish, molluscs , crustaceans , echinoderms . Edible sea plants, such as some seaweeds and microalgae, are also seafood, and are widely eaten around the world, especially in Asia...

 and meat
Meat
Meat is animal flesh that is used as food. Most often, this means the skeletal muscle and associated fat and other tissues, but it may also describe other edible tissues such as organs and offal...

. It is famous worldwide for its rice
Rice
Rice is the seed of the monocot plants Oryza sativa or Oryza glaberrima . As a cereal grain, it is the most important staple food for a large part of the world's human population, especially in East Asia, Southeast Asia, South Asia, the Middle East, and the West Indies...

s, such as paella
Paella
Paella is a Valencian rice dish that originated in its modern form in the mid-19th century near lake Albufera, a lagoon in Valencia, on the east coast of Spain. Many non-Spaniards view paella as Spain's national dish, but most Spaniards consider it to be a regional Valencian dish...

, and its citrus
Citrus
Citrus is a common term and genus of flowering plants in the rue family, Rutaceae. Citrus is believed to have originated in the part of Southeast Asia bordered by Northeastern India, Myanmar and the Yunnan province of China...

 fruits. The cuisine of neighbouring regions have given and received important contributions from Valencian gastronomy, amongst them Balearic cuisine
Balearic cuisine
Balearic cuisine is a Mediterranean cuisine as cooked in the Balearic Islands, Spain. It can be regarded as part of a wider Catalan cuisine, since it shares many dishes and ingredients with Catalonia and the Valencian Community. Others view it as part of a more global Spanish cuisine. Traditional...

, Catalan cuisine
Catalan cuisine
Catalan cuisine is a Mediterranean cuisine from Catalonia. It may also refer to the shared cuisine of Roussillon and Andorra, which has a similar cuisine to the Alt Urgell and Cerdanya comarques, often referred to as "Catalan mountain cuisine"...

, Aragonese cuisine
Aragonese cuisine
Aragonese cuisine refers to the typical dishes and ingredients of cuisine in the Aragon region of Spain. These include roast lamb ; ham from Teruel; olive oil from Empeltre and Arbequina; a local taste for unusual vegetables as borages and sweet varieties of onion as well as wines from Cariñena,...

, Manchego cuisine
Castilian-Manchego cuisine
Castilian-Manchego cuisine refers to the typical dishes and ingredients in the cuisine of Castile-La Mancha region of Spain. These include pisto , gazpacho manchego, the famous queso manchego , the white wine of La Mancha, and the red wine from Valdepeñas.The dishes and specialties of the region...

 and Murcian cuisine.
  • Paella
    Paella
    Paella is a Valencian rice dish that originated in its modern form in the mid-19th century near lake Albufera, a lagoon in Valencia, on the east coast of Spain. Many non-Spaniards view paella as Spain's national dish, but most Spaniards consider it to be a regional Valencian dish...

    . The most famous Valencian dish is one of the most recent.
Encyclopedia
Valencian cuisine is a Mediterranean cuisine as cooked in the Valencian Community
Valencian Community
The Valencian Community is an autonomous community of Spain located in central and south-eastern Iberian Peninsula. Its capital and largest city is Valencia...

, Spain
Spain
Spain , officially the Kingdom of Spain languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Spain's official name is as follows:;;;;;;), is a country and member state of the European Union located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula...

. Its basic ingredients are vegetables, seafood
Seafood
Seafood is any form of marine life regarded as food by humans. Seafoods include fish, molluscs , crustaceans , echinoderms . Edible sea plants, such as some seaweeds and microalgae, are also seafood, and are widely eaten around the world, especially in Asia...

 and meat
Meat
Meat is animal flesh that is used as food. Most often, this means the skeletal muscle and associated fat and other tissues, but it may also describe other edible tissues such as organs and offal...

. It is famous worldwide for its rice
Rice
Rice is the seed of the monocot plants Oryza sativa or Oryza glaberrima . As a cereal grain, it is the most important staple food for a large part of the world's human population, especially in East Asia, Southeast Asia, South Asia, the Middle East, and the West Indies...

s, such as paella
Paella
Paella is a Valencian rice dish that originated in its modern form in the mid-19th century near lake Albufera, a lagoon in Valencia, on the east coast of Spain. Many non-Spaniards view paella as Spain's national dish, but most Spaniards consider it to be a regional Valencian dish...

, and its citrus
Citrus
Citrus is a common term and genus of flowering plants in the rue family, Rutaceae. Citrus is believed to have originated in the part of Southeast Asia bordered by Northeastern India, Myanmar and the Yunnan province of China...

 fruits. The cuisine of neighbouring regions have given and received important contributions from Valencian gastronomy, amongst them Balearic cuisine
Balearic cuisine
Balearic cuisine is a Mediterranean cuisine as cooked in the Balearic Islands, Spain. It can be regarded as part of a wider Catalan cuisine, since it shares many dishes and ingredients with Catalonia and the Valencian Community. Others view it as part of a more global Spanish cuisine. Traditional...

, Catalan cuisine
Catalan cuisine
Catalan cuisine is a Mediterranean cuisine from Catalonia. It may also refer to the shared cuisine of Roussillon and Andorra, which has a similar cuisine to the Alt Urgell and Cerdanya comarques, often referred to as "Catalan mountain cuisine"...

, Aragonese cuisine
Aragonese cuisine
Aragonese cuisine refers to the typical dishes and ingredients of cuisine in the Aragon region of Spain. These include roast lamb ; ham from Teruel; olive oil from Empeltre and Arbequina; a local taste for unusual vegetables as borages and sweet varieties of onion as well as wines from Cariñena,...

, Manchego cuisine
Castilian-Manchego cuisine
Castilian-Manchego cuisine refers to the typical dishes and ingredients in the cuisine of Castile-La Mancha region of Spain. These include pisto , gazpacho manchego, the famous queso manchego , the white wine of La Mancha, and the red wine from Valdepeñas.The dishes and specialties of the region...

 and Murcian cuisine.

Main dishes

  • Paella
    Paella
    Paella is a Valencian rice dish that originated in its modern form in the mid-19th century near lake Albufera, a lagoon in Valencia, on the east coast of Spain. Many non-Spaniards view paella as Spain's national dish, but most Spaniards consider it to be a regional Valencian dish...

    . The most famous Valencian dish is one of the most recent. Although many towns claim to be the birthplace of paella, it is usually considered native to county Ribera, just south of Valencia. It can be found in two main varieties, with chicken and rabbit or with seafood. Nowadays paella can be found around the world and especially throughout Spain and Latin America. As a curiosity it is also a typical dish in Nice
    Nice
    Nice is the fifth most populous city in France, after Paris, Marseille, Lyon and Toulouse, with a population of 348,721 within its administrative limits on a land area of . The urban area of Nice extends beyond the administrative city limits with a population of more than 955,000 on an area of...

    , France
    France
    The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...

    .
  • Arròs negre. Rice with squid and squid ink.
  • Arròs al forn. A rice dish baked in the oven and usually containing sausages and potato amongst other ingredients.
  • Fideuà
    Fideuà
    Fideuà or Fideuada is a dish typical of the Valencian Community, in Spain. It originated in the 1960s in the city of Gandia when thin noodles like vermicelli were used instead of rice in the popular dish paella....

    . A dish based on noodles and seafood, typical of the Valencian coast and originally from Gandia.
  • Arròs amb costra A kind of arròs al forn but covered with an egg
    Egg (food)
    Eggs are laid by females of many different species, including birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish, and have probably been eaten by mankind for millennia. Bird and reptile eggs consist of a protective eggshell, albumen , and vitellus , contained within various thin membranes...

     which provides the "crust" in the name. It is typical of most of the south of Valencia and especially of Elche.
  • Gaspacho. A famous Spanish dish typical throughout south and central Spain. In the Valencia region it is typical of the southern and inland areas and is the quintessentially winter dish.
  • Arròs a banda. A humble preparation typical of the Valencian coast with rice, fish
    Fish (food)
    Fish is a food consumed by many species, including humans. The word "fish" refers to both the animal and to the food prepared from it. Fish has been an important source of protein for humans throughout recorded history.-Terminology:...

    , and sweet potato
    Sweet potato
    The sweet potato is a dicotyledonous plant that belongs to the family Convolvulaceae. Its large, starchy, sweet-tasting, tuberous roots are an important root vegetable. The young leaves and shoots are sometimes eaten as greens. Of the approximately 50 genera and more than 1,000 species of...

    .
  • Embotit
    Embutido
    An embutido , enchido or embotits is a generic term for sausages found in Spain, Portugal, the Philippines, and Central and South America....

    s. Cured sausages.
  • Sobrassada
    Sobrassada
    Sobrassada is a raw, cured sausage from the Balearic Islands made with ground pork, paprika and salt and other spices. Sobrassada, along with botifarró are traditional Majorcan sausage meat products prepared in the laborious but festive rites that still mark the autumn and winter pig slaughter in...

     a typically Majorcan meat-product which is produced in the Marina.
  • Bollit. Vegetable stew.
  • Suquet de peix. An eel, potato, garlic and fish stew, similar to Bouillabaisse
    Bouillabaisse
    Bouillabaisse is a seafood soup made with various kinds of cooked fish and shellfish and vegetables, flavored with a variety of herbs and spices such as garlic, orange peel, basil, bay leaf, fennel and saffron. Bouillabaisse is a traditional Provençal fish stew originating from the port city of...

    .
  • All i pebre. a signature dish for the area around Valencia city and immediately to the south, containing peppers, garlic and potatoes with eels.
  • Esgarrat
    Esgarrat
    Esgarraet is a typical dish from the autonomous region Valencia in Spain. It consists of grilled red pepper salad, cured cod, garlic, olive oil and sometimes black olives...

     or Pericana in the mountains of Alcoi. It is a mixture of roasted peppers and strips of salted cod. The pericana also adds garlic.
  • Espencat. Roasted vegetables, typically peppers and aubergine but other vegetables can be added.

Sauces

  • Allioli
    Aioli
    Aioli ) is a traditional sauce made of garlic, olive oil, and egg. There are many variations, such as the addition of mustard or, in Catalonia, pears. It is usually served at room temperature. The name aioli comes from Provençal alh 'garlic' is a traditional sauce made of garlic, olive oil,...

    . This is a thick sauce based on mixing garlic
    Garlic
    Allium sativum, commonly known as garlic, is a species in the onion genus, Allium. Its close relatives include the onion, shallot, leek, chive, and rakkyo. Dating back over 6,000 years, garlic is native to central Asia, and has long been a staple in the Mediterranean region, as well as a frequent...

     and olive oil and often egg is added. It usually has a characteristic yellow colour. It is of course a sauce common to most of the Western Mediterranean.
  • Mullador. A sauce whose ingredients may vary but always includes tomatoes. The remaining ingredients depend on the time of year and the vegetables available in each area. There are similar preparations throughout the Mediterranean. Other names for this kind of sauce are "samfaina" in Catalonia, "tomacat" or "tombet" in Majorca and ratatouille
    Ratatouille
    Ratatouille is a traditional French Provençal stewed vegetable dish, originating in Nice. The full name of the dish is ratatouille niçoise.- Origin :...

     in France; much simpler is the "salsa napoletana" in Italy. In Alcoi and further south, this sauce may include tuna as is the case with "pisto", typical of Castile la Mancha.
  • Picada
    Picada
    The picada is one of the characteristic sauces and culinary techniques essential to Catalan cuisine. It is not an autonomous sauce like mayonnaise or romesco, but it is added as a seasoning during the cooking of a recipe....

    . This is a sauce composed of crushed nuts - usually almonds - olive oil, parsley and a little milk. It usually accompanies fish dishes.

Sweets, apéritifs, desserts and drinks

  • Pestinyos. A small, sweet and dry pastry folded into three and flavoured with orange and aniseed.
  • Pastisset
    Pastisset
    Pastissets , also called casquetes, pastissets or flaons are small stuffed fried cakes in the Catalan Countries. They can be filled with cabell d'àngel jam, sweet potato jam, or almonds, even with mató cheese and codonyat. They are typical of Terres de l'Ebre and in Valencian Community...

    s, a typical sweet made of pastry with a sweet almond or sweet potato filling. It is of probable Arab origin and is typical of most of Valencia and the south of Catalonia. A similar dish, called rubiols, is typical in Majorca.
  • Arnadí
    Arnadi
    Arnadi is a village in the Famagusta District of Cyprus, located north of Famagusta....

     typical of Xàtiva
    Xàtiva
    Xàtiva is a town in eastern Spain, in the province of Valencia, on the right bank of the river Albaida and at the junction of the Valencia–Murcia and Valencia Albacete railways....

  • Coca (pastry)
    Coca (pastry)
    The coca is a pastry typically made and consumed in Catalonia, eastern parts of Aragon, most of Valencia, the Balearic Islands, Andorra and in French Catalonia....

    . A kind of pizza or pie which can be both sweet or savoury. It is typical to most of Valencia as well as in Catalonia, French Catalonia, Andorra, eastern parts of Aragon and the Balearics. The most common kinds in Valencia are the coca de llanda, a kind of sponge-cake, often pumpkin-, lemon- or apple-flavoured; coca de mullador - or coca de Sant Joan in Alicante - a small pizza-like pastry with ratatouille on top and occasionally tuna or other titbits; and coca de xulla, a flat bread with bacon and sausages on top.
  • Coques de dacsa, originally from Ròtova
    Ròtova
    Ròtova is a municipality in the comarca of Safor in the Valencian Community, Spain.- Main sights :* Church of Sant Bartomeu Apòstol.* Palace of the Counts of Ròtova....

     near Gandia
    Gandia
    Gandia is a city and municipality in the Valencian Community, Eastern Spain on the Mediterranean. Gandia is located on the Costa del Azahar, 65 km south of Valencia and 96 km north of Alicante....

     and commercially available in the area around Denia and Gandia. These are flat pastry bases similar to Mexican tortilla
    Tortilla
    In Mexico and Central America, a tortilla is a type of thin, unleavened flat bread, made from finely ground maize...

    s, and topped with all kinds of titbits such as mullador
    Ratatouille
    Ratatouille is a traditional French Provençal stewed vegetable dish, originating in Nice. The full name of the dish is ratatouille niçoise.- Origin :...

    . A similar preparation are coques de mestall, from the neighbouring county Valldigna.
  • Arrop i tallaetes. A dessert which immerses fruit pieces in a sweet syrop made from grape must.
  • Fartons
    Fartons
    Fartón is a confectionary sweet typically for the town of Alboraya, Spain. Elongate and glazed with sugar it features flour, milk, sugar, oil, eggs and a leavening agent....

    . These are pastry fingers designed to be dipped in orxata.
  • Orxata (horchata
    Horchata
    Horchata or orxata is the name of several kinds of traditional beverage, made of ground almonds, sesame seeds, rice, barley, or tigernuts .-Etymology:...

    ). A drink made from submerging rice or other products in water for long periods. There are at least two kinds made locally. The first is orxata de xufa, made with tiger-nuts, quintessentially Valencian and produced only in the area of Alboraia
    Alboraia
    Alboraya or Alboraia is a town and municipality of the province of Valencia, Spain. It is situated very close to the city of Valencia....

    , just north of Valencia. The second is orxata d'ametlla, made and consumed in the Alicante
    Alicante
    Alicante or Alacant is a city in Spain, the capital of the province of Alicante and of the comarca of Alacantí, in the south of the Valencian Community. It is also a historic Mediterranean port. The population of the city of Alicante proper was 334,418, estimated , ranking as the second-largest...

     and Xixona.
  • Peladillas (Jordan almonds
    Jordan Almonds
    Jordan almonds, also known as sugared almonds or confetti, are a type of confectionery consisting of almonds covered with a candy coating in various colors, originating from Italy and particularly typical of the town of Sulmona...

    ). Typical from Casinos
    Casinos, Valencia
    Casinos is a municipality in the comarca of Camp de Túria in the Valencian Community, Spain.- Dragées and Spanish Nougat :Casinos is a village with a former tradition of production of Sugared almonds, dragées and Spanish Nougat, Turrón, Torró de Casinos.- See too :*Sugared almonds*Valencian...

    .
  • Torró. A kind of nougat
    Nougat
    Nougat is a variety of similar traditional confectioneries made with sugar and/or honey, roasted nuts , and sometimes chopped candied fruit. The consistency of nougat can range from soft and chewy to hard and crunchy depending on its composition, and it is used in a variety of candy bars and...

    , typical of Xixona and Alicante, available in two styles, hard and soft.
  • Figues albardaes (a kind of fig
    Ficus
    Ficus is a genus of about 850 species of woody trees, shrubs, vines, epiphytes, and hemiepiphyte in the family Moraceae. Collectively known as fig trees or figs, they are native throughout the tropics with a few species extending into the semi-warm temperate zone. The Common Fig Ficus is a genus of...

     fritter
    Fritter
    A fritter is any kind of food coated in batter and deep fried. Although very similar to a doughnut it differs in the fact that it requires some base ingredient beyond the dough it is cooked with.-Anglo-American fritters:...

     that are traditional in falles
    Falles
    The Falles is a Valencian traditional celebration in praise of Saint Joseph in Valencia, Spain. The term Falles refers to both the celebration and the monuments created during the celebration...

    )
  • Bunyol
    Buñuelos
    A Buñuelo alternatively called bimuelo, birmuelo, bermuelo, burmuelo, bonuelo; ) is a fried dough ball. It is a popular snack in Argentina, Colombia, Cuba, Mexico, Spain, Peru, the Philippines, Turkey, Greece, Morocco, and is a tradition at Christmas, Ramadan and among Sephardic Jews at...

    s. Yet another Arab-inspired pastry, these are dough-balls which are fried and covered with sugar, which can be found in various parts of Mediterranean Spain such as Cadaqués
    Cadaqués
    Cadaqués is a town in the Alt Empordà comarca, in the province of Girona, Catalonia, Spain. It is on a bay in the middle of the Cap de Creus peninsula, near Cap de Creus cape, on the Costa Brava of the Mediterranean...

    , as well as in Madrid or even Latin America although in these cases they are not sweet. The Valencian variety habitually includes pumpkin in the dough, though often in commercial preparations this is not so. They are typical of Falles
    Falles
    The Falles is a Valencian traditional celebration in praise of Saint Joseph in Valencia, Spain. The term Falles refers to both the celebration and the monuments created during the celebration...

    .

Wines and liquors

Valencian wines are also well-regarded, with three Protected Designation of Origin: Alicante
Alicante (DO)
Alicante is a Spanish Denominación de Origen for wines located in the province of Alicante ....

, Utiel-Requena
Utiel-Requena
Utiel Requena is a Spanish Denominación de Origen for wines located in the province of Valencia . It takes its name from the two neighbouring towns of Utiel and Requena...

 and Valencia
Valencia (DO)
Valencia is a Spanish Denominación de Origen for wines located in the province of Valencia and is divided into two separate zones and four sub-zones each one of which produces a different type of wine.-History:Grape growing and wine production has been present in this area for thousands of years...

. In Utiel-Requena, champagne is made under the cava
Cava (Spanish wine)
Cava is a Spanish sparkling wine of Denominación de Origen status, most of which is produced in Catalonia. It may be white or rosé. The macabeu, parellada and xarel·lo are the most popular and traditional grape varieties for producing cava...

 denomination. Meanwhile, muscat (known as "moscatell" also called "mistela") is produced in the Marina Alta
Marina Alta
Marina Alta is a comarca in the province of Alicante, Valencian Community, Spain.- Municipalities :*Adsubia*Alcalalí*Beniarbeig*Benidoleig*Benigembla*Benimeli*Benissa*Benitachell/El Poble Nou de Benitatxell*Calp*Castell de Castells*Dénia...

 (near Denia
Dénia
Dénia is a city in the province of Alicante, Spain, on the Costa Blanca halfway between Alicante and Valencia, the judicial seat of the comarca of Marina Alta...

) under Alicante DO and also in Turís
Turís
Turís, , is a municipality in the comarca of Ribera Alta in the Valencian Community, Spain.-Villages:* Altury* Cortitxelles, a village built by the Instituto Nacional de Colonización* Masia Pavias* Monte Tesoro* Los Blázquez* Montur* Vinyamalata...

, Godelleta
Godelleta
Godelleta is a municipality in the comarca of Hoya de Buñol in the Valencian Community, Spain....

 and surroundings, under the Valencia DO.

See also

  • Arroz a la valenciana
    Arroz a la valenciana
    Arroz a la valenciana or Arroz à valenciana is a typical Latin American dish, and sometimes used in Filipino cuisine...

    , a rice dish typical in Portugal and Latin America and inspired by paella.

External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
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