University of Melbourne
Overview
 
The University of Melbourne (informally Melbourne University, Melbourne Uni, Unimelb, UMelb, UOM or just Melbourne) is a public university
Public university
A public university is a university that is predominantly funded by public means through a national or subnational government, as opposed to private universities. A national university may or may not be considered a public university, depending on regions...

 located in Melbourne
Melbourne
Melbourne is the capital and most populous city in the state of Victoria, and the second most populous city in Australia. The Melbourne City Centre is the hub of the greater metropolitan area and the Census statistical division—of which "Melbourne" is the common name. As of June 2009, the greater...

, Victoria
Victoria (Australia)
Victoria is the second most populous state in Australia. Geographically the smallest mainland state, Victoria is bordered by New South Wales, South Australia, and Tasmania on Boundary Islet to the north, west and south respectively....

. Founded in 1853, it is the second oldest university in Australia
Australia
Australia , officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country in the Southern Hemisphere comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area...

 and the oldest in Victoria. The main campus is located in Parkville
Parkville, Victoria
Parkville is an inner city suburb in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 3 km north from Melbourne's central business district. Its Local Government Area is the City of Melbourne. At the 2006 Census, the population was 4,980....

, an inner suburb just north of the Melbourne CBD
Central business district
A central business district is the commercial and often geographic heart of a city. In North America this part of a city is commonly referred to as "downtown" or "city center"...

. The university also has several other campuses located across Victoria.
Encyclopedia
The University of Melbourne (informally Melbourne University, Melbourne Uni, Unimelb, UMelb, UOM or just Melbourne) is a public university
Public university
A public university is a university that is predominantly funded by public means through a national or subnational government, as opposed to private universities. A national university may or may not be considered a public university, depending on regions...

 located in Melbourne
Melbourne
Melbourne is the capital and most populous city in the state of Victoria, and the second most populous city in Australia. The Melbourne City Centre is the hub of the greater metropolitan area and the Census statistical division—of which "Melbourne" is the common name. As of June 2009, the greater...

, Victoria
Victoria (Australia)
Victoria is the second most populous state in Australia. Geographically the smallest mainland state, Victoria is bordered by New South Wales, South Australia, and Tasmania on Boundary Islet to the north, west and south respectively....

. Founded in 1853, it is the second oldest university in Australia
Australia
Australia , officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country in the Southern Hemisphere comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area...

 and the oldest in Victoria. The main campus is located in Parkville
Parkville, Victoria
Parkville is an inner city suburb in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 3 km north from Melbourne's central business district. Its Local Government Area is the City of Melbourne. At the 2006 Census, the population was 4,980....

, an inner suburb just north of the Melbourne CBD
Central business district
A central business district is the commercial and often geographic heart of a city. In North America this part of a city is commonly referred to as "downtown" or "city center"...

. The university also has several other campuses located across Victoria. It is a member of Australia's "Group of Eight
Group of Eight (Australian universities)
The Group of Eight is a coalition of leading Australian tertiary institutions, intensive in research and comprehensive in general and professional education...

" lobby group, the Universitas 21
Universitas 21
Universitas 21 is an international network of universities, established as an "international reference point and resource for strategic thinking on issues of global significance." Together, there are 500,000 students and 40,000 academics and researchers associated with these universities, which...

 and Association of Pacific Rim Universities
Association of Pacific Rim Universities
The Association of Pacific Rim Universities , formed in 1997, is a consortium of leading research universities in the Pacific Rim. APRU aims to foster education, research and enterprise thereby contributing to the economic, scientific and cultural advancement in the Pacific Rim...

 networks. It is colloquially known as a sandstone university and has one of the largest financial endowments of any Australian university, standing at $1.173 billion as of 2010.

The University of Melbourne consistently ranks among the best universities in Australia and the world, especially in the biological and health sciences. The university has been placed top in Australia and 37th in the world by the Times Higher Education 2011-2012 rankings of the world’s top 400 universities.

In Australia, Melbourne University is the second largest research organisation after the CSIRO. In 2010, it spent $767.5m on research and has consistently ranked first or second on the major national research indicators which are used by the Australian Government to allocate public funds for research and training infrastructure.

The university has over 35,000 students, who are supported by just over 7,300 staff members. In 2008, it introduced the controversial "Melbourne Model
Melbourne Model
The Melbourne Model is a radical restructuring of the undergraduate curriculum of the University of Melbourne, located in Victoria, Australia, one of the country's richest universities...

", a combination of various practices from American and European universities, aimed at consistency with the European Union's "Bologna process
Bologna process
The purpose of the Bologna Process is the creation of the European Higher Education Area by making academic degree standards and quality assurance standards more comparable and compatible throughout Europe, in particular under the Lisbon Recognition Convention...

" and international relevance and standing for its degrees. Glyn Davis
Glyn Davis
Glyn Conrad Davis, AC is the Vice-Chancellor of the University of Melbourne.- Early life :Professor Davis was educated at Marist Brothers College, Kogarah...

 AC
Order of Australia
The Order of Australia is an order of chivalry established on 14 February 1975 by Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia, "for the purpose of according recognition to Australian citizens and other persons for achievement or for meritorious service"...

 is Melbourne's current vice-chancellor
Chancellor (education)
A chancellor or vice-chancellor is the chief executive of a university. Other titles are sometimes used, such as president or rector....

.

Arms

The university's coat of arms is a blue shield on which a depiction of Victory in white colour holds her laurel wreath over the stars of the Southern Cross. The motto is written on a scroll beneath the shield, Postera crescam laude ("Later I shall grow by praise" or, more freely, "We shall grow in the esteem of future generations") The Latin is from a line in a Horace
Horace
Quintus Horatius Flaccus , known in the English-speaking world as Horace, was the leading Roman lyric poet during the time of Augustus.-Life:...

 ode: ego postera crescam laude recens. The arms include no crest or supporters.

History

Melbourne University was established by Hugh Childers
Hugh Childers
Hugh Culling Eardley Childers was a British and Australian Liberal statesman of the nineteenth century. He is perhaps best known for his reform efforts at the Admiralty and the War Office...

 by an 1853 act of the Victorian Parliament. Classes commenced in 1855 with three professors and sixteen students; of this body of students, only four graduated. The original buildings were officially opened by the Lieutenant Governor of the Colony of Victoria, Sir Charles Hotham
Charles Hotham
Sir Charles Hotham, KCB, RN was Lieutenant-governor and, later, Governor of Victoria, Australia from 22 June 1854 to 10 November 1855.-Early life:...

, on 3 October 1855. The first chancellor, Redmond Barry
Redmond Barry
Sir Redmond Barry KCMG was an Irish colonial judge in Victoria, Australia.-Early life:Barry was the son of Major-General Henry Green Barry, of Ballyclough, County Cork and his wife Phoebe Drought, daughter of John Armstrong Drought and Letita Head...

 (later Sir Redmond), held the position until his death in 1880.

In the university's early days, an architectural master-plan was developed, establishing the intended prevailing building style as gothic revival. Early influential architects included Melbourne's own Joseph Reed
Joseph Reed (architect)
Joseph Reed , a Cornishman by birth, was probably the most influential Victorian era architect in Melbourne, Australia. He established a practice, Reed and Barnes in Melbourne in 1852. The practice now known as Bates Smart is one of the oldest continually operating in the world.Reed's buildings...

, who was responsible for the design of many of the early campus buildings. Although the master-plan was followed until the 1930s, the 1950s saw the modernist style established as a new "house style", resulting in the mix of university buildings seen today.

The inauguration of the university was made possible by the wealth resulting from Victoria's gold rush
Victorian gold rush
The Victorian gold rush was a period in the history of Victoria, Australia approximately between 1851 and the late 1860s. In 10 years the Australian population nearly tripled.- Overview :During this era Victoria dominated the world's gold output...

. The institution was designed to be a "civilising influence" at a time of rapid settlement and commercial growth (Selleck, 2003). It was designated secular and excluded from offering degrees in divinity
Divinity (academic discipline)
Divinity is the study of Christian and other theology and ministry at a school, divinity school, university, or seminary. The term is sometimes a synonym for theology as an academic, speculative pursuit, and sometimes is used for the study of applied theology and ministry to make a distinction...

 - the churches could establish colleges on only the northern perimeter. The local population largely rejected the supposed elitism of its professoriate, favouring teaching of 'useful' subjects like law, over those they deemed 'useless' in the city's context, like classics
Classics
Classics is the branch of the Humanities comprising the languages, literature, philosophy, history, art, archaeology and other culture of the ancient Mediterranean world ; especially Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome during Classical Antiquity Classics (sometimes encompassing Classical Studies or...

. The townspeople won this debate, and law was introduced in 1857, and medicine and engineering in the 1860s.

The admission of women in 1881 was a further victory for Victorians over the more conservative ruling council (Selleck 2003, p 164–165). Subsequent years saw many tensions over the direction of the emerging university and, in 1902, it was effectively bankrupt following the discovery of a ₤24,000 fraudulent defalcation by the university's bursar, Frederick Dickson, over the period 1886-1901 (when the yearly grant was £15,000). Dickson was jailed for seven years.

This resulted in a royal commission that recommended new funding structures, and an extension of disciplinary areas into agriculture and education.

By the time of World War I
World War I
World War I , which was predominantly called the World War or the Great War from its occurrence until 1939, and the First World War or World War I thereafter, was a major war centred in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918...

, governance was again a pressing concern. The council, consisting of more businesspeople than professors, obtained real powers in 1923 at the expense of the senate. Undergraduates could elect two members of the council. In this period, students tended to be drawn from affluent backgrounds, with a few opportunities for gifted scholarship students. The first vice-chancellor to be paid a salary was Raymond Priestley
Raymond Priestley
Sir Raymond Edward Priestley was a British geologist and early Antarctic explorer.-Biography:Raymond Priestley was born in Bredon's Norton,Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, in 1886, the second son and second of eight children of Joseph Edward Priestley, headmaster of Tewkesbury grammar school, and his...

 (1936) followed by John Medley in 1939.

After World War II
World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

, demand for Commonwealth-funded student places grew in Australia and the university catered for the demand, becoming much larger and more inclusive.

The 150th anniversary was celebrated in 2003.

Governance

Governance of the university is grounded in an act of parliament, the Melbourne University Act 2009. The peak governing body is the Council, whose key responsibilities include appointing the Vice Chancellor and Principal, approving the strategic direction and annual budget, establishing operational policies and procedures, and overseeing academic and commercial activities as well as risk management. The chair of the Council is the Chancellor. The Academic Board oversees learning, teaching and research activities, and provides advice to the Council on these matters. The Committee of Convocation represents graduates, and its members are elected in proportion to the number of graduates in each faculty.

Endowment

In 2008, the university had an endowment of approximately $1.105 billion, the largest of any Australian institution. Whilst the fund had grown rapidly for several years, providing up to $100 million of income per year, it shrank by 22% in 2008 as a result of the ongoing global financial crisis of 2007–2010. However Australian endownments are relatively small compared with those of the wealthiest US universities.

Academia

The university has twelve faculties, some of which incorporate a graduate school. It also has an affiliation with the Melbourne Business School
Melbourne Business School
Melbourne Business School is a business school located in Melbourne, Australia that has been ranked in the Financial Times since 2005 and The Economist Top 20 in the World. MBS was placed as the second best business school in the Asia-Pacific in the 2010 QS Global 200 Business Schools Report....

.
Faculty Est. Graduate Schools Students | Campus
Faculty of Architecture, Building and Planning 1927 Melbourne School of Design Parkville
Faculty of Arts
Faculty of Arts, University of Melbourne
The Faculty of Arts is the oldest faculty at the University of Melbourne. It began teaching the Bachelor of Arts in 1855 when students were first welcomed into the university....

1853 Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences 7,200 Parkville
Faculty of Business and Economics 1924 Graduate School of Business and Economics 8,289 Parkville
Education 1923 Melbourne Graduate School of Education Parkville
Engineering 1860 Melbourne School of Engineering
Melbourne School of Engineering, University of Melbourne
The Melbourne School of Engineering at the University of Melbourne is the oldest engineering faculty in Australia. It was established in 1861, 8 years after the establishment of the University of Melbourne, and was made a Faculty in 1889...

4,500 Parkville
Melbourne School of Land and Environment 1997 Parkville, Dookie, Burnley, Creswick
Law 1857 Melbourne Law School 3,500 Parkville
Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences
Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, University of Melbourne
-General:The of the University of Melbourne is the University’s largest and most diverse faculty, consisting of 52 schools, departments and centres....

1862 5,400 Parkville, Shepparton
Melbourne School of Graduate Research 2007 Parkville
Faculty of Science
Faculty of Science, University of Melbourne
The Faculty of Science at the University of Melbourne is one of the oldest science faculties in Australia . It teaches a substantial number of undergraduate and postgraduate students , as well as being a significant centre for scientific research...

1903 Melbourne Graduate School of Science 6,500 Parkville
Faculty of Veterinary Science 1909 Parkville, Werribee
Faculty of the VCA and Music
Victorian College of the Arts
The Faculty of the VCA and Music is a faculty of the University of Melbourne, in Victoria . VCAM is located near the Melbourne central business district, on two campuses, one - the Melbourne Conservatorium of Music - on the Parkville campus of the University of Melbourne, and the other - the...

1988 1,700 Parkville, Southbank
1963 Melbourne Business School
Melbourne Business School
Melbourne Business School is a business school located in Melbourne, Australia that has been ranked in the Financial Times since 2005 and The Economist Top 20 in the World. MBS was placed as the second best business school in the Asia-Pacific in the 2010 QS Global 200 Business Schools Report....

690 Parkville, Mount Eliza, Sydney, Canberra, Beijing


Professor Peter C. Doherty is a Nobel Laureate based in the Department of Microbiology and Immunology as well as being the College Visitor at Janet Clarke Hall
Janet Clarke Hall (University of Melbourne)
Janet Clarke Hall is an Anglican residential college of the University of Melbourne.- History :Established in 1886 as a residential hostel for women students of Trinity College, the College was named after a significant benefactor...

. Sir James Mirrlees
James Mirrlees
Sir James Alexander Mirrlees is a Scottish economist and winner of the 1996 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. He was knighted in 1998....

 (Economic Science, 1996 - emeritus, Cambridge) and Sir Clive Granger
Clive Granger
Sir Clive William John Granger was a British economist, who taught in Britain at the University of Nottingham and in the U.S.A. at the University of California, San Diego. In 2003, Granger was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, in recognition that he and his co-winner, Robert F...

 (Economic Science, 2003 - emeritus, San Diego) both taught at the university from 2005 to 2007.

Melbourne has produced the most Rhodes Scholars
Rhodes Scholarship
The Rhodes Scholarship, named after Cecil Rhodes, is an international postgraduate award for study at the University of Oxford. It was the first large-scale programme of international scholarships, and is widely considered the "world's most prestigious scholarship" by many public sources such as...

 of any Victorian university, including the two 2006 winners. The University also administers the Rae and Edith Bennett Travelling Scholarship
Rae and Edith Bennett Travelling Scholarship
The Rae and Edith Bennett Travelling Scholarship is a scholarship awarded annually to students and graduates of the University of Melbourne to undertake graduate study in the United Kingdom....

 for its graduates to complete postgraduate degrees in the United Kingdom.

The numbers of international students have grown from 2,000 in 1996 to over 11,000 in 2008. A separate venture, Melbourne University Private
Melbourne University Private
Melbourne University Private was a private university spinoff founded by the University of Melbourne in Australia, which operated from July 1998 to 2005. It was designed as a profit making venture, independent of as much government control as possible, in an attempt to maneuver around some of the...

 was created in 1997, and merged with the university at the end of 2005 following the easing of Commonwealth regulations to allow domestic full-fee places in Australian universities.

These faculties offer courses from Bachelor
Bachelor
A bachelor is a man above the age of majority who has never been married . Unlike his female counterpart, the spinster, a bachelor may have had children...

 Degree
Academic degree
An academic degree is a position and title within a college or university that is usually awarded in recognition of the recipient having either satisfactorily completed a prescribed course of study or having conducted a scholarly endeavour deemed worthy of his or her admission to the degree...

 to Doctorate
Doctorate
A doctorate is an academic degree or professional degree that in most countries refers to a class of degrees which qualify the holder to teach in a specific field, A doctorate is an academic degree or professional degree that in most countries refers to a class of degrees which qualify the holder...

 level. Arts is the largest (7,222 students in 2004), followed by Science (6,328). The university has some of the highest admission requirements in the country, with the median ENTER
Equivalent National Tertiary Entrance Rank
The Equivalent National Tertiary Entrance Rank was the national Australian tertiary entrance rank, administered by Universities Australia...

 of its undergraduates being 93.90. Furthermore, the university has the highest proportion of enrolments of any institution for applicants with an ENTER of 99.0 or above (those who finish in the top 1% of school leavers), with 61.6% of these applicants enrolling at Melbourne. Overall attrition and retention rates at the university are the lowest and highest respectively in Australia.

Research

In 2010 Melbourne spent $767.5m on research, and has consistently ranked first or second on the major national research indicators which are used by the Australian Government to allocate public funds for research and training infrastructure. Pure and applied research had already grown in importance from the late 19th century, but increased its reach and depth in the second half of the 20th century. Science and Arts are the best-endowed faculties in financial terms. The medical sciences benefit from proximity to a number of hospitals, and were enhanced by the opening of Bio21
Bio21 Institute of Molecular Science and Biotechnology, University of Melbourne
The Bio21 Institute of Molecular Science and Biotechnology is an Australian research centre based at the University of Melbourne. The centre focuses on the study of basic science and applied biotechnology....

, a research centre focusing on pure and applied Biotechnology
Biotechnology
Biotechnology is a field of applied biology that involves the use of living organisms and bioprocesses in engineering, technology, medicine and other fields requiring bioproducts. Biotechnology also utilizes these products for manufacturing purpose...

. Melbourne has the highest numbers of Federal Government Australian Postgraduate Awards and Postgraduate Research International Scholarships, as well as the largest totals of Research Higher Degree (RHD) student load (3,222 students in 2010) and RHD completions (715 in 2010). In 2008, Melbourne's research income totalled $380 million. Though the Thomson Reuters report in 2010 confirmed that the university had lagged behind its national rivals and its research performance had stagnated considerably. This also reflected its poor position in most overall rankings. The university's ARC grant record over 10 years has been considerably weaker, though the university has begun initiatives to rectify its position.

Related research institutes

  • Australia and New Zealand School of Government
    Australia and New Zealand School of Government
    The Australia and New Zealand School of Government is an educational institution that teaches strategic management and high-level policy to public sector leaders....

  • Assessment Research Centre
    Assessment Research Centre
    The Assessment Research Centre is a research centre based in the Melbourne Graduate School of Education, at the University of Melbourne. The Centre was founded in 1989 by Professor Patrick Griffin...

  • Bio21 Molecular Science and Biotechnology Institute
  • Bionic Ear Institute
  • Centre for Eye Research Australia
  • Florey Neuroscience Institutes
    Howard Florey Institute
    The Howard Florey Institute, previously known as the Howard Florey Institute of Experimental Physiologyand applied research into treatments to combat brain and mind disorders and the cardiovascular system...

  • Institute of Postcolonial Studies
  • Institute for a Broadband-Enabled Society
    Institute for a Broadband-Enabled Society
    The Institute for a Broadband-Enabled Society is an Australian research institute focusing on the development of broadband-enabled applications and technologies. The Institute is based in the Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering at The University of Melbourne in Victoria...

  • Macfarlane Burnet Institute For Medical Research And Public Health
  • Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research
  • Mental Health Research Institute of Victoria
    Mental Health Research Institute (Melbourne)
    The Mental Health Research Institute is one of Victoria's laboratory psychiatric research centres. It aims to lead cutting edge research focused upon improving the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of major mental disorders....

  • Murdoch Children's Research Institute
    Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne
    The Royal Children's Hospital is a major children's hospital in Melbourne, Australia.As the major paediatric hospital in Victoria, the Royal Children's Hospital and offers a full range of clinical services, tertiary care and health promotion and prevention programs for children and adolescents...

  • National Ageing Research Institute
  • Nossal Institute For Global Health
  • Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity
  • Peter MacCallum Cancer Institute
  • St. Vincent's Institute of Medical Research
    St Vincent's Hospital, Melbourne
    St Vincent's Hospital, Melbourne is the major hospital in Fitzroy, Melbourne, Australia.It is operated by the St Vincent's Health service, previously known as the Sisters of Charity Health Service, Melbourne...

  • Tasman Institute and Tasman Asia Pacific
  • Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research
    Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research
    The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research is Australia's oldest medical research institute.In 2011, the institute is home to more than 650 researchers who are working to understand, prevent and treat diseases including blood, breast and ovarian cancers; inflammatory diseases such as...

  • LH Martin Institute for Higher Education Leadership & Management

Residential colleges

Since 1872, the affiliated residential colleges have been an important part of the university. The earliest sought to emulate the finest European colleges, particularly those of Oxford. There are eleven affiliated colleges in total. Seven of the colleges are situated in an arc around the cricket
Cricket
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of 11 players on an oval-shaped field, at the centre of which is a rectangular 22-yard long pitch. One team bats, trying to score as many runs as possible while the other team bowls and fields, trying to dismiss the batsmen and thus limit the...

 oval at the northern edge of the campus, known as the College Crescent, with the other five within 15 minutes' walk of the University of Melbourne.
Colleges
Trinity College
Trinity College (University of Melbourne)
Trinity College is the oldest college of the University of Melbourne. Founded in 1872 on a site granted to the Church of England, Trinity is unique among Australian university colleges in its diverse education programs...

 
1872-
Ormond College
Ormond College (University of Melbourne)
Ormond College is the largest of the residential colleges of the University of Melbourne. It is home to 332 undergraduates, 30 postgraduates and 27 professorial/academic residents.-Establishment:...


1881-
Janet Clarke Hall
Janet Clarke Hall (University of Melbourne)
Janet Clarke Hall is an Anglican residential college of the University of Melbourne.- History :Established in 1886 as a residential hostel for women students of Trinity College, the College was named after a significant benefactor...

 
1886-
St Mary's College
St Mary's College (University of Melbourne)
St Mary's College is a medium sized residential college affiliated with the University of Melbourne and is located on the Melbourne University College Crescent. It was founded on and still practices the Catholic tradition. St Mary's is home to around 160 students, the majority of whom attend the...

 
1966-
Queen's College
Queen's College (University of Melbourne)
Queen's College is a residential College affiliated with the University of Melbourne providing accommodation to 220 students who are attending the University of Melbourne, Victorian College of the Arts, RMIT University and Monash University's Victorian College of Pharmacy.In addition to the...

 
1887-
Newman College
Newman College (University of Melbourne)
Newman College is a Roman Catholic, co-educational residential college affiliated with the University of Melbourne. During the university year it houses about 235 undergraduate students and about 55 postgraduate students and tutors...

 
1918-
Medley Hall
Medley Hall (University of Melbourne)
Medley Hall is the smallest residential college of the University of Melbourne in Australia. Established in 1954, it is situated on 48 Drummond St in Carlton, Victoria, away from other residential colleges in Parkville. It is home to approximately 60 students from around Australia and overseas...

 
1954-
Whitley College
Whitley College
Whitley College is one of the twelve residential colleges of the University of Melbourne. Unlike most colleges, Whitley College is not located on college crescent but rather is placed slightly further north at 271 Royal Parade, Victoria, Australia...

, 1965-
Ridley College
Ridley College (University of Melbourne)
Ridley Melbourne—Mission & Ministry College is a Christian theological college in the parklands of central Melbourne, Australia. Established in 1910, it has an evangelical foundation and outlook and is affiliated with the Australian College of Theology and the Anglican Church of Australia...

, 1910–2005; 2006-7
University College
University College (University of Melbourne)
University College is a residential college which is affiliated to the University of Melbourne in Australia. It was formerly known as University Women's College...

, 1937-
International House, 1957-
Graduate House
Graduate House (University of Melbourne)
is a residential college and a conference and event centre in Melbourne ; as well as a private club for graduates of all Universities across the world....

, 1962-
St Hilda's College
St Hilda's College (University of Melbourne)
St Hilda's College is a college of The University of Melbourne, providing a residential community for students from all parts of regional Victoria, interstate and overseas. It provides accommodation, academic and pastoral support for 178 undergraduate students and 20 graduate students...

, 1964-

Architecture

Several of the original on-campus buildings, such as the Old Quad and Old Arts buildings, feature beautiful period architecture.

The expansion during the post-World War Two period saw the construction of a number of functional high-rise office buildings and laboratories, in response to space shortages. These include the Raymond Priestley building (used for administration and nicknamed the "Wind Tunnel" due to the channelling of wind through its ground level arches), the Redmond Barry building, Wilson Hall (1956, replacing the old Wilson Hall which was destroyed by fire), and some of the additions to the colleges. The Architecture building is a monolithic modernist design - a "strong statement of architectural modernism influenced by Le Corbusier".

Melba Hall and the Conservatorium of Music on Royal Parade are notable examples of Edwardian edifices which features rich Arts and Crafts and Art Nouveau
Art Nouveau
Art Nouveau is an international philosophy and style of art, architecture and applied art—especially the decorative arts—that were most popular during 1890–1910. The name "Art Nouveau" is French for "new art"...

 details. They were designed by Bates, Peebles & Smart
Bates Smart
Bates Smart is Australia's second oldest architectural firm, established in 1853 by Joseph Reed as the practice Reed and Barnes. JPE Design Studio in Adelaide founded in 1851 by Daniel Garlick is the oldest continuing architectural practice in Australia....

 and constructed between 1905 and 1935.

A recent spate of expansions have included the Ian Potter Gallery and the Sidney Myer Asia Centre (both designed by Nonda Katsalidis
Nonda Katsalidis
Nonda Katsalidis is an Australian architect.He is currently a practicing director of architecture firm Fender Katsalidis Architects in partnership with Karl Fender.-Life:Katsalidis migrated to Melbourne, Australia as a 5 year old...

). The Potter Gallery in particular is highly regarded for its architecture, and won several awards when completed in 1999. The University Square development has extended the campus to the south, significantly opening up the grid-locked Parkville campus.

The façade of the Old Commerce building is listed on the National Trust Register as an interesting artifact. It is the facade of the former Collins Street
Collins Street, Melbourne
Collins Street is a major street in the Melbourne central business district and runs approximately east to west.It is notable as Melbourne's traditional main street and best known street, is often regarded as Australia's premier street, with some of the country's finest Victorian era buildings.The...

 Bank of New South Wales Melbourne office transposed on to a 1935 building. The bank earned architect Joseph Reed
Joseph Reed (architect)
Joseph Reed , a Cornishman by birth, was probably the most influential Victorian era architect in Melbourne, Australia. He established a practice, Reed and Barnes in Melbourne in 1852. The practice now known as Bates Smart is one of the oldest continually operating in the world.Reed's buildings...

 a first prize in architecture. When the building was demolished, the façade was transferred to the University of Melbourne to become the façade of the then Commerce building.

Some of the affiliated residential colleges feature notable architecture; the most beautiful is arguably the Ormond College with its large clock tower, but Newman College
Newman College (University of Melbourne)
Newman College is a Roman Catholic, co-educational residential college affiliated with the University of Melbourne. During the university year it houses about 235 undergraduate students and about 55 postgraduate students and tutors...

 is also well known as one of the few remaining buildings designed by Walter Burley Griffin
Walter Burley Griffin
Walter Burley Griffin was an American architect and landscape architect, who is best known for his role in designing Canberra, Australia's capital city...

. A searchable archive of photos can be used to view individual features of the campus.

Libraries

The Melbourne University Library is one of the busiest libraries in Australia, with three million visitors performing 42 million loan transactions every year. The general collection comprises over 3.5 million items including books, DVDs, photographic slides, music scores, periodicals, as well as rare maps, prints and other published materials. The Library also holds over 32,000 e-books, hundreds of databases and 63,000 general and specialist journals in digital form.

The Libraries include:
  • Architecture Library
  • Baillieu Library (arts and humanities)
  • Brownless Biomedical Library
  • Chemistry Library
  • Earth Sciences Library
  • Eastern Resource Centre (ERC)
  • Giblin Economics and Commerce Library
  • Land and Food Resources (LFR) (Burnley, Creswick, Dookie)
  • Law Library
  • Lenton Parr Music, Visual and Performing Arts Library (formerly VCA Library)
  • Louise Hanson-Dyer Music Library
  • Mathematics Library
  • Physics Research Library
  • Veterinary Science Library


Library personnel also provide advice to staff and students on issues such as copyright, information management, knowledge management, information architecture and the design of business processes.

Other campuses

The university has several other campuses located across Victoria
Victoria (Australia)
Victoria is the second most populous state in Australia. Geographically the smallest mainland state, Victoria is bordered by New South Wales, South Australia, and Tasmania on Boundary Islet to the north, west and south respectively....

.They are situated in Burnley
Burnley, Victoria
Burnley is a suburb in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 4 km east from Melbourne's central business district. Its Local Government Area is the City of Yarra. At the 2006 Census, Burnley had a population of 708....

, Creswick
Creswick, Victoria
Creswick is a town in west-central Victoria, Australia. It is located 18 kilometres north of Ballarat and 129 km northwest of Melbourne, in Shire of Hepburn. It is 430 metres above sea level. At the 2006 census, Creswick had a population of 2,485...

, Dookie
Dookie, Victoria
Dookie is a town in the Goulburn Valley region of Victoria, Australia. It is situated in a valley between Mount Major and Mount Saddleback. Dookie is a farming community. At the 2006 census, Dookie had a population of 286....

, Werribee
Werribee, Victoria
Werribee is a city in Melbourne, Australia, 32 km south-west from Melbourne's central business district. Its Local Government Area is the City of Wyndham. At the 2006 Census, Werribee had a population of 36,641. Statistically, Werribee is considered part of Greater Melbourne.Werribee is...

, and Southbank
Southbank, Victoria
Southbank is an inner city suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia located direct south of the Yarra River opposite Melbourne's Hoddle Grid. The northernmost area is considered part of the Central Business District and Central Activities District of the city. Its Local Government Area are the...

, Victorian College of the Arts
Victorian College of the Arts
The Faculty of the VCA and Music is a faculty of the University of Melbourne, in Victoria . VCAM is located near the Melbourne central business district, on two campuses, one - the Melbourne Conservatorium of Music - on the Parkville campus of the University of Melbourne, and the other - the...

. The university also has its interests in Goulburn Valley
Goulburn Valley
The Goulburn Valley is a region of Victoria, Australia. The region consists of those areas in the catchment of the Goulburn River and other nearby streams, and is part of the Murray-Darling Basin. The Goulburn Valley is bordered on the south by the Great Dividing Range and to the north by the...

, particularly in the areas of rural health
Health
Health is the level of functional or metabolic efficiency of a living being. In humans, it is the general condition of a person's mind, body and spirit, usually meaning to be free from illness, injury or pain...

, agriculture
Agriculture
Agriculture is the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi and other life forms for food, fiber, and other products used to sustain life. Agriculture was the key implement in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that nurtured the...

 and education
Education
Education in its broadest, general sense is the means through which the aims and habits of a group of people lives on from one generation to the next. Generally, it occurs through any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts...

. The university is a part-owner of the Melbourne Business School
Melbourne Business School
Melbourne Business School is a business school located in Melbourne, Australia that has been ranked in the Financial Times since 2005 and The Economist Top 20 in the World. MBS was placed as the second best business school in the Asia-Pacific in the 2010 QS Global 200 Business Schools Report....

, the top business school
Business school
A business school is a university-level institution that confers degrees in Business Administration. It teaches topics such as accounting, administration, economics, entrepreneurship, finance, information systems, marketing, organizational behavior, public relations, strategy, human resource...

 in Australia in 2005 and 2006. The university has a node of the Australian Centre for Plant Functional Genomics
Australian Centre for Plant Functional Genomics
The Australian Centre for Plant Functional Genomics is a research organisation focusing on improving the resistance of wheat and barley to hostile environmental conditions, using functional genomics technologies....

.

Arts and culture

The university is associated with a number of arts institutions in the wider community. These include:
  • The Melbourne Theatre Company
    Melbourne Theatre Company
    The Melbourne Theatre Company is a theatre company based in Melbourne. Founded in 1953, it is the oldest professional theatre company in Australia, and has its own theatre, The MTC Theatre – which houses the 500-seat Sumner Theatre and the 150-seat Lawler Studio – located in Melbourne's Arts...

    , the oldest professional theatre company in Australia and one of the largest theatre companies in the English-speaking world. The company is a semi-autonomous department of the university.
  • The Ian Potter Museum of Art, which houses the university's visual arts collection.
  • Melbourne University Publishing
    Melbourne University Publishing
    Melbourne University Publishing is the book publishing arm of the University of Melbourne .MUP was founded in 1922 as Melbourne University Press to sell books and stationery to students, and then began publishing books itself...

     (formally Melbourne University Press), an academic press which has since diversified into multimedia production as well as books and monographs.
  • Meanjin
    Meanjin
    Meanjin is an Australian literary journal. The name - pronounced Mee-AN-jin - is derived from an Aboriginal word for the land where the city Brisbane is located.It was founded in December 1940, in Brisbane, by Clem Christesen...

    , an Australian literary journal.
  • Thirty-three cultural collections, embodying the history of many of the academic disciplines taught at the university. These include the Grainger Museum
    Grainger Museum
    The Grainger Museum is a repository of items devoted to the memory of the composer and pianist Percy Grainger, located in the grounds of the University of Melbourne, Australia....

     Collection of musical cultural artifacts; the Medical History Museum, covering the history of the medical profession in Victoria; and the Harry Brookes Allen Museum of Anatomy and Pathology, which contains more than 8,000 specimens relevant to the teaching of medicine and other health sciences.
  • The Centre for Cultural Materials Conservation is the only centre of its kind in Australia, combining both theory and practice of cultural material conservation and is a joint initiative of the Faculty of Arts
    Faculty of Arts, University of Melbourne
    The Faculty of Arts is the oldest faculty at the University of Melbourne. It began teaching the Bachelor of Arts in 1855 when students were first welcomed into the university....

    , Faculty of Science
    Faculty of Science, University of Melbourne
    The Faculty of Science at the University of Melbourne is one of the oldest science faculties in Australia . It teaches a substantial number of undergraduate and postgraduate students , as well as being a significant centre for scientific research...

     and the Ian Potter Museum of Art.
  • The Melbourne University is host to the Future Problem Solving Program Australia
    Future Problem Solving Program Australia
    The Future Problem Solving Program Australia is a sub-division of the Future Problem Solving Program International. The program promotes creative and futuristic thinking within competitors.-Executive Board:...

     (FPSPA) national finals every even year. This is held during mid-October and participants from across Australia attend the University of Melbourne for competition. The Grand Buffet Hall and the Copeland Theatre are the two main locations for ceremonies and competition.

New strategy

In 2005, the university developed a new strategy, 'Growing Esteem', incorporating strands of Research, Teaching and Learning, and Knowledge Transfer. Within the teaching and learning strand is the Melbourne Model
Melbourne Model
The Melbourne Model is a radical restructuring of the undergraduate curriculum of the University of Melbourne, located in Victoria, Australia, one of the country's richest universities...

, a curriculum-depth-of-content discipline partly based on the undergraduate experience at first-tier universities of the United States. The six 'New Generation degrees' of Science, Biomedicine, Environments, Arts, Music and Commerce are designed to lead to graduation and the workplace, graduate degrees focusing on the professions, or research-oriented higher degrees. The new structure was introduced in 2008, with faculties governing courses in law, medicine, education and architecture establishing graduate schools to administer Master's degrees. PhD candidatures are generally administered through the School of Graduate Research.

Some students and members of the wider community have been critical of the Growing Esteem (or Melbourne Model
Melbourne Model
The Melbourne Model is a radical restructuring of the undergraduate curriculum of the University of Melbourne, located in Victoria, Australia, one of the country's richest universities...

) project, which has come under much scrutiny in the Australian press. The university offers a minimum of 50% of the places in each of the new professional graduate degrees - 100% for education and nursing - for domestic Australian students as Commonwealth Supported Places, with the University aiming for 75% across all the new courses. The ability to offer Commonwealth Supported Places to postgraduate students is a first for an Australian university, heralding a new approach to diversity in the higher-education sector by the Howard government
Howard Government
The Howard Government refers to the federal Executive Government of Australia led by Prime Minister John Howard. It was made up of members of the Liberal–National Coalition, which won a majority of seats in the Australian House of Representatives at four successive elections. The Howard Government...

 and the succeeding Rudd government
Rudd Government
The Rudd Government refers to the federal Executive Government of Australia of the Australian Labor Party from 2007 to 2010, led by Kevin Rudd as Prime Minister. The Rudd Government commenced on 3 December 2007, when Rudd was sworn in along with his ministry...

.

Some have also raised issues about the proposed alterations to how research is funded, with a growing dependence on private industry monies being mooted.

Youth Allowance and Austudy has been extended to Commonwealth-approved Master's degrees by coursework programmes. The university is undertaking a $100-million-dollar scholarship programme, funded by its significant invested endowment, course fees and other private ventures. Over 8000 students will receive benefits. 20% of places in the new degrees will be allocated to the 'Access Melbourne' programme.

New courses

Six courses have been approved as 'new generation undergraduate courses': generalist degrees under the 'Melbourne Model'. These degrees will eventually replace 96 undergraduate degrees.
  • Bachelor of Arts
  • Bachelor of Science
  • Bachelor of Commerce
  • Bachelor of Environments
  • Bachelor of Music
  • Bachelor of Biomedicine


Note: The degree of Bachelor of Laws (LL.B) has been discontinued; instead becoming the graduate degree Juris Doctor (JD) as of 2008. In addition, several existing courses will continue in 2008, such as medicine, veterinary science and some engineering degrees. The university anticipates that all professional courses (including engineering, medicine, dentistry, optometry and veterinary science) will change from undergraduate to graduate-entry by 2011.

A number of professional courses will be moved to graduate entry including:
  • Juris Doctor
  • Doctor of Medicine
  • Doctor of Dental Surgery
  • Doctor of Optometry
  • Doctor of Physiotherapy
  • Doctor of Veterinary Medicine
  • Master of Animal Science
  • Master of Architecture
  • Master of Engineering
  • Master of Forest Science
  • Master of Nursing Science
  • Master of Property and Construction
  • Master of Public Policy and Management
  • Master of Social Work
  • Master of Teaching
  • Master of Urban Horticulture
  • Master of Urban Planning


Criticisms of the 'Melbourne Model'

Various groups, including trade and student unions,

a handful of academics,
and some students have expressed criticism of the Melbourne Model, citing job and subject cuts, and a risk of 'dumbing down' content. A group of students also produced a satirical musical
Melbourne Model The Musical
Melbourne Model: the Musical was a 2008 musical satire of the political circumstances surrounding the implementation of the controversial 'Melbourne Model'; a radical restructuring of the undergraduate curriculum at the University of Melbourne, one of Australia's top universities.Written by...

 regarding the matter.

VCA controversy

The university's 2007 acquisition of the Victorian College of the Arts
Victorian College of the Arts
The Faculty of the VCA and Music is a faculty of the University of Melbourne, in Victoria . VCAM is located near the Melbourne central business district, on two campuses, one - the Melbourne Conservatorium of Music - on the Parkville campus of the University of Melbourne, and the other - the...

 and subsequent plans to introduce the "Melbourne Model" at the campus has attracted much attention and criticism within the wider community. As of May 2009 the university has 'suspended' the Bachelor of Music Theatre and Puppetry courses at the College and there are fears that they may not return under the Melbourne Model.

A 2005 heads of agreement over the merger of the VCA and the university stated that the management of academic programs at the VCA will ensure that, "the VCA continues to exercise high levels of autonomy over the conduct and future development of its academic programs so as to ensure their integrity and quality," and also that the college's identity will be preserved. New dean Sharman Pretty outlined drastic changes under the university's plan for the college in early April 2009. As a result it is now being called into question whether the university have upheld that agreement.

Staff at the college have responded to the changes, claiming that the university does not value vocational arts training, and voicing fears over the future of quality training at the VCA. Former Victorian arts minister Race Matthews has also weighed in on the debate expressing his hope that, "Melbourne University will not proceed with its proposed changes to the Victorian College of the Arts," and for 'good sense' to prevail.

Rankings

The following is a summary of Melbourne University rankings:
Publications1999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011Comments
Times Higher Education World University Rankings
Times Higher Education World University Rankings
The Times Higher Education World University Rankings is an international ranking of universities published by the British magazine Times Higher Education in partnership with Thomson Reuters, which provided citation database information...

 
22 19 22 27 38 36 36 37 ranking within Australia: 2 (following ANU), 1, 2 (following ANU), 2 (following ANU), 3 (following ANU and Sydney), 2 (following ANU in a tie with Sydney) from 2004 to 2009 respectively. 1st in Australia in 2010 and 2011.
Shanghai Jiao Tong University Academic Ranking of World Universities
Academic Ranking of World Universities
The Academic Ranking of World Universities , commonly known as the Shanghai ranking, is a publication that was founded and compiled by the Shanghai Jiaotong University to rank universities globally. The rankings have been conducted since 2003 and updated annually...

92 82 82 78 79 73 75 62 60 ranking within Australia: 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2 (all following ANU), from 2003 to 2010 respectively, 1st in 2011.
Global University Ranking 81-83 ranking within Australia: 5 in 2009.
Higher Education Evaluation and Accreditation Council of Taiwan
Higher Education Evaluation and Accreditation Council of Taiwan
Higher Education Evaluation and Accreditation Council of Taiwan was founded in May 2005. HEEACT applied for ISO certification in July 2008 and received certification on February 4, 2009...

 (HEEACT)
| 64 58 51 43 ranking within Australia: 1, 1, 1 in 2007, 2008 and 2009 respectively.
Financial Times
Financial Times
The Financial Times is an international business newspaper. It is a morning daily newspaper published in London and printed in 24 cities around the world. Its primary rival is the Wall Street Journal, published in New York City....

 MBA rank
64 72 63 69 79 75 52 63 ranking within Australia: 1, 2 (following AGSM), 1, 1, 2 (following AGSM), 2 (following AGSM), from 2003 to 2009 respectively.
Economist Intelligence Unit
Economist Intelligence Unit
The Economist Intelligence Unit is part of the Economist Group.It is a research and advisory company providing country, industry and management analysis worldwide and incorporates the former Business International Corporation, a U.S. company acquired by the parent organization in 1986...

's MBA rank
84 26 17 44 ranking within Australia: 2 (following AGSM), 1, 1 in 2006, 2008 and 2009 respectively.


The University of Melbourne has been consistently ranked top 100 universities worldwide by the Shanghai Jiao Tong University (ARWU), Times Higher Education and QS World University Rankings
QS World University Rankings
The QS World University Rankings is a ranking of the world’s top 500 universities by Quacquarelli Symonds using a method that has published annually since 2004....

 since their publication. The university was ranked 31st in the 2011 QS World University Rankings
QS World University Rankings
The QS World University Rankings is a ranking of the world’s top 500 universities by Quacquarelli Symonds using a method that has published annually since 2004....

. The Higher Education Evaluation and Accreditation Council of Taiwan
Higher Education Evaluation and Accreditation Council of Taiwan
Higher Education Evaluation and Accreditation Council of Taiwan was founded in May 2005. HEEACT applied for ISO certification in July 2008 and received certification on February 4, 2009...

 (HEEACT) has also ranked Melbourne University ahead of any other Universities in the southern hemisphere and placed it in the top 100 worldwide (together with Sydney University) since its publication.

With regard to rankings by broad subjects, The University of Melbourne has been consistently ranked top 100 worldwide for biomedicine, life and agriculture science, business, law, education, engineering, arts and humanities and social sciences, according to Times Higher Education, the Shanghai Jiao Tong University (ARWU), The Higher Education Evaluation and Accreditation Council of Taiwan
Higher Education Evaluation and Accreditation Council of Taiwan
Higher Education Evaluation and Accreditation Council of Taiwan was founded in May 2005. HEEACT applied for ISO certification in July 2008 and received certification on February 4, 2009...

 (HEEACT) and the Melbourne Institute. Moreover, Melbourne University is the only one Australian institution ranked top 30 worldwide across all subjects by Times Higher Education 2009. This prominent position is also confirmed by 3 other ranking systems, with Melbourne possessing more academic disciplines ranked top 100 in the world than any other Australian institutions.


Research produced by the Melbourne Institute in 2006 ranked Australian universities across seven main discipline areas: Arts & Humanities, Business & Economics, Education, Engineering, Law, Medicine, and Science, with Melbourne University as the highest in business, law and medicine by both academic surveys and overall performance.
Discipline R1R1 refers to Australian and overseas Academics' rankings in tables 3.1 -3.7 of the report. No.No. refers to the number of the Australian institutions in the table against which Melbourne is compared. R2R2 refers to the Articles and Research rankings in tables 5.1 - 5.7 of the report. No.
Arts & Humanities 2 38 2 35
Business & Economics 1 39 1 34
Education 1 35 2 32
Engineering 1 28 3 28
Law 1 29 1 28
Medicine 1 14 1 13
Science 2 38 3 31

Melbourne Business School
Melbourne Business School
Melbourne Business School is a business school located in Melbourne, Australia that has been ranked in the Financial Times since 2005 and The Economist Top 20 in the World. MBS was placed as the second best business school in the Asia-Pacific in the 2010 QS Global 200 Business Schools Report....

's MBA course was ranked 69th in the world in 2006, 79th in 2007, 75th in 2008 and 52nd in 2009. It is the highest ranked MBA course (following AGSM) in Australia for 2009 according to the Australian Financial Review.

In 2010, according to University Ranking by Academic Performance (URAP), University of Melbourne is the best university in Australia and 40th university in the world.

Notable graduates

The University of Melbourne has produced many notable alumni, with graduates having held the offices of Prime Ministers of Australia
Prime Minister of Australia
The Prime Minister of the Commonwealth of Australia is the highest minister of the Crown, leader of the Cabinet and Head of Her Majesty's Australian Government, holding office on commission from the Governor-General of Australia. The office of Prime Minister is, in practice, the most powerful...

, Deputy Prime Minister of Australia
Deputy Prime Minister of Australia
The Deputy Prime Minister of the Commonwealth of Australia is the second-most senior officer in the Government of Australia. The Deputy Prime Ministership has been a ministerial portfolio since 1968, and the Deputy Prime Minister is appointed by the Governor-General on the advice of the Prime...

, Governor-General
Governor-General
A Governor-General, is a vice-regal person of a monarch in an independent realm or a major colonial circonscription. Depending on the political arrangement of the territory, a Governor General can be a governor of high rank, or a principal governor ranking above "ordinary" governors.- Current uses...

, Attorney-General, Governor of Victoria, High Court Justices, State Premiers, Nobel Laureates
Nobel Prize
The Nobel Prizes are annual international awards bestowed by Scandinavian committees in recognition of cultural and scientific advances. The will of the Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite, established the prizes in 1895...

, a First Lady of East Timor
East Timor
The Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste, commonly known as East Timor , is a state in Southeast Asia. It comprises the eastern half of the island of Timor, the nearby islands of Atauro and Jaco, and Oecusse, an exclave on the northwestern side of the island, within Indonesian West Timor...

, ministers of foreign countries, Lord Mayors, academics, architects, historians, poets, philosophers, politicians, scientists, physicists, authors, industry leaders, Defence Force generals, corporate leaders and artists.

Student activities


The university student life is reflected by the variety of clubs and services funded by the University of Melbourne Student Union. Student extracurricular activities generally come under the loose umbrella of the University of Melbourne Student Union, student sporting activities under the Sports Union, and postgraduate students at University of Melbourne Graduate Student Association (a member of the Council of Australian Postgraduate Associations
Council of Australian Postgraduate Associations
The Council of Australian Postgraduate Associations, or CAPA, is the peak representative body for postgraduate students in Australia. Founded in 1979, CAPA provides member associations with representation to the Federal government, and peak bodies such as the Australian Research Council and...

). Many student clubs are affiliated with UMSU, as well as student theatre and the official student newspaper, Farrago
Farrago
First published on 3 April 1925, Farrago is Australia's oldest student newspaper. Farrago is published by the Melbourne University Student Union.- Name :...

. A scandal engulfed the Union in 2003, eventually leading to its collapse, liquidation and subsequent rebirth as a new entity. However, given the introduction of Voluntary Student Unionism
Voluntary student unionism
Voluntary student unionism is a policy, notable in Australia, under which membership of – and payment of membership fees to – university student organisations is voluntary....

 from 1 July 2006, services and activities offered by this new Union have diminished. The shortfall in funding from declining membership has been offset to an extent by a recurrent grant from the university.

Sport

The university has participated in various sports in its history, and currently has 39 affiliated clubs. Sport is overseen by Melbourne University Sport.
Melbourne was the overall champion in the Australian University Games
Australian University Games
The Australian University Games is a multi-sport competition held annually in September / October between teams fielded from a large number of Australian universities and tertiary institutions. The Games were first held in 1993 in Brisbane, Queensland...

 (AUG) in 1997, 2004, 2005 and 2006.

Beaurepaire Centre and Sports Centre

The Beaurepaire Centre is a two-storey health and fitness complex located on the campus. It houses a strength and fitness gym; and an indoor, heated, 6-lane, 25m lap pool. The Sports Centre is also located on campus, and houses a Group Fitness venue, a Yoga and Pilates venue, six squash courts, massage and physiotherapy clinic, a variety of multipurpose rooms, two multipurpose basketball stadiums, and the main Melbourne University Sport administration offices.

Tennis

The Melbourne University Tennis Club, is one of the oldest sporting clubs at the University. It was one of the founding clubs of the Melbourne University Sports Union (now known as the Melbourne University Sports Association). The club actively participates in state & regional competitions, provides weekly internal competitions to its members, and has a growing coaching program. The club's most notable victory of recent times occurred in the Winter of 2009, the Women's team won the Bayside Regional Tennis Association's Section 1 Premiership. The team was also awarded the Butterworth Trophy, which recognised that the Melbourne University Tennis team's performance surpassed the performance of the other 88 teams in the association.

Cricket

The University of Melbourne Cricket Club, often called simply "University", plays the sport of cricket in the elite club competition of Melbourne, Australia, known as Victorian Premier Cricket
Victorian Premier Cricket
Victorian Premier Cricket is the elite club cricket competition in the state of Victoria, administered by Cricket Victoria. Each club fields four teams of adult players and usually play on weekends and public holidays. Matches are played on turf wickets under limited-time rules, with most results...

. The club was founded in 1856 and played its first season of premier cricket in 1906–07. Also known as The Students, the club has won 3 first XI premierships. Its home ground is on the campus of the University of Melbourne in Parkville.

Australian Rules football

The Melbourne University Football Club
Melbourne University Football Club
Melbourne University Football Club, often known simply as University is an Australian rules football club.The club achieved prominence by being a member of the game's most elite competition in the early 20th century, the Victorian Football League between 1908 and 1914.Although there are no records...

 founded in 1859, was a notable Australian Rules football
Australian rules football
Australian rules football, officially known as Australian football, also called football, Aussie rules or footy is a sport played between two teams of 22 players on either...

 club that played seven seasons in the Victorian Football League
Australian Football League
The Australian Football League is both the governing body and the major professional competition in the sport of Australian rules football...

, and has since rejoined the ranks of amateur teams.

The women's club, the Mugars
Melbourne University Mugars
The Melbourne University Mugars have two Australian rules football teams competing in the Victorian Women's Football League — Premier Division and Reserves teams, as well as an Under 18 team competing in AFL Victoria's Youth Girls competition....

, participates in the Victorian Women's Football League
Victorian Women's Football League
The Victorian Women's Football League is the oldest and largest Australian rules football league for women in the world, consisting of 22 clubs and 30 teams from Victoria, Australia across four divisions and a total of over 1,000 players....

 and is the most successful women's football
Women's Australian rules football
Women's Australian rules football is a fast growing sport played at senior level in Australia, United States, England, New Zealand, Canada and Japan. At junior level, it is also played in Papua New Guinea, Argentina and South Africa...

 team in the country .

Rugby Union football

The Melbourne University Rugby Football Club celebrated its 100th birthday in 2008 and is one of Victoria's major Rugby Union clubs, having won many premierships over the years. Most recently, the under-20s Colts team took out the 2008 premiership. Former celebrity members include Sir Edward Dunlop
Edward Dunlop
Lieutenant Colonel Sir Ernest Edward "Weary" Dunlop, AC, CMG, OBE was an Australian surgeon who was renowned for his leadership while being held prisoner by the Japanese during World War II.-Early life and family:...

, the first Victorian to represent Australia in rugby union and a notable survivor of Japanese POW camps during World War II
World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

.

Association football

The Melbourne University Blues was founded in 1947 and has maintained a consistent presence in Victoria's provisional leagues. The Melbourne University Rangers
Melbourne University Rangers
Melbourne University Rangers is an Australian association football club from the University of Melbourne in Parkville, an inner suburb of Melbourne, Australia...

 was founded as an amateur club in 1980 but has successfully moved into the professional leagues and, in 2008, won promotion to Division 3 of the Victorian State League
Football Federation Victoria
Football Federation Victoria is the state governing body for football in Victoria, Australia. It is affiliated with Football Federation Australia, the sport's national governing body....

.

Hockey

The University has hockey teams that compete in the Hockey Victoria competition. It is colloquially known as "Shop" or "Shoppers" to its members, and MUHC to its rivals. The men's division has competed in State League One (the premier division) irregularly (most recently 2004 and 2006), often gaining promotion from State League Two only to be relegated the following year. The women's division had a State League One team in 2003-2005, and since being relegated have maintained a mid-SL2 position since.

It traditionally fields strong AUG hockey teams, winning the Syme Cup (men's division) in 1999 and 2000 and placing 2nd in 2001, 2005-07. Its best result in the women's competition has been second (2000, 2003).

Lacrosse

The Melbourne University Lacrosse Club (MULC) was established in 1883 and is the oldest continually operational lacrosse club in the world. It competes locally in the Lacrosse Victoria competition, and in its long history has won 10 premierships in the men's State League competition. The Club also has a junior program conducted through the Melbourne High School
Melbourne High School
Melbourne High School is a selective entry state school for boys in years 9 to 12 located in the Melbourne suburb of South Yarra. Being a selective school, it is known mainly for its strong academic reputation...

. The MULC takes part in an annual competition against the Adelaide University Lacrosse Club, with the venue alternating between Adelaide
Adelaide
Adelaide is the capital city of South Australia and the fifth-largest city in Australia. Adelaide has an estimated population of more than 1.2 million...

 and Melbourne
Melbourne
Melbourne is the capital and most populous city in the state of Victoria, and the second most populous city in Australia. The Melbourne City Centre is the hub of the greater metropolitan area and the Census statistical division—of which "Melbourne" is the common name. As of June 2009, the greater...

 each year.

Cycling

The Melbourne University Cycling Club (MUCyc) is associated with Cycling Australia and competes regularly at local and national races. In 2008 MUCyc won its seventh consecutive AUG championship (2002–2008). MUCyc placed second in the 2009 University games, but wrested back the crown from UWA in 2010.

See also

  • NICTA - national information and communication technology research centre, co-supported by University of Melbourne
  • University of Melbourne Academic Dress
    University of Melbourne Academic Dress
    The academic dress of University of Melbourne describes the formal attire of robes, gowns and hoods prescribed by the Statutes and Regulations for undergraduates, graduates, officers and honorands of the university...

  • Tertiary education in Australia
    Tertiary education in Australia
    Tertiary education in Australia is primarily study at University or a Technical college in order to receive a qualification or further skills and training....


Books

  • Macintyre, S. & Selleck, R.J.W. (2003). A short history of the University of Melbourne. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press. ISBN 0-522-85058-8.
  • Selleck, R.J.W. (2003). The Shop: The University of Melbourne, 1850–1939. Melbourne: University of Melbourne Press. 930pp
  • Poynter, John & Rasmussen, Carolyn (1996). "A Place Apart - The University of Melbourne: Decades of Challenge". Melbourne: Melbourne University Press. ISBN 0-522-84584-3.
  • Cain J II and J Hewitt. 2004. Off Course: From Public Place to Marketplace at Melbourne University. Melbourne: Scribe.

Newspaper

  • McPhee, P. 2005. "From the Acting Vice-Chancellor." Uni News. The University of Melbourne. 03/10/05, p. 3.


External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
x
OK