Ulyanovsk Oblast
Ulyanovsk Oblast is a federal subject
Federal subjects of Russia
Russia is a federation which, since March 1, 2008, consists of 83 federal subjects . In 1993, when the Constitution was adopted, there were 89 federal subjects listed...

 of Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

 (an oblast
Oblast is a type of administrative division in Slavic countries, including some countries of the former Soviet Union. The word "oblast" is a loanword in English, but it is nevertheless often translated as "area", "zone", "province", or "region"...

). It is located in the Volga Federal District
Volga Federal District
Volga Federal District is one of the eight federal districts of Russia. It forms the southeastern part of European Russia. Its population was 29,900,400 according to the 2010 Census, living on an area of...

. Its administrative center is the city of Ulyanovsk
Ulyanovsk The city is the birthplace of Vladimir Lenin , for whom it is named.-History:Simbirsk was founded in 1648 by the boyar Bogdan Khitrovo. The fort of "Simbirsk" was strategically placed on a hill on the Western bank of the Volga River...

. Population:


Ulyanovsk Oblast borders the Chuvash Republic (N), the Republic of Tatarstan (NE), Samara Oblast
Samara Oblast
Samara Oblast is a federal subject of Russia . Its administrative center is the city of Samara. Population: In 1936–1990, it was known as Kuybyshev Oblast , after the Soviet name of Samara .-Demographics:Population:...

 (E), Saratov Oblast
Saratov Oblast
Saratov Oblast is a federal subject of Russia , located in the Volga Federal District. Its administrative center is the city of Saratov. Population: -Demographics:Population:...

 (S), Penza Oblast
Penza Oblast
-External links:* *...

 (W), and the Republic of Mordovia (NW).

It is located on the northern edge of Central Steppes. A quarter of its territory is covered with deciduous forests; the rest is covered with steppes and meadows. The oblast is divided in half by the Volga River
Volga River
The Volga is the largest river in Europe in terms of length, discharge, and watershed. It flows through central Russia, and is widely viewed as the national river of Russia. Out of the twenty largest cities of Russia, eleven, including the capital Moscow, are situated in the Volga's drainage...

. Hilly areas to the west of the Volga are known as Volga Upland
Volga Upland
The Volga Upland, also known as the Volga Uplands, Volga Plateau, Volga Hills, or Volga Plateau, is a vast region of East European Plain in western Russia that lies west of the Volga River and east of the Central Russian Upland...

 (elevations up to 358 m). Eastern part of the oblast is mostly flat. The water table occupies about 6% of territory.

Ulyanovsk Oblast has moderately continental
Continental climate
Continental climate is a climate characterized by important annual variation in temperature due to the lack of significant bodies of water nearby...

, highly volatile climate. Average temperature of July +19 °C, of January −11 °C. As weather systems move in and out of the area, average daily temperatures often change more than 25°C in the matter of days. Fixed snow cover is typically present from November to the beginning of April. Overnight frosts occur until late May, restricting agriculture to cold-resistant plants such as rye and winter wheat. Annual precipitation drops out 400 mm a year. About time in three years in area there is a strong drought which causes a damage to region agriculture.


Ulyanovsk Oblast is located in the zones of wooded plain and broad-leaved scaffolding.

Soils are predominantly chernozem.

Scaffolding occupy 1/4 territories. In the northwest — large massifs of oak scaffolding with the participation of linden, maple; in the Transvolga
Transvolga Region or Transvolga is a territory to the East of Volga River bounded by Volga, Ural Mountains, Northern Ridge, and Caspian Depression....

 region — meadow steppes, separate pine borons.

Were preserved moose, marten, squirrel, hare- white hare and other were numerous the planktonic and marshy- coastal birds. In Kuybyshev Reservoir — bream, pike-perch, carp and others. The Ulyanovsk region — one of the Russian centres of dwelling of wasps.

The protected areas
Protected areas of Ulyanovsk Oblast
-Natural Monuments:* Wood Pearl* Relic woods* Akshuatian dendopark* Greater springs* The Mountain pine forest* The Source of Sviyaga River* The Forest belt of Genko* Cretaceous steppes from karagana* Upper Jurassic deposits of Gorodishchi* Island «Borok»...

 are found on the territory of region: national park Sengiley mountains
Sengiley mountains
Sengiley mountains is a national park of Russia .-Basic special features:They predominate among the representatives of forest: birch, pine tree, oak. In the centre of park - basic place of accumulation and distribution of the underground waters, actively utilised by a surrounding population. The...

, the guarding zone of state preserve “Volga wooded plain”, the monuments of nature Undory mineral source, relict scaffolding etc.


55% of residents of Ulyanovsk Oblast live in two cities with population above 25,000—Ulyanovsk
Ulyanovsk The city is the birthplace of Vladimir Lenin , for whom it is named.-History:Simbirsk was founded in 1648 by the boyar Bogdan Khitrovo. The fort of "Simbirsk" was strategically placed on a hill on the Western bank of the Volga River...

 and Dimitrovgrad
Dimitrovgrad, Russia
Dimitrovgrad is a city in Ulyanovsk Oblast, Russia, located on the Bolshoy Cheremshan River. Population: -History:It was founded in the beginning of the 18th century as a village for workers of the local distillery, which was closed in 1848. As of 1897, its population was 8,500, and in 1919...


Population is 72% Russian
The Russian people are an East Slavic ethnic group native to Russia, speaking the Russian language and primarily living in Russia and neighboring countries....

, 12% Tatar
Tatars are a Turkic speaking ethnic group , numbering roughly 7 million.The majority of Tatars live in the Russian Federation, with a population of around 5.5 million, about 2 million of which in the republic of Tatarstan.Significant minority populations are found in Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan,...

, 8% Chuvash
Chuvash people
The Chuvash people are a Turkic ethnic group, native to an area stretching from the Volga Region to Siberia. Most of them live in Republic of Chuvashia and surrounding areas, although Chuvash communities may be found throughout all Russia.- Etymology :...

, 4% Mordva, 4% others.

For the first half of 2007, the birth rate was 9.0 per 1000 http://demoscope.ru/weekly/2007/0301/barom04.php The area population is reduced and for 20 years since 1991 has decreased on 200 thousand persons.


Mostly Russian Orthodox Christian with Muslim
A Muslim, also spelled Moslem, is an adherent of Islam, a monotheistic, Abrahamic religion based on the Quran, which Muslims consider the verbatim word of God as revealed to prophet Muhammad. "Muslim" is the Arabic term for "submitter" .Muslims believe that God is one and incomparable...

 minority of about 13%.


Ulyanovsk and Dimitrovgrad are industrial cities and contain a number of large plants and factories. Rural part of Ulyanovsk Oblast is agricultural and is focused primarily on animal husbandry
Animal husbandry
Animal husbandry is the agricultural practice of breeding and raising livestock.- History :Animal husbandry has been practiced for thousands of years, since the first domestication of animals....

, to the lesser extent on crop farming. In area territory there are two resorts - "White Jar" and "Dubki".

According to Herbert E. Meyer, of the CIA National Intelligence Council, Ulyanovsk implemented a plan to increase Russia's dismal population growth which stipulated that workers would receive the second half of the workday off in order to go home and "produce more future patriots." It is governor's idea.

Regional automobile code is 73.

External links

Official website of Ulyanovsk Oblast
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