Ulus, Ankara
Ulus is a quarter in Ankara
Ankara is the capital of Turkey and the country's second largest city after Istanbul. The city has a mean elevation of , and as of 2010 the metropolitan area in the entire Ankara Province had a population of 4.4 million....

, Turkey
Turkey , known officially as the Republic of Turkey , is a Eurasian country located in Western Asia and in East Thrace in Southeastern Europe...

 and is located at the center of the capital city. It was once the heart of old Ankara. The name means "nation" in Turkish
Turkish language
Turkish is a language spoken as a native language by over 83 million people worldwide, making it the most commonly spoken of the Turkic languages. Its speakers are located predominantly in Turkey and Northern Cyprus with smaller groups in Iraq, Greece, Bulgaria, the Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo,...


It is now a predominately a commercial and touristic area made up of banks, malls, shops, hotels, businesses, restaurants, and many historical sites. The first Turkish Grand National Assembly convened here in 1923 in the parliament
A parliament is a legislature, especially in those countries whose system of government is based on the Westminster system modeled after that of the United Kingdom. The name is derived from the French , the action of parler : a parlement is a discussion. The term came to mean a meeting at which...

 building at Ulus Square , which still stands in original. Across from the historical parliament building is the city's oldest hotel, the Ankara Palas
Ankara Palas
Ankara Palas designed by architect Kemaleddin Bey and built in 1927 was the official residence for the members of the Turkish Grand National Assembly that is situated across the street at what is now the War of Independence Museum....

, where Atatürk
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was an Ottoman and Turkish army officer, revolutionary statesman, writer, and the first President of Turkey. He is credited with being the founder of the Republic of Turkey....

 had stayed. Ankara Citadel, another historical attraction, is located immediate east of Ulus

In the center of Ulus Square, there is a memorial called Monument of Republic, which was erected in 1927 as a symbol of Atatürk's and the Turkish people's struggle in the War of Independence
Turkish War of Independence
The Turkish War of Independence was a war of independence waged by Turkish nationalists against the Allies, after the country was partitioned by the Allies following the Ottoman Empire's defeat in World War I...


The Statue of Victory at Ulus Square was depicted on the reverse
Obverse and reverse
Obverse and its opposite, reverse, refer to the two flat faces of coins and some other two-sided objects, including paper money, flags , seals, medals, drawings, old master prints and other works of art, and printed fabrics. In this usage, obverse means the front face of the object and reverse...

 of the Turkish 2½ lira
Turkish lira
The Turkish lira is the currency of Turkey and the de facto independent state of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. The lira is subdivided into 100 kuruş...

 banknote of 1939-1952 and of the 50 lira banknotes of 1951-1979.

A shopping mall situated next to Ulus square was subject to a terrorist bombing
2007 Ankara bombing
The 2007 Ankara bombing was a suicide attack that occurred in Ankara, the capital of Turkey, on 22 May 2007. Six people were reported killed, including one of Pakistani origin, and 121 people were wounded. A seventh person died from his injuries on 7 June and another on 17 June raising the death...

 on 22 May 2007.

Places of interest

  • Temple of Augustus
    Monumentum Ancyranum
    The name Monumentum Ancyranum refers to the Temple of Augustus and Rome in Ancyra , or to the inscription Res Gestae Divi Augusti, a text recounting the deeds of the first Roman emperor Augustus, the most intact copy of which is preserved on the walls of this temple.The temple was built between 25...

  • Column of Julianus (362 AD)
  • Roman Bath (3rd century AD)
  • War of Independence Museum
    War of Independence Museum
    War of Independence Museum , housed in the first Turkish Grand National Assembly building in the Ulus district of Ankara, Turkey, displays important photographs, documents and furniture from the Turkish War of Independence....

     (Kurtuluş Savaşı Müzesi) - originally the first parliament building
  • Ankara Ethnography Museum
  • Hacı Bayram Mosque
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