Translation Movement

Encyclopedia

**The Translation Movement**was a movement started in the House of Wisdom

House of Wisdom

The House of Wisdom was a library and translation institute established in Abbassid-era Baghdad, Iraq. It was a key institution in the Translation Movement and considered to have been a major intellectual centre during the Islamic Golden Age...

in Baghdad

Baghdad

Baghdad is the capital of Iraq, as well as the coterminous Baghdad Governorate. The population of Baghdad in 2011 is approximately 7,216,040...

which translated many Greek classics into Arabic.

The relationship between the early period of Islamic mathematics

Islamic mathematics

In the history of mathematics, mathematics in medieval Islam, often termed Islamic mathematics or Arabic mathematics, covers the body of mathematics preserved and developed under the Islamic civilization between circa 622 and 1600...

and the mathematics of Greece and India is not yet fully understood as much work is extant only in Latin translations or has not survived.

The Sabian

Sabians

The Sabians of Middle Eastern tradition were a monotheistic Abrahamic religious group mentioned three times in the Quran: "the Jews, the Sabians, and the Christians." In the Hadith they are nothing but converts to Islam, while their identity in later Islamic literature became a matter of...

, Thabit ibn Qurrah (836–901), translated Nicomachus of Gerasa's

*Arithmetic*and, under the patronage of the "Sons of Moses", translated and revised the works of the major Greek mathematicians.

## External links

- How Greek Science Passed to the Arabs, in which the BarmakidsBarmakidsThe Barmakids were a noble Persian family from Balkh that came to great political power under the Abbasid caliphs. Khalid, the son of Barmak became the Prime Minister or Wazir of Al Saffah, the first Caliph of the Abbasid dynasty. His son Yahya aided Harun Al-Rashid in capturing the throne and...

play a considerable role. They also translated Indian mathematics books of AryabhataAryabhataAryabhata was the first in the line of great mathematician-astronomers from the classical age of Indian mathematics and Indian astronomy...

and BrahmaguptaBrahmaguptaBrahmagupta was an Indian mathematician and astronomer who wrote many important works on mathematics and astronomy. His best known work is the Brāhmasphuṭasiddhānta , written in 628 in Bhinmal...

. Arabs were mostly responsible for spreading of Indian number system and arithmetic throughout the world.