. Tokyo is the capital of Japan
, the center of the Greater Tokyo Area
, and the largest metropolitan area of Japan. It is the seat of the Japanese government
and the Imperial Palace
, and the home of the Japanese Imperial Family
. Tokyo is located in the Kantō region
on the southeastern side of the main island Honshu
and includes the Izu Islands
and Ogasawara Islands
. Tokyo Metropolis was formed in 1943 from the merger of the former and the .
The Tokyo Metropolitan government administers the twenty-three special wards of Tokyo
(each governed as a city), which cover the area that was the city of Tokyo, as well as 39 municipalities
in the western part of the prefecture and the two outlying island chains.
1703 In Edo (now Tokyo), 46 of the Forty-seven Ronin commit seppuku (ritual suicide) as recompense for avenging their master's death.
1857 An earthquake in Tokyo, Japan kills over 100,000.
1909 Mayor of Tokyo Yukio Ozaki presents Washington, D.C. with 2,000 cherry trees, which President Taft decides to plant near the Potomac River.
1921 Japanese Prime Minister Hara Takashi is assassinated in Tokyo.
1923 The Great Kantō earthquake devastates Tokyo and Yokohama, killing about 105,000 people.
1934 "Fujifilm", the foundation of Fujifilm, the photographic and electronic industry in "Tokyo", "Japan".
1936 Sada Abe is arrested after wandering the streets of Tokyo for days with her dead lover's severed genitals in her hand. Her story soon becomes one of Japan's most notorious scandals.
1942 World War II: The Doolittle Raid on Japan. Tokyo, Yokohama, Kobe and Nagoya bombed.
1943 Tokyo City merges with Tokyo Prefecture and is dissolved. Since then, no city in Japan has had the name "Tokyo" (present-day Tokyo is not officially a city).
1945 General Douglas MacArthur moves his command headquarters to Tokyo.