Tilburg
Overview
Tilburg (ˈtɪl.ˌbʏrx) is a landlocked municipality
Municipality
A municipality is essentially an urban administrative division having corporate status and usually powers of self-government. It can also be used to mean the governing body of a municipality. A municipality is a general-purpose administrative subdivision, as opposed to a special-purpose district...

 and a city
City
A city is a relatively large and permanent settlement. Although there is no agreement on how a city is distinguished from a town within general English language meanings, many cities have a particular administrative, legal, or historical status based on local law.For example, in the U.S...

 in the Netherlands
Netherlands
The Netherlands is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, located mainly in North-West Europe and with several islands in the Caribbean. Mainland Netherlands borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the east, and shares maritime borders...

, located in the southern province of Noord-Brabant.
Tilburg municipality also includes the village
Village
A village is a clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet with the population ranging from a few hundred to a few thousand , Though often located in rural areas, the term urban village is also applied to certain urban neighbourhoods, such as the West Village in Manhattan, New...

s of Berkel-Enschot
Berkel-Enschot
Berkel-Enschot is a village in the Netherlands, in the municipality of Tilburg. Formerly, it consisted of two villages, named Berkel and Enschot.Until 1997, Berkel-Enschot was a separate municipality....

 and Udenhout
Udenhout
Udenhout is a village in the Dutch province of North Brabant. It is located in the municipality of Tilburg, about 7 km northeast of the city....

.

Tilburg University
Universiteit van Tilburg
Tilburg University is an academic institution of higher education, specialising in the social sciences and law, located in Tilburg in the southern part of the Netherlands....

 is located in Tilburg, as are Avans University of Applied Sciences
Avans Hogeschool
Avans University of Applied Science is a Dutch vocational university. It is located in three cities: Breda, 's-Hertogenbosch, and Tilburg. The school has 18,000 students studying 40 courses in 18 institutes. There are 1800 employees....

 and Fontys University of Applied Sciences
Fontys University of Applied Sciences
Fontys University of Applied Sciences is a Dutch vocational university with several campuses located in the souther Netherlands. It offers 200 bachelor and master programs in the fields of technology, economics, social work, health care and teacher training...

. Tilburg has nearly 30.000 students at one of these universities.

A 10 day-long funfair
Funfair
A funfair or simply "fair" is a small to medium sized travelling show primarily composed of stalls and other amusements. Larger fairs such as the permanent fairs of cities and seaside resorts might be called a fairground, although technically this should refer to the land where a fair is...

, the largest of the Benelux
Benelux
The Benelux is an economic union in Western Europe comprising three neighbouring countries, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg. These countries are located in northwestern Europe between France and Germany...

, is held in July each year. The Monday of fair week is called "Roze Maandag" (Pink Monday), and is gay
Gay
Gay is a word that refers to a homosexual person, especially a homosexual male. For homosexual women the specific term is "lesbian"....

-oriented, though also enjoyed by many heterosexuals.

There are three railway stations
Train station
A train station, also called a railroad station or railway station and often shortened to just station,"Station" is commonly understood to mean "train station" unless otherwise qualified. This is evident from dictionary entries e.g...

 within the municipality: Tilburg
Tilburg railway station
Tilburg is a railway station located in Tilburg, The Netherlands. The station was opened on 5 October 1863 and is located on the Breda–Eindhoven railway and the Tilburg–Nijmegen railway...

, Tilburg Universiteit
Tilburg Universiteit railway station
Tilburg Universiteit is a railway station located in Tilburg, The Netherlands. It is situated on the Breda–Eindhoven railway. Opened as Tilburg West in 1969, it was renamed after the nearby Tilburg University in 2010...

 and Tilburg Reeshof
Tilburg Reeshof railway station
Tilburg Reeshof is a railway station located in western Tilburg, The Netherlands. It is situated on the Breda–Eindhoven railway. It was opened on december 14, 2003. The services are operated by Nederlandse Spoorwegen.-Train service:...

.
Encyclopedia
Tilburg (ˈtɪl.ˌbʏrx) is a landlocked municipality
Municipality
A municipality is essentially an urban administrative division having corporate status and usually powers of self-government. It can also be used to mean the governing body of a municipality. A municipality is a general-purpose administrative subdivision, as opposed to a special-purpose district...

 and a city
City
A city is a relatively large and permanent settlement. Although there is no agreement on how a city is distinguished from a town within general English language meanings, many cities have a particular administrative, legal, or historical status based on local law.For example, in the U.S...

 in the Netherlands
Netherlands
The Netherlands is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, located mainly in North-West Europe and with several islands in the Caribbean. Mainland Netherlands borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the east, and shares maritime borders...

, located in the southern province of Noord-Brabant.
Tilburg municipality also includes the village
Village
A village is a clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet with the population ranging from a few hundred to a few thousand , Though often located in rural areas, the term urban village is also applied to certain urban neighbourhoods, such as the West Village in Manhattan, New...

s of Berkel-Enschot
Berkel-Enschot
Berkel-Enschot is a village in the Netherlands, in the municipality of Tilburg. Formerly, it consisted of two villages, named Berkel and Enschot.Until 1997, Berkel-Enschot was a separate municipality....

 and Udenhout
Udenhout
Udenhout is a village in the Dutch province of North Brabant. It is located in the municipality of Tilburg, about 7 km northeast of the city....

.

Tilburg University
Universiteit van Tilburg
Tilburg University is an academic institution of higher education, specialising in the social sciences and law, located in Tilburg in the southern part of the Netherlands....

 is located in Tilburg, as are Avans University of Applied Sciences
Avans Hogeschool
Avans University of Applied Science is a Dutch vocational university. It is located in three cities: Breda, 's-Hertogenbosch, and Tilburg. The school has 18,000 students studying 40 courses in 18 institutes. There are 1800 employees....

 and Fontys University of Applied Sciences
Fontys University of Applied Sciences
Fontys University of Applied Sciences is a Dutch vocational university with several campuses located in the souther Netherlands. It offers 200 bachelor and master programs in the fields of technology, economics, social work, health care and teacher training...

. Tilburg has nearly 30.000 students at one of these universities.

A 10 day-long funfair
Funfair
A funfair or simply "fair" is a small to medium sized travelling show primarily composed of stalls and other amusements. Larger fairs such as the permanent fairs of cities and seaside resorts might be called a fairground, although technically this should refer to the land where a fair is...

, the largest of the Benelux
Benelux
The Benelux is an economic union in Western Europe comprising three neighbouring countries, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg. These countries are located in northwestern Europe between France and Germany...

, is held in July each year. The Monday of fair week is called "Roze Maandag" (Pink Monday), and is gay
Gay
Gay is a word that refers to a homosexual person, especially a homosexual male. For homosexual women the specific term is "lesbian"....

-oriented, though also enjoyed by many heterosexuals.

There are three railway stations
Train station
A train station, also called a railroad station or railway station and often shortened to just station,"Station" is commonly understood to mean "train station" unless otherwise qualified. This is evident from dictionary entries e.g...

 within the municipality: Tilburg
Tilburg railway station
Tilburg is a railway station located in Tilburg, The Netherlands. The station was opened on 5 October 1863 and is located on the Breda–Eindhoven railway and the Tilburg–Nijmegen railway...

, Tilburg Universiteit
Tilburg Universiteit railway station
Tilburg Universiteit is a railway station located in Tilburg, The Netherlands. It is situated on the Breda–Eindhoven railway. Opened as Tilburg West in 1969, it was renamed after the nearby Tilburg University in 2010...

 and Tilburg Reeshof
Tilburg Reeshof railway station
Tilburg Reeshof is a railway station located in western Tilburg, The Netherlands. It is situated on the Breda–Eindhoven railway. It was opened on december 14, 2003. The services are operated by Nederlandse Spoorwegen.-Train service:...

. The tallest building in Tilburg is the Westpoint tower
Westpoint tower
Westpoint Tower is the tallest residential building in Tilburg, The Netherlands. It is 141.6 metres tall, and has 48 floors. Construction of Westpoint Tower was completed in 2004...

.

History

Little is known about the earliest history of Tilburg. Documents from the year 709 show the name Tilburg for the first time. After that, sources remain silent for some centuries. In the later Middle Ages, Tilburg was more of a local 'region' than a village or city, although a couple of small hamlets provided its population centers, one of which was known as 'Eastern Tilburg' (Oost-Tilburg), which was later reflected in the name of Oisterwijk ('Eastern Quarter'). This village centered around a small (probably wooden) castle or 'Motteburcht' on an equally small hill, which became derelict and was torn down after a few centuries at most. Of this first 'Tilburg Castle', nothing remained ca
Circa
Circa , usually abbreviated c. or ca. , means "approximately" in the English language, usually referring to a date...

 2000, save a few remnants of its moat in the suburbs of Oisterwijk. In the 14th century, Tilburg was proclaimed a manor
Manorialism
Manorialism, an essential element of feudal society, was the organizing principle of rural economy that originated in the villa system of the Late Roman Empire, was widely practiced in medieval western and parts of central Europe, and was slowly replaced by the advent of a money-based market...

. Together with Goirle
Goirle
Goirle is a municipality and town in the southern Netherlands, in the province of North Brabant. Part of the suburban area of the city of Tilburg, it shares with it its phone area code and public transport system....

, it acquired the title of "The Manor of Tilburg and Goirle".

Successively, the manorial rights fell into the hands of several lords of noble lineage. They derived their income from tax
Tax
To tax is to impose a financial charge or other levy upon a taxpayer by a state or the functional equivalent of a state such that failure to pay is punishable by law. Taxes are also imposed by many subnational entities...

es, fines and interest
Interest
Interest is a fee paid by a borrower of assets to the owner as a form of compensation for the use of the assets. It is most commonly the price paid for the use of borrowed money, or money earned by deposited funds....

 paid by the villagers.

In the 15th century, one of the lords of Tilburg, Jan van Haestrecht, built Tilburg Castle. "That stone chamber at Hasselt" is mentioned in several historical documents. In 1858, however, the castle had to make way for a factory. It lives on, however, in the city arms and logo. A replica of the fundaments of the castle was restored in ca. 1995 on its original location, after the factory was demolished. In 1803, Goirle was separated from Tilburg and on April 18, 1809, Tilburg was granted city status
City rights in the Netherlands
City rights are a medieval phenomenon in the history of the Low Countries. A liegelord, usually a count, duke or similar member of high nobility, granted a settlement he owned certain town privileges that settlements without city rights did not have....

. In that year, it had about 9,000 inhabitants. Tilburg hosted several festivities in 2009 in celebration of 200 years' status as a city.

The herd places

Tilburg grew around one of the so-called "herd places", three-cornered plots where a number of roads (usually sand roads) met. These herd places were collective pasture
Pasture
Pasture is land used for grazing. Pasture lands in the narrow sense are enclosed tracts of farmland, grazed by domesticated livestock, such as horses, cattle, sheep or swine. The vegetation of tended pasture, forage, consists mainly of grasses, with an interspersion of legumes and other forbs...

lands for flocks of sheep
Domestic sheep
Sheep are quadrupedal, ruminant mammals typically kept as livestock. Like all ruminants, sheep are members of the order Artiodactyla, the even-toed ungulates. Although the name "sheep" applies to many species in the genus Ovis, in everyday usage it almost always refers to Ovis aries...

. Their triangular shape is still reflected in the layout of many places in Tilburg. Many districts – such as Korvel, Oerle, Broekhoven, Hasselt, Heikant, De Schans and Heuvel – bear the names of these old hamlets
Hamlet (place)
A hamlet is usually a rural settlement which is too small to be considered a village, though sometimes the word is used for a different sort of community. Historically, when a hamlet became large enough to justify building a church, it was then classified as a village...

.

Tilburg as wool capital of the Netherlands

The poor farmers living in these hamlets soon decided to stop selling the wool
Wool
Wool is the textile fiber obtained from sheep and certain other animals, including cashmere from goats, mohair from goats, qiviut from muskoxen, vicuña, alpaca, camel from animals in the camel family, and angora from rabbits....

 of the sheep and to weave
Weaving
Weaving is a method of fabric production in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads are interlaced at right angles to form a fabric or cloth. The other methods are knitting, lace making and felting. The longitudinal threads are called the warp and the lateral threads are the weft or filling...

 it themselves. For a long time a greater part of the space in their houses, which used to be very small, was occupied by a loom
Loom
A loom is a device used to weave cloth. The basic purpose of any loom is to hold the warp threads under tension to facilitate the interweaving of the weft threads...

. In the 17th century the number of looms in Tilburg was about 300. Enterprising people saw their chance. As so-called drapers they supplied the weavers with the raw materials for their "home working". The first Tilburg "millhouses" had come into existence. From that point on, the wool- industry
Industry
Industry refers to the production of an economic good or service within an economy.-Industrial sectors:There are four key industrial economic sectors: the primary sector, largely raw material extraction industries such as mining and farming; the secondary sector, involving refining, construction,...

 underwent rapid growth and in 1881 Tilburg had as many as 145 woolmills. Home weaving continued, however, until the early years of the 20th century. Woolen textiles from Tilburg were known far and wide. After the Second World War, Tilburg retained its place as wool capital of the Netherlands, but in the 1960s the industry collapsed and by the 1980s the number of woolmills could be counted on the fingers of one hand. Present-day Tilburg industry is characterized by a large variety of enterprises. The main economic sector has become transport & logistics, with a variety of industry as a good second.

King William II

King William II
William II of the Netherlands
William II was King of the Netherlands, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, and Duke of Limburg from 7 October 1840 until his death in 1849.- Early life and education :...

 (1792–1849) always bore a warm heart towards Tilburg. "Here I can breathe freely and I feel happy", he once said about the town. And he acted accordingly. King William II always supported Tilburg, also in a financial way. He improved the sheep breeding, built new farms and founded a cavalry
Cavalry
Cavalry or horsemen were soldiers or warriors who fought mounted on horseback. Cavalry were historically the third oldest and the most mobile of the combat arms...

 barracks on the St. Joseph Street, now the imposing building of the City Archive
Archive
An archive is a collection of historical records, or the physical place they are located. Archives contain primary source documents that have accumulated over the course of an individual or organization's lifetime, and are kept to show the function of an organization...

s. Although the King was always received with open arms by several befriended manufacturers, he needed his own residence in Tilburg. The palace
City Hall of Tilburg
The City hall of Tilburg or Palace-Council House is a former royal palace and part of the present city hall of the municipality Tilburg, in the Netherlands. The construction of the palace was commissioned by King William II of the Netherlands, who placed the foundation stone himself on the 13th of...

 was built in the middle of the 19th century.

William II died a few days before the completion of his palace. It is now part of the city hall. In 1987, close to the palace, an obelisk
Obelisk
An obelisk is a tall, four-sided, narrow tapering monument which ends in a pyramid-like shape at the top, and is said to resemble a petrified ray of the sun-disk. A pair of obelisks usually stood in front of a pylon...

 was erected, in remembrance of King William II. It replaced the old needle from 1874, which disappeared from the street scene in 1968. After being restored, William II's statue has got a place again in the heart of the city, where he felt happy among its inhabitants. The local football club Willem II Tilburg
Willem II Tilburg
Willem II , also known as Willem II Tilburg, is a football club based in Tilburg, North Brabant, Netherlands. The team was founded on 12 August 1896 as Tilburgia...

 was named after him.

Present days

Tilburg is an interesting, vivid and warm city, surrounded by beautiful nature areas like Moerenburg, De Loonse and Drunense Duinen, Campina and De Utrecht. There's a lively city centre, offering well known brands but small, specialised shops as well. And of course there are large companies like Fuji, Goodyear, Björn Borg, Interpolis.
More on present-day Tilburg and the corporate line followed by the Tilburg city council is to be found in the article on Tilburg, on the Tilburg City site. Higher Education is of significant importance, with Tilburg University attracting scholars from all over the world. Tilburg University was founded in 1927 and Tilburg is a fully accredited government financed university with almost 12,000 students. Tilburg university (motto: "Understanding Society") specialises in the social sciences and humanities and has five faculties.
De Koningshoeven Brewery is in Berkel-Enshot, which is part of Tilburg.

Climate

Tilburg experiences an oceanic climate
Oceanic climate
An oceanic climate, also called marine west coast climate, maritime climate, Cascadian climate and British climate for Köppen climate classification Cfb and subtropical highland for Köppen Cfb or Cwb, is a type of climate typically found along the west coasts at the middle latitudes of some of the...

 (Köppen climate classification
Köppen climate classification
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. It was first published by Crimea German climatologist Wladimir Köppen in 1884, with several later modifications by Köppen himself, notably in 1918 and 1936...

 Cfb) similar to almost all of the Netherlands.

Economy

The economy was concentrated on wool
Wool
Wool is the textile fiber obtained from sheep and certain other animals, including cashmere from goats, mohair from goats, qiviut from muskoxen, vicuña, alpaca, camel from animals in the camel family, and angora from rabbits....

 industry for centuries, however, since the 1960s, Tilburg makes more progress in having different kinds of industries. The most known are the insurance companies like Interpolis
Interpolis
Interpolis is one of largest insurance companies in the Netherlands. The company has gained wide recognition with its advertising campaign "Interpolis.Crystal clear". Besides financial compensation, Interpolis also offers compensation in kind....

 and CZ, and the transportation/distribution industries which came in Tilburg for being in the geographical center of the Benelux
Benelux
The Benelux is an economic union in Western Europe comprising three neighbouring countries, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg. These countries are located in northwestern Europe between France and Germany...

-countries.

Iris Ohyama
Iris Ohyama
is a Japanese consumer plastic manufacturer based in Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture. It is the leading storage organization manufacturer in Japan. The company designs and manufactures products aimed at the housewares, garden accessories, office products and pet supplies markets.Iris Ohyama...

 has its European offices in Tilburg.

Culture

  • Tilburg is a pilot city of the Council of Europe
    Council of Europe
    The Council of Europe is an international organisation promoting co-operation between all countries of Europe in the areas of legal standards, human rights, democratic development, the rule of law and cultural co-operation...

     and the EU Intercultural cities
    Intercultural cities
    The Intercultural City programme is a joint project of the Council of Europe and the European Commission. It aims at stimulating new ideas and practice in relation to the integration of migrants and minorities....

    programme.

Festival city, music

The city of Tilburg hosts many festivals, such as the Festival Mundial (world culture), Stranger Than Paranoia (jazz), Incubate
Incubate (festival)
Incubate is a multidisciplinary arts festival in Tilburg, the Netherlands. On June 16, the festival changed it name into Incubate after a request by the Austin, US based festival SXSW to change its name. Between 2005 and 2008 the festival was called ZXZW....

 (formerly known as ZXZW), Tilburg Students Festival, and Roadburn Festival
Roadburn Festival
Roadburn Festival is an annual international rock festival in Tilburg in the Netherlands held since 1995.-2012 edition:The event will take place in Tilburg from April 12 to 15 at 013 and Midi Theatre.It was sold out in 7 minutes.Thursday, April 12...

. 013 is a modern popcentre, in a specially desgned building by Mels Crouwel, where artists like Nick Cave, Jerry Lee Lewis, Blasters and Salif Keita performed. Also Paradox is an interesting place, for experimental jazz and improvised music. Fontys University of Applied Sciences started a popacademy in the beginning of the 21st century, students often perform on local stages.

Museums

Tilburg has an outstanding museum of Modern Art, De Pont Foundation. Also there's a large textile museum, offering not only a historical view in its former factory, but also a laboratorium for design, production and development of textile as a material. Another museum is Noordbrabants Natuurmuseum.

Sports

The local football team, Willem II played in the Eredivisie
Eredivisie
The Eredivisie is the highest football league in the Netherlands. The league was founded in 1956 two years after the start of professional football in the Netherlands. It is currently ranked the ninth best league in Europe by UEFA....

 but not any more. (Dutch Premier League), and are themselves named in remembrance of King William II.

Tilburg Ten Miles
Tilburg Ten Miles
Tilburg Ten Miles is an annual road running competition held in Tilburg, The Netherlands since 1988. Despite its name, it is a 10-miles competition only for men, while the women's competition is nowadays held over 10 kilometres. Since 2002 the competition has been held early September, previous...

 is an annual road running competition held in Tilburg.

The Hockey team Tilburg Trappers also does well in the Dutch eredivisie (Dutch Premier League).

Students sports like rowing and hockey are popular as well. Tilburg hosts three field hockey clubs that play in top national leagues.

Famous people and alumni from Tilburg

  • Guus Meeuwis, well known singer and songwriter
  • Ruben van Assouw, sole survivor of the crash of Afriqiyah Airways Flight 771
    Afriqiyah Airways Flight 771
    Afriqiyah Airways Flight 771 was a scheduled international passenger flight that crashed on 12 May 2010 at about 06:10 local time on approach to Tripoli International Airport...

  • Michael van Poppel
    Michael van Poppel
    Michael van Poppel is the founder and President of BNO News.Van Poppel is known for acquiring and selling an authentic Osama bin Laden video to Reuters in September 2007 and ran a popular Twitter-based news service from May 13, 2007 until December 1, 2009 when it had nearly 1.5 million followers...

    , "BNO News founder"
  • Gerard van Spaendonck
    Gerard van Spaendonck
    Gerard van Spaendonck was a Dutch painter.Gerard was born in Tilburg, an older brother of Cornelis van Spaendonck , who was also a renowned artist. In the 1760s he studied with decorative painter Willem Jacob Herreyns in Antwerp...

    , painter
  • Theo l' Herminez
    Theo l' Herminez
    Theodorus "Theo" Gerardus l'Herminez was a Dutch painter.He was given lessons in drawing by an artist from Tilburg and later studied at the Academie van Beeldende en Bouwende Kunsten in Tilburg from 1958–61, and some time passed before he evolved his particular style. Before starting on a new...

     (1921–1997), painter
  • Norbert Schmelzer
    Norbert Schmelzer
    Wilhelm Klaus Norbert Schmelzer was a Dutch politician of the defunct Catholic People's Party now merged into the Christian Democratic Appeal . Serving numerus positions in his career including Minister of Foreign Affairs from July 6, 1971 until May 11, 1973...

    , minister
  • Ivo de Wijs, writer, poet
  • Jan Hommen, CEO ING Bank
  • Bart le Blanc
    Bart le Blanc
    Bart Le Blanc, is an economist, with a career spanning the sectors of public finance, banking and asset management.- Personal Details :...

    , Vice President, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
  • E.J. Dijksterhuis, mathematician, winner PC Hooft price
  • Franciscus J. Donders, medical scientist
  • Petrus Donders, missionary
  • Piet Heerkens, priest and poet
  • Leonard Retel Helmrich
    Leonard Retel Helmrich
    Leonard Retel Helmrich is a Dutch cinematographer and film director of Indo descent. He was born the 16th of August 1959 in Tilburg, Netherlands and has lived in Amsterdam since 1982...

    , cinematographer and film director
  • Bas Rutten
    Bas Rutten
    Sebastiaan "Bas" Rutten is a retired Dutch mixed martial artist, Karate and Taekwondo blackbelt, and kickboxer. He was a UFC Heavyweight Champion, a three time King of Pancrase world champion, and finished his career on a 22 fight unbeaten streak...

    , Mixed Martial Artist
  • Hennie Vrienten, musician, composer
  • Krezip
    Krezip
    Krezip was a Dutch band from Tilburg, formed in 1997. It is notable for the band member's young ages during their original breakthrough. Since then, the band has had several successful albums and singles in the Benelux countries...

  • Cilvaringz
    Cilvaringz
    Tarik Azzougarh, better known as Cilvaringz, is a rapper, manager and hip hop producer associated with the Wu-Tang Clan.- Personal :Lives in Marrakech, Morocco...

  • Intwine
    Intwine
    Intwine was a Dutch rock band formed by five students of the Tilburg Rockacademie in 2001.The band received nationwide notoriety in the Netherlands after lead singer Roger Peterson's participation in the Idols talent show in 2002. Subsequently, Intwine charted the Dutch Top 40 five times, with...

  • Ruud Jolie
  • Freek Bartels
  • Francis August Janssens (1843–1897) Bishop of Natchez, Mississippi, Archbishop of New Orleans
  • Cornelis van Spaendonck
    Cornelis van Spaendonck
    Cornelis van Spaendonck was a Dutch painter who was a native of Tilburg. Spaendonck initially worked under artist Guillaume-Jacques Herreyns in Antwerp, and in 1773 moved to Paris to study and work with his brother, floral painter Gérard van Spaendonck...

    , still lifes painter in Paris and at the Manufacture de Sèvres (miniatures on porcelain); died in Paris in 1839.
  • Fedde Le Grand
    Fedde le Grand
    Fedde le Grand is a Dutch house DJ and producer whose single "Put Your Hands Up For Detroit" / "Put Your Hands Up 4 Detroit" reached number one on the UK's singles and the top 5 in the Dutch singles chart, and spent five weeks in the Spanish dance chart...

    , musician, producer
  • Remy Bonjasky
    Remy Bonjasky
    Remy "The Flying Gentleman" Bonjasky is a Dutch super heavyweight kickboxer of Surinamese descent. He is a three-time K-1 World Grand Prix champion, who has won the title in 2003, 2004, and 2008...

    , martial artist; originally from Suriname
    Suriname
    Suriname , officially the Republic of Suriname , is a country in northern South America. It borders French Guiana to the east, Guyana to the west, Brazil to the south, and on the north by the Atlantic Ocean. Suriname was a former colony of the British and of the Dutch, and was previously known as...

  • Carla van Raay
    Carla van Raay
    Carla van Raay is a Dutch-born author residing in Australia. Born in Tilburg, The Netherlands, she and her family moved to Australia when she was young and she was educated at a convent, becoming a nun when she became of age....

    , author of God's Callgirl and its sequel.

Transportation

Tilburg is connected by only one national motorway, the A58
A58 motorway (Netherlands)
The A58 motorway is a motorway in the Netherlands. It is approximately 145 kilometers in length. The A58 is located in the Dutch provinces of North Brabant and Zeeland....

 (to Breda and Eindhoven). Other important roads include: The N65 (to 's-Hertogenbosch) and the A/N261 (to Waalwijk). Tilburg has three railway stations. In Tilburg (Centraal)
Tilburg railway station
Tilburg is a railway station located in Tilburg, The Netherlands. The station was opened on 5 October 1863 and is located on the Breda–Eindhoven railway and the Tilburg–Nijmegen railway...

 stop sprinters as well as intercity trains. At the other two (Tilburg University and Tilburg Reeshof), only sprinters stop.

International relations

  • Tilburg is a pilot city of the Council of Europe
    Council of Europe
    The Council of Europe is an international organisation promoting co-operation between all countries of Europe in the areas of legal standards, human rights, democratic development, the rule of law and cultural co-operation...

     and the European Commission
    European Commission
    The European Commission is the executive body of the European Union. The body is responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the Union's treaties and the general day-to-day running of the Union....

     Intercultural cities
    Intercultural cities
    The Intercultural City programme is a joint project of the Council of Europe and the European Commission. It aims at stimulating new ideas and practice in relation to the integration of migrants and minorities....

    programme.

Twin towns — Sister cities

Tilburg is twinned
Town twinning
Twin towns and sister cities are two of many terms used to describe the cooperative agreements between towns, cities, and even counties in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.- Terminology :...

 with:
Lublin
Lublin
Lublin is the ninth largest city in Poland. It is the capital of Lublin Voivodeship with a population of 350,392 . Lublin is also the largest Polish city east of the Vistula river...

, Poland
Poland
Poland , officially the Republic of Poland , is a country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania to the east; and the Baltic Sea and Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave, to the north...

 Matagalpa
Matagalpa
Matagalpa is a city in Nicaragua, the capital of the department of Matagalpa. The city has a population of 109,100 , while the population of the department is more than 480,000. Matagalpa is Nicaragua's fifth largest city and one of its most commercially active outside of Managua...

, Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Nicaragua is the largest country in the Central American American isthmus, bordered by Honduras to the north and Costa Rica to the south. The country is situated between 11 and 14 degrees north of the Equator in the Northern Hemisphere, which places it entirely within the tropics. The Pacific Ocean...

 Same
Same, Tanzania
Same is a town in northern Tanzania near the border with Kenya. It had 16,819 inhabitants in 2002.- Transport :It is served by a station on the Tanga line of the national railway network.- External links :*...

, Tanzania
Tanzania
The United Republic of Tanzania is a country in East Africa bordered by Kenya and Uganda to the north, Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west, and Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique to the south. The country's eastern borders lie on the Indian Ocean.Tanzania is a state...

Emfuleni, South Africa
South Africa
The Republic of South Africa is a country in southern Africa. Located at the southern tip of Africa, it is divided into nine provinces, with of coastline on the Atlantic and Indian oceans...

 Minamiashigara, Japan
Japan
Japan is an island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south...

 Zemun
Zemun
Zemun is a historical town and one of the 17 municipalities which constitute the City of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia...

, Serbia
Serbia
Serbia , officially the Republic of Serbia , is a landlocked country located at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, covering the southern part of the Carpathian basin and the central part of the Balkans...


See also

  • Jewish Tilburg
    Jewish Tilburg
    Tilburg is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands, located in the southern province of North Brabant. Tilburg municipality also includes the village of Berkel-Enschot and Udenhout....

  • Language of Tilburg: 'Tilburgs', a subdialect from Brabantian
    Brabantian
    Brabantian or Brabantish, also Brabantic , is a dialect group of the Dutch language. It is named after the historical Duchy of Brabant which corresponded mainly to the Dutch province of North Brabant, the Belgian provinces of Antwerp and Flemish Brabant, as well as the institutional Region of...

  • Intercultural cities
    Intercultural cities
    The Intercultural City programme is a joint project of the Council of Europe and the European Commission. It aims at stimulating new ideas and practice in relation to the integration of migrants and minorities....


External links

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