Tanjung Priok is a subdistrict
Subdistricts of Indonesia
In Indonesia, a kecamatan or district is a subdivision of a regency or of a city . A district is itself divided into kelurahan or administrative villages....
of North Jakarta
North Jakarta is one of the five cities of Jakarta, Indonesia. North Jakarta contains the entire coastal area within Jakarta Special District. In North Jakarta, an area at the estuary of Ciliwung river was the main port for the kingdom of Tarumanegara, which will later grows to become Jakarta....
Jakarta is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. Officially known as the Special Capital Territory of Jakarta, it is located on the northwest coast of Java, has an area of , and a population of 9,580,000. Jakarta is the country's economic, cultural and political centre...
Indonesia , officially the Republic of Indonesia , is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania. Indonesia is an archipelago comprising approximately 13,000 islands. It has 33 provinces with over 238 million people, and is the world's fourth most populous country. Indonesia is a republic, with an...
. It hosts the western part of the city's main harbour, the Port of Tanjung Priok (located in Tanjung Priok Subdistrict and Koja Subdistrict). The Subdistrict of Tanjung Priok is bounded by Laksamana Yos Sudarso Tollway - Kali Sunter canal to the east, Kali Japat - Kali Ancol - The former Kemayoran Airport to the west, Sunter Jaya Road - Sunter Kemayoran Road to the south, and Jakarta Bay to the north.
HistoryBefore human development, the coastal area of what is now Tanjung Priok was an area of brackish water with swamp and mangrove
Mangroves are various kinds of trees up to medium height and shrubs that grow in saline coastal sediment habitats in the tropics and subtropics – mainly between latitudes N and S...
forest. The area was later developed in late nineteenth century as a new harbor of Batavia to replace the Sunda Kelapa
Sunda Kelapa is the old port of Jakarta located on the estuarine of Ciliwung River. "Sunda Kalapa" is the original name, and it was the main port of Sunda Kingdom of Pajajaran. The port is situated in Penjaringan sub-district, of North Jakarta, Indonesia...
harbor area to the west that had become too small for the increased traffic resulting from the opening of the Suez Canal
The Suez Canal , also known by the nickname "The Highway to India", is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. Opened in November 1869 after 10 years of construction work, it allows water transportation between Europe and Asia without navigation...
. The construction of the new harbor was started in 1877 by Governor General
Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies
The Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies represented the Dutch rule in the Dutch East Indies between 1610 and Dutch recognition of the independence of Indonesia in 1949.The first Governors-General were appointed by the Dutch East India Company...
Johan Wilhelm van Lansberge (1875-1881). The new harbor was named Tandjong Priok. Several facilities were built to support the function of the new harbor, such as the Tanjung Priok Station (1914).
Tanjung Priok is variously spelled in history as Tandjong Priok, Tandjoeng Priok, Tanjon Preeq.
RiotsTanjung Priok was the site of a widely-publicized incident on September 12, 1984, when army forces fired on a group of Muslim protesters. The protesters were demonstrating against proposed government regulations that would require all formal organisations in the country to adopt Pancasila
Pancasila is the official philosophical foundation of the Indonesian state. Pancasila consists of two Sanskrit words, "pañca" meaning five, and "sīla" meaning principles...
as their ideology. There were conflicting reports about the total death toll, but most sources indicate that several hundred protesters were killed. After the fall of Suharto the case was taken up again, and in 2003 fourteen people, among them a former commander of the Kopassus
Kopassus is an Indonesian Army special forces group that conducts special operations missions for the Indonesian government, such as direct action, unconventional warfare, sabotage, counter-insurgency, counter-terrorism, and intelligence gathering.Kopassus was founded on April 16, 1952...
Special forces, or special operations forces are terms used to describe elite military tactical teams trained to perform high-risk dangerous missions that conventional units cannot perform...
unit, were named as suspects in the 1984 killings.
Kelurahan (Administrative Villages)The Subdistrict of Tanjung Priok is divided into seven kelurahan
An administrative village is the lowest level of government administration in Indonesia. It could be a village or a kelurahan. A village is headed by a village chief , which is elected by popular vote. A kelurahan is headed by a lurah....
- Tanjung Priok - area code 14310
- Kebon Bawang - area code 14320
- Sungai Bambu - area code 14330
- PapanggoPapanggoPapanggo is one of seven administrative villages in Tanjung Priok subdistrict, North Jakarta. The borders of Papanggo are :* Warakas administrative village in the north* Sungai Bambu administrative village in the west...
- area code 14340
- WarakasWarakasWarakas is administrative village at Tanjung Priok subdistrict, North Jakarta. The border of Papanggo are :* Tanjung Priok administrative village in the north* Papanggo administrative village in the west and in the south...
- area code 14340
- Sunter Agung - area code 14350
- Sunter Jaya - area code 14350
List of important places
- Port of Tanjung PriokPort of JakartaThe Port of Jakarta is the largest Indonesian seaport and one of the largest seaports in the Java Sea basin, with an annual traffic capacity of around 45 million tonnes of cargo and 4,000,000 TEU's....
- Tanjung Priok Station (1914). On November 20, 2011 the Jakarta administration inaugurated the city's first railways tourism package aimed at attracting more tourists and reducing traffic congestion from GambirGambirGambir is a subdistrict of Central Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia. It is characterized by many historic buildings from the colonial era. Gambir Subdistrict is the location of many political and administrative center of Jakarta and Indonesia...
Railway Station to the Tanjung Priok Station.