Spijkenisse is a town and municipality in the western Netherlands
The Netherlands is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, located mainly in North-West Europe and with several islands in the Caribbean. Mainland Netherlands borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the east, and shares maritime borders...

, in the province of South Holland
South Holland
South Holland is a province situated on the North Sea in the western part of the Netherlands. The provincial capital is The Hague and its largest city is Rotterdam.South Holland is one of the most densely populated and industrialised areas in the world...

. The municipality had a population of 74,482 in 2006, and covers an area of 30.23 km² (of which 4.07 km² water). It is part of the Rotterdam Metropolitan Area.

The municipality also includes the communities of Hekelingen
Hekelingen is a village in the Dutch province of South Holland. It is located immediately to the south of Spijkenisse.From 1812 to 1817, Hekelingen was part of Spijkenisse. It was a separate municipality from 1817 until 1 January 1966, when it merged with Spijkenisse.-External links: Map of the...

, Den Hoek and Beerenplaat.

Spijkenisse is twinned with Thetford, United Kingdom
United Kingdom
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

, and Hürth
Hürth is a town in the Rhein-Erft-Kreis, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Hürth shares borders with the city of Cologne.-Geography:Hürth is situated about 9 km to the southwest of Cologne city centre, at the northeastern slope of the natural preserve Kottenforst-Ville.The town, consisting of...

, Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...



Archeological research has shown that the area around Spijkenisse has been inhabited for many thousands of years. The people then depended on fishing on the Meuse and hunting in the swamps.
The oldest reference to the name Spickenisse is from a source from 1231. This name comes from the words spieke (Spit (landform)
Spit (landform)
A spit or sandspit is a deposition landform found off coasts. At one end, spits connect to land, and extend into the sea. A spit is a type of bar or beach that develops where a re-entrant occurs, such as at cove's headlands, by the process of longshore drift...

) and nesse (nose) meaning "pointy nose" in reference to a spit of land protruding along the river.

Spijkenisse formed as a farmers and fishing village at a creek along the Oude Maas
Oude Maas
The Oude Maas is a distributary of the Rhine River, and a former distributary of the Maas River, in the Dutch province of South Holland. It begins at the city of Dordrecht where the Beneden Merwede river splits into the Noord River and the Oude Maas...

. Initially it belonged to the Lord of Putten (whose coat of arms is now used by the city) but in 1459 the fiefdom Putten
thumb|225px|right|Satellite image of the [[Rhine]]-[[Meuse river|Meuse]] [[river delta|delta]], showing the island of Voorne-Putten Voorne-Putten is an island between the North Sea, the Brielse meer and the rivers Oude Maas, Spui and Haringvliet in the province of South Holland in the Netherlands...

, including Spijkenisse, was transferred to Philip III, Duke of Burgundy. In 1581 the area came under the control of the Count of Holland.

In the 16th century the village suffered several floods. In the 17th and 18th centuries it endured destructive fires which hampered its economic growth.

Public transportation

Spijkenisse has a connection to the city of Rotterdam
Rotterdam is the second-largest city in the Netherlands and one of the largest ports in the world. Starting as a dam on the Rotte river, Rotterdam has grown into a major international commercial centre...

 by Rotterdam Metro
Rotterdam Metro
The Rotterdam Metro is a rapid transit system operated in Rotterdam and surrounding municipalities by RET. The first line, called Noord - Zuidlijn opened in 1968 and ran from Centraal Station to Zuidplein, crossing the river Nieuwe Maas in a tunnel. It was the first metro system to open in the...

 lines C and D, through Spijkenisse Centrum
Spijkenisse Centrum (Rotterdam Metro)
Spijkenisse Centrum is one of three subway stations in the Dutch city of Spijkenisse. The station is being served by trains of Rotterdam Metro lines C and D and features two side platforms. Located just outside the station is a hospital, as well as a bus station where travelers can get on local...

, Heemraadlaan
Heemraadlaan (Rotterdam Metro)
Heemraadlaan is one of three subway stations in the Dutch city of Spijkenisse. The station is the penultimate stop for trains of Rotterdam Metro lines C and D and features two side platforms. The station is named for the large thoroughfare above which it is built.The station was opened on April...

, and De Akkers stations.

Born in Spijkenisse

  • Jan Campert
    Jan Campert
    Jan Remco Theodoor Campert was a journalist, theater critic and writer who lived in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. During the German occupation of the Netherlands in World War II Campert was arrested for aiding the Jews...

     (1902-1943), Dutch poet and writer
  • Erik de Jong
    Spinvis is a Dutch one-man project centred around Erik de Jong . Using experimental, lo-fi music, Spinvis became an instant success in his home country, earning two gold records in the process and performing sold-out tours in both the Netherlands and Belgium.-Spinvis:In 2001, Erik de Jong, or...

     (2 February 1961), Dutch artist (Spinvis)
  • Emiel Mellaard
    Emiel Mellaard
    Emiel Remco Mellaard is a retired Dutch long jumper, best known for his gold medal at the 1989 European Indoor Championships in The Hague....

     (21 March 1966), Dutch athlete
  • Medy van der Laan
    Medy van der Laan
    Medy Catharina van der Laan is a Dutch politician.She was the Secretary of State of Culture and Media in the second Balkenende cabinet .- References :...

     (14 August 1968), Dutch politician
  • Björn Franken (Vato Gonzalez
    Vato Gonzalez
    Vato Gonzalez is a Dutch record producer, songwriter, artist, DJ, who is signed to Levels Recordings/Ministry of Sound...

    ) (6 June 1983), Dutch DJ/Producer
  • Danny Lelieveld (4 August 1983), Dutch graphic artist and musician
  • Nick van de Wall (Afrojack
    Nick van de Wall, born 9 September 1987, commonly known by his stage name Afrojack, is a Grammy Award winning Dutch music producer and DJ. Born and raised in Spijkenisse, Netherlands, He was listed as number 7 on DJ Mags top 100 DJs of 2011...

    ) (9 September 1987), Dutch DJ/Producer

External links

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